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Education in Algeria الـتـعـليـم في الجـزائـر
Ministry of Education
General Details
Primary Languages: Arabic, English, French.
Literacy (2008)
Total: 69.9
Male: 79
Female: 61
University of Béjaïa.

Education in Algeria is free and officially compulsory for Algerians up to age 16, but actual enrollment falls far short of 100 percent.[1] Enrollment drops off sharply from primary to secondary school.[1] In fact, only about half the eligible population is enrolled in secondary school, which consists of two three-year cycles beginning at age 12.[1] In addition, Algeria has: 34 Universities 13 University Centers 21 National Superior Institute 8 Preparatory Institutes[1]

The primary language of school instruction is Arabic, but Berber-language instruction has been permitted since 2003, in part to ease reliance on foreign teachers but also in response to complaints about Arabization.[1]

As of 2008, Algeria's literacy rate is 69–70 percent, higher than those of Morocco and Egypt but subpar by international standards.[1] The breakdown by gender is 79 percent for males and 61 percent for females.[1] A lag persists for women despite progress since independence in 1962. Education consumes one-quarter of the national budget.[1] Algeria faces a shortage of teachers as a result of the doubling in the number of eligible children and young adults in the last 12 years.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Algeria country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (May 2008). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

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