Education in Texas: Wikis

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There are 181 colleges, universities and dozens of other institutions engaged in the research and development of Texas.[citation needed] Most public universities are members of six different systems: University of Houston, University of North Texas, University of Texas, Texas A&M University, Texas State University, and Texas Tech University. The University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University, University of Houston, and University of North Texas are Texas's four largest comprehensive doctoral degree-granting institutions with a combined enrollment of over 165,000.

The state also has many private universities. Rice University—one of the country’s leading teaching and research universities—ranked the 17th-best university overall in the nation by U.S. News & World Report.[1] Additionally, Southwestern University—the oldest university in the state—was chartered by the Republic of Texas.

The state's public school systems are administered by the Texas Education Agency (TEA). Texas has over 1,000 school districts—all but one of the school districts in Texas are independent, separate from any form of municipal government. School districts may (and often do) cross city and county boundaries—an exception to this rule is Stafford Municipal School District. School districts have the power to tax their residents and to assert eminent domain over privately owned property.

Texas also has numerous private schools of all types. The TEA has no authority over private school operations; private schools may or may not be accredited, and achievement tests are not required for private school graduating seniors. Many private schools obtain accreditation and perform achievement tests to show parents the school's interest in educational performance.

The state has some of the fewest restrictions on homeschooling. Neither TEA nor the local school district has authority to regulate home school activities. There is no minimum number of days in a year, or hours in a day, that must be met, and achievement tests are not required for home school graduating seniors. The validity of home schooling was challenged in Texas, but a landmark case, Leeper v. Arlington ISD, ruled that home schooling was legal and that the state had little authority to regulate the practice.

Contents

Primary and secondary education

The main offices of the Texas Education Agency are located in the William B. Travis State Office Building in Austin
The entrance to the Lamar High School auditorium in Houston is decorated with a map of the state of Texas.

Texas has over 1,000 school districts, ranging in size from the gigantic Houston Independent School District to the 13-student Divide Independent School District in rural south Texas. All but one of the school districts in Texas are separate from any form of municipal government, hence they are called "independent school districts", or "ISD" for short. School districts may (and often do) cross city and county boundaries. School districts have the power to tax their residents and to use eminent domain. The sole exception to this rule is Stafford Municipal School District, which serves all of the city of Stafford.[2]

The public school systems are administered by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), which also oversees charter schools. The TEA is divided into twenty Educational Service Center "regions" that serve the local school districts. The "Robin Hood plan " is a controversial tax redistribution system that provides court-mandated equitable school financing for all school districts in the state. Property tax revenue from property-wealthy school districts is and distributed those in property-poor districts, in an effort to equalize the financing of all districts throughout Texas.

Especially in the metropolitan areas, Texas also has numerous private schools of all types (non-sectarian, Catholic, and Protestant). The TEA has no authority over private school operations; private schools may or may not be accredited, and achievement tests are not required for private school graduating seniors. Many private schools will obtain accreditation and perform achievement tests as a means of encouraging future parents that the school is genuinely interested in educational performance.

It is generally considered to be among the least restrictive states in which to home school. Neither TEA nor the local school district has authority to regulate home school activities; state law only requires that the curriculum 1) must teach "reading, spelling, grammar, mathematics and a study of good citizenship" (the latter interpreted to mean a course in civics) and 2) must be taught in a bona fide manner.[3] There are no minimum number of days in a year, or hours in a day, that must be met, and achievement tests are not required for home school graduating seniors. The validity of home schooling was challenged in Texas, but a landmark case, Leeper v. Arlington ISD, ruled that home schooling was legal and that the state had little or no authority to regulate the practice.

TAKS

The Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) is a standardized test used in Texas primary and secondary schools to assess students' attainment of reading, writing, math, science, and social studies skills required under Texas education standards. It is developed and scored by Pearson Educational Measurement with close supervision by the Texas Education Agency. Though created before the No Child Left Behind Act was passed, it complies with the law. It replaced the previous test, called the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills or TAAS, in 2003.

Public colleges and universities

Texas's controversial alternative affirmative action plan, Texas House Bill 588, guarantees Texas students who graduated in the top 10 percent of their high school class automatic admission to state-funded universities. The bill encourages diversity while avoiding problems stemming from the Hopwood v. Texas (1996) case.

Texas has six state university systems and four independent public universities.[4][5] Discovery of minerals on Permanent University Fund land, particularly oil, has helped fund the rapid growth the state's largest university systems: University of Texas and Texas A&M. The other four university systems are the University of Houston, University of North Texas, Texas State, and Texas Tech.

The University of Texas at Austin and Texas A&M University are flagship universities of the state of Texas. The state is trying to expand the number of flagship universities by elevating some of its seven emerging research universities. The University of Houston, Texas Tech University, and The University of Texas at Dallas are generally considered in the upper echelon from which the next tier one research flagship university will emerge.[6][7][8]

University of Houston System

The University of Houston System has four universities and two multi-institution teaching centers with a combined enrollment of over 60,000. The flagship and oldest institution of the System is the University of Houston (UH), which is the only doctoral degree granting research institution in Houston and is the third-largest in Texas with an enrollment of over 37,000.

With over 300 degree programs and 40 research centers and institutes, UH is one of the most ethnically diverse research university in the country.[9][10] The interdisciplinary research conducted at UH focuses on such areas as superconductivity, space commercialization, biomedical engineering, economics, education, petroleum exploration and management.

UH has the only optometry school and one of six pharmacy programs in Texas. Its law school—University of Houston Law Center—ranked No. 55 (Tier 1) of the "Top 100 Law Schools" in 2008 by U.S. News & World Report and is one of four public law schools in the state.[11]

The University of Houston System has three other distinct and separate universities in addition to UH, with each university conferring its own degrees. The University of Houston–Clear Lake (UHCL) and University of Houston–Downtown (UHD) are both located in Houston while the University of Houston–Victoria (UHV) is located in the state's Coastal Bend region.

University of North Texas System

The University of North Texas System (UNT System) has three schools in the North Texas region, all of which are in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex.

The flagship institution is the University of North Texas (UNT) located in Denton. UNT is the largest university in the Metroplex and fourth largest in the state. The fields taught at UNT focus on such areas as business management, education, engineering, hospitality, music and science.

The UNT System also oversees the University of North Texas at Dallas, the only public university located in the city limits of Dallas, and the University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, the only college in Texas that specializes in osteopathic medicine.

University of Texas System

The University of Texas System (UT), established by the Texas Constitution in 1876, consists of nine academic universities and six health institutions. UT System institutions enrolled a total of 182,752 students in fall 2004 making it one of the largest systems of higher education in the nation. In 2004, the University of Texas at Austin, which is the largest institution in the UT System and in the state of Texas, maintained an enrollment of 50,377 students. The University of Texas at Austin was once the largest institution in the United States, but it is now one of the top three largest by population. Seven doctoral programs at UT Austin rank in the top 10 in the nation and 22 degree programs rank in the top 25, according to a comprehensive study of the quality of graduate schools conducted by the United States National Research Council. Four of the seven medical schools of Texas are within the University of Texas System. In 2004, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas was ranked the 12th highest ranking medical school in the United States, with four of Texas's 11 Nobel laureates.[12]

Texas A&M University System

The Texas A&M University System, established by the 1871 Texas legislature, is the second largest state university system of higher learning in Texas. Its flagship institution, Texas A&M University located in College Station, opened in 1876 and is the state's oldest public institution of higher education. Funded research generally exceeds that of all other Texas universities including UT Austin, and Texas A&M ranks among the top ten national universities in research. It is the second largest university in the state of Texas and also one of the top 10 largest schools in the nation. The University of Texas's rivalry with Texas A&M dates back to the late 19th century.

Texas State University System

The Texas State University System, created in 1911 to oversee the state's normal schools (teachers' colleges), is the oldest multi-system University System in Texas.[13] The system is unique to Texas because it is the only horizontal State University System; the system does not have a flagship institution and considers every campus to be unique in their own way.[14] Over the years, several member schools have been moved to other university systems. Today, the system encompasses eight institutions; Texas State University-San Marcos, located halfway between Austin and San Antonio in San Marcos, Texas, is the largest university the system with an enrollment of 30,816 students.[15]

Texas Tech University System

The Texas Tech University System was established in 1996, though Texas Tech University in Lubbock has existed since 1923. The Texas Tech system consists of two academic universities, Angelo State University in San Angelo, a nationally recognized regional university and Texas Tech University in Lubbock, the flagship campus, a research institution which has the second largest contiguous campus in the United States and is the only school in Texas to house an undergraduate institution, law school, and medical school at the same location. The system also includes the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Centers, found in Amarillo, El Paso, Lubbock, and Odessa and eight learning centers in Abilene, Amarillo, Fredericksburg, Highland Lakes, and Junction. It has international campuses in Quedlinburg, Germany and Seville, Spain.

Independent Universities

Four public universities are unaffiliated with any of the six systems. They are:

Texas State Technical College

The state also operates the Texas State Technical College System, a group of two-year technical colleges located throughout the state. System headquarters are co-located with the flagship campus in Waco.

Community Colleges

Several community colleges operate throughout the state of Texas. Although the state has established territorial jurisdictions for each college, the colleges themselves are governed by local boards of trustees, and are financed mainly through local property taxes.

The taxing area and the jurisdiction are not necessarily the same in all cases. As an example, the jurisdiction of North Central Texas College includes the counties of Cooke, Denton, and Montague, but only Cooke County property is subject to the property tax assessment. On the other hand, the jurisdiction and tax base for Tarrant County College are the same: Tarrant County.

Private Colleges and Universities

Dallas/Fort Worth schools

The Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex is home to several private universities such as Southern Methodist University (which has the Metroplex's largest law school), University of Dallas, and Texas Christian University.

For more information see: List of Dallas-Fort Worth area colleges and universities

Houston Schools

Houston is the location of Rice University, which boasts one of the largest financial endowments of any university in the world. The small undergraduate student body has one of the highest percentages of National Merit Scholarship winners in the United States. Rice University maintains a variety of research facilities and laboratories. Rice is also associated with the Houston Area Research Center, a consortium supported by Rice, the University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University, and the University of Houston.

Another liberal arts college in Houston is the University of St. Thomas. It was founded by the Basilian Order in 1947 as a Roman Catholic university. Former UST president Archbishop J. Michael Miller currently serves in the Roman Curia as the prefect of Catholic universities throughout the world. The campus is also home to some major historic buildings, such as the Link-Lee Mansion (once the largest house in Texas) and Hughes House (the childhood home of Howard Hughes).

San Antonio schools

Private universities in the city are Trinity University, St. Mary's University, University of the Incarnate Word, and Our Lady of the Lake University.

Baylor University

Baylor University, chartered in 1845 by the Republic of Texas, is the oldest university in Texas operating under its original charter. It purports to be the largest Baptist university in the world, having an enrollment of over 14,000 students. Baylor is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and is a member of the Association of Southern Baptist Colleges and Schools. The 735-acre (2.97 km2) campus is located just southeast of downtown Waco, roughly bounded by Interstate 35, Speight Avenue, Eighth Street and the Brazos River.

Austin College

Austin College is a private liberal arts college affiliated with the Presbyterian Church USA and located in Sherman, Texas, an hour north of Dallas. Chartered in November 1849, it is the oldest college in Texas under original charter and name as recognized by the State Historical Survey Committee. The school is named after Texas hero Stephen F. Austin, who along with his sister Emily, deeded 1,500 acres (6 km²) of land to the college. Another important figure in Texas history, Sam Houston, served on the original board of trustees for the school. U.S. News & World Report ranked Austin College among the top 100 colleges in the category of "Best Liberal Arts Colleges" for 2006. Austin College also ranked among the "Best 361 Colleges" in the 2006 Princeton Review, was profiled in Loren Pope's Colleges That Change Lives, and was profiled in the 2005 edition of Kaplan's Unbiased Guide to the 331 Most Interesting Colleges. Austin College is also ninth on the U.S. News' 2006 list for "most students studying abroad." It is a member of the International 50, a group of the top colleges in the nation for international focus.

Medical research

Aerial of Texas Medical Center in Houston

Texas is home to several research medical centers. The state has eight medical schools,[16] three dental schools, and one optometry school. Texas has two Biosafety Level 4 (BSL-4) laboratories: one at The University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) in Galveston,[17] and the other at the Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research in San Antonio—the first privately owned BSL-4 lab in the United States.[18]

The Texas Medical Center, in Houston, is the world's largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions, with 45 member institutions in the Texas Medical Center.[19] More heart transplants are performed at Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world.[20] San Antonio's South Texas Medical Center facilities rank sixth in clinical medicine research impact in the United States[21]. The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center is one of the world’s highly regarded academic institutions devoted to cancer patient care, research, education and prevention.[22]

Top 10 universities by enrollment

Top 10 as of Fall 2009
Ranking University Location Enrollment
1 The University of Texas at Austin Austin 51,032[23]
2 Texas A&M University College Station 48,787[24]
3 University of Houston Houston 37,006[25]
4 University of North Texas Denton 36,206[26]
5 Texas State University–San Marcos San Marcos 30,816[27]
6 Texas Tech University Lubbock 30,049[28]
7 The University of Texas at San Antonio San Antonio 29,133[29]
8 The University of Texas at Arlington Arlington 28,084[30]
9 The University of Texas at El Paso El Paso 21,011[31]
10 The University of Texas–Pan American Edinburg 17,000+

Top 12 universities by research and development

Institution R&D expenditure
(2008)[32]
Rank
Texas A&M University $539.4 million 1
University of Texas at Austin $527.1 million 2
Star of life gold.svgUniversity of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center $488.7 million 3
Star of life gold.svgBaylor College of Medicine $426.8 million 4
Star of life gold.svgUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical School $371.1 million 5
Star of life gold.svgUniversity of Texas Health Science Center at Houston $197.3 million 6
Star of life gold.svgUniversity of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio $188.6 million 7
Star of life gold.svgUniversity of Texas Medical Branch $153.5 million 8
University of Houston $84.9 million 9
Star of life gold.svgTexas A&M Health Science Center $76.5 million 10
Rice University $72 million 11
University of Texas at Arlington $66.6 million 12
Total R&D in Texas institutions $3.644 Billion

Top universities by Nobel Laureate affiliation

Texan universities ranked according to their number of Nobel laureate affiliations are:

The listing above includes all Nobel laureates which were, at one time, affiliated with the institution, though that person may not now be affiliated.

See also

References

  1. ^ America's Best Colleges 2006. U.S. News & World Report
  2. ^ Texas Comptroller Carole Keeton Strayhorn (2003-09-16). "Comptroller Strayhorn to Review Stafford Municipal School District". Press release. http://www.cpa.state.tx.us/news/30916stafford.html. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  3. ^ "Texas Home School Coalition FAQ". http://www.thsc.org/FAQ/default.asp. Retrieved 2006-04-29. 
  4. ^ Heath, Ben (2003-07-07). "Bill requires review of university systems" (PDF). Daily Texan. http://www.utsystem.edu/news/clips/dailyclips/2003/0706-0712/UTSystem-DT-BillRequires-070703.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Senate Subcommittee on Higher Education Testimony Regarding the Benefits of a Stand Alone Institution" (PDF). Sam Houston State University. 2008-06-25. http://www.senate.state.tx.us/75r/Senate/commit/c535/20080625/062508_SFA_Testimony_Dr_Pattillo.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  6. ^ "Voters could start schools' race for Tier One". http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/metropolitan/6627097.html. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  7. ^ "How they stack up: Comparing Texas' emerging research institutions". http://images.chron.com/content/news/pdfs/09/09/20/universities.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  8. ^ "House helps pave way for UH's tier-one hopes". http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/front/6391384.html. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  9. ^ "Fall 2008 Facts" (PDF). University of Houston. http://www.uh.edu/ir/fileadmin/reports/factsataglance/Fall_2008_Facts.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  10. ^ "Inventory of Degree Programs". University of Houston Office of Institutional Research. http://www.uh.edu/ir/fileadmin/reports/StatisticalHandbook/2008/Degree-Data/Inven%20of%20Degree%20Prog%202008-09.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  11. ^ "Best Law Schools in 2008". US News and World Report. http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/grad/law/search/page+3. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  12. ^ The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas list of Texas Nobel Laureates
  13. ^ "Texas State University System". http://www.tsus.edu/. Retrieved November 9, 2009. 
  14. ^ "SHSU graduate appointed System Regent". Huntsville Item. http://www.itemonline.com/local/local_story_170003148.html. Retrieved November 5, 2009. 
  15. ^ Blaschke, Jayme (September 16, 2009). "Texas State sets new enrollment record of 30,816". University News Service. http://www.txstate.edu/news/news_releases/news_archive/2009/09/Enrollment091609.html. Retrieved September 16, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Texas Medical Schools and Hospitals". Texas Medical Association. 2006-08-03. http://www.texmed.org/Template.aspx?id=86. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  17. ^ "University Selects Bioscrypt for Biosafety Level 4 Lab". Bioscrypt. October 14, 2004. http://www.bioscrypt.com/about/press/press-2004-10-14.shtml. Retrieved 2006-04-29. 
  18. ^ "BIOSAFETY LEVEL 4 (BSL-4) LABORATORY". Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research. http://www.sfbr.org/pages/about_resources2.php. Retrieved 2006-04-29. 
  19. ^ Facts and Figures. Texas Medical Center. 2006. Last Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  20. ^ "Background Statistics > People and Politics (most recent) by state". State Master. 2008-05-08. http://www.statemaster.com/graph/bac_bac-background-people-and-politics. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  21. ^ Health Science Center ranks sixth in clinical medicine, XL (7 ed.), University of Texas Health Science Center, 2007-04-03, http://www.uthscsa.edu/hscnews/singleformat.asp?newID=2353, retrieved 2008-04-28 
  22. ^ "About MD Anderson". The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. http://www.mdanderson.org/about_mda/. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  23. ^ http://www.utexas.edu/news/2009/09/15/fall09_enrollment/
  24. ^ http://www.kbtx.com/state/headlines/58133762.html
  25. ^ http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/chronicle/6624760.html
  26. ^ http://inhouse.unt.edu/index.cfm?CommentID=3548
  27. ^ http://www.txstate.edu/news/news_releases/news_archive/2009/09/Enrollment091609.html
  28. ^ http://today.ttu.edu/2009/09/texas-tech-sets-record-enrollment/
  29. ^ http://www.utsa.edu/today/2009/09/enrollment.cfm
  30. ^ http://www.uta.edu/ucomm/mediarelations/press/2009/09/Fall-2009-enrollment-figures.php
  31. ^ http://webcontent.utep.edu/inthenews/09.16.2009.htm
  32. ^ p.14 and p.24

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Contents

Primary and secondary education

The entrance to the Lamar High School auditorium in Houston is decorated with a map of the state of Texas.

Texas has over 1,000 school districts, ranging in size from the gigantic Houston Independent School District to the 13-student Divide Independent School District in rural south Texas. All but one of the school districts in Texas are separate from any form of municipal government, hence they are called "independent school districts", or "ISD" for short. School districts may (and often do) cross city and county boundaries. School districts have the power to tax their residents and to use eminent domain. The sole exception to this rule is Stafford Municipal School District, which serves all of the city of Stafford.

The public school systems are administered by the Texas Education Agency (TEA). The TEA is divided into twenty Educational Service Center "regions" that serve the local school districts.

Especially in the metropolitan areas, Texas also has numerous private schools of all types (non-sectarian, Catholic, and Protestant). The TEA has no authority over private school operations; private schools may or may not be accredited, and achievement tests are not required for private school graduating seniors. Many private schools will obtain accreditation and perform achievement tests as a means of encouraging future parents that the school is genuinely interested in educational performance.

It is generally considered to be among the least restrictive states in which to home school. Neither TEA nor the local school district has authority to regulate home school activities; state law only requires that the curriculum 1) must teach "reading, spelling, grammar, mathematics and a study of good citizenship" (the latter interpreted to mean a course in civics) and 2) must be taught in a bona fide manner.[1] There are no minimum number of days in a year, or hours in a day, that must be met, and achievement tests are not required for home school graduating seniors. The validity of home schooling was challenged in Texas, but a landmark case, Leeper v. Arlington ISD, ruled that home schooling was legal and that the state had little or no authority to regulate the practice.

Colleges and universities

The University of Texas System (UT), established by the Texas Constitution in 1876, consists of nine academic universities and six health institutions. UT System institutions enrolled a total of 182,752 students in fall 2004 making it one of the largest systems of higher education in the nation. In 2004, the University of Texas at Austin, which is the largest institution in the UT System and in the state of Texas, maintained an enrollment of 50,377 students. The University of Texas at Austin was once the largest institution in the United States, but it is now one of the top three largest by population. Seven doctoral programs at UT Austin rank in the top 10 in the nation and 22 degree programs rank in the top 25, according to a comprehensive study of the quality of graduate schools conducted by the United States National Research Council. Four of the seven medical schools of Texas are within the University of Texas System. In 2004, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas was ranked the 12th highest ranking medical school in the United States, with four of Texas's 11 Nobel laureates.[2]

The Texas A&M University System, established by the 1871 Texas legislature, is the second largest state university system of higher learning in Texas. Its flagship institution, Texas A&M University located in College Station, opened in 1876 and is the state's oldest public institution of higher education. Funded research generally exceeds that of all other Texas universities including UT Austin, and Texas A&M ranks among the top ten national universities in research. It is the second largest university in the state of Texas and also one of the top 10 largest schools in the nation. The University of Texas's rivalry with Texas A&M dates back to the late 19th century.

The University of Houston System is the largest urban state system of higher education in the Gulf Coast, which has four universities with three located in Houston. Its flagship institution is the University of Houston (UH), which is the only doctoral degree granting extensive research institution in Houston and is the third largest in the state of Texas with an enrollment of over 36,000. The interdisciplinary research conducted at UH focuses on such areas as superconductivity, space commercialization, biomedical engineering, economics, education, petroleum exploration and management. UH is also home to over 40 research centers and institutes. Amongst the University of Houston's colleges is the University of Houston Law Center. The UH Law Center's Health Law and Policy Institute is ranked number one in the nation while the Intellectual Property Law Program is ranked fifth, according to U.S. News & World Report.

Houston is also the location of Rice University, which boasts one of the largest financial endowments of any university in the world. The small undergraduate student body has one of the highest percentages of National Merit Scholarship winners in the United States. Rice University maintains a variety of research facilities and laboratories. Rice is also associated with the Houston Area Research Center, a consortium supported by Rice, the University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University, and the University of Houston.

Another liberal arts college in Houston is the University of St. Thomas. It was founded by the Basilian Order in 1947 as a Roman Catholic university. Former UST president Archbishop J. Michael Miller currently serves in the Roman Curia as the prefect of Catholic universities throughout the world. The campus is also home to some major historic buildings, such as the Link-Lee Mansion (once the largest house in Texas) and Hughes House (the childhood home of Howard Hughes).

Further, Houston is home to Texas Southern University, the first historically black college and university to house a law school; it was also the first state-supported institution in the city of Houston. Over the years, the university's educational facilities and programs expanded, and many of its graduates began to achieve local, regional, and national recognition for their influence in politics, education, business, technology, medicine, and the arts. Its pioneering spirit continues today.

The University of North Texas System, has three schools in the North Texas region, all of which are in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. The flagship institution is the University of North Texas (UNT) located in Denton. UNT, considered one of the top music schools in the nation, is the largest in the region and forth largest in the state with an enrollment of over 34,500. The fields taught at UNT focus on such areas as business management, education, engineering, hospitality, music and science. The UNT system also oversees the University of North Texas at Dallas, the only university located in the City limits of Dallas, and the University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, the only college in Texas that specalizes in osteopathic medicine.

Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex is also the home to several other universities including three UT System institutions, University of Texas at Dallas, University of Texas at Arlington and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. Texas Women's University, in Denton, is the largest state-supported university for women in the United States. In additton traditional 4-year schools, four community college districts have a combined total population of almost 150,000 students. The Metroplex is home several private universities such as Southern Methodist University, which has the Metroplex's largest law school, University of Dallas, and Texas Christian University. For more information see: List of Dallas-Fort Worth area colleges and universities

San Antonio is home to many colleges and universities, such as The University of Texas at San Antonio, the second-largest institution of the University of Texas System, which is expanding to become a research university. Other universities in the city are the University of Texas Health Science Center, Trinity University, St. Mary's University, University of the Incarnate Word, and Our Lady of the Lake University.

Texas Tech University in Lubbock serves as the largest educational institution in West Texas. It was founded in 1923 and has a current enrollment of over 29,000 including undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral students. In addition to Lubbock, Texas Tech has Texas campuses in Abilene, Amarillo, Fredericksburg, Highland Lakes, and Junction. It has international campuses in Quedlinburg, Germany and Seville, Spain.

The Texas Tech University System consists of Texas Tech University's eight campuses and Angelo State University in San Angelo. Texas Tech University Health Sciences Centers, found in Amarillo, El Paso, Lubbock and Odessa, Texas, are also part of the Texas Tech University System.

Baylor University, chartered in 1845 by the Republic of Texas, is the oldest university in Texas operating under its original charter. It purports to be the largest Baptist university in the world, having an enrollment of over 14,000 students. Baylor is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and is a member of the Association of Southern Baptist Colleges and Schools. The 735-acre campus is located just southeast of downtown Waco, roughly bounded by Interstate 35, Speight Avenue, Eighth Street and the Brazos River.

Other major public universities in Texas include Texas State University-San Marcos (formerly Southwest Texas State University).

Top 15 Texas universities by Enrollment

Top 15 as of Fall 2006
Ranking University Location Enrollment
1 University of Texas at Austin Austin 49,697[3]
2 Texas A&M University College Station 45,143[4]
3 University of Houston Houston 34,334[5]
4 University of North Texas Denton 33,500[6]
5 University of Texas at San Antonio San Antonio 28,534[7]
6 Texas State University San Marcos 28,132[8]
7 Texas Tech University Lubbock 27,996[9]
8 University of Texas at Arlington Arlington 25,297[10]
9 University of Texas at El Paso El Paso 19,842[11]
10 University of Texas–Pan American Edinburg 17,337[12]
11 Sam Houston State University Huntsville 16,445[13]
12 University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College Brownsville 15,697[14]
13 University of Texas at Dallas Dallas 14,536[15]
14 Baylor University Waco 13,799[16]
15 University of Houston–Downtown Houston 11,449[17]

Top 12 Texas universities by Research and Development expenditures

Institution R&D Expenditures, FY 2005[18] ranking
Baylor College of Medicine $442.7 million 1
Texas A&M University $434.9 million 2
UT Austin $422.9 million 3
UT M. D. Anderson Cancer Center $341.9 million 4
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas $320.8 million 5
UT Health Science Center at Houston $156.5 million 6
UTMB $149.9 million 7
UTHSCSA $134.0 million 8
University of Houston $81.5 million 9
Texas A&M Health Science Center $70.7 million 10
Rice University $63.6 million 11
Texas Tech University $48.5 million 12

Top Texas universities by Nobel Laureate affiliation

Texan universities ranked according to their number of Nobel laureate affiliations are:

References

  1. ^ Texas Home School Coalition FAQ. Retrieved on 2006-04-29.
  2. ^ The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas list of Texas Nobel Laureates
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ [4]
  7. ^ [5]
  8. ^ [6]
  9. ^ [7]
  10. ^ [8]
  11. ^ [9]
  12. ^ [10]
  13. ^ [11]
  14. ^ [12]
  15. ^ [13]
  16. ^ [14]
  17. ^ [15]
  18. ^ http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/reports/pdf/1211.pdf

See also

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Education in Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "Education in Texas" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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