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Edward Hugessen Knatchbull-Hugessen, 1st Baron Brabourne, PC (29 April 1829 – 6 February 1893) was a British Liberal politician.

Born Edward Hugessen Knatchbull, he was the younger son of Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet, who twice served as Paymaster-General, and his second wife Fanny Catherine Knight, who was a niece of author Jane Austen. In 1849 he assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Hugessen, which was the maiden surname of his father's mother. Knatchbull-Hugessen was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was President of the Oxford Union.

In 1857 he was elected Member of Parliament for Sandwich, a seat he would hold until 1880. He served as a Government Whip under Lord Palmerston from 1859 to 1860; as Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs under Lord Russell in 1866 and under Gladstone from 1868 to 1871; and as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies under Gladstone from 1871 to 1874.

Knatchbull-Hugessen was admitted to the Privy Council in 1873 and in 1880 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Brabourne, of Brabourne in the County of Kent.

He edited the first edition of Jane Austen's letters, published in 1884. This edition included about two-thirds of her surviving letters, and was dedicated to Queen Victoria. He inherited the letters after his mother's death in December 1882.

Lord Brabourne died in February 1893, aged 63.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Charles Pelham-Clinton
James McGregor
Member of Parliament for Sandwich
with Lord Clarence Paget 1857–1866
Charles Capper 1866–1868
Henry Arthur Brassey 1868–1880

1857–1880
Succeeded by
Henry Arthur Brassey
Charles Henry Compton Roberts
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas George Baring
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1866
Succeeded by
The Earl Belmore
Preceded by
Sir Michael Hicks-Beach
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1868–1871
Succeeded by
George John Shaw-Lefevre
Preceded by
William Monsell
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1871–1874
Succeeded by
James Lowther
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baron Brabourne
1880–1893
Succeeded by
Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen
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