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Edward Paul Lazear


In office
2006 – 2009
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Ben Bernanke
Succeeded by Christina Romer

Born 1948
Alma mater University of California, Los Angeles
Harvard University

Edward Paul "Ed" Lazear (born 1948) is an award-winning American economist, considered the founder of personnel economics, and was the chief economic advisor to President George W. Bush.

Contents

Career

Lazear graduated from the University of California, Los Angeles with a bachelor's degree and master's degree in economics in 1971. He received his doctorate in economics from Harvard University in 1974.

From 1985 to 1992, he was a professor of Urban and Labor Economics at the University of Chicago. Since 1992, he has been an economics professor at Stanford Graduate School of Business. Lazear has served as a research assistant at the National Bureau of Economic Research, as well as a research fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research and the Institute for the Study of Labor. He is a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. In 1996, he founded the Society of Labor Economists. Prior to his nomination and confirmation as chief economic advisor to the President, Lazear was a member of Bush's tax reform advisory panel in 2005.

Research

Lazear is the founding editor of the Journal of Labor Economics. He has published over 100 scholarly articles. [1]

Most of his work has to do with motivating and compensating workers. One of his most famous papers, "Rank-Order Tournaments as Optimum Labor Contracts," argues that in certain circumstances, it is in a firm's best interest to rank its employees and pay particularly high wages to the top-ranked employees. This helps explain why the highest jobs, like chief executive officer, often draw paychecks that are much higher than the next-highest jobs, even though the skill differences between those employees are not very high. It also helps explain the partnership structure of law firms, in which associate lawyers compete to become partners and earn a much higher salary. He has also analyzed how peer pressure and mandatory retirement can help reduce principal-agent problems in companies.

Awards

Lazear has won a number of awards over his career. Among those that he has won are:

  • 1998 Leo Melamed Biennial Prize.
  • 2003 Adam Smith Prize, European Association of Labor Economists.
  • 2004 Prize in Labor Economics, Institute for the Study of Labor.

Books

  • Lazear, Edward (1995). Personnel Economics. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-12188-3.  
  • Edward Lazear, ed (1996). Culture Wars in America. Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 0-8179-5762-6.  
  • Lazear, Edward (1995). Economic Transition in Eastern Europe and Russia: Realities of Reform. Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 0-8179-9332-0.  
  • Lazear, Edward (2002). Education in the Twenty-first Century. Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 0-8179-2892-8.  
  • Lazear, Edward (2008). Personnel Economics in Practice. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-67592-1.  

Patents

Edward Lazear is listed as a coinventor on 5 pending US patent applications.[1] Some of these pending patent applications are considered to be tax patents.[2] This has led to criticism of Lazear by organizations opposed to tax patents, such as Citizens for Tax Justice. Lazear, however, no longer has any ownership rights in these pending applications and cannot receive any royalties from them should they ever issue as valid patents. The full ownership rights to these applications are owned by Liquid Engines.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pending US patent applications listing Edward Lazear as a coinventor and their corresponding international counterparts
  2. ^ Stamper, Dustin "Bush Economist Listed as Inventor on Tax Strategy Patent Application", Tax Notes, September 17, 2001

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Ben Bernanke
Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers
2006-2009
Succeeded by
Christina Romer
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