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19th century illustration of Edward Oxford attempting to assassinate Queen Victoria.

Edward Oxford (born Birmingham, 1822; date and place of death unknown) was tried for high treason for attempting to assassinate Queen Victoria in 1840[1].

The Queen was out riding on Constitution Hill with her husband, Prince Albert, on 10 June, when Oxford shot twice at the couple, missing both times. He was seized by onlookers, arrested and tried at the Old Bailey in July 1840. He was acquitted by reason of insanity and sent to Bethlem Royal Hospital, where he remained until the criminal patients of the institution were transferred to Broadmoor Hospital in 1864. Three years later, he was offered a discharge if he would agree to leave the country. [2] He is believed to have lived out the rest of his life in Australia.


  • Michael Diamond, Victorian sensation, Anthem Press, 2003. ISBN 1-84331-150-X
  1. ^ The Proceedings of the Old Bailey
  2. ^ Broadmoor Hospital case file: Berkshire Record Office D/H14/D2/2/1/96

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