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Edward VIII
Edward as Prince of Wales, in Ottawa, Ontario Canada, 1919
King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, Emperor of India (more...)
Reign 20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936
Predecessor George V
Successor George VI
Prime Ministers
Consort Wallis Warfield (post-abdication)
Full name
Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David
House House of Windsor
Father George V
Mother Mary of Teck
Born 23 June 1894 (1894-06-23)
White Lodge, Richmond, Surrey, England
Died 28 May 1972 (1972-05-29) (aged 77)
4 Rue du Champ d'Entraînement, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Paris, France
Burial 5 June 1972
Frogmore, Berkshire
Signature
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; later The Duke of Windsor; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the British dominions, and Emperor of India from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December 1936.
.Before his accession to the throne, Edward held successively the titles of Prince Edward of York, Prince Edward of Cornwall and York, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, and Prince of Wales.^ From then on, all heirs to the British throne have held the title of the Prince of Wales.
  • The Isle of Influence - Scotland and Wales 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.white-history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before his accession to the throne, Edward VIII held the titles of Prince Edward of York, Prince Edward of York and Cornwall, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, and Prince of Wales (all with the style Royal Highness).
  • MySpace - King Edward VIII - 19 - Male - Paris, FR - myspace.com/king_edward_viii 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was the Prince of Wales (first in the succession), while his brother Bertie was the Prince of York (second in succession).
  • Edward & Mrs. Simpson (1978) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.vernonjohns.org [Source type: Original source]

.As a young man, he served in World War I, undertook several foreign tours on behalf of his father, George V, and was associated with a succession of older, married women.^ As a young man he served in World War I, undertook several foreign tours on behalf of his father, and was associated with a succession of older married women.
  • MySpace - King Edward VIII - 19 - Male - Paris, FR - myspace.com/king_edward_viii 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His father died in the first world war.

^ Her father, King George VI, had plans to go on a South Seas tour of countries that were a part of the British Empire, in early 1952, accompanied by his wife.
  • What It Means to Be a King in the Kingdom of God > June 2007 > World News & Prophecy 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.wnponline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Only months into his reign, Edward caused a constitutional crisis by proposing marriage to the American divorcée Wallis Simpson.^ Only months into his reign, Edward forced a constitutional crisis by proposing marriage to the American divorcée Wallis Simpson.
  • MySpace - King Edward VIII - 19 - Male - Paris, FR - myspace.com/king_edward_viii 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward's affair with the American divorcée led to such grave concern that the couple were followed by members of MI5, to examine in secret the nature of their relationship.

^ When the king's marital difficulty became Dev's opportunity 14 Dec 2009 DECEMBER 14TH, 1936: The abdication of King Edward VIII from the British throne on December 10th, 1936, in order to marry the American divorcee Wallis Simpson caused all sorts of legal, constitutional and political problems for the Fianna Fáil government.
  • The Irish Times 150 | On This Day 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.irishtimes.com [Source type: General]

.The prime ministers of the United Kingdom and the Dominions opposed the marriage, arguing that the people would never accept her as queen.^ Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom in Leaders and rulers .
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Although legally Edward could have married Mrs. Simpson and remained king, his ministers opposed the marriage arguing that the people would never accept her as queen.
  • MySpace - King Edward VIII - 19 - Male - Paris, FR - myspace.com/king_edward_viii 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Can you name the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom?
  • Can you name the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom? - sporcle 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

.Edward knew that the government led by British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin would resign if the marriage went ahead, which could have dragged the King into a general election and ruined irreparably his status as a politically neutral constitutional monarch.^ As a constitutional monarch , she is politically neutral and by convention her role is largely ceremonial.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British Prime Ministers Since 1770 .
  • United Kingdom: History, Geography, Government, and Culture — FactMonster.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward's alternative proposed solution of a morganatic marriage was rejected by the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin and the Dominion governments.

Rather than give up Mrs. Simpson, Edward chose to abdicate. .He was succeeded by his younger brother, George VI.^ George IV died in 1830 and was succeeded by his brother, William IV. In the elections, the Tories were defeated.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Edward's decision was to abdicate in favor of his brother, who became King George VI. .
  • What It Means to Be a King in the Kingdom of God > June 2007 > World News & Prophecy 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.wnponline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His brother, Prince Albert, Duke of York succeeded to the throne as King George VI. George VI made Edward the Duke of Windsor.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With a reign of 325 days, Edward is one of the shortest-reigning monarchs in British and Commonwealth history, and was never crowned.^ After Lady Jane Grey and Edward V , he is the third shortest-reigning monarch in British history, and like them, he too was never crowned.

^ He is one of the shortest-reigning monarchs in British history, and was never crowned.
  • MySpace - King Edward VIII - 19 - Male - Paris, FR - myspace.com/king_edward_viii 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her reign was the longest in British history.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

.He was the last British monarch to serve his entire reign as the Emperor of India.^ A "defeatist" interview with the Duke that received wide distribution may have served as the last straw for the British government: in August a British warship dispatched the pair to the Bahamas .

^ On Friday April 21 2006 the Queen turned 80, making her the third oldest reigning monarch in British and Commonwealth history.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Edward VIII prince of Wales (1911-36) and king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British dominions and emperor of India from Jan.
  • Encyclop�dia Britannica Australia - 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.britannica.com.au [Source type: Academic]

.After his abdication, he reverted to the style of a son of the Sovereign, The Prince Edward, and was created Duke of Windsor on 8 March 1937. During World War II, he was at first stationed with the British Military Mission to France, but after private accusations that he held pro-Nazi sympathies, was moved to The Bahamas as Governor and Commander-in-Chief.^ Following the end of World War II, Edward was no longer the Governor of the Bahamas.
  • Edward & Mrs. Simpson (1978) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.vernonjohns.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the interim, however, Edward was universally known as the Duke of Windsor.

^ After the war the Duke and Duchess of Windsor lived in France .

.After the war, he was never given another official appointment, and spent the remainder of his life in retirement.^ After the war, he was never given another official appointment, and spent the remainder of his life in retirement.
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, Nobility and Country Leader - News - Evri 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

^ After the war, the couple returned once again to France in Neuilly near Paris, where they spent much of the remainder of their lives essentially in retirement, as the Duke never occupied another professional role after his wartime governorship of the Bahamas.

^ He was appointed Governor of the Bahamas , a post he held until after the war ended in 1945, when the couple retired to France, where they spent much of the remainder of their lives.
  • Edward VIII - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Early life

.Edward VIII was born on 23 June 1894, at White Lodge in Richmond, England.^ Edward of Wales Little David , photographed by his grandmother Queen Alexandra Edward VIII was born on 23 June 1894 at White Lodge, Richmond, Surrey.

^ Edward VIII of the United Kingdom was born .
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Edward VIII was born at White Lodge, Richmond upon Thames on 23 June 1894.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .He was the eldest son of The Duke of York (later King George V), and The Duchess of York (formerly Princess Victoria Mary of Teck).^ Henrys sole son and successor, 5-year-old Edward, to Scotlands crown princess Mary not yet 7 months old.

^ Father: Prince Francis of Teck Mother: Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge Husband: George V Son: King Edward VIII Son: King George VI Daughter: Mary, Princess Royal Son: Henry, Duke of Gloucester Son: George, Duke of Kent Son: Prince John ( suffered from epilepsy and died aged 13 ) .
  • A Partial Family Tree for Queen Victoria 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC buzzword.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ King of England, second son of Henry VII. and his queen, Elizabeth of York, was born at Greenwich, in 1491.
  • GENUKI: Kings of England - H 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.genuki.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.His father was the second son of The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and The Princess of Wales (formerly Princess Alexandra of Denmark).^ Henrys sole son and successor, 5-year-old Edward, to Scotlands crown princess Mary not yet 7 months old.

^ These properties were Edward's personal property, inherited from his father, King George V on his death, and thus did not automatically pass to George VI on abdication.

^ Edward VIII King of Great Britain 1894-1972 Prince of Wales, 1910-1936.
  • University of Glasgow :: Manuscripts Catalogue :: Collections relating to Edward VIII 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC special.lib.gla.ac.uk [Source type: General]

.His mother was the eldest daughter of The Duke of Teck and The Duchess of Teck (formerly Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge).^ Father: Prince Francis of Teck Mother: Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge Husband: George V Son: King Edward VIII Son: King George VI Daughter: Mary, Princess Royal Son: Henry, Duke of Gloucester Son: George, Duke of Kent Son: Prince John ( suffered from epilepsy and died aged 13 ) .
  • A Partial Family Tree for Queen Victoria 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC buzzword.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ Some feel the King missed the opportunity to make an innovation in Royal practice, by re-adopting King Henry VIII's idea of proclaiming his eldest daughter, Lady Mary , Princess of Wales in her own right.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, his maternal grandmother Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge did not like the first name the baby had been given, and she wrote prophetically that she hoped the last name "may supplant the less favoured one".

.As a great-grandson of Queen Victoria in the male line, Edward was styled His Highness Prince Edward of York at his birth.^ Queen Victoria uses chloroform during birth of Prince Leopold.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a great grandson of Queen Victoria in the male line, Edward VIII was styled His Highness Prince Edward of York at his birth.

^ As a great-grandson of Queen Victoria , Albert was styled His Highness Prince Albert of York from birth.

.He was baptised Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David in the Green Drawing Room of White Lodge on 16 July 1894, by Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury.^ She is the daughter of Andrew Albert Christian Edward Windsor , 1st Duke of York and Sarah Margaret Ferguson .
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10148 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Reference]

^ His brother, Prince Albert, Duke of York succeeded to the throne as King George VI. George VI made Edward the Duke of Windsor.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Four younger siblings of Edward VIII and Albert: Mary (1897–1965), Henry (1900–74), George (1902–42) and John (1905–19).

[2] .The names were chosen in honour of Edward's late uncle, who was known to his family as "Eddy" or Edward, and his great-grandfather King Christian IX of Denmark.^ He was known to his family and close friends, by his last Christian name, David.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward VIII King of Great Britain 1894-1972 Prince of Wales, 1910-1936.
  • University of Glasgow :: Manuscripts Catalogue :: Collections relating to Edward VIII 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC special.lib.gla.ac.uk [Source type: General]

^ (Ziegler, King Edward VIII , 448) To John Kenneth Galbraith, who had been appointed American ambassador to India, "I hear you are going to In-jea.

.The name Albert was included at the behest of Queen Victoria, and his last four names—George, Andrew, Patrick and David—came from the Patron Saints of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales.^ Christianity came to Ireland from Wales and southwest Scotland.
  • A United Kingdom and Ireland Trip 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC user.icx.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Queen Victoria named "Empress of India" .
  • Timeline, Churchill and the Great Republic (A Library of Congress Interactive Exhibition, Text Version) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His last four names – George, Andrew, Patrick and David – came from the Patron Saints of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales.

.The Prince was nevertheless, for the rest of his life, known to his family and close friends by his last given name, David.^ The Prince was nevertheless, for the rest of his life, known to his family and close friends, by his last given name, David.

^ He was known to his family and close friends, by his last Christian name, David.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Family members laid the object to rest last week on the Gila River Reservation where Hayes was born and died.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.Edward's parents, The Duke and Duchess of York, were often removed from their children's upbringing, like other upper-class English parents of the day.^ The Duke and Duchess had no children.
  • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Windsor - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward VIII's parents, The Duke and Duchess of York, were often removed from their children's upbringing, in common with other upper class English parents of the day.

^ Before his accession to the throne, Edward VIII held the titles of Prince Edward of York, Prince Edward of York and Cornwall, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, and Prince of Wales (all with the style Royal Highness).
  • MySpace - King Edward VIII - 19 - Male - Paris, FR - myspace.com/king_edward_viii 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Edward and his younger siblings were brought up by nannies. .One of his early nannies abused Edward by pinching him before he was due to be presented to his parents.^ The nanny would pinch and scratch Edward before he was due to be presented to his parents.

^ All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as the shepherd divides his sheep from the goats [Matt.

^ He was committed to the Tower to await the sentence of death which he knew to be inevitable, but, before handing him over to the executioner, Henry insisted that he should perform for him one last service.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

.His subsequent crying and wailing would lead the Duke and Duchess to send Edward and the nanny away.^ His subsequent crying and wailing would lead the Duke and Duchess to send Edward and the nanny away.

^ Edward VIII's parents, The Duke and Duchess of York, were often removed from their children's upbringing, in common with other upper class English parents of the day.

^ The Royal Family never accepted the Duchess and would not receive her formally, although the Duke sometimes met his mother and his brother the King after his abdication.

[3] The nanny was subsequently discharged. .His father, though a harsh disciplinarian,[4] was demonstrably affectionate[5] and his mother displayed a frolicksome side with her children that belies her austere public image.^ On the other hand, the King, though a harsh disciplinarian, was demonstrably affectionate and Queen Mary displayed a frolicksome side when dealing with her children that belies her austere public image, having been greatly amused by the children making tadpole sandwiches for their French master (Ziegler:7, 9; Bradford:22), and encouraged them to confide matters in her which it would have provoked the King to know (Ziegler:79).

^ Though the fact does not appear in this tale, it must be remembered that Gwydion is, in the older mythology, the father of Arianrod's children.
  • Myths and Legends of the Celtic Race: Chapter VIII: Myths and Tales of the Cymry 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth's public image has softened noticeably in recent years, particularly since the death of the Queen Mother.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

.She was amused by the children making tadpoles on toast for their French master,[6] and encouraged them to confide in her.^ On the other hand, the King, though a harsh disciplinarian, was demonstrably affectionate and Queen Mary displayed a frolicksome side when dealing with her children that belies her austere public image, having been greatly amused by the children making tadpole sandwiches for their French master (Ziegler:7, 9; Bradford:22), and encouraged them to confide matters in her which it would have provoked the King to know (Ziegler:79).

[7]

Education

Little David, photographed by his grandmother Queen Alexandra
At first, Edward was tutored at home by Helen Bricka. .Following the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, his parents travelled the British Empire for almost nine months.^ Queen Victoria in 1897 is the only other British monarch to have celebrated a Diamond Jubilee.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parliament passes the Commonwealth of Australia Act 1901 - Death of Queen Victoria.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1876 Queen Victoria took the title of Empress of India, and Britain and its colonies became the British Empire.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Young Edward and his siblings stayed in Britain with their grandparents, Queen Alexandra and Edward VII, who showered their grandchildren with affection.^ Main articles: Descent of Elizabeth II and Ancestors of Queen Elizabeth II Queen Elizabeth is the male-line great-granddaughter of Edward VII , who inherited the crown from his mother, Queen Victoria.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Had Edward stayed on the throne and produced no heirs (which would have been likely due to his wife Wallis Simpson's reproductive issues), Elizabeth would still have become Queen.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ She is Patron of the Council of Christians & Jews (CCJ) in the UK. Ancestry Queen Elizabeth is the male-line great-granddaughter of Edward VII, who inherited the crown from his mother, Victoria.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

.On the return of his parents, Edward was placed under the care of two men, Frederick Finch and Henry Hansell, who virtually brought up Edward and his siblings for their remaining nursery years.^ Edward IV's two sons were put in this tower by their uncle who became Richard III! Trials took place in Westminister Hall.
  • Tower of London- London, United Kingdom - VirtualTourist.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ She remained very active in the fight for her son's restoration, and returned to England in 1660, but resumed living in France five years later.

^ The two princesses were educated at home under the supervision of their mother and their governess , Marion Crawford, who was casually known as "Crawfie".
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
.Edward was kept under the strict tutorship of Hansell until nearly the age of 13; Hansell had wanted Edward to enter school earlier, but his father disagreed.^ Henry's will designated sixteen executors to serve on a council of regency until Edward reached the age of eighteen.
  • How did Henry VIII die? - Yahoo! Answers 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Reigned for nearly 38 years from April 23, 1509 (aged 18) until his death January 28, 1547 Click EasyEdit to update this page!
  • King Henry VIII - Historical profile - The Tudors Wiki 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tudorswiki.sho.com [Source type: General]

^ Edward kept the title of 'Prince of Wales' for the crown, bestowing it upon his son Edward who was crowned in Caernarfon in 1301 aged 17 years.

.Edward took the examination to enter Osborne Naval College, and began there in 1907.[9] Following two years at Osborne College, which he did not enjoy, Edward moved on to the Royal Naval College at Dartmouth.^ Edward's affair with the American divorcée led to such grave concern that the couple were followed by members of MI5, to examine in secret the nature of their relationship.

^ Edward IV's two sons were put in this tower by their uncle who became Richard III! Trials took place in Westminister Hall.
  • Tower of London- London, United Kingdom - VirtualTourist.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ "Danae did a good job out there tonight," said Ladycat head coach Jackie Lawrence following the game.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

.A course of two years followed by entry into the Royal Navy was planned.^ Maps show the division locations from the landing plans through entry into St. Lo.
  • World War II Maps 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the two years that followed, Scotland was left with 14 claimants to the throne.

^ Plans are to hold a referendum on the issue if and when five economic tests indicate that entry into the Eurozone would be beneficial.
  • United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, Edward automatically became Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay when his father, George V, ascended the throne on 6 May 1910 following the death of Edward VII. Edward was created Prince of Wales a month later on his 16th birthday, on 23 June 1910, and the preparations began in earnest for his future duties as King.^ I George V succeeded his father in 1910.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ May 6, 1910 - King Edward VII dies, George V becomes King .
  • Timeline, Churchill and the Great Republic (A Library of Congress Interactive Exhibition, Text Version) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He automatically became Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland when his father, George V, ascended the throne on 6 May 1910.

.He was withdrawn from his naval course before his formal graduation, served as midshipman for three months aboard the battleship Hindustan, then immediately entered Magdalen College, Oxford, for which in the opinion of his biographers, he was underprepared intellectually.^ In addition, he was schooled at Magdalen College, University of Oxford.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ Fours, Magdalen College, Oxford, United Kingdom .
  • Sport, ancient and modern - Olympic games of London (1908) | British History Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.british-history.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

He left Oxford after eight terms without any academic credentials.[10]

Prince of Wales

Medallion celebrating the investiture of Edward as Prince of Wales, 1911
Edward during World War I
.Edward was officially invested as Prince of Wales in a special ceremony at Caernarfon Castle on 13 July 1911.[11] For the first time since 1616—and the evidence for that ceremony is thin—the investiture took place in Wales, at the instigation of the Welsh politician David Lloyd George, Constable of the Castle and Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Liberal government.^ For the first time since the Middle Ages, this investiture took place in Wales ; it occurred at the instigation of the Welsh politician, David Lloyd George , who at that time held the position of Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Liberal government.
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? What is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Where is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Definition of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. Meaning of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the first time it has been exhibited since 1970.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The new king created him Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on 2 June , 1910 and officially invested him as such in a special ceremony at Caernarfon Castle in 1911 .
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? What is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Where is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Definition of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. Meaning of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .Lloyd George invented a rather fanciful ceremony in the style of a Welsh pageant, and coached Edward to speak a few words in Welsh.^ The nation was led by coalition cabinets, headed first by Herbert Asquith and then, starting in 1916, by the Welsh statesman David Lloyd George.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Military career

.When the First World War (1914–18) broke out, Edward had reached the minimum age for active service and was keen to participate.^ His father died in the first world war.

^ King Edward VIII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland King of Ireland When World War I broke out, David had reached the minimum age for active service and expressed keenness to participate.
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? What is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Where is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Definition of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. Meaning of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward during World War I When the First World War (1914–18) broke out Edward had reached the minimum age for active service and expressed keenness to participate.

[13] .He had joined the Grenadier Guards in June 1914, and although Edward was willing to serve on the front lines, Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener refused to allow it, citing the immense harm that would occur if the heir to the throne were captured.^ He was allowed to join the army, serving with the Grenadier Guards, and although Edward was willing to serve on the front lines, the British government refused to allow it, citing the immense harm that the capture of the heir to the throne would cause.

^ Despite this, Edward witnessed trench warfare at firsthand and attempted to visit the front line as often as he could, leading to his award of the Military Cross in 1916.

^ Cromwell later led the Parliamentarians against the Crown in the English Civil War, becoming Lord Protector (Head of State) after victory.
  • Schmap Cambridge Historical Background 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

[14]
.Despite this, Edward witnessed trench warfare firsthand and attempted to visit the front line as often as he could, for which he was awarded the Military Cross in 1916. His role in the war, although limited, led to his great popularity among veterans of the conflict.^ Despite this, Edward witnessed trench warfare at firsthand and attempted to visit the front line as often as he could, leading to his award of the Military Cross in 1916.

^ His role in the war, although limited, led to his great popularity among veterans of the conflict.

^ He was allowed to join the army, serving with the Grenadier Guards, and although Edward was willing to serve on the front lines, the British government refused to allow it, citing the immense harm that the capture of the heir to the throne would cause.

[15] .Edward undertook his first military flight in 1918 and later gained his pilot's licence.^ Orville's later flight was considered the first example of powered flight.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

[16]

Royal duties

.Throughout the 1920s Edward, as Prince of Wales, represented his father, King George V, at home and abroad on many occasions.^ HRH The Prince of Wales canoeing in Canada , 1919 Throughout the 1920s the Prince of Wales represented his father, King George V, at home and abroad on many occasions.

^ Edward VIII King of Great Britain 1894-1972 Prince of Wales, 1910-1936.
  • University of Glasgow :: Manuscripts Catalogue :: Collections relating to Edward VIII 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC special.lib.gla.ac.uk [Source type: General]

^ Abroad, the Prince of Wales toured the Empire , undertaking 13 tours between 1919 and 1935, and in the process acquiring a ranch in Alberta.

.He took a particular interest in visiting the poverty stricken areas of the country,[17] and undertook 16 tours to various parts of the Empire between 1919 and 1935, in the process acquiring the Bedingfield ranch, near Pekisko, Canada.^ Abroad, the Prince of Wales toured the Empire , undertaking 13 tours between 1919 and 1935, and in the process acquiring a ranch in Alberta.

^ She took a particular interest in the London Hospital, visiting it regularly.
  • MySpace - Queen Alexandra of Great Britain - 99 - Female - London, UK - myspace.com/276920377 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ He took a particular interest in visiting the poverty stricken areas of the country.

.In 1924, he donated the Prince of Wales Trophy to the National Hockey League.^ Among the best known are Caernarfon , where Prince Charles was invested as Prince of Wales in 1969, Conwy and Harlech which stand on rocky cliffs overlooking the mountains of Snowdonia National Park .
  • The United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC skola.amoskadan.cz [Source type: Original source]

^ Rugby League originates from and is generally played in the North of England, whilst Rugby Union is played predominantly in Wales , Northern Ireland and Southern England ; it is considered the national sport of Wales.
  • United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.His attitudes towards many of the Empire's subjects and various foreign peoples, both during his time as Prince of Wales and later as Duke of Windsor, were little commented upon in their time but have soured his reputation subsequently.^ His unedifying and often deeply racist comments on the Empire's subjects and various foreign peoples both during his career as Prince of Wales and later as Duke of Windsor, particularly in Africa and India but also in Canada, the West Indies, Mexico and Australia (see "Quotations," below) were little commented upon at the time but biographers severely taxed his reputation with them in later years.

^ Abroad, the Prince of Wales toured the Empire , undertaking 13 tours between 1919 and 1935, and in the process acquiring a ranch in Alberta.

^ Before his accession to the throne, Edward VIII held the titles of Prince Edward of York, Prince Edward of York and Cornwall, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, and Prince of Wales (all with the style Royal Highness).
  • MySpace - King Edward VIII - 19 - Male - Paris, FR - myspace.com/king_edward_viii 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .He said of Indigenous Australians: "they are the most revolting form of living creatures I've ever seen!!^ From February to May 1940, they lived at Royal Lodge, Windsor, until moving to Windsor Castle, where they stayed for most of the next five years.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After an able and uncompromising defence they were found guilty of treason and were put to death with the most revolting cruelty.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They were one of the world's most famous couples, who lived lives of power and glory but who spent their last hours in despair and confusion.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.They are the lowest known form of human beings & are the nearest thing to monkeys."^ But when they are confronted, they start to point out those things that are being practiced in other denominations but never upheld by Assemblies of God authorities.

^ While appreciating the fact that there is no sex distinction among angels, it is a thing that is meant to serve as a differentiating factor between human beings and angels, and even among men.

^ English farm labourers were deported to Australia, for secretly forming a branch of the GNCTU; they were known as the Tolpuddle Martyrs from Dorset, in the South of England.
  • The History of Britain 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.byfaith.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[20]
.His rank, travels, good looks, and unmarried status gained him much attention; he soon became the 1920s version of a latter-day movie star.^ He soon became the 1920s version of a latter-day movie star, widely adored and emulated.

^ Under him suffrage was extended to women, southern Ireland became the Irish Free State, and Egypt gained independence.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But thy good Nan and thy Bet shall have raiment and lackeys enow, and that soon too; my cofferer shall look to it.
  • The Prince and the Pauper (Literature Guide) (Page 2) - TeacherVision.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.teachervision.fen.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the height of his popularity, he became the most photographed celebrity of his time and he set men's fashion.^ This is one of the most popular and best-remembered BBC drama productions of all time.
  • "The Six Wives of Henry VIII" (1970) - IMDb user reviews 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ National Portrait Gallery Irving Penn was one of the most distinguished photographers of our time.
  • United Kingdom - Visit London - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ticketswitch.com [Source type: General]

^ And the posterity of Lot , that saint so wonderfully distinguished, soon became some of the most gross idolaters; as they appear to have been in Moses’s time.
  • Works of Jonathan Edwards, Volume One | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[21]

Romances

House of Windsor
Badge of the House of Windsor.svg
George V
   Edward VIII
   George VI
   Mary, Princess Royal
   Henry, Duke of Gloucester
   George, Duke of Kent
   Prince John
Edward VIII
.Edward's compulsive womanising and other instances of reckless behaviour during the 1920s and 1930s worried Prime Minister Baldwin, King George V, and those close to the prince.^ Edward VII of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom from 1901 to his death, whose reign saw the first official recognition of the office of the Prime Minister.
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Royal Wedding Radiant Sophie marries her prince Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys-Jones have married in an hour-long ceremony at St George's Chapel, Windsor.
  • United Kingdom - People Places, Biographies, Royalty, United Kingdom, 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ Prime Minister Edward Heath won Britain's admission to the European Community.
  • United Kingdom: History, Geography, Government, and Culture — FactMonster.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Edward's private secretary for eight years during this period, Alan Lascelles, believed that "for some hereditary or physiological reason his normal mental development stopped dead when he reached adolescence".[22] George V was disappointed by Edward's failure to settle down in life and disgusted by his many affairs with married women.^ The first commemorative stamps from Ireland appeared in 1929, and are now released many times in a year featuring a wide variety of scenes from Irish life.

^ The content of the directive reflects many of the transparency recommendations collaboratively developed by the right-to-know community during a two-year process coordinated by OMB Watch.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ During the year 1546, though many persons were still sent to the stake for denying Transubstantiation, the power of Cranmer and his party was on the increase.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

.The King was reluctant to see Edward inherit the Crown, and was quoted as saying of Edward: "After I am dead, the boy will ruin himself in 12 months."^ Edward VI crowned King at Westminster.
  • Tudor Chronology 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tudors.crispen.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Miles Hendon defends Edward from the crowd, but, as it seems he will lose, a messenger from the palace declares King Henry VIII is dead, and Tom is proclaimed king.
  • The Prince and the Pauper (Literature Guide) (Page 2) - TeacherVision.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.teachervision.fen.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1936 newly crowned King Edward VIII causes a political storm when he abdicates to marry an American divorcée.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23]
.After his younger brother, Albert, married Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Edward "constantly and teasingly" referred to his new sister-in-law as "Queen Elizabeth". In 1929, Time Magazine asked if "she did not sometimes wonder how much truth there is in the story that he once said he would renounce his rights upon the death of George V—which would make her nickname come true".[24] Edward grew older and remained unmarried, but his brother and sister-in-law had two children, including Princess Elizabeth.^ He is succeeded by his sister-in-law, Queen Anne.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of Elizabeth's accession there was much talk of a "new Elizabethan age".
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of Elizabeth's accession, there was much talk of a "new Elizabethan age".
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

.King George V said of his son Albert ("Bertie"), and granddaughter Elizabeth ("Lilibet"): "I pray to God that my eldest son [Edward] will never marry and have children, and that nothing will come between Bertie and Lilibet and the throne."^ Elizabeth never got married.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ She was married to king Edward.

^ In 1936 newly crowned King Edward VIII causes a political storm when he abdicates to marry an American divorcée.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25]
.In 1930, the King gave Edward a home, Fort Belvedere, near Sunningdale, England.^ Edward II, King of England (to 1327).
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lady Aelfwynn of the Mercians is brought to the court of her maternal uncle, King Edward the Elder of England, and deprived of her authority in Mercia.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She captures the city of Derby, while her brother, King Edward the Elder of England, takes Towcester.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

[26] .There, Edward had relationships with a series of married women including half-British, half-American textile heiress Freda Dudley Ward, and Lady Furness (born Thelma Morgan), an American of part-Chilean ancestry, who introduced the Prince to fellow American Wallis Simpson (previously Wallis Spencer; born Bessie Wallis Warfield).^ King Edward VIII abdicates over relationship with an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson.
  • BBC NEWS | Europe | Country profiles | Timeline: United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ When the king's marital difficulty became Dev's opportunity 14 Dec 2009 DECEMBER 14TH, 1936: The abdication of King Edward VIII from the British throne on December 10th, 1936, in order to marry the American divorcee Wallis Simpson caused all sorts of legal, constitutional and political problems for the Fianna Fáil government.
  • The Irish Times 150 | On This Day 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.irishtimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex || 10 March 1964 || 19 June 1999 || Sophie Rhys-Jones || Lady Louise Windsor Viscount Severn |} Ancestry .
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mrs. Simpson had divorced her first husband in 1927 and had subsequently married Ernest Simpson, a half-British, half-American businessman. Mrs. Simpson and the Prince of Wales, it is generally accepted, became lovers while Lady Furness travelled abroad, though Edward adamantly insisted to his father, the King, that he was not intimate with her and that it was not appropriate to describe her as his mistress.[27] Edward's relationship with Mrs. Simpson further weakened his poor relationship with his father. .Although the King and Queen met Mrs Simpson at Buckingham Palace in 1935,[28] they later refused to receive her.^ She later met the crew at Buckingham Palace.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Skip the Line: Buckingham Palace Tour See where Her Majesty the Queen lives and take a tour of Buckingham Palace.
  • London Interactive Event Calendar and Google Map, Attractions, Tours and Activities - Map Channels Events 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC events.mapchannels.com [Source type: General]

^ David Starkey wants the Government to help Queen with Buckingham Palace .
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

[29] .But Edward had now fallen in love with Wallis and the couple grew ever closer.^ BACK Edward VIII (1936) Edward VIII was the eldest son of George V. Edward fell in love with the American divorcee Wallis Simpson.
  • The History of Britain 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.byfaith.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Edward's affair with the American divorcée led to such grave concern that the couple were followed by members of the Metropolitan Police Special Branch, who examined in secret the nature of their relationship.^ King Edward VIII abdicates over relationship with an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson.
  • BBC NEWS | Europe | Country profiles | Timeline: United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ About 1,000 Serbian veterans of the Kosovo war clashed Sunday with special police who prevented them from marching to the boundary with the breakaway region.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ In order for missions to be theocentric as well as holistic in nature, it has to be evangelism coupled with social concern.

.An undated report detailed a visit by the couple to an antique shop, where the proprietor later noted: "that the lady seemed to have POW [Prince of Wales] completely under her thumb."^ Saxon invaders attacked Wales and this English conquest of Wales was completed in 1282 by the English King Edward I. He started the tradition of giving the title "Prince of Wales" to the oldest son of the English King.
  • The United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC skola.amoskadan.cz [Source type: Original source]

^ We then visit the gift shop, where we buy a couple of gifts for family and friends.
  • A United Kingdom and Ireland Trip 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC user.icx.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Shop for antiques in Lincolnshire and visit the impressive Lincoln Cathedral whilst you’re there.
  • UK, United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales, Great Britain Country Information - Motorhomes Worldwide 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.motorhomesworldwide.com [Source type: News]

[30] .The prospect of having an American divorcée with a questionable past having such sway over the heir apparent led to anxiety amongst government and establishment figures.^ These measures supplemented the public factory system (which provided trade goods to Native Americans at cost) that the government had established in 1795 to compete with private traders.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before his accession to the throne, Edward held the title of Prince of Wales, and has the distinction of having been heir apparent to the throne longer than anyone in English or British history.
  • MySpace - Queen Alexandra of Great Britain - 99 - Female - London, UK - myspace.com/276920377 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ William and Mary had not had any children; thus, Princess Anne, the heir apparent to the Throne, was the only individual remaining in the line of succession established by the Bill of Rights 1689.
  • The 6 Wives Of Henry VIII--the Stuarts 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

Reign

Royal Cypher of Edward VIII
King George V died on 20 January 1936, and Edward ascended the throne as King Edward VIII. The next day, he broke royal protocol by watching the proclamation of his own accession to the throne from a window in the company of the then still-married Mrs. Simpson.[31] .Edward VIII became the first monarch of the Commonwealth realms to fly in an aeroplane, when he flew from Sandringham to London for his Accession Council.^ After flying back from Kenya, where she was on an official tour, her reign was formally recognized and acknowledged in an Accession Council at St. James Palace in London on Feb.
  • United Kingdom | This Day In Tech | Wired.com - Part 2 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ In some Realms, the Queen retains the ancient title Fidei Defensor, a title first granted in 1521 by Pope Leo X to King Henry VIII, prior to the Reformation.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

[32]
.Edward caused unease in government circles with actions that were interpreted as interference in political matters.^ In 1936 newly crowned King Edward VIII causes a political storm when he abdicates to marry an American divorcée.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On visiting the depressed coal mining villages in South Wales the King's observation that "something must be done"[32] for the unemployed coal miners was seen as directly critical of the Government, though it has never been clear whether Edward had anything in particular in mind.^ Notwithstanding, it should be made clear at this point that anything God- Himself has interest in, must never be taken for an impossible task.

^ Sustainable development Australia.Sustainable development Government policy Australia.Sustainable development New South Wales.Sustainable development Government policy New South Wales.
  • Recent Australian Government Publications July 2009 - Alphabetic" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Feb 1301 Edward (future King Edward II) becomes the first English "Prince of Wales."
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

Government ministers were reluctant to send confidential documents and state papers to Fort Belvedere because it was clear that Edward was paying little attention to them and because of the perceived danger that Mrs. Simpson and other house guests might see them.[33]
Left-facing currency portrait of Edward VIII
Edward's unorthodox approach to his role also extended to the currency which bore his image. .He broke with the tradition that on coinage each successive monarch faced in the opposite direction to his or her predecessor.^ She was the first British monarch since William IV not to be an Emperor/ess and she decided to change back to the more traditional crown design of Victoria and her Hanoverian predecessors.
  • United Kingdom: Crowns on Flags 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.crwflags.com [Source type: Original source]

Edward insisted his left side was superior to his right, and that he face left (as his father had done).[34] .Only a handful of coins were actually struck before the abdication, and when George VI succeeded he also faced left, to maintain the tradition by suggesting that had any coins been minted featuring Edward's portrait, they would have shown him facing right.^ Ravn suggests they may have been left to rot first, and buried later as skeletons.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ December 11, 1936 - King Edward VIII abdicates; George VI becomes King .
  • Timeline, Churchill and the Great Republic (A Library of Congress Interactive Exhibition, Text Version) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were, perhaps, justified in asserting their ancient constitutional rights But if those were guaranteed, continuance of the rebellion would be criminal.
  • Secondary Sources: Queen Elizabeth by Edward Spencer Beesly, 1892: Chapter VIII 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC englishhistory.net [Source type: Original source]

[35]
.On 16 July 1936 an attempt was made on Edward's life.^ (Seven attempts were made on Victoria's life, between 1840 and 1882) With time, the private urgings of her family and the flattering attention of the Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.

^ Even after his trial and condemnation another attempt was made to induce him to submit, but he refused, and on the 6th July he finished his career as a martyr for Rome.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

.An Irish malcontent, Jerome Brannigan (otherwise known as George Andrew McMahon), produced a loaded revolver as the King rode on horseback at Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace.^ King George’s royal proclamation of a settlement line in North America in October 1763—known as the Proclamation of 1763—is an important, if neglected, document in American history.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Much of the fighting between the French and British took place in North America, where the war became known as King George's War.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Combine the Cross of St. George (England) with St. Andrew’s Cross of Scotland, then add the Irish flag, and you have the Union Jack Mary, Queen of Scots Mary Stuart, also known as Mary, Queen of Scots is a fascinating player in the Tudor dynasty mostly because she wasn't in it.
  • The 6 Wives Of Henry VIII--the Stuarts 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

Police spotted the gun and pounced on him; he was quickly arrested. .At Brannigan's trial, he alleged that "a foreign power" had approached him to kill Edward, that he had informed MI5 of the plan, and that he was merely seeing the plan through to help MI5 catch the real culprits.^ Wolsey begged Anne to help him get back in power but she had no intention of helping him so he plotted to with the Pope and the Queen to have Anne Boleyn exiled.

^ When Malcolm grew to manhood, Siward, a powerful English earl and relative, helped him claim the Scottish throne.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ One of the reasons that Protestantism flourished in this time was because of the power that Edward’s main advisors had over him.
  • The 6 Wives Of Henry VIII--the Stuarts 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.The court rejected the claims and sent him to jail for a year.^ When the King of the Goths sent him to the Emperor at Constantinople, he got to know the bishop there who trained him and used him as a preacher for ten years.

^ In 2007 a court martial sentenced a soldier to one year in prison and dismissed him from the army for the inhumane treatment of Mousa.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here the steward, Kai, rudely repulsed him for his rustic appearance, but a dwarf and dwarfess, who had been a year at the Court .
  • Myths and Legends of the Celtic Race: Chapter VIII: Myths and Tales of the Cymry 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

It is now thought that Brannigan had indeed been in contact with MI5 but the veracity of the remainder of his claims remains open.[36]
In August and September, Edward and Mrs. Simpson cruised the Eastern Mediterranean on the steam yacht Nahlin. By October it was becoming clear that the new King planned to marry Mrs. Simpson, especially when divorce proceedings between Mr. and Mrs. Simpson were brought at Ipswich Crown Court.[37] .Preparations for all contingencies were made, including the prospect of the coronation of King Edward and Queen Wallis.^ On this chair, all subsequent English sovereigns except Queen Mary I, Queen Mary II and King Edward VIII were crowned.
  • Return the Parthenon Marbles to Athens Greece - Elgin Marbles Petition 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.returnthemarbles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Had Edward stayed on the throne and produced no heirs (which would have been likely due to his wife Wallis Simpson's reproductive issues), Elizabeth would still have become Queen.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ Kings use Tudor, reigning Queens use St. Edward's.
  • United Kingdom: Crowns on Flags 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.crwflags.com [Source type: Original source]

.Because of the religious implications of any marriage, plans were made to hold a secular coronation ceremony not in the traditional religious location, Westminster Abbey, but in the Banqueting House in Whitehall.^ Buckingham Palace 1.9 km Trafalgar Square 2.2 km Houses of Parliament 2.8 km Tower of London 5.6 km Westminster Abbey 2.7 km Big Ben 2.8 km London Eye 3.1 km show the 7 most popular… .
  • Booking.com: Edward Lear Hotel, London, United Kingdom - 111 Guest reviews. Book your hotel now! 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.booking.com [Source type: General]

^ Despite the death of the Queen's grandmother Queen Mary on 24 March 1953, the Queen's coronation went ahead in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953, in accordance with Mary's wishes.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As with her predecessors, the coronation itself took place within the context of a church service (at Westminster Abbey) imbued with theological as well as constitutional meaning.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

[38]

Abdication

Edward with Mustafa Kemal in Turkey, 4 September 1936
.On 16 November 1936, Edward invited Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin to Buckingham Palace and expressed his desire to marry Wallis Simpson when she became free to re-marry.^ Lord Palmerston became prime minister.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the king's marital difficulty became Dev's opportunity 14 Dec 2009 DECEMBER 14TH, 1936: The abdication of King Edward VIII from the British throne on December 10th, 1936, in order to marry the American divorcee Wallis Simpson caused all sorts of legal, constitutional and political problems for the Fianna Fáil government.
  • The Irish Times 150 | On This Day 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.irishtimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Nearly 42-years-old and a bachelor, Edward then made known his desire to marry an American woman named Wallis Warfield Simpson, whom he had known since 1931.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

.Baldwin informed the King that his subjects would deem the marriage morally unacceptable, largely because remarriage after divorce was opposed by the Church of England, and the people would not tolerate Wallis as Queen.^ In 1533 Henry divorced her and broke with the Catholic church, she was deprived of her titles as Queen of England and was forced to revert to 'Princess Dowager of Wales'.

^ The Convocation of Canterbury offered a sum of 100,000, but the offer was refused unless the clergy were prepared to recognise the king as the sole protector and supreme head of the church and clergy in England.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Had Edward stayed on the throne and produced no heirs (which would have been likely due to his wife Wallis Simpson's reproductive issues), Elizabeth would still have become Queen.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

[39]
.As King, Edward held the role of Supreme Governor of the Church of England, and the clergy expected him to support the Church's teachings.^ Edward II, King of England (to 1327).
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On 12 May 1343 Edward created the duke Prince of Wales, in a parliament held at Westminster, investing him with a circlet, gold ring, and silver rod.
  • Hundred Years' War: Edward, the Black Prince of Wales (1330-1376) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.luminarium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth also holds the positions of Head of the Commonwealth, Lord High Admiral, Supreme Governor of the Church of England (styled Defender of the Faith) and Lord of Mann.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

.Edward proposed an alternative solution of a morganatic marriage, in which Edward would remain King but Wallis would not become Queen.^ The king remains convinced, however, that "Edward" will reign after the king dies.
  • The Prince and the Pauper (Literature Guide) (Page 2) - TeacherVision.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.teachervision.fen.com [Source type: Original source]

^ December 11, 1936 - King Edward VIII abdicates; George VI becomes King .
  • Timeline, Churchill and the Great Republic (A Library of Congress Interactive Exhibition, Text Version) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Had Edward stayed on the throne and produced no heirs (which would have been likely due to his wife Wallis Simpson's reproductive issues), Elizabeth would still have become Queen.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

.She would enjoy some lesser title instead, and any children they might have would not inherit the throne.^ Elizabeth gave birth to her first child, Prince Charles , on 14 November 1948, several weeks after letters patent were issued by her father allowing her children to enjoy a royal and princely status to which they otherwise would not have been entitled.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The speeds these days are more than twice what they were in 1933 when the activities of some of the competitors would probably get them banned today.
  • The Irish Times 150 | On This Day 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.irishtimes.com [Source type: General]

^ C. They Are Hospitable: Having discussed the impulsiveness of Muslims, chances are that some people might think that describing them as ‘Hospitable’ is an exaggeration or false arrogation.

This too was rejected by the British Cabinet[40] as well as other Dominion governments,[41] whose views were sought pursuant to the Statute of Westminster 1931, which provided in part that "any alteration in the law touching the Succession to the Throne or the Royal Style and Titles shall hereafter require the assent as well of the Parliaments of all the Dominions as of the Parliament of the United Kingdom."[42] The Prime Ministers of Australia, Canada and South Africa made clear their opposition to the King marrying a divorcée;[43] the Irish premier expressed indifference and detachment, while the Prime Minister of New Zealand, having never even heard of Mrs. Simpson before, vacillated in disbelief.[44] .Faced with this opposition, Edward at first responded that there were "not many people in Australia" and their opinion didn't matter.^ A perplexing new chapter is unfolding in Barack Obama's racial saga: Many people insist that "the first black president" is actually not black.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ Many feared that it was a matter of when, not if, the cold war turned into a worldwide conflict, and the Korean War that began in June 1950 was seen by some as the first step.
  • The Irish Times 150 | On This Day 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.irishtimes.com [Source type: General]

^ There are many different statistics and debates on what are the UK's largest cities, as well as differing opinions on which cities are considered regional capitals.
  • United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45]
The King informed Baldwin that he would abdicate if he could not marry Mrs. Simpson. .Baldwin then presented Edward with three choices: give up the idea of marriage; marry against his ministers' wishes; or abdicate.^ While crown attorney general (1763-74) for the Three Lower Counties (present Delaware), Read protested against the Stamp Act.
  • SOUNDOFF - The Macomb Daily Opinion: Breaking news coverage for Macomb County, Michigan 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.macombdaily.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A commission was appointed against the wishes of a strong minority of the bishops to draw up a new Ordinal as a complement to the Book of Common Prayer.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Edward III gives up claim to French throne 1369 - Second stage of war between England and France begins.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

[46] It was clear that Edward was not prepared to give up Mrs. Simpson, and he knew that if he married against the advice of his ministers, he would cause the government to resign, prompting a constitutional crisis.[47] He chose to abdicate.[48]
.Edward duly signed the instruments[49] of abdication at Fort Belvedere on 10 December 1936, in the presence of his three surviving brothers, The Duke of York, The Duke of Gloucester and The Duke of Kent (the youngest brother, Prince John, had died in 1919).^ Henry VI was murdered, his son Edward, Prince of Wales, died at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, Richard III died at Bosworth, Richard's brother George, Duke of Clarence was executed, and the Princes in the Tower disappeared without trace.
  • Democrats Will Shield Napolitano - The Daily Beast 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.thedailybeast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 12 May 1343 Edward created the duke Prince of Wales, in a parliament held at Westminster, investing him with a circlet, gold ring, and silver rod.
  • Hundred Years' War: Edward, the Black Prince of Wales (1330-1376) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.luminarium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He died on 10 Jan 1924 in Saint John, , New Brunswick, Canada and was buried in Clifton Royale, Kings Co., New Brunswick, Canada.
  • The Descendants of Daniel Green and Martha Oats 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.islandregister.com [Source type: General]

[50] .The next day, the last act of his reign was the royal assent to His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936.^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ When her father became King, in 1936 upon the abdication of her uncle, King Edward VIII, she became Heiress Presumptive and was thenceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII 's abdication, she became Heiress Presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

.As required by the Statute of Westminster, all the Dominions consented to the King's abdication,[51] though the Irish Free State did not pass the External Relations Act, which included the abdication in its schedule, until 12 December.^ According to a letter sent by Archbishop Browne in 1546 the Irish people were not reconciled to English methods of government, and according to the chancellor, the king’s writ did not run in the Irish districts.
  • The Church in Ireland During the Reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI (1509-1553) @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In states with gradual emancipation acts such as New York and Pennsylvania, by a certain date parents in slavery were giving birth to free children.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Posted on Friday, December 19, 2008 at 12:51 AM .
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.On the night of 11 December 1936, Edward, now reverted to the title of Prince Edward, made a broadcast to the nation and the Empire, explaining his decision to abdicate.^ December 11, 1936 - King Edward VIII abdicates; George VI becomes King .
  • Timeline, Churchill and the Great Republic (A Library of Congress Interactive Exhibition, Text Version) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1936 newly crowned King Edward VIII causes a political storm when he abdicates to marry an American divorcée.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

.He famously said, "I have found it impossible to carry the heavy burden of responsibility and to discharge my duties as king as I would wish to do without the help and support of the woman I love."^ Whereupon he said : "With thy leave, mighty king, I cannot deny the ring, but the finger it is on was never my wife's.
  • Myths and Legends of the Celtic Race: Chapter VIII: Myths and Tales of the Cymry 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would love to be there, I would love to be able to see it with my own eyes, he said, chuckling on the phone as he heard about the invitation.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ He said, Send me anywhere, lay any burden upon… I will not swerve a hair’s breath from my work while life is spared.

[52]
After the broadcast, Edward departed the United Kingdom for Austria, though he was unable to join Mrs. Simpson until her divorce became absolute, several months later.[53] .His brother, Prince Albert, Duke of York, succeeded to the throne as George VI, whose elder daughter, The Princess Elizabeth, became first in the line of succession, as the heiress presumptive.^ Elizabeth of York gives birth to a daughter, Elizabeth.
  • Tudor Chronology 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tudors.crispen.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From the age of 12 George served in the Royal Navy, but upon the unexpected death of his elder brother, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, he became heir to the throne and married his brother's fiancée, Mary of Teck known as May to her family after the month of her birth.
  • MySpace - Queen Alexandra of Great Britain - 99 - Female - London, UK - myspace.com/276920377 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Henry VI was murdered, his son Edward, Prince of Wales, died at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, Richard III died at Bosworth, Richard's brother George, Duke of Clarence was executed, and the Princes in the Tower disappeared without trace.
  • Democrats Will Shield Napolitano - The Daily Beast 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.thedailybeast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Duke of Windsor

The Windsors on their wedding day
.On 12 December 1936, at his Accession Privy Council, George VI announced he was to make his brother Duke of Windsor, and also re-admit him to the highest degrees of the various British Orders of Knighthood.^ Henry VI was murdered, his son Edward, Prince of Wales, died at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, Richard III died at Bosworth, Richard's brother George, Duke of Clarence was executed, and the Princes in the Tower disappeared without trace.
  • Democrats Will Shield Napolitano - The Daily Beast 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.thedailybeast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 11, 1936 - King Edward VIII abdicates; George VI becomes King .
  • Timeline, Churchill and the Great Republic (A Library of Congress Interactive Exhibition, Text Version) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UK Orders-in-Council are issued only when approved by her at Privy Council meetings, Canadian Orders issued only when approved by her Governor General-in- Council .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

.He wanted this to be the first act of his reign, although the formal documents were not signed until 8 March of the following year.^ In November of that year, as the first World War came to a close, it was hoped that the worst was over, although the flu continued for another two years in some places.
  • The Irish Times 150 | On This Day 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.irishtimes.com [Source type: General]

^ An Act of Parliament does not become law until it has been signed by the monarch (known as Royal Assent ), although not one has refused assent to a bill that has been approved by Parliament since Queen Anne in 1708 .
  • United Kingdom at AllExperts 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She ruled for five years from the newly fortified capital at Stafford, and under her reign, it is likely that the English county of Staffordshire first came into being.

.During the interim, Edward was universally known as the Duke of Windsor.^ Aug 1988|p10148.htm#i101472|Andrew Albert Christian Edward Windsor, 1st Duke of York|b.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10148 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Reference]

^ She is the daughter of Andrew Albert Christian Edward Windsor , 1st Duke of York and Sarah Margaret Ferguson .
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10148 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Reference]

.The King's decision to create Edward a royal duke ensured that he could neither stand for election to the House of Commons nor speak on political subjects in the House of Lords.^ In 1936 newly crowned King Edward VIII causes a political storm when he abdicates to marry an American divorcée.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ On 12 May 1343 Edward created the duke Prince of Wales, in a parliament held at Westminster, investing him with a circlet, gold ring, and silver rod.
  • Hundred Years' War: Edward, the Black Prince of Wales (1330-1376) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.luminarium.org [Source type: Original source]

[54]
However, letters patent dated 27 May 1937, which re-conferred upon the Duke of Windsor the "title, style, or attribute of Royal Highness", specifically stated that "his wife and descendants, if any, shall not hold said title or attribute". Some British ministers advised that Edward had no need of it being conferred because he had not lost it, and further that Mrs. Simpson would automatically obtain the rank of wife of a prince with the style "Her Royal Highness"; others maintained that he had lost all royal rank and should no longer carry any royal title or style as an abdicated King. On 14 April 1937, Attorney General Sir Donald Somervell submitted to Home Secretary Sir John Simon a memorandum summarising the views of Lord Advocate T. M. Cooper, Parliamentary Counsel Sir Granville Ram and himself, to the effect that:
.
  1. We incline to the view that on his abdication the Duke of Windsor could not have claimed the right to be described as a Royal Highness.^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
    • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When her father became King, in 1936 upon the abdication of her uncle, King Edward VIII, she became Heiress Presumptive and was thenceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth .
    • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII 's abdication, she became Heiress Presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth .
    • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

    .In other words, no reasonable objection could have been taken if the King had decided that his exclusion from the lineal succession excluded him from the right to this title as conferred by the existing Letters Patent.
  2. The question however has to be considered on the basis of the fact that, for reasons which are readily understandable, he with the express approval of His Majesty enjoys this title and has been referred to as a Royal Highness on a formal occasion and in formal documents.^ Nor could he consider that he had led his life in vain, had he had no other reward than the consciousness of having contributed so largely to so great an event.
    • C. Edwards Lester, Life and public services of Charles Sumner: Born Jan. 6, 1811. Died March 11, 1874.,VIII. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.perseus.tufts.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A freshman joins an elite society that will guarantee him success, but he questions his decision when his reporter roommate dies mysteriously.
    • Television movies for the week of Jan. 10 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.post-gazette.com [Source type: General]
    • Television movies for the week of Jan. 10 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.post-gazette.com [Source type: General]

    ^ His parents could decide to ostracize or disinherit him.

    .In the light of precedent it seems clear that the wife of a Royal Highness enjoys the same title unless some appropriate express step can be and is taken to deprive her of it.
  3. We came to the conclusion that the wife could not claim this right on any legal basis.^ QUESTION : Your Royal Highness, how prepared were you for the pressures that came with marrying into the Royal Family?
    • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As a granddaughter of the British sovereign in the male line, she held the title of a British princess with the style Her Royal Highness .
    • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All the same, some of these circumstances can be avoided if care is taken, others can be overcome with determination, while one has to depend on God’s intervention in some special cases.

    .The right to use this style or title, in our view, is within the prerogative of His Majesty and he has the power to regulate it by Letters Patent generally or in particular circumstances.^ His will, and not our own, must govern our conduct, and determine the use we make of our powers.
    • The Meaning of Saving Faith and Repentance 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The United States acknowledged the Indians’ ownership of their lands, but it limited that right to occupation and use, without admitting a fee simple title, which would have allowed the Indians to dispose of their land at will.
    • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Aimee: you are right – I used the generic text I usually use – it is now corrected.
    • Top 15 Greatest Epic History Movies - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

    [55]
The Duke of Windsor married Mrs. Simpson, who had changed her name by deed poll to Wallis Warfield, in a private ceremony on 3 June 1937, at Château de Candé, near Tours, France. .When the Church of England refused to sanction the union, a County Durham clergyman, the Reverend Robert Anderson Jardine (Vicar of St Paul's, Darlington), offered to perform the ceremony, and the Duke accepted.^ It consumed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St. Paul's Cathedral, and most of the buildings of the City authorities.
  • The 6 Wives Of Henry VIII--the Stuarts 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ She abhorred the Puritan Protestants and refused to have a St. Bartholomew’s Eve massacre in England.
  • Another 10 Evil Women - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Convocation of Canterbury offered a sum of 100,000, but the offer was refused unless the clergy were prepared to recognise the king as the sole protector and supreme head of the church and clergy in England.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

.The new king, George VI, forbade members of the Royal Family to attend[56]—Edward had particularly wanted his brothers the Dukes of Gloucester and Kent and his second cousin Lord Louis Mountbatten (Earl Mountbatten of Burma after 1947) to be there—and this continued for many years to rankle with the Duke and Duchess of Windsor.^ Aragonese, and the war continued for many years.

^ It was David Lloyd George, the town's wily MP for 55 years, who concocted the Investiture ceremony for the future Edward VIII, the event launching a new era of royal involvement with the castle.
  • A Welsh magical history tour | Travel | The Observer 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Anthony Blunt , Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures, as a communist spy; the other was the assassination of her relative and in-law Earl Mountbatten of Burma by the Provisional Irish Republican Army .
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57]
.The denial of the style "Her Royal Highness" to the Duchess of Windsor caused conflict, as did the financial settlement—the Government declined to include the Duke or the Duchess on the Civil List, and the Duke's allowance was paid personally by the King.^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ According to a letter sent by Archbishop Browne in 1546 the Irish people were not reconciled to English methods of government, and according to the chancellor, the king’s writ did not run in the Irish districts.
  • The Church in Ireland During the Reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI (1509-1553) @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sikh Terrorism , Also did not stop to get Jobs in Civil servants , Sikh In Indian government that why 5 % to 10% Civil servants are Sikh only in India !!
  • Peter Bergen discusses the risk of terror cases inside the U.S. | Foreign Policy 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Best Dressed Of The Week 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.apakistannews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the Duke had compromised his position with the King by concealing the extent of his financial worth when they informally agreed on the amount of the sinecure the King would pay.^ Wikipedians would agree they’d not like to be considered the absolute final answer to any question posed.
  • Another 10 Evil Women - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This, they warn, would cripple Washington's ability to police Moscow's compliance with agreed reductions in its nuclear arsenal.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ They renounced the jurisdiction of the Pope, agreed to hold their lands from the king, and to abandon all claims to tribute or black rent from their neighbours of the Pale.
  • The Church in Ireland During the Reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI (1509-1553) @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

.Edward's wealth had accumulated from the revenues of the Duchy of Cornwall paid to him as Prince of Wales and ordinarily at the disposal of an incoming king.^ Feb 1301 Edward (future King Edward II) becomes the first English "Prince of Wales."
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Edward kept the title of 'Prince of Wales' for the crown, bestowing it upon his son Edward who was crowned in Caernarfon in 1301 aged 17 years.

^ Their daughter, Anne Neville, first married the Prince Edward of Wales, and then Richard III. Anne de Beauchamp Neville lived (1426-92).

.The new King and Queen were also forced to pay Edward for Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle.^ Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle are privately owned by the Queen.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Albert Edward and Alexandra made Sandringham House their preferred residence, and their marriage was in many ways a happy one.
  • MySpace - Queen Alexandra of Great Britain - 99 - Female - London, UK - myspace.com/276920377 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ In September 1939, with the outbreak of World War II , Elizabeth and her younger sister, Margaret, stayed at Balmoral Castle, Scotland, from September to Christmas 1939, until they moved to Sandringham House , Norfolk .
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These properties were Edward's personal property, inherited from his father, King George V, and thus did not automatically pass to George VI on his accession.^ Edward VI dies - accession of Mary I .
  • Tudor Chronology 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tudors.crispen.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Heiress presumptive When her father became King in 1936 upon her uncle King Edward VIII's abdication, she became heiress presumptive and was henceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ Later that year, Edward abdicated and her father became king.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58] .Relations between the Duke of Windsor and the rest of the Royal Family were strained for decades.^ Premium Tours Windsor Castle home to the Royal family for 900 years, State Apartments,St Georges Chapel.
  • United Kingdom - Visit London - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ticketswitch.com [Source type: General]

^ At various times between 1946 and 1953, the Duke of Edinburgh was stationed in Malta as a serving Royal Navy officer.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But at various times between 1946 and 1953, the Duke of Edinburgh was stationed in Malta as a serving Royal Navy officer.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Edward became embittered against his mother, writing to her in 1939: "[your last letter][59] destroy[ed] the last vestige of feeling I had left for you ...^ Perhaps in your next attempt you can write about the Macedonian minority in Greece which is the real problem in this so called dispute.
  • The Name Game | Foreign Policy 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You need not feel much of your own sinfulness; you need not be aware of the blackness of your own heart.
  • The Meaning of Saving Faith and Repentance 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Activity Write a description of the outfit that makes you feel your best in the manner describing Tom used in this chapter.
  • The Prince and the Pauper (Literature Guide) (Page 2) - TeacherVision.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.teachervision.fen.com [Source type: Original source]

[and has] made further normal correspondence between us impossible."[60] .In the early days of George VI's reign the Duke telephoned daily, importuning for money and urging that the Duchess be granted the style of HRH, until the harassed King ordered that the calls not be put through.^ The king ordered Sir Thomas Knyvet to conduct a search of the cellars underneath Parliament, which he did in the early hours of 5 November.
  • The 6 Wives Of Henry VIII--the Stuarts 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Her father was Prince Albert, Duke of York (the future George VI ), the second eldest son of George V and Queen Mary.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), and his wife, Elizabeth.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61]
.The Duke had assumed that he would settle in Britain after a year or two of exile in France.^ After France's surrender, Britain fights on alone against the Axis powers, for a year and a half, enduring terrible bombardment, casualties, and economic pain.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of two films directed by Bergdahl that would use animation to narrate circus stories, Cirkus Fjollinski , also appeared that year.

^ Britain was part of the continent of Europe until about 6,000 BC. The early inhabitants of Britain were Celts who settled in Ireland 2,500 to 3,000 years ago.
  • The United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC skola.amoskadan.cz [Source type: Original source]

.However, King George VI (with the support of their mother Queen Mary and his wife Queen Elizabeth) threatened to cut off Edward's allowance if he returned to Britain without an invitation.^ Elizabeth was named after her mother, great-grandmother Queen Alexandra, and grandmother Queen Mary.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward VI crowned King at Westminster.
  • Tudor Chronology 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tudors.crispen.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth II, as Queen of the United Kingdom, during a state banquet at Buckingham Palace (Foto: Ricardo Stuckert/PR, 2006) In late February 2003, Queen Elizabeth II's reign, then just over 51 years, surpassed the reigns of all four of her immediate predecessors (King Edward VII, King George V, King Edward VIII and King George VI) combined.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

[58]

World War II

The Duke and Duchess of Windsor meet Adolf Hitler in 1937
.In October 1937, the Duke and Duchess visited Nazi Germany, against the advice of the British government, and met Adolf Hitler at his Obersalzberg retreat.^ Mr Heesters does admit visiting Dachau, and that he performed for Adolf Hitler.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ A 105-year-old singer whose past as a singer in Nazi Germany has dogged his reputation for decades is back in the spotlight after telling a Dutch television show Adolf Hitler was a "good guy."
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ British troops joined the US in the bombing campaign against Afghanistan in October 2001, after the Taliban-led government refused to turn over the prime suspect behind the terrorist attacks, Osama bin Laden.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The visit was much publicised by the German media. During the visit the Duke gave full Nazi salutes.[62] .The former Austrian ambassador, Count Albert von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein, who was also a second cousin once removed and friend of George V, believed that Edward favoured German fascism as a bulwark against communism, and even that he initially favoured an alliance with Germany.^ The second is to create a community of trainers who want to work with CNVC to fulfill our vision.
  • CNVC Certified Trainers | The Center for Nonviolent Communication 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.cnvc.org [Source type: General]
  • CNVC Certified Trainers | The Center for Nonviolent Communication 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.cnvc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Severe measures were to be used against anybody who spoke even in private in favour of Rome.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Duke is Queen Elizabeth's second cousin once removed; they are both descended from Christian IX of Denmark (she being a great-great-granddaughter through Alexandra of Denmark, and the Duke a great-grandson through George I of Greece).
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

[63] .Edward's experience of "the unending scenes of horror"[64] during World War I led him to support appeasement.^ The arguments in the book, called November 9: How World War One Led To The Holocaust, contradict other views that Hitler respected and liked Dr Bloch, even helping him to emigrate from Austria to the US in 1940.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ A US journalist whose broadcasts from London helped rally American public opinion to Britain's side during World War II, has been commemorated.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

^ The raid came after an Austrian university student researching Nazi war crimes recognised him during his doctoral studies.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.Hitler considered Edward to be friendly towards Nazi Germany and thought that Anglo-German relations could have been improved through Edward if it were not for the abdication.^ Some critics beleive Germany's stance towards Iran shows it has not learned from its Nazi history .
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ At a ceremony to mark the occasion, German Culture Minister Bernd Neumann said the restitution was a sign of improving relations between the wartime foes.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The German-born pontiff risks worsening relations with Jewish groups after declaring Pius "venerable" - a key step in advancing him towards beatification and then canonisation.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.Fellow Nazi Albert Speer quoted Hitler directly: "I am certain through him permanent friendly relations could have been achieved.^ Fredrick Sands quotes Victor Sjöström as having said, "For a certain time at least Stiller was in love with her and she with him.

^ Henry, however, hoping to induce him to return to England, maintained friendly relations with Pole, and requested him to state frankly his views on royal supremacy.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

.If he had stayed, everything would have been different.^ While he was trying different ways to convince Catherine to give in, she was trying to stay married to him and was trying everything she could to stop an annulment from taking place.

His abdication was a severe loss for us."[65]
Reviewing a squad of SS with Robert Ley, 1937
The Duke and Duchess settled in France. .On the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, they were brought back to Britain by Lord Mountbatten in HMS Kelly, and the Duke, already an honorary Field Marshal, was gazetted a Major-General attached to the British Military Mission in France.^ The first half of the 20th century, however, saw the Empire's strength seriously depleted from the effects of World War I and World War II .
  • United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This, as well as the formidable military power it wielded, impelled the British to renew the Covenant Chain ritually and symbolically, even as they sought to exploit it for their own purposes.
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^ England declares war on France as part of the War of the Spanish Succession 1704 - British, Dutch, German and Austrian troops, under the Duke of Marlborough, defeat the French and Bavarians at the Battle of Blenheim.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

.In February 1940, the German Minister in The Hague, Count Julius von Zech-Burkersroda, claimed that the Duke had leaked the Allied war plans for the defence of Belgium.^ The 100 cards show the German army conquering Holland, Belgium and France and are dated 1940.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The announcement by defence minister Pieter de Crem has caused a storm of protest among US and British war veterans as well as many other people living in Belgium.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ In post-war Britain, it was not acceptable for any of the Duke of Edinburgh's German relations to be invited to the wedding, including Philip's three surviving sisters.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66] .When Germany invaded the north of France in May 1940, the Windsors fled south, first to Biarritz, then in June to Spain.^ France, on crusade, then in captivity in Germany 12 Dec 1189 - 13 Mar 1194) Lord 6 Apr 1199 - 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Just as it destroyed the religions of the Middle East that existed before Muhammed, it has invaded Germany, Holland, France, and the UK, among others.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For Germany it is a simple matter of atonement for invading France and subjecting it to four years of brutal occupation.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.In July the pair moved to Lisbon, Portugal, where they lived at first in the home of Ricardo de Espírito Santo, a Portuguese banker with both British and German contacts.^ The highlanders wanted to go home when they reached there in February 1746 and moved on to there.
  • A United Kingdom and Ireland Trip 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC user.icx.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1763 in Pennsylvania, residents of Paxton descended on Conestoga, the home of Christian Susquehannocks who had moved to the town and lived under the protection of the colonial government.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Saw both and both moved me to tears…but they became forgettable.
  • Top 15 Greatest Epic History Movies - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

[67] .During the occupation of France, the Duke asked the German forces to place guards at his Paris and Riviera homes: they did so.^ Clean pine needles, leaves and other debris from gutters, rooftops, under decks and any place that they accumulate outside your home.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ Yet when the wall fell, the East German view of the home and its meaning did not.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The advertisements did not appear in any particular order or place but rather were scattered throughout the newspaper wherever they fit.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

[68] .A "defeatist" interview with the Duke that was widely distributed may have served as the last straw for the British government: Prime Minister Winston Churchill threatened the Duke with a court-martial if he did not return to British soil.^ In 1951, Churchill again became prime minister at the head of a Conservative government.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Canada becomes the first independent dominion in the British Empire under the Dominion of Canada Act 1868 - Disraeli succeeds Derby as Prime Minister.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As with her British Prime Ministers, some Canadian Prime Ministers have commented on the Queen's knowledge of Canadian and international affairs.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

[69] .In August, a British warship dispatched the pair to the Bahamas, where in the view of Churchill the Duke could do the least damage to the British war effort.^ Together, American and British soldiers formed the core of Allied efforts that ultimately defeated Nazi Germany in the Second World War.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As World War II begins, a British setback in Norway discredits Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain; Winston Churchill replaces him.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Duke of Windsor was installed as Governor. .He did not enjoy the position, and referred to the islands as "a third-class British colony".[70] The British Foreign Office strenuously objected when the pair planned to tour aboard a yacht belonging to a Swedish magnate, Axel Wenner-Gren, whom American intelligence wrongly believed to be a close friend of Luftwaffe commander Hermann Göring.^ During the early stages of the War of 1812, American forces attacked the British colony of Canada, including the burning of York.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the British Parliament’s repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766 eliminated the colonial revenues needed to fund Johnson’s plan.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Constituent country Home nations British Islands British Isles List of national anthems Heptarchy References .
  • Countries of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC reid.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71] However, the Duke was praised for his efforts to combat poverty on the islands, although he was as contemptuous of the Bahamians as he was of most non-white peoples of the Empire. He said of Étienne Dupuch, the editor of the Nassau Daily Tribune: "It must be remembered that Dupuch is more than half Negro, and due to the peculiar mentality of this Race, they seem unable to rise to prominence without losing their equilibrium."[19] He was praised, even by Dupuch, for his resolution of civil unrest over low wages in Nassau in 1942, even though he blamed the trouble on communist agitators and draft-dodging Jews.[72] He held the post until the end of World War II in 1945.
The Duke in 1945
.Many historians have suggested that Hitler was prepared to reinstate Edward as King in the hope of establishing a fascist Britain.^ King Egbert of Wessex formally establishes kingship over the people of Devon after a gradual integration over many years.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Jewish community in Britain after their expulsion in 1290 was that established in London during the 17th century, and in the 19th century Jews also settled in many of the large provincial cities.
  • The United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC skola.amoskadan.cz [Source type: Original source]

^ They are represented [in the "lolo MSS.," collected by Edward Williams] as two brothers, Kings of Britain, who were walking together one starlight night.
  • Myths and Legends of the Celtic Race: Chapter VIII: Myths and Tales of the Cymry 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

[73] .It is widely believed that the Duke (and especially the Duchess) sympathised with fascism before and during World War II, and had to remain in the Bahamas to minimise their opportunities to act on those feelings.^ While conceding faulty intelligence before the Iraq war, he declines to say whether he would have acted differently.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The first half of the 20th century, however, saw the Empire's strength seriously depleted from the effects of World War I and World War II .
  • United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A US journalist whose broadcasts from London helped rally American public opinion to Britain's side during World War II, has been commemorated.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

.In 1940 he said: "In the past 10 years Germany has totally reorganized the order of its society ...^ Secular Hindu =Hindu and christen not from past 10 years but from past 65 years !!??
  • Peter Bergen discusses the risk of terror cases inside the U.S. | Foreign Policy 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Best Dressed Of The Week 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.apakistannews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Past 10 years , While This nation is in list of top corrupt nations from past 100 years to 50 years , always among top rank !!??
  • Peter Bergen discusses the risk of terror cases inside the U.S. | Foreign Policy 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Best Dressed Of The Week 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.apakistannews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heesters has made headlines twice in the past year for attempts to repair his reputation internationally, though he has remained popular in Germany throughout the war and after.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

Countries which were unwilling to accept such a reorganization of society and its concomitant sacrifices should direct their policies accordingly."[74] Lord Caldecote wrote to Winston Churchill just before the couple were sent to the Bahamas, "[the Duke] is well-known to be pro-Nazi and he may become a centre of intrigue."[75] The latter, but not the former, part of this assessment is corroborated by German operations designed to use the Duke. .The Allies became sufficiently disturbed by the German plots that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered covert surveillance of the Duke and Duchess when they visited Palm Beach, Florida in April 1941. Duke Carl Alexander of Württemberg (then a monk in an American monastery) had convinced the Federal Bureau of Investigation that the Duchess had been sleeping with the German ambassador in London, Joachim von Ribbentrop, had remained in constant contact with him, and had continued to leak secrets.^ The official, Lewis C. Merletti, who headed the former presidents protective detail and later became the agencys director, said in an interview that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had grilled him just days before Mr. Clinton left office in a last-ditch effort to prove that his agents had covered up and even facilitated extramarital flings.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The federal government wanted Indians to adopt Anglo-American cultural habits, become farmers on their own individual plots, and assimilate into American society.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ American Federation for Clinical Research, Atlantic City, 29-30 April 1971 37.
  • Kass, Edward H. (Edward Harold), 1917- . Papers,1908-1990: Finding Aid. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: Academic]

[76]
.Some authors have claimed that Anthony Blunt, an MI5 agent, acting on orders from the British Royal Family, made a successful secret trip to Schloss Friedrichshof in Germany towards the end of the war in order to retrieve sensitive letters between the Duke of Windsor and Adolf Hitler and other leading Nazis.^ Lead authors, Jim Berner and others.
  • Global Warming & Climate Change-Science Tracer Bullet 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Votes:0 The Unofficial British Royal Family Pages Index of the Unofficial British Royal Family Pages How did these pages get here in the first place?
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ Profiles Profiles of members of the British royal family a For Sale / Wanted Books, CDs, Videos, Collectibles...
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

[77] .What is certain is that George VI sent the Royal Librarian, Owen Morshead, accompanied by Blunt, then working part-time in the Royal library as well as for British intelligence, to Friedrichshof in March 1945 to secure papers relating to the German Empress Victoria, a daughter of Queen Victoria.^ Working papers (Victoria.
  • Recent Australian Government Publications July 2009 - Alphabetic" 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.nla.gov.au [Source type: Academic]

^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

.Part of the castle's archive, including surviving letters between daughter and mother, as well as other valuables were stolen by looters, some of which were only later recovered in Chicago after the war.^ Some reports have seen what they think is his servant as well, but those are few and far between, and largely unsubstantiated.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - uk 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The ability of the nation, thirty years later, to survive the Civil War was in part due to the political structures created in the early national period.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Of her four children only the later Queen Mary I survived.

.The papers rescued by Morshead and Blunt, and those returned by the American authorities from Chicago, were deposited in the Royal Archives.^ One of those laws is 42 U.S.C. § 1983 which prohibits law enforcement authorities from violating an American's constitutionally protected rights.
  • SOUNDOFF - The Macomb Daily Opinion: Breaking news coverage for Macomb County, Michigan 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.macombdaily.com [Source type: Original source]

[78]
.After the war, the Duke admitted in his memoirs that he admired the Germans, but he denied being pro-Nazi.^ And despite the Second World War still being very present in the German media, only 61 percent knew it began in 1939.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ In post-war Britain, it was not acceptable for any of the Duke of Edinburgh's German relations to be invited to the wedding, including Philip's three surviving sisters.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Of Hitler he wrote: "[the] Führer struck me as a somewhat ridiculous figure, with his theatrical posturings and his bombastic pretensions."[79]

Later life

.The couple returned to France and spent the remainder of their lives essentially in retirement as the Duke never occupied another official role after his wartime governorship of the Bahamas.^ They were one of the world's most famous couples, who lived lives of power and glory but who spent their last hours in despair and confusion.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ Scotland - Lauder - Thirlestane Castle - For a couple of years now people say there is a haunted corridor in Thirlestane Castle that people have went through and never returned.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - uk 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, son of Edward III, leads new English invasion of France 1374 - John of Gaunt returns to England and takes charge of the government.
  • United Kingdom History History Timeline - Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.workmall.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Duke's allowance was supplemented by government favours and illegal currency trading.^ These measures supplemented the public factory system (which provided trade goods to Native Americans at cost) that the government had established in 1795 to compete with private traders.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

[32][80][81] .The City of Paris provided the Duke with a house at 4 rue du Champ d'Entraînement, on the Neuilly-sur-Seine side of the Bois de Boulogne, for a nominal rent.^ Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne .
  • All Films - The Criterion Collection 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.criterion.com [Source type: General]
  • All Films - The Criterion Collection 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.criterion.com [Source type: General]

[82] .The French government exempted him from paying income tax,[80][83] and the couple were able to buy goods duty-free through the British embassy and the military commissary.^ After Thomas Paine published The Rights of Man (1791–1792), for example, the British government tried him in absentia for seditious libel.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The others were left to fight it out through civil disobedience (refusal to pay taxes, to serve in the army, to surrender their weapons) and in open rebellion, time and again, indefatig...

^ Military attaches brought greetings from the governments of Britain, Italy and Poland, which promoted him from soldier to officer.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

[83] In 1951, the Duke produced a ghost-written memoir, A King's Story, in which he declares his disagreement with liberal politics.[12] The royalties from the book added to their income.[80] .Nine years later, he penned a relatively unknown book, A Family Album, chiefly about the fashion and habits of the Royal Family throughout his life, from the time of Queen Victoria through his grandfather and father, and his own tastes.^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first commemorative stamps from Ireland appeared in 1929, and are now released many times in a year featuring a wide variety of scenes from Irish life.

^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

U.S. President Richard Nixon and the Duke and Duchess of Windsor in 1970
.The Duke and Duchess effectively took on the role of minor celebrities and were regarded as part of café society for a time in the 1950s and 1960s.^ She also introduced "rate capping" which effectively took control of expenditures out of the hands of city councils, part of her policies aimed at reducing the influence of local governments.

^ The four doctors arrested include two who took part in the surgery and two others who had a role in an initial autopsy of Frei's body.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.They hosted parties and shuttled between Paris and New York; many of those who met the Windsors socially, including Gore Vidal, reported on the vacuity of the Duke's conversation.^ Party, is formed in Batavia, New York.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who remained on tribal reserves faced growing economic and social problems as neighboring whites poached timber and fish and trespassed on their pasture and fields.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Having reported on mass atrocities around the world, this time Amanpour traced the personal accounts of those who tried to stop the slaughter.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

[84] The couple doted on the pug dogs they kept.[85]
.In June 1953, instead of attending the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in London, the Duke and Duchess watched the ceremony on television in Paris.^ Elizabeth's coronation took place in Westminster Abbey , on 2 June 1953.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth's coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953 .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth's coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

The Duke said that it was contrary to precedent for a Sovereign or former Sovereign to attend any coronation of another. .The Duke was paid to write articles on the ceremony for the Sunday Express and Women's Home Companion, as well as a short book, The Crown and the People, 1902–1953.^ The burning of coal in factories and heavy industrial plants, as well as in people's homes, where it is the main source of heating, leads to a dramatic increase in air-pollutant emissions.
  • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first publication to appear written by Par Lagerkvist, People (Manniskor), a collection of short stories was also printed that year as well.

[86]
.In 1955, they visited President Dwight D. Eisenhower at the White House.^ Mr Obama has been compared to Lincoln - the lanky junior politician from Illinois who captured the presidency on the strength of his oratory, proving that anyone can make to the White House.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The British capture Washington, D.C., burning the White House and the Capitol building and forcing President Madison to flee the city.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As George W Bush prepares to leave the White House, at least one unpleasant episode from his unpopular presidency is threatening to follow him into retirement.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.The couple appeared on Edward R. Murrow's television interview show Person to Person in 1956,[87] and a 50-minute BBC television interview in 1970. That year, they were invited as guests of honour to a dinner at the White House by President Richard Nixon in repayment for their having entertained Nixon in Paris during the mid-1960s when his political fortunes were low.^ The technical challenge was an inevitable result of the explosion in cybercommunications, which will make the electronic record of the Bush years about 50 times as large as that left by the Clinton White House in 2001, archives officials estimate.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ During the year 1546, though many persons were still sent to the stake for denying Transubstantiation, the power of Cranmer and his party was on the increase.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Before that, presidents routinely invited extended family members to stay at the White House for a month or two or longer, says William Bushong, staff historian for the non-profit White House Historical Association.
  • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.The Royal Family never fully accepted the Duchess; Queen Mary refused to receive her formally.^ Queen Elizabeth refuses to accept the sovereignty of the Netherlands, which William the Silent of Orange, in desperation at the course of war, had agreed to have offered to her.
  • Tudor Chronology 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tudors.crispen.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Discussions Discuss the royals on the Unofficial Royal Family Forums History Genealogy from Queen Victoria to Queen Elizabeth II, royal houses in the past, etc.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, the Queen may legally grant or withhold Royal Assent to Bills, but no monarch has refused his or her assent to a Bill since Queen Anne in 1708.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the Duke sometimes met with his mother and brother, King George, and attended George's funeral.^ Elizabeth was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), and his wife, Elizabeth.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was made Duchess of Portsmouth and d'Aubigny in 1673 and was the mother by the king, of Charles Lennox, duke of Richmond.

^ Her godparents were King George and Queen Mary, the Princess Royal, the Duke of Connaught, the Earl of Strathmore and Lady Elphinstone.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

.Queen Mary maintained her anger with Edward and her indignation over his marriage to Wallis: "To give up all this for that", she said.^ Had Edward stayed on the throne and produced no heirs (which would have been likely due to his wife Wallis Simpson's reproductive issues), Elizabeth would still have become Queen.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of her marriage, Mary Rose Tudor was styled as Queen Consort Mary of France on 5 November 1514.
  • thePeerage.com - Person Page 10148 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.thepeerage.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Several children were born to them, all of whom unfortunately died in their infancy except the Princess Mary, afterwards Queen Mary of England.
  • The Religious Changes Under Henry VIII and Edward VI @ ELCore.Net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC catholicity.elcore.net [Source type: Original source]

[88] .In 1965, the Duke and Duchess returned to London, England.^ The former home of the Duchess of Kendal, the Millennium Hotel London Mayfair stands in the exclusive Mayfair district of London, England....
  • Discount Hotels London, United Kingdom - Featured Hotels 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.featuredhotels.com [Source type: News]

.They were visited by the Queen, Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, and Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood.^ TRUNDLEY H C United Kingdom Private 39279 Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) 20/10/1918 I. A. 15.

^ FIELD W L United Kingdom Private 11696 Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) 15/10/1918 II. E. 16.

^ BAIN N United Kingdom Second Lieutenant Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) 16/10/1918 III. D. 15.

.A week later, the Princess Royal died, and they attended her memorial service.^ The Royal Family regularly attends services at Crathie Kirk when holidaying at Balmoral Castle, and when in residence at the Palace of Holyroodhouse, in Edinburgh , the family attends services at the Kirk of the Canongate.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Royal Family regularly attend services at Crathie Kirk when holidaying at Balmoral Castle and attend at the Kirk of the Canongate when in residence at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ The Royal Family regularly attend services at Crathie Kirk when holidaying at Balmoral Castle and attend at the Kirk of the Canongate when in residence at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1967, they joined the Royal Family for the centenary of Queen Mary's birth.^ The royal palace in Edinburgh, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, once home to Scottish kings and queens like Mary, Queen of Scots, is now regularly used again, with at least one member of the Royal Family (often the Prince of Wales or Princess Royal) in residence.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ Discussions Discuss the royals on the Unofficial Royal Family Forums History Genealogy from Queen Victoria to Queen Elizabeth II, royal houses in the past, etc.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ Her father James V died six days after her birth and with his death Mary became the infant queen.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

.The last royal ceremony the Duke attended was the funeral of Princess Marina in 1968.[89] He declined an invitation from the Queen to attend the Investiture of the Prince of Wales in 1969, replying that Prince Charles would not want his "aged great-uncle" there.^ Elizabeth gave birth to her first child, Prince Charles , on 14 November 1948, several weeks after letters patent were issued by her father allowing her children to enjoy a royal and princely status to which they otherwise would not have been entitled.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her father was Prince Albert, Duke of York (the future George VI ), the second eldest son of George V and Queen Mary.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though the Royal House is named Windsor , it was decreed via a 1960 Order-in-Council that the descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip who are not Princes or Princesses of the United Kingdom should have the personal surname Mountbatten-Windsor .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

[90]
In the 1960s, the Duke's health deteriorated. .In December 1964, he was operated on by Michael DeBakey in Houston for an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, and in February 1965 a detached retina in his left eye was treated by Sir Stewart Duke-Elder.^ Kreindler, Michael, 1964-1965 88.
  • Kass, Edward H. (Edward Harold), 1917- . Papers,1908-1990: Finding Aid. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In late 1971 the Duke, who was a smoker from an early age, was diagnosed with throat cancer and underwent cobalt therapy.^ In the late 1970s and early 1980s, as I approached the age of 40, I began to take a serious interest in the afterlife.
  • http://bahai-library.com/collection.php?collection=History 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Academic]
  • http://bahai-library.com/?collection=History 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Academic]

.Queen Elizabeth II visited the Windsors in 1972 while on a state visit to France; however, only the Duchess appeared with the royal party for a photocall.^ Queen ¹ 6 Feb 1952 - Elizabeth II (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Owned by henry viii and visited by queen elizabeth i, this historic 13th century hotel successfully blends its existing architectural features with a twist of modern design.
  • Accommodation in hungerford hotels and lodgings - ASE.net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ase.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main articles: Descent of Elizabeth II and Ancestors of Queen Elizabeth II Queen Elizabeth is the male-line great-granddaughter of Edward VII , who inherited the crown from his mother, Queen Victoria.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

.On 28 May 1972, the Duke died at his home in Paris, at the age of 77. His body was returned to Britain, lying in state at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.^ Premium Tours Windsor Castle home to the Royal family for 900 years, State Apartments,St Georges Chapel.
  • United Kingdom - Visit London - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ticketswitch.com [Source type: General]

^ From February to May 1940, they lived at Royal Lodge, Windsor, until moving to Windsor Castle, where they stayed for most of the next five years.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When he returned home in the summer of 1779, Massachusetts happened to be drafting its new state constitution, and Adams became its primary draftsman.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

.The funeral service was held in the chapel on 5 June in the presence of the Queen, the Royal Family, and the Duchess of Windsor, and the coffin was buried in the Royal Burial Ground behind the Royal Mausoleum of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Frogmore.^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Premium Tours Windsor Castle home to the Royal family for 900 years, State Apartments,St Georges Chapel.
  • United Kingdom - Visit London - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ticketswitch.com [Source type: General]

.The Duchess stayed at Buckingham Palace during her visit.^ This tour is a combination of coach travel and walking tours and highlights include visiting Westminster Abbey and viewing the changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace.
  • London Interactive Event Calendar and Google Map, Attractions, Tours and Activities - Map Channels Events 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC events.mapchannels.com [Source type: General]

[91] .Until a 1965 agreement with Queen Elizabeth II, the Duke and Duchess had previously planned for a burial in a purchased cemetery plot at Green Mount Cemetery in Baltimore, where the father of the Duchess was interred.^ Queen ¹ 6 Feb 1952 - Elizabeth II (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His father, Victoria's consort, was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of the German princely house of Wettin.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: Original source]
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

[92]
Frail, and suffering increasingly from senile dementia, the Duchess died 14 years later, and was buried alongside her husband simply as "Wallis, Duchess of Windsor".[93]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

Royal styles of
King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom
UK Arms 1837.svg
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sir
.
Royal styles of
The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor
Edward Duke of Windsor Arms.svg
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
  • 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1898: His Highness Prince Edward of York
  • 28 May 1898 – 22 January 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Edward of York
  • 22 January 1901 – 9 November 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Cornwall and York
  • 9 November 1901 – 6 May 1910: His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Wales
  • 6 May 1910 – 23 June 1910: His Royal Highness The Duke of Cornwall
  • 23 June 1910 – 20 January 1936: His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales
    • in Scotland: 1910–1936: His Royal Highness The Prince Edward, Duke of Rothesay
  • 20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936: His Majesty The King
    • and, occasionally, outside the United Kingdom, and with regard to India: His Imperial Majesty The King-Emperor
  • 11 December 1936 – 8 March 1937: His Royal Highness The Prince Edward
  • 8 March 1937 – 28 May 1972: His Royal Highness The Duke of Windsor
    • Edward began use of the title immediately upon abdication, in accordance with George VI's declaration to his Accession Council that his first act as King would be to grant to his brother the said title.^ The design of the shield is also used on the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom .
      • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Nov 1791, Scotland, United Kingdom; d.
      • The Descendants of John Milligan and Margaret Sloan 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.islandregister.com [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Elizabeth was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), and his wife, Elizabeth.
      • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      However, several months passed before the concession was formalised by Letters Patent
      .
.His full style as king was His Majesty, Edward the Eighth, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.^ The style of the ruler was: (a) from 1 May 1707: by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland King/Queen, Defender of the Faith; (b) from 1 Jan 1801: by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King/Queen, Defender of the Faith; in 1876 the title "Empress of India" was added; (c) from 4 Nov 1901: by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India; (d) from 13 May 1927: by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India; the title "Emperor of India" was dropped as of 15 Aug 1947; (e) from 29 May 1953: by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.
  • Countries U 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC rulers.org [Source type: Academic]

^ GREAT BRITAIN, FOREIGN OFFICE. BRITISH DOCUMENTS ON THE ORIGINS OF THE WAR .
  • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

^ RERUM BRITANNICARUM MEDII AEVI SCRIPTORES Chronicles and Memorials of Great Britain and Ireland during the Middle Ages .
  • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

.After his abdication, his full style was His Royal Highness The Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, Duke of Windsor.^ September 15, 1984: Prince Harry (Henry Charles Albert David) born.
  • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ The Prince Andrew, Duke of York .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Her father was Prince Albert, Duke of York (the future George VI ), the second eldest son of George V and Queen Mary.
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

Honours

British Honours
.Edward lost almost all of his British honours upon accession, because he became sovereign of most of them.^ When her father became King, in 1936 upon the abdication of her uncle, King Edward VIII, she became Heiress Presumptive and was thenceforth known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1836 almost all the tribes east of the Mississippi, including most northern tribes, had agreed to remove to lands assigned to them west of the ninety-fifth meridian.
  • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We go aboard Imperial Airways with four intrepid English boy scouts who are on their way to British India for a jamboree with scouts from all over the globe (most of which is owned by...
  • United Kingdom - Visit London - United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ticketswitch.com [Source type: General]

When he was no longer sovereign, his brother reinstated his pre-accession honours
.
Foreign Honours

Military

.
  • Mid, 22 June 1911: Midshipman, Royal Navy[95]
  • Lt, 17 March 1913: Lieutenant, Royal Navy[95]
  • Lt, 18 November 1914: Lieutenant, 1st Battalion, Grenadier Guards, British Army.^ An entry in the ledger book of the club from June 1899 has "Lt WLS Churchill" named as one of 17 defaulters.
    • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

    ^ The English and Scottish armies met at the field of Bannockburn on 22 June 1314 in a giant two-day battle.
    • A United Kingdom and Ireland Trip 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC user.icx.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ From ages 13 to 17, Edward trained at the naval preparatory college at Osborne, then attended the Royal Navy College.
    • United Kingdom - Education Resource - StudySphere 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

    (World War I, Flanders and Italy)[95]
  • Capt, 10 March 1916: Captain, British Army[95]
  • Mjr, 1918: Temporary Major, British Army[95]
  • Col, 15 April 1919: Colonel, British Army[95]
  • Capt, 8 July 1919: Captain, Royal Navy[95]
  • Gp Capt, 5 December 1922: Group Captain, Royal Air Force[95][96]
  • Air Mshl, 1 September 1930: Air Marshal, Royal Air Force[97]
  • 1 January 1935: Admiral, Royal Navy; General, British Army; Air Chief Marshal, Royal Air Force[98]
  • 1936: Admiral of the Fleet, Royal Navy; Field Marshal, British Army; Marshal of the Royal Air Force[95]
  • Major-Gen, 1939: Major-General, British Army

Honorary degrees

Arms

.As Prince of Wales, Edward's arms were the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, differenced with a blank three-point label, with an inescutcheon of the Royal arms of Wales, surmounted by a coronet (identical to those of the current Prince of Wales, Charles, Prince of Wales).^ In the UK they are known as the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom .
  • Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From 21 April 1944, Elizabeth's arms consisted of a lozenge bearing the royal coat of arms, differenced with a label of three points argent , the centre bearing a Tudor Rose and the first and third a cross of St George.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SHAW WILLIAM EDWARD United Kingdom Private 8437 East Yorkshire Regiment 04/11/1918 Age: 34 VIII. B. 17.

.As Sovereign, he bore the arms undifferenced, and upon his abdication, he used the arms, again differenced, but this time with the centre point bearing an imperial crown proper.^ Rupert Barnes of the United Kingdom for pointing out I had used the arms of Denmark on the first iteration of this page.
  • Tudor Chronology 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tudors.crispen.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately, from a name origins point of view, CAVE and COVEY appear to have been used as variants at times.
  • Caveys in The United-Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC family.cavey.org [Source type: General]

^ After her accession as Sovereign, she adopted the royal coat of arms undifferenced.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[100]

See also

Ancestors

Notes and sources

  1. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 1.
  2. ^ His twelve godparents were Queen Victoria, the Prince and Princess of Wales, the King (Prince Adolphus of Teck stood proxy) and Queen of Denmark (The Duchess of Fife stood proxy), the King of Württemberg (The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn stood proxy), the Queen of Greece (Princess Victoria of Wales stood proxy), the Tsarevich of Russia, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Prince Louis of Battenberg stood proxy), the Duke and Duchess of Teck and the Duke of Cambridge.
  3. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 7.
  4. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, pp. 25–28.
  5. ^ Ziegler, pp. 30–31.
  6. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, pp. 38–39.
  7. ^ Ziegler, p. 79.
  8. ^ Parker, John (1988) King of Fools, New York: St. Martin's Press, pp. 12–13, ISBN 0-312-02598-X.
  9. ^ Parker, pp. 13–14.
  10. ^ Parker, pp. 14–16.
  11. ^ Weir, Alison (1996), Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy Revised edition, London: Pimlico, p. 327, ISBN 0-7126-7448-9 .
  12. ^ a b Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 78.
  13. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, pp. 106–107 and Ziegler, pp. 48–50.
  14. ^ Roberts, p. 41 and Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 109.
  15. ^ Ziegler, p. 111 and Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 140.
  16. ^ Edward VIII (Jan-Dec 1936), Official website of the British monarchy, http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensoftheUnitedKingdom/TheHouseofWindsor/EdwardVIII.aspx, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  17. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 215.
  18. ^ Prince of Wales Trophy, National Hockey League, http://www.nhl.com/trophies/wales.html, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  19. ^ a b Ziegler, p. 448.
  20. ^ Godfrey, Rupert (editor) (1998), "11 July 1920", Letters From a Prince: Edward to Mrs. Freda Dudley Ward 1918–1921, Little, Brown & Co, ISBN 0-7515-2590-1 .
  21. ^ Broad, Lewis (1961), The Abdication: Twenty-five Years After. A Re-appraisal, London: Frederick Muller Ltd, pp. 4–5 .
  22. ^ Lascelles, Sir Alan 'Tommy' (20 November 2006), "Prince Charmless: A damning portrait of Edward VIII", Daily Mail, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-417388/Prince-Charmless-A-damning-portrait-Edward-VIII.html, retrieved 29 May 2009 .
  23. ^ Middlemas, Keith; Barnes, John (1969), Baldwin: A Biography, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, p. 976, ISBN 0-297-17859-8 .
  24. ^ "Foreign News: P'incess Is Three". http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,769224,00.html. 
  25. ^ Airlie, Mabell (1962), Thatched with Gold, London: Hutchinson, p. 197 .
  26. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 235.
  27. ^ Ziegler, p. 233.
  28. ^ The Duchess of Windsor, p. 205.
  29. ^ Bradford, p. 142.
  30. ^ Boycott, Owen; Bates, Stephen (30 January 2003), "Car dealer was Wallis Simpson's secret lover", The Guardian, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,885144,00.html, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  31. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 265.
  32. ^ a b c Matthew, H. C. G. (September 2004; online edition January 2008), "Edward VIII [later Prince Edward, duke of Windsor (1894–1972)"], Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press), doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31061, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/31061, retrieved 7 April 2009  (Subscription required).
  33. ^ Ziegler, pp. 273–274.
  34. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, pp. 293–294.
  35. ^ Coinage and bank notes, Official website of the British monarchy, http://www.royal.gov.uk/MonarchUK/Symbols/Coinageandbanknotes.aspx, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  36. ^ Cook, Andrew (3 January 2003), "The plot thickens", The Guardian, http://www.guardian.co.uk/g2/story/0,3604,867861,00.html, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  37. ^ Broad, pp. 56–57.
  38. ^ Antiques Roadshow, BBC One, 14 October 2007. Banqueting House staff discovered plans for the coronation, including a drawing of the decoration of the hall for the coronation, in a box of drawings. The hand-drawn plans are now displayed.
  39. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, pp. 330–331.
  40. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 346.
  41. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 354.
  42. ^ Statute of Westminster 1931 c.4, The UK Statute Law Database, http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?activeTextDocId=1081723, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  43. ^ Ziegler, pp. 305–307.
  44. ^ Bradford, p. 187.
  45. ^ Bradford, p. 188.
  46. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, pp. 354–355.
  47. ^ Beaverbrook, Lord; Edited by A. J. P. Taylor (1966), The Abdication of King Edward VIII, London: Hamish Hamilton, p. 57 .
  48. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 387.
  49. ^ There were fifteen separate copies – one for each Dominion, the Irish Free State, India, the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Prime Minister, amongst others.
  50. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 407.
  51. ^ Heard, Andrew (1990), Canadian Independence, Simon Fraser University, Canada, http://www.sfu.ca/~aheard/324/Independence.html, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  52. ^ Edward VIII (PDF), Broadcast after his abdication, 11 December 1936, Official website of the British monarchy, http://www.royal.gov.uk/pdf/edwardviii.pdf, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  53. ^ Ziegler, p. 336.
  54. ^ Clive Wigram's conversation with Sir Claud Schuster, Clerk to the Crown and Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor quoted in Bradford, p. 201.
  55. ^ Attorney General to Home Secretary (14 April 1937) National Archives file HO 144/22945 quoted in Velde, François (6 February 2006) The drafting of the letters patent of 1937. Heraldica, retrieved on 7 April 2009.
  56. ^ Williams, Susan (2003), "The historical significance of the Abdication files", Public Records Office – New Document Releases – Abdication Papers, London (Public Records Office of the United Kingdom), http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/releases/2003/january30/significance.htm, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  57. ^ Ziegler, pp. 354–355.
  58. ^ a b Ziegler, pp. 376–378.
  59. ^ She had asked Alec Hardinge to write to the Duke explaining that he could not be invited to his father's memorial.
  60. ^ Ziegler, p. 384.
  61. ^ Ziegler, p. 349.
  62. ^ Donaldson, pp. 331–332.
  63. ^ Papers of Count Albert von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein (1861–1945) in the State Archives, Vienna, quoted in Rose, Kenneth (1983), King George V, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, p. 391, ISBN 0-297-78245-2 .
  64. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 122.
  65. ^ Speer, Albert (1970), Inside the Third Reich, New York: Macmillan, p. 118 .
  66. ^ Bradford, p. 434.
  67. ^ Bloch, The Duke of Windsor's War, p. 91.
  68. ^ Roberts, p. 52.
  69. ^ Bloch, The Duke of Windsor's War, p. 93.
  70. ^ Bloch, The Duke of Windsor's War, p. 364.
  71. ^ Bloch, The Duke of Windsor's War, pp. 154–159, 230–233.
  72. ^ Ziegler, pp. 471–472.
  73. ^ Ziegler, p. 392.
  74. ^ Bloch, The Duke of Windsor's War, pp. 79–80.
  75. ^ Ziegler, p. 434.
  76. ^ Evans, Rob; Hencke, David (29 June 2002), "Wallis Simpson, the Nazi minister, the telltale monk and an FBI plot", The Guardian, http://www.guardian.co.uk/Archive/Article/0,4273,4451107,00.html, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  77. ^ Higham, Charles (1988), The Duchess of Windsor: The Secret Life, New York: McGraw-Hill Publishers, pp. 388–389; and Wright, Peter (1987), Spycatcher: The Autobiography of a Senior Intelligence Officer, Toronto: Stoddart Publishers.
  78. ^ Bradford, p. 426.
  79. ^ Duke of Windsor, A King's Story, p. 277.
  80. ^ a b c Roberts, p. 53.
  81. ^ Bradford, p. 442.
  82. ^ Ziegler, pp. 534–535.
  83. ^ a b Bradford, p. 446.
  84. ^ Vidal, Gore (1995), Palimpsest: a memoir, New York: Random House, p. 206, ISBN 0-679-44038-0 .
  85. ^ Farquhar, Michael (2001), A Treasure of Royal Scandals, New York: Penguin Books, p. 48, ISBN 0739420259.
  86. ^ Ziegler, pp. 539–540.
  87. ^ "Peep Show", Time, 8 October 1956, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,824447,00.html, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  88. ^ Bradford, p. 198.
  89. ^ Ziegler, pp. 554–556.
  90. ^ Ziegler, p. 555
  91. ^ Ziegler, pp. 556–557.
  92. ^ Rasmussen, Frederick (29 April 1986), Windsors had a plot at Green Mount, Baltimore: The Baltimore Sun 
  93. ^ Simple funeral rites for Duchess, BBC, 29 April 1986, http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/29/newsid_2500000/2500427.stm, retrieved 7 April 2009 .
  94. ^ Privy Council Office (30 October 2008), Information Resources > Historical Alphabetical List since 1867 of Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada > P, Queen's Printer for Canada, http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=information&sub=council-conseil&doc=members-membres/hist/P-T-eng.htm#P, retrieved 29 March 2009 
  95. ^ a b c d e f g h i Cokayne, G.E.; Doubleday, H.A.; Howard de Walden, Lord (1940), The Complete Peerage, London: St. Catherine's Press, vol. XIII, pp. 116–117.
  96. ^ London Gazette: no. 32774, p. 8615, 5 December 1922. Retrieved on 2009-06-02.
  97. ^ London Gazette: no. 33640, p. 5428, 2 September 1930. Retrieved on 2009-06-02.
  98. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34119, p. 15, 28 December 1934. Retrieved on 7 April 2009.
  99. ^ "University of Alberta Senate > Honorary Degrees > Past Honorary Degree Recipients > W". University of Alberta. http://www.uofaweb.ualberta.ca/senate/honorarydegreeslist.cfm#W. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  100. ^ Flags of the Royal Family, United Kingdom. CRW Flags, Inc., retrieved on 7 April 2009.

References

Primary sources

  • Edward, Duke of Windsor (1951). A King's Story. London: Cassell and Co.
  • Godfrey, Rupert (editor) (1998). Letters From a Prince: Edward to Mrs Freda Dudley Ward 1918–1921. Little, Brown & Co. ISBN 0-7515-2590-1.
  • Wallis, Duchess of Windsor (1956). The Heart has its Reasons: The Memoirs of the Duchess of Windsor. .New York: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Williams, Susan (2003).^ New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1973; reprint, New York: Fulcrum Publishing, 2003.
    • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York: Norton, 2003.
    • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

    The historical significance of the Abdication files. .Public Records Office – New Document Releases – Abdication Papers, London.^ GREAT BRITAIN. PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. CALENDARS. TREASURY BOOKS AND PAPERS .
    • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ GREAT BRITAIN. PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. CALENDARS. CHANCERY RECORDS. CALENDAR OF INQUISITIONS MISCELLANEOUS Henry III - Edward III. .
    • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ GREAT BRITAIN. PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. CALENDARS. STATE PAPERS, COLONIAL RECORDS .
    • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

    .Public Records Office of the United Kingdom.^ GREAT BRITAIN. PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. CALENDARS. TREASURY BOOKS AND PAPERS .
    • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ GREAT BRITAIN. PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. CALENDARS. CHANCERY RECORDS. CALENDAR OF INQUISITIONS MISCELLANEOUS Henry III - Edward III. .
    • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ GREAT BRITAIN. PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. CALENDARS. STATE PAPERS, COLONIAL RECORDS .
    • History: United Kingdom - All - Journal reprints, antiquarian backsets, back volumes. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.periodicals.com [Source type: Academic]

    Retrieved on 2007-02-13.

Secondary sources

  • Bloch, Michael (1982). The Duke of Windsor's War. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-77947-8.
  • Bradford, Sarah (1989). King George VI. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-79667-4.
  • Donaldson, Frances (1974). Edward VIII. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-76787-9.
  • Roberts, Andrew; edited by Antonia Fraser (2000). The House of Windsor. London: Cassell and Co. ISBN 0-304-35406-6.
  • Ziegler, Philip (1991). .King Edward VIII: The official biography.^ Further evidence has emerged that King Edward VIII was seeing a mystic during the abdication crisis, prompting the Archbishop of Canterbury to intervene.
    • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

    .New York: Alfred A. Knopf.^ New York: Knopf, 1998.
    • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York: Knopf, 1970.
    • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York: Knopf, 1978.
    • E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F T H E N E W A M E R I C A N N A T I O N 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myplick.com [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-394-57730-2.

Further reading

  • Bloch, Michael (1988). The Secret File of the Duke of Windsor. London: Bantam Books. ISBN 0-593-01667-X.
  • Bloch, Michael (editor) (1986). Wallis and Edward: Letters 1931–1937. Summit Books. ISBN 0-671-61209-3.
  • Menkes, Suzy (1987). The Windsor Style. London: Grafton Books. ISBN 0-246-13212-4.

External links

Edward VIII of the United Kingdom
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 23 June 1894 Died: 28 May 1972
Regnal titles
Preceded by
George V
King of Great Britain, Ireland and
British dominions beyond the seas
Emperor of India

20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936
Succeeded by
George VI
British royalty
Preceded by
George, Prince of Wales
later became King George V
Heir to the Throne
as heir apparent
1910–1936
Succeeded by
Prince Albert, Duke of York
later became King George VI
Preceded by
Prince George, Duke of Cornwall
and York

later became King George V
Prince of Wales
1910–1936
Vacant
Title next held by
Prince Charles, Duke of Cornwall
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Prince George, Duke of Cornwall
and York

later became King George V
Duke of Cornwall
1910–1936
Vacant
Title next held by
Prince Charles, Duke of Cornwall
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Prince George, Duke of Rothesay
later became King George V
Duke of Rothesay
1910–1936
Vacant
Title next held by
Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Duke of Windsor
1937–1972
Extinct
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Charles Dundas
Governor of the Bahamas
1940–1945
Succeeded by
Sir William Lindsay Murphy
Honorary titles
Vacant
Title last held by
George, Prince of Wales
Grand Master of the Order of St Michael
and St George

1917–1936
Succeeded by
The Earl of Athlone
New title Grand Master of the Order of the British Empire
1917–1936
Succeeded by
Queen Mary

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Edward VIII, King of Great Britain, Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David -- Dates: June 23, 1894 to May 28, 1972).^ Edward VIII King of Great Britain 1894-1972 Prince of Wales, 1910-1936.
  • University of Glasgow :: Manuscripts Catalogue :: Collections relating to Edward VIII 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC special.lib.gla.ac.uk [Source type: General]

^ Who I'd like to meet: Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910.
  • MySpace - Queen Alexandra of Great Britain - 99 - Female - London, UK - myspace.com/276920377 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ George VI ‎[House of Windsor]‎ King of Great Britain Ireland and the British Dominions Beyond the Seas ‎[until 1948:]‎ Emperor of India KG GCVO KT PC GCMG KP 1895 - 1952 .
  • George VI ‎[House of Windsor]‎ King of Great Britain Ireland and the British Dominions Beyond the Seas ‎[until 1948:]‎ Emperor of India KG GCVO KT PC GCMG KP - I2104 - Individual Information - PhpGedView 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC auden.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Edward was King from the death of his father, George V (191036), on January 20, 1936 until his abdication on December 11, 1936 after which he became The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor.^ On the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII , in December 1936, the Duke of York became King George VI; he was crowned on May 12, 1937.
  • George VI - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC reid.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later that year, Edward abdicated and her father became king.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Sources �"; 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 11, 1936 - King Edward VIII abdicates; George VI becomes King .
  • Timeline, Churchill and the Great Republic (A Library of Congress Interactive Exhibition, Text Version) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.lcweb.loc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sourced

.
  • You must believe me when I tell you that I have found it impossible to carry the heavy burden of responsibility and to discharge my duties as King as I would wish to do without the help and support of the woman I love.^ Sorry my comments have burdened you.
    • Top 15 Greatest Epic History Movies - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Now you tell me what you would do in her position?
    • Another 10 Evil Women - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The following day, Edward made a radio broadcast telling the nation that he had abdicated because he could not, "discharge the duties of king as I would wish to do without the help and support of the woman I love."
    • 1936 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.kg6gb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • "[The Indian princes’] ceremonies are so irritating and ridiculous" (Ziegler, King Edward VIII, 116)
  • On seeing the great archaeological finds at Taxila, in Punjab, "This place ought never to have been dug up." (Ziegler, King Edward VIII, 140)
  • Of Étienne Dupach, the editor of the Nassau Daily Tribune: "It must remembered that Dupach is more than half Negro, and due to the peculiar mentality of this Race, they seem unable to rise to prominence without losing their equilibrium." .(Ziegler, King Edward VIII, 448)
  • To John Kenneth Galbraith, who had been appointed American ambassador to India, "I hear you are going to In-jea.^ Who is King Edward the fifth?
    • WikiAnswers - Was king edward a king in england in the 1700s 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Who is King Edward VII dating?
    • King Edward VII - Dating, Gossip, News, King Edward VII Photos 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.whosdatedwho.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Who was king edward the VI of england?
    • WikiAnswers - Was king edward a king in england in the 1700s 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

    .A most interesting country.^ A most interesting country.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I had a very good time there in my early youth.^ I had a very good time there in my early youth.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Though popular with the people of England, and also very talented, he had many bad times and many good times for himself.

    ^ There were English knights of the Hospital from the time of the First Crusade, long before the foundation of the English Langue in the early years of the fourteenth century.
    • Sovereign Military Order of Malta in the United Kingdom - British Association - Grand Priory of England - Knights of Malta 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.orderofmalta.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

    You must do the pig-sticking in Rajasthan. .And you will find the people most agreeable in their own way.^ And you will find the people most agreeable in their own way.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Not only did it not show the slightest sign of sympathy with the people of the neighbouring island, but it actually went out of its way to offend them in the most gratuitous fashion.
    • When the king's marital difficulty became Dev's opportunity - The Irish Times - Mon, Dec 14, 2009 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.irishtimes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Meigle Sculptured Stone Museum is one of those little jewels hidden away that you never find on your own.
    • A United Kingdom and Ireland Trip 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC user.icx.net [Source type: Original source]

    They have been most uncommonly decent to my niece." .(Galbraith, Ambassador’s Journal, 36)
  • To Gore Vidal (who described the Duke as having "always had something of...riveting stupidity to say on any subject"), "British Empire.^ (Galbraith, Ambassador’s Journal , 36) To Gore Vidal (who described the Duke as having "always had something of...riveting stupidity to say on any subject"), "British Empire.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (Ziegler, King Edward VIII , 448) To John Kenneth Galbraith, who had been appointed American ambassador to India, "I hear you are going to In-jea.

    ^ (Ziegler, King Edward VIII , 448) To John Kenneth Galbraith , who had been appointed American ambassador to India, "I hear you are going to In-jea.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .First trip to India.^ First trip to India.

    Glorious. .Never would have believed it would all be gone in my lifetime.^ Never would have believed it would all be gone in my lifetime.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have made this, the most serious decision of my life, only upon the single thought of what would, in the end, be best for all.
    • valdemarsdatter@wiki - Princess Aquirah Say on King Edward VIII Abdication1936 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC valdemarsdatter.atwiki.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But however much they put into it it never got fuller - by degrees all the good things on the tables had gone in; and at last Gwawl cried : "My soul, will thy bag never be full?"
    • Myths and Legends of the Celtic Race: Chapter VIII: Myths and Tales of the Cymry 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Not possible, I’d’ve thought.^ Not possible, I’d’ve thought.

    .I am the last king-emperor, you know.^ I am the last king-emperor, you know.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And last but not least, the Treason Act which meant you could not do or say anything against the King, his Queen or his heirs.

    ^ George VI was the last Emperor of India (until 1947) and the last King of Ireland (until 1949).
    • Hong Kong Bank Notes 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC tomchao.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Canada Bank Notes 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.tomchao.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .My brother was, for a time, but had to give it up.^ My brother was, for a time, but had to give it up.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Its about time that we as atheists, freethinkers, and skeptics stand up and stop giving them anything.
    • 'The Present Threat of the Religious Right to Our Modern Freedoms' by Edward Tabash - RichardDawkins.net 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC richarddawkins.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sever any tie but the tie that binds me to thy service and … nothing earthly will make me to give up my work or cause me to despair.

    .I didn’t" (Vidal, Palimpsest, 206)
  • In conversation with Mona Bismarck and Gore Vidal, "Mona said, 'Did you see Gore's new play The Best Man when you were in New York?'^ I didn’t" (Vidal, Palimpsest , 206) In conversation with Mona Bismarck and Gore Vidal, "Mona said, 'Did you see Gore's new play The Best Man when you were in New York?'
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (Vidal, Palimpsest , 206) Discussing coronation ceremonies with Vidal, "I quickly moved on to...the moment when two masons appear and ask the newly crowned king for instructions as to his tomb.
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am the new Social Sec for ARBC so let me know if you have any questions and I will do my best to help Look forward to seeing you there.
    • Anglia Ruskin BC | Facebook 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .'Of course not.'...'Don't like plays, only shows.'^ I don't want to sound like a broken record, but the presence those distinctive "Phoenician" haplotypes on the Y chromosome only tells us about a fraction of the descendants of Phoenicians.
    • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

    ^ 'Of course not.'...'Don't like plays, only shows.'
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But of course historians can only speculate what the world would have looked like if Britain had fallen.
    • The History of Britain 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.byfaith.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    .He meant musical comedies."^ He meant musical comedies."

    .(Vidal, Palimpsest, 206)
  • Discussing coronation ceremonies with Vidal, "I quickly moved on to...the moment when two masons appear and ask the newly crowned king for instructions as to his tomb.^ In 1936 newly crowned King Edward VIII causes a political storm when he abdicates to marry an American divorcée.
    • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom Political | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Commanding Heights : United Kingdom | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ George wore the newly-created Imperial Crown of India at the ceremony.
    • Wikijunior:Kings and Queens of England/The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A crown that appears to be a cross between these two was used on the 1870 flags of Newfoundland .
    • United Kingdom: Crowns on Flags 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.crwflags.com [Source type: Original source]

    'Masons? Masons! Yes. You one? I'm one. .But I've forgotten all the odds and ends.^ But I've forgotten all the odds and ends.

    Dull, really." (Vidal, Palimpsest, 206)

Around the World with the Prince of Wales

all quotations from Godfrey, Letters
.
  • Italy: "...they are indeed a repulsive nation these dagoes, both the men and the women & I'm just longing to quit them for good & all !!!"^ But it’s also Not All That, and I’m sick of seeing Spielberg’s ass kissed by every man, woman and child in creation when he *just isn’t that good a filmmaker.* Yes, he knows his craft.
    • Top 15 Greatest Epic History Movies - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A number of other proof coins are known, but these are all quite rare.

    ^ The men pursued and loved these women as intensely as they clawed to power and unleashed armies.
    • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

    .(18 September 1918)
  • Cologne, Germany: "Claud & I had a stroll in the centre of town afterwards & had great fun making the Hun men civilians get off the pavement for us ....^ September 1918) Cologne , Germany: "Claud & I had a stroll in the centre of town afterwards & had great fun making the Hun men civilians get off the pavement [sidewalk to Americans] for us ....

    ^ And in general, that they do not come as punishments, but purely as means to keep men from vice, and to make them better.—If it be so, surely they are great means.
    • Works of Jonathan Edwards, Volume One | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mr Kowalczyk explained that the town, which in 1918 was part of Germany, issued the death notice in accordance to German law.
    • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

    .It does one worlds of good to know how humiliating it must be for the Huns" (9 January 1919)
  • Quebec City, Canada: "A rotten priest-ridden community who are the completest passengers & who won't do their bit in anything & of course not during the war !!"^ How does One become a Royal?
    • Who did Princess Margaret Tudor marry after the King of Portugal? - Yahoo! Answers 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It does one worlds of good to know how humiliating it must be for the Huns" ( 9 January 1919) Quebec City, Canada: "A rotten priest-ridden community who are the completest passengers & who won't do their bit in anything & of course not during the war !!"

    ^ He was king during the Second World War.

    .(23 Aug 1919)
  • Qu'Appelle Valley, Saskatchewan, Canadian Indians: "I've told you what a foul decadent lazy crowd they are & what I think of them !!^ I think they've been nominally Anglican in the past, for political purposes, but have aways been regarded as an old, Catholic family.

    ^ In this case, I rather think they don’t, but that doesn’t change the fact that you made an illogical error there.
    • Top 15 Greatest Epic History Movies - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "You think you've heard these same excuses before?
    • History News Network 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

    .But this camp is pitched right inside an Indian reserve ...^ But this camp is pitched right inside an Indian reserve ...

    & we have hundreds of the mouldy local tribe camped around us" .(6 October 1919)
  • Barbados: "A proper bum island this Barbados....It's a unique sort of scenery, very ugly, & I didn't take much to the coloured population, who are revolting."^ October 1919) Barbados : "A proper bum island this Barbados....It's a unique sort of scenery, very ugly, & I didn't take much to the coloured population, who are revolting."

    ^ I very much take exception to the authors' negation of Macedonians.
    • The Name Game | Foreign Policy 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

    .(26-27 March 1920)
  • Panama: "...a deadly spot the end of the world almost....There are 20,000 British coloured people working on the canal...; they are mostly from Jamaica & smell too revolting for words....the Panamanians are a very queer people, all dagoes of course, though very pompous and dirty" (31 March - 1 April 1920)
  • Honolulu, Hawaii: (At a luau) "...a unique native stunt though the Hawaiian food we were made to eat was too revolting for words....One got rather tired of the native songs & longed for some of our tunes" (14 April 1920)
  • Outside Adelaide, Australia: "...they showed us some of the native aborigines at a wayside station in the great plain yesterday afternoon though they are the most revolting form of living creatures I've ever seen !!^ This made all of the incumbents very angry.
    • A United Kingdom and Ireland Trip 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC user.icx.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Almost 20,000 .
    • Test your knowledge of Britain's rich and varied past in our history quiz | Lifestyle | GMTV 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.gm.tv [Source type: General]

    ^ The only one I’ve seen is #3 xD .
    • Top 15 Greatest Epic History Movies - Listverse 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

    They are the lowest known form of human beings & are the nearest thing to monkeys I've ever seen" (11 July 1920)
  • Acapulco, Mexico: "...queer, dirty little dago town....The people are too revolting for words, super dagoes & some of them are quite black as a result of Spaniards inter-breeding with the Indians; & of course they only speak Spanish" (9 September 1920)

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Edward VIII of the United Kingdom Windsor 
Birth June 23, 1894 in Surrey "White Lodge, Municipal Borough of Richmond, Surrey, England"
Baptism: July 16, 1894 in "White Lodge, Municipal Borough of Richmond, Surrey, England"
Death: May 28, 1972 in Paris, France
Burial: June 1, 1972 in "Frogmore, Berkshire, England"
Father: George V of the United Kingdom (1865-1936)
Mother: Victoria Mary of Teck (1867-1953)
Wife: Bessie Wallis Warfield (1896-1986)
Wedding: June 1, 1937 in France "Château de Candé, near Tours, France"
Sex:
AFN # 9GBV-DX
Edit facts
.Edward VIII of the United Kingdom Windsor was born 23 June 1894 in Surrey to George V of the United Kingdom (1865-1936) and Victoria Mary of Teck (1867-1953) and died 28 May 1972 in Paris, at the age of 77 years of throat cancer.^ Edward VIII 1936 .
  • Kings and Queens of Scotland, England and France 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.rampantscotland.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Edward VIII of the United Kingdom anonymous - March 12th, 2009 .
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? What is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Where is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Definition of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. Meaning of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ George VI of the United Kingdom was born .
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: Reference]

.Edward VIII of the United Kingdom married Bessie Wallis Warfield 1 June 1937 in France.^ Edward VIII of the United Kingdom anonymous - March 12th, 2009 .
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? What is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Where is Edward VIII of the United Kingdom? Definition of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. Meaning of Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King Edward VIII of Britain abdicated to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson.
  • Daily Bible Study - A Vision Of God's Kingdom 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.keyway.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Edward VII of the United Kingdom was born .
  • When's who - A timeline of history makers 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC whenswho.redgolpe.com [Source type: Reference]

.Before his accession to the throne, Edward VIII held the titles of Prince Edward of York, Prince Edward of Cornwall and York, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, and Prince of Wales (all with the style Royal Highness).^ From then on, all heirs to the British throne have held the title of the Prince of Wales.
  • The Isle of Influence - Scotland and Wales 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.white-history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not every king has automatically been Prince of Wales before their accession .
  • Prince of Wales@Everything2.com 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before his accession to the throne, Edward VIII held the titles of Prince Edward of York, Prince Edward of Cornwall and York, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, and Prince of Wales (all with the style Royal Highness).
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, Nobility and Country Leader - News - Evri 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

.As a young man, he served in World War I, undertook several foreign tours on behalf of his father, and was associated with a succession of older, married women.^ As a young man, he served in World War I, undertook several foreign tours on behalf of his father, and was associated with a succession of older, married women.
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, Nobility and Country Leader - News - Evri 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

^ His father died in the first world war.

^ George VI - 1936 - 1952 - Second World War (1939-1945) married Queen Elizabeth, Queen Mother.
  • The History of Britain 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.totaltravel.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After his abdication, he reverted to the style of a son of the Sovereign, The Prince Edward, and was created Duke of Windsor on 8 March 1937.^ After his abdication, he reverted to the style of a son of the Sovereign, The Prince Edward, and was created Duke of Windsor on 8 March 1937.
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, Nobility and Country Leader - News - Evri 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1937, Edward was created Duke of Windsor and married Wallis Simpson in a ceremony in France.
  • History of the Monarchy > The House of Windsor > Edward VIII 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.royal.gov.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After his abdication he reverted to the style of a son of the sovereign and was created Duke of Windsor .
  • Edward VIII Of The United Kingdom Duke King Prince Simpson 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.economicexpert.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During World War II, he was at first stationed with the British Military Mission to France, but after private accusations that he held pro-Nazi sympathies, was moved to the Bahamas as Governor and Commander-in-Chief.^ Following the end of World War II, Edward was no longer the Governor of the Bahamas.
  • Edward & Mrs. Simpson (1978) 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.vernonjohns.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1940, during the Second World War, the Duke became governor of the Bahamas.
  • Royalty.nu - Edward VIII and Wallis Simpson, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.royalty.nu [Source type: General]

^ Coast Defense and old Destroyers during World War II .
  • United Kingdom / Britain Naval Guns 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.navweaps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the war, he was never given another official appointment, and spent the remainder of his life in retirement.^ After the war, he was never given another official appointment, and spent the remainder of his life in retirement.
  • Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, Nobility and Country Leader - News - Evri 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: General]

^ After the war, the couple returned once again to France in Neuilly near Paris, where they spent much of the remainder of their lives essentially in retirement, as the Duke never occupied another professional role after his wartime governorship of the Bahamas.

^ He was appointed Governor of the Bahamas , a post he held until after the war ended in 1945, when the couple retired to France, where they spent much of the remainder of their lives.
  • Edward VIII - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Citations and remarks

‡ General
  • wikipedia:en:Edward VIII of the United Kingdom

Contributors

 

This article uses material from the "Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (1894-1972)" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Edward VIII
Edward as Prince of Wales, in Ottawa, Ontario Canada, 1919
King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, Emperor of India (more...)
Reign 20 January 1936 –11 December 1936
Predecessor George V
Successor George VI
Prime Ministers
Consort (post-abdication)
Wallis Warfield
Full name
Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David
House House of Windsor
Father George V
Mother Mary of Teck
Born 23 June 1894
White Lodge, Richmond, Surrey, England
Died 28 May 1972
4 Rue du Champ d'Entraînement, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Paris, France
Burial 5 June 1972
Frogmore, Berkshire

Edward VIII (born Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David Wettin, June 23, 1894 - May 28, 1972) was King of the United Kingdom from January 20, 1936 until December 11, 1936. Edward was born in White Lodge, Richmond Park, London.

Edward abdicated (resigned) the throne because he wanted to marry the American Wallis Simpson. Simpson had been married twice before. As King, he was Head of the Church of England and the Church did not support divorce at the time. After abdicating as king, he was Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor.

As King, he was head of all of the British Orders of Chivalry. After he abdicated, his brother, King George VI made him a member of all of the orders again. This made Edward the world record holder as the person with the most post-nominal letters (letters after the name)

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