The Full Wiki

More info on Efígie da República

Efígie da República: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brazilian real coin
Portuguese 50 centavos coin, in use until 1968

The Efígie da República (Portuguese for Effigy of the Republic) is used as a national personification, both, in Brazil and in Portugal, symbolizing the Republic.


The effigy is a representation of a young woman wearing a crown of bay leaves in Roman style. It is present in allegoric paintings and sculptures displayed in government buildings throughout Brazil, and engraved on Brazilian real coins and banknotes. It was first used as a pro-Republican icon in the 19th century, inspired by France's Marianne. After the proclamation of the Republic in 1889, it became an important symbol of the newly formed Republic.


The Portuguese Efígie da República is represented as a young woman wearing the phrygian cap, modeled after the Liberty of Eugène Delacroix' Liberty Leading the People. As a national distinction, the Portuguese Republic is represented wearing green and red clothes.

The Efígie da República was adopted as a Portuguese State official symbol after 5 October 1910, when the Republic substituted the Monarchy in Portugal. Before that, it was used as a political symbol by the Portuguese republicans. Later, the sculpture of Simões de Almeida, representing the Bust of the Republic became the standard for official use. A reproduction of the Bust of the Republic had to be present, in prominence, in all public buildings and was also present, as an effigy, in the escudo coins. It was considered, by the new republican regime, as a national symbol of Portugal, like the national coat of arms or the national flag.

Although the intention that the Efígie da República become considered as the personification of the own Portuguese Nation, it never gained popularity as that. Usually it remained seen only as the personification of the republican regimen and not as a national symbol. Very used in the first half of the 20th century, today, its use is rare.




Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address