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Eggerthella
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Class: Actinobacteria
Order: Coriobacteriales
Family: Coriobacteriaceae
Genus: Eggerthella
Species

Eggerthella hongkongensis
Eggerthella lenta
Eggerthella sinensis

Eggerthella is a bacterial genus of Actinobacteria, in the family Coriobacteriaceae. Members of this genus are anaerobic, non-sporulating, non-motile, Gram-positive bacilli that grow singly, as pairs, or in short chains. They are found in the human colon and feces and have been implicated as a cause of ulcerative colitis, liver and anal abscesses and systemic bacteremia.[1][2]

The type strain for this genus, Eggerthella lenta, was known as Eubacterium lentum prior to 1999.[3][4] The genus is named for Arnold Eggerth, who first described the organism in 1935.[5]

References

  1. ^ Lau, S. K.P.; P. C.W. Woo, A. M.Y. Fung, K.M. Chan, G. K.S. Woo and K.Y. Yuen (2004). "Anaerobic, non-sporulating, Gram-positive bacilli bacteraemia characterized by 16S rRNA gene sequencing". J. Med. Microbiol. 53 (Pt 12): 1247–1253. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.45803-0. PMID 15585505. http://jmm.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/53/12/1247#H8-12.  
  2. ^ Lau, S.K.; P.C. Woo, G.K. Woo, A.M. Fung, M.K. Wong, K.M. Chan, D.M. Tam and K.Y. Yuen (2004). "Eggerthella hongkongensis sp. nov. and Eggerthella sinensis sp. nov., two novel Eggerthella species, account for half of the cases of Eggerthella bacteremia". Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 49 (4): 255–263. doi:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2004.04.012. PMID 15313530.  
  3. ^ Kageyama, A.; Y. Benno and T. Nakase (1999). "Phylogenetic evidence for the transfer of Eubacterium lentum to the genus Eggerthella as Eggerthella lenta gen. nov., comb. nov". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 49: 1725–1732. doi:10.1099/00207713-49-4-1725. PMID 10555354. http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/49/4/1725.  
  4. ^ Moore, W. E. C; E.P. Cato and L.V. Holdeman (1971). "Eubacterium lentum (Eggerth) Prevot 1938: emendation of description and designation of the neotype strain". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 21: 299–303.  
  5. ^ Eggerth, A. (September 1935). "The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human faeces". J. Bacteriol. 30 (3): 277–299. PMID 16559837. PMC 543656. http://jb.asm.org/cgi/reprint/30/3/277.pdf.  

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