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Founded 1932 (as Misr Airwork)
Hubs Cairo International Airport
Focus cities Borg El Arab Airport
Hurghada International Airport
Luxor International Airport
Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport
Frequent flyer program EgyptAir Plus
Alliance Star Alliance
Fleet size 65 (+ 22 orders and 3 options)
Destinations 76
Company slogan Enjoy The Sky
Parent company EgyptAir Holding Company
Headquarters Cairo, Egypt
Key people Mr. Hussein Massoud (Chairman & CEO of EgyptAir Holding Company)
Captain Alaa Ashour (Chairman & CEO)
Capt. Safy (Chairman & CEO of EgyptAir Express)

EgyptAir (Arabic: مصر للطيران, Miṣr liṬ-Ṭayārān) is the flag carrier airline of the Arab Republic of Egypt and a member of Star Alliance. The airline is based at Cairo International Airport, its main hub, operating scheduled passenger and freight services to more than 70 destinations in the Middle East, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. An extensive network of domestic services is focused on Cairo, Egypt's capital.

EgyptAir is Africa's largest airline, and joined the Star Alliance on 11 July 2008. Its has its headquarters in the EgyptAir Administerial Complex in Cairo.[1]

The airline's logo is Horus, the sky deity in ancient Egyptian mythology, usually depicted as a falcon or a man with the head of a falcon. The airline has taken Horus as its logo because of it ancient symbolism as a "winged god of the sun".



EgyptAir is a state-owned company with special legislation permitting the management to operate as if the company were privately owned without any interference from the government. The company is self-financing without any financial backing by the Egyptian government.

The airline underwent a major corporate re-engineering in 2002, when its structure was changed from a governmental organization into a holding company with subsidiaries. The move coincided with establishment of the Egyptian Minister of Civil Aviation and the government's ambitious strategy to modernize and upgrade its airports and airline. The airline was given the right to operate without any interference from the government and the duty to do so without any financial backing

EgyptAir wholly owns EgyptAir Express and Air Sinai. The airline has stakes in Air Cairo (60%) and Smart Aviation Company (20%). As of June 2007, the EgyptAir Holding Company had 20,734 employees of which 7,600 worked in EgyptAir Airlines (the airline subsidiary of the group).[2]

In 2004, EgyptAir became the first IOSA certified airline in Africa. In 2006, Skytrax, the UK-based airline consultancy service, rated EgyptAir as a "3 Star Quality Certified Airline".

In 2007, EgyptAir's passenger traffic increased by 21% to 7.8 million passengers.[3]

The airline launched a regional subsidiary called EgyptAir Express with a fleet of new Embraer E-170 jets. The carrier links Cairo with Sharm El-Sheikh, Hurghada, Luxor, Aswan, Marsa Alam, Abu Simbel and Alexandria (Egypt) in addition to secondary regional destinations to complement the parent company's pattern of service. In June 2009 the subsidiary received the last of the 12 Embraer E-170 aircraft on order.

Airbus A330-200 in 1996-2008 livery at takeoff

The EgyptAir Holding Company has recorded substantial profits in past years, reaching US$170 million during the 2007/2008 financial year. This is fortified by huge assets of more than US$3.8 billion. The airline's financial year is from July to June. [4] For the fiscal year ending 31 July 2007, EgyptAir achieved a record total revenue of US$1,143 billion. Total group revenue grew by 14%, as compared with the previous year.

In early 2007, the airline partnered with the Egyptian Ministry of Civil Aviation and 'Egyptian Holding Company for Airports & Air Navigation' to form a new corporate airline, Smart Aviation Company, based at Cairo Airport.

EgyptAir planes at Cairo International Airport

On October 16, 2007 the Chief Executive Board of Star Alliance voted to accept EgyptAir as a future member. The airline had already forged commercial and cooperative agreements with several members of the Star Alliance by then, including Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, Austrian Airlines, Thai Airways International, Swiss International Airlines, South African Airways, Turkish Airlines and bmi. Nine months after being invited as a future member (a record time by any airline joining an alliance), EgyptAir became the 21st member of Star Alliance in a ceremony held in Cairo on 11 July 2008.

In 2008, EgyptAir's passenger traffic increased by 6% to 8.2 million passengers.[3]

In 2009, EgyptAir's operations at its Cairo International Airport hub (where it holds 61% of the airport's departure slots) were notably overhauled due to the inauguration of the new Terminal 3 in April 2009. The airline transferred all its operations (international and domestic) to the new terminal that has more than doubled the airport's capacity. Under the Star Alliance “Move Under One Roof” concept at Cairo Airport, all Star Alliance member carriers serving Cairo, have moved to the new Terminal 3. In February 2010 the airline also overhauled operations at its Alexandria base by transferring all operations from the older facilities at Alexandria International Airport to the brand new airport in Borg El Arab Airport.

During the 2009 Paris Airshow, the airline announced a new venture with US lessor Aviation Capital Group (ACG) and other Egyptian private and public shareholders to establish a leasing joint venture focusing on the Middle East and Northern Africa region. The new joint venture - named Civil Aviation Finance and Operating Leases (CIAF-Leasing) will initially focus on narrowbody aircraft.

On 10 March 2010 the airline took delivery of its largest aircraft, the Boeing 777-300ER in Cairo Airport, with a seat capacity of 346. The aircraft is equipped with a new on-board product and the largest business cabin to-date. This is the first aircraft to enter the fleet on an operating leasee (from GECAS). All other mainline aircraft are owned. The airline will initially operate the aircraft on London Heathrow from 15 March 2010 and Tokyo Narita from 02 May 2010 as the fleet of aircraft grows. The airline will also receive another new aircraft type, the Airbus A330-300, in August 2010 which will be used on the European and Middle Eastern services.

The carrier is a founding member of Arabesk Airline Alliance and the Arab Air Carriers Organization.

EgyptAir Holding Company

Airbus A330-200 lands

The EgyptAir Holding Company was created in 2002 with seven companies (two were added at later dates):

  • EgyptAir Airlines
  • EgyptAir Maintenance & Engineering (EASA Part 145 Certified)
  • EgyptAir Ground Services
  • EgyptAir Cargo
  • EgyptAir In-flight Services
  • EgyptAir Tourism & Duty Free Shops
  • EgyptAir Medical Services
  • EgyptAir Supplementary Industries Company (formed in 2006)
  • EgyptAir Express (launched in June 2007)

The three carriers (EgyptAir Airlines, EgyptAir Express & EgyptAir Cargo) operate under the same AOC but are managed separately and have their own P&L accounts.


Egyptair A321

The airline has stakes in


In 2009, EgyptAir launched services to Abuja, Almaty, Catania, Dar es Salaam, Sharq Al-Owainat and Taba.


The EgyptAir fleet has an average age of 5.2 years and consists of the following aircraft (at March 2010): [5]

EgyptAir Fleet
Aircraft In
Airbus A320-200 13 0 145 (-/16/129)
144 (-/10/134)
171 (-/-/171)
5 in the 145-seat configuration
7 in the 144-seat configuration
1 in the 171-seat configuration (operating domestic flights only)
Airbus A321-200 4 0 185 (-/10/175)
Airbus A330-200 7 (3) 268 (-/24/244) Aircraft to be reconfigured with new interiors from 2011
Airbus A330-300 0 8 296 (-/36/260) New business class featuring full lie-flat beds
New economy cabins will be equipped with PTV
Deliveries: From August 2010 - 2014
Airbus A340-200 3 0 260 (12/24/224) Fleet to be gradually retired from 2010
Boeing 737-500 4 0 104 (-/8/96) SU-GBK operates Air Sinai flights
1 to exit service in 2010
Boeing 737-800 12 8 160 (-/16/144)
144 (-/24/120)
4 in the 160-seat configuration (to be reconfigured to 144-seats from 2011)
8 in the 144-seat configuration
Deliveries: 3x 2010 (from September 2010), 2x 2011 and 2x 2010 (by August 2012).
Boeing 777-200ER 5 0 319 (12/21/286) 3 aircraft to be retired from April 2010 (2 to Transaero Airlines)
Boeing 777-300ER 1 5 346 (-/49/297) Deliveries: 3x 2010 (April, Noverember and December) and 2x 2011
All leased from GECAS
New business class featuring full lie-flat beds
New economy cabins will be equipped with PTV
Total 49 21 (+3) Last updated: March 2010
EgyptAir Express Fleet
Aircraft In
Embraer E-170 12 76 (-/-/76) Operating for EgyptAir Express
Total 12 Last updated: March 2010
EgyptAir Cargo Fleet
Aircraft Total Orders
Cargo Capacity
Airbus A300B4-203F 2 96,000 Operating for EgyptAir Cargo
Aircraft to be phased out in 2010
Airbus A300-600RF 2 1 97,000 Operating for EgyptAir Cargo
Additional leased aircraft to arrive in 2010
Total 4 1 Last updated: March 2010

As of March 2010, the EgyptAir Holding Company fleet (which includes EgyptAir Airlines, EgyptAir Express and EgyptAir Cargo) stood at 65 (+ 22 orders and 3 options).

The airline will receive a total of 10 new aircraft in 2010. This includes the introduction of 2 new aircraft types; the Boeing 777-300ER (from March 2010) and the Airbus A330-300 (from August 2010).

As part of the airline's fleet renewal programme, EgyptAir has agreed an exclusive agreement with DVB's Aviation Asset Management (subsidiary of Germany's DVB Bank) to re-market 3 of its 5 oldest Boeing 777-200ERs (SU-GBP/R/S) and all 3 Airbus A340-200s. Two of the former (SU-GBP/R) will leave the fleet in April 2010 and join Transaero Airlines. All aircraft involved were delivered new to the airline in 1997.

Furthermore, EgyptAir wet leases additional aircraft to meet peak season passenger demand such as during the summer, during Ramadan and for special Hajj and Umrah operations.

Code Share Agreements

EgyptAir has code-share agreements with the following airlines (updated: January 2010)[6]:

List of Codeshares
Airline Airport & City Country Alliance & Notes
Air China Beijing Capital International Airport, Beijing
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Guangzhou
People's Republic of China People's Republic of China Star Alliance
AIr China places its code on EgyptAir's services from Cairo to Beijing and Guangzhou
Asiana Incheon International Airport, Seoul South Korea South Korea Star Alliance
Code sharing via respective carriers' flights to Kansai International Airport and Narita International Airport
Austrian Airlines Vienna International Airport, Vienna

The following are via Vienna Airport:
Austria Austria Star Alliance
bmi London Heathrow Airport, London

The following are via Heathrow Airport:

The following are via Cairo Airport:

United Kingdom United Kingdom Star Alliance
Brussels Airlines Brussels Airport, Brussels Belgium Belgium Star Alliance
Gulf Air Bahrain International Airport, Bahrain Bahrain Bahrain
Lufthansa Frankfurt Airport, Frankfurt
Munich Airport, Munich
Germany Germany Star Alliance
Olympic Airlines Athens International Airport, Athens Greece Greece Code share from Alexandria's El Nouzha Airport only
Singapore Airlines Singapore Changi Airport, Singapore

The following are via Changi Airport:
Singapore Singapore Star Alliance
Spanair Barcelona El Prat Airport, Barcelona
Barajas Airport, Madrid

The following are via Barajas Airport or El Prat Airport:
Spain Spain Star Alliance
Spanair places its code on EgyptAir's services from Cairo to Barcelona and Madrid
South African Airways OR Tambo International Airport, Johannesburg South Africa South Africa Star Alliance
Swiss International Airlines Geneva International Airport, Geneva
Kloten Airport, Zurich
Switzerland Switzerland Star Alliance
TAP Portugal Portela Airport, Lisbon Portugal Portugal Star Alliance
Thai Airways International Suvarnabhumi Airport, Bangkok Thailand Thailand Star Alliance
Tunis Air Carthage Airport, Tunis Tunisia Tunisia
Turkish Airlines Atatürk International Airport, Istanbul Turkey Turkey Star Alliance
United Airlines John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York

The following are via Heathrow Airport:

The following are via John F. Kennedy Airport:

United States of America United States Star Alliance
Yemenia Aden International Airport, Aden
Hodeida International Airport, Hodeida
Sana'a International Airport, Sana'a
Ta'izz International Airport, Ta'izz
Yemen Yemen MS code placed on IY operated flights to ADE, HOD & TAI

IY code placed on MS operated flights to SAH

Incidents and accidents

  • On 23 November 1985, EgyptAir Flight 648 operated by a Boeing 737 was hijacked to Malta Airport by three men from the Abu Nidal terrorist group. Omar Rezaq was among them. After several hours of negotiations, Egyptian troops stormed the aircraft and battled with the hijackers, who threw several hand grenades and shot / killed five Israeli and US passengers. The aircraft was severely damaged by the explosions and fire. Two of the six crew members and 59 of the 90 passengers were killed[14].
  • On 31 October 1999, EgyptAir Flight 990, a Boeing 767 flying between New York City and Cairo, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Nantucket. The relief first officer of the flight, Gameel Al-Batouti, was suspected by U.S. authorities of committing suicide and intentionally crashing the plane. Egyptian officials have strongly disputed that claim.[15].
  • On 7 May 2002, EgyptAir Flight 843, a Boeing 737-500, crashed into terrain in heavy rain, fog, and a sandstorm on its approach to Tunis, Tunisia, killing 15 of 64 occupants[16].


  1. ^ "Egyptair." Arab Air Carriers organization. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International: p. 76. 2007-04-03. 
  3. ^ a b [1]
  4. ^ NTSB Group Chairman's Factual Report, January 18, 2000
  5. ^ "EgyptAir– Details and Fleet History". Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  6. ^ "EgyptAir Code Share Partners". 2007-1. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  7. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "The "Suez Crisis", 1956". Air Combat Information Group. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  9. ^ "12(B) Sqn History". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  10. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  11. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 6 October 2009. 
  12. ^ "Egyptair disasters". Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  13. ^ "EgyptAir 864". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  14. ^ "1985: Commandos storm hijacked plane". Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  15. ^ "EgyptAir Flight 990 Accident Information". 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  16. ^ "Flight Safety Australia July/August 2002" (PDF– Globewatch). Civil Aviation Safety Authority. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 

External links



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