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Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty: Wikis

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The 1979 Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty (Arabic: معاهدة السلام المصرية الإسرائيلية‎, Mu`āhadat as-Salām al-Masrīyah al-'Isrā'īlīyah; Hebrew: הסכם השלום בין ישראל למצרים‎, Heskem HaShalom Bein Yisrael LeMitzrayim) was signed in Washington, DC on 26 March 1979, following the 1978 Camp David Accords. The main features of the treaty were the mutual recognition of each country by the other, the cessation of the state of war that had existed since the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the complete withdrawal by Israel of its armed forces and civilians from the rest of the Sinai Peninsula which Israel had captured during the Six-Day War in 1967. The agreement also provided for the free passage of Israeli ships through the Suez Canal and recognition of the Strait of Tiran, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Taba - Rafah straits as international waterways.

Contents

Compliance

On 18 May 1981, the President of the UN Security Council indicated that the United Nations would be unable to provide an observation force, due to the threat of a veto of the motion by the Soviet Union. As a result of the United Nations Security Council impasse, Egypt, Israel and the United States opened negotiations to set up a peacekeeping organization outside the framework of the UN. On 3 August 1981, the Protocol to the Treaty of Peace was signed, establishing the Multinational Force and Observers.[1] This observation force monitors the Parties to the treaty compliance to the terms of the treaty.

Importance

  • The agreement notably made Egypt the first Arab country to officially recognize Israel.
  • The peace treaty was signed sixteen months after Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's visit to Israel in 1977 after intense negotiation.

Consequences

This treaty was welcomed with controversy. The Arab nations, and especially the Palestinians, condemned it and considered it as a stab in the back. PLO Leader Yasser Arafat said "Let them sign what they like. False peace will not last."[2] On the other hand, the treaty led both Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to share the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for bringing peace between the two nations. However, Anwar Sadat became unpopular in the Arab circle as well as within his own country. His unpopularity grew, leading to his assassination on 6 October 1981 by members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad.[3]

See also

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Arab-Israeli peace diplomacy and treaties

References

  1. ^ 10 Tactical Air Group: Canadian Contingent Multinational Force and Observers Handbook (unclassified), page A-1. DND, Ottawa, 1986.
  2. ^ 1979: Israel and Egypt shake hands on peace deal BBC News
  3. ^ Palestine facts, What was the Israel-Egypt Peace Agreement of 1979? Palestine Facts

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