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A view of the pyramids at Giza from the plateau to the south of the complex.
^ The Giza pyramid field, viewed from the south-west.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ View of the Pyramids at Giza, as seen from the south.
  • Building the Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.dignubia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This pyramid dominates the plateau of Giza.
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From right to left are the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Pyramid of Menkaure.^ The Egyptian Pyramids at Giza (L to R: The Great Pyramid of Khufu, The Pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure) .
  • Egyptian Pyramids: History, Photographs: Architecture of Ancient Egypt 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.visual-arts-cork.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Ancient Egyptian engineers were intelligent and innovative having built four Pyramids at least without using ramps, those of Pharaohs Sneferu (Red Pyramid), Khufu, Khafre & Menkaure.
  • Rampless theory solves mystery of how ancient Egyptian pyramids were built 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.haitheory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The middle pyramid built by Khafra is actually half a metre (2 ft) smaller than its neighbor, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, built on higher ground it appears to dominate the plateau.
  • Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.sis.gov.eg [Source type: Original source]

The three smaller pyramids in the foreground are subsidiary structures associated with Menkaure's pyramid.
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A view of the Pyramid of Khafre from the Sphinx.
.The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt.^ Antiques,ancient,egypt production,egypt pyramids .
  • egyptian pyramids | egyptian symbols 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC egyptian12.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are numerous structures which have/had the shape of a pyramid.
  • Rediscover Ancient Egypt - The Egyptian Pyramids at Giza, Sakkara, Dahshur, and Meidum 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egypt-tehuti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ How are ancient egyptian pyramids excavated?
  • WikiAnswers - What was inside Ancient egyptian pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.There are 138 pyramids discovered in Egypt as of 2008.[1][2] Most were built as tombs for the country's Pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.^ The pyramids of Giza were not the first built in Egypt.

^ The pyramid was built over a 20-year period as a tomb for Pharaoh Cheops.
  • Egyptian pyramids - Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.travelblog.org [Source type: General]

^ Pyramids are tombs built for Egypt’s pharaohs.
  • Egyptian Pyramids | Essays & Term Papers Online 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: General]

[3][4] [5]
.The earliest known Egyptian pyramid is the Pyramid of Djoser which was built during the third dynasty.^ The Egyptian pyramids were first built in 27...
  • Questions about Egyptian Pyramids - Ask.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ AF14 AJE0009 Step pyramid at Saqqara, one of the earliest Egyptian pyramids, built during the Third Dynasty (27th century BC).
  • Danita Delimont Stock Photography - Image Search 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.danitadelimont.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AF14 AJE0003 Step pyramid at Saqqara, one of the earliest Egyptian pyramids, built during the Third Dynasty (27th century BC).
  • Danita Delimont Stock Photography - Image Search 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.danitadelimont.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This pyramid and its surrounding complex were designed by the architect Imhotep, and are generally considered to be the world's oldest monumental structures constructed of dressed masonry.^ This pyramid and its surrounding complex were designed by the architect Imhotep, and are generally considered to be the world's oldest monumental structures constructed of dressed masonry.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the oldest standing structure in the world.
  • Egyptian Pyramids, Temples, Mosques, Phillip Colla Natural History Photography 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.oceanlight.com [Source type: General]

^ The pyramid was designed by Imhotep as a tomb for the King.
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

.The best known Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo.^ The best known Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Best free egyptian pyramid downloads.
  • Best free egyptian pyramid downloads. Egyptian themed Aussie style slot machines. Egypt Themed Aussie style slot machines. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.freedownloadmanager.org [Source type: General]

^ The largest of the Egyptian pyramids is known as what?
  • http://vygotsky.ced.appstate.edu/lib5140/Yadkinville%20Fall%202008%20Student%20Folders/JoyceCrystal/Ancient%20Egyptian%20Culture%20Webquest.htm 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC vygotsky.ced.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several of the Giza pyramids are counted among the largest structures ever built.^ The pyramids of Giza were not the first built in Egypt.

^ The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest ever built of Egyptian pyramids.

^ Several of the Giza pyramids are counted among the largest structures ever built.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid.^ The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest ever built of Egyptian pyramids.

^ The largest pyramid in Egypt is the one built for King Khufu, in Giza.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Pyramid of Khufu is the largest of the three Egyptian pyramids at Giza.
  • Egypt Pyramids, Egypt Pyramid, Egyptian Pyramids, Egyptian Pyramid, Ancient Egypt Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nilerivercruise.com [Source type: General]

.It is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence.^ The ancient Greeks named the pyramids one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and today they are the only one of those wonders that still exists.

^ Khufus pyramid, known as the Great Pyramid, is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World that still exists.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the wonders of Ancient Egypt is the sphinx.

Contents

Pyramid symbolism

.
Diagram of the interior structures of the Great Pyramid.
^ The Great Pyramid at Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu and the "Pyramid of Cheops") is 147 meters high, and was the tallest man-made structure in the world for more than 3,200 years.
  • Egyptian Pyramids: History, Photographs: Architecture of Ancient Egypt 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.visual-arts-cork.com [Source type: Reference]

^ So, although we have just started to understand the measurements and messages contained within this structure, the Great Pyramid of Giza has been called "the center of measurement and enlightment (knowledge)" for centuries.
  • Inside the Great Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.europa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The end tomb, Khufu's, which is often referred to as "The Great Pyramid," just by itself is an impressive structure.
  • Kings Park Elementary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The inner line indicates the pyramid's present profile, the outer line indicates the original profile.
.The shape of Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the earth was created.^ What is the shape of Egyptian pyramid ?
  • Questions about Egyptian Pyramid - Ask.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ The shape of Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the earth was created.
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

^ The shape of Egyptian pyramids denote the primal mound from which the Earth is believed to have originated.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The shape of a pyramids is thought to be representative of the descending rays of the sun, and most pyramids were faced with polished, highly reflective white limestone, in order to give them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance.^ Originally, the Great Pyramid The Great Pyramid Decoded was covered with highly polished limestones that reflected the sunlight.
  • Great Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.plim.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The shape is also thought to be representative of the descending rays of the sun, and most pyramids were faced with polished, highly reflective white limestone, in order to give them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

^ Most pyramids had polished and highly reflective faces made out of white limestone.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pyramids were often also named in ways that referred to solar luminescence.^ Pyramids were often also named in ways that referred to solar luminescence.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

^ The Egyptians often named the pyramids in ways referring to sunlight.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The three pyramids were built during the Fourth Dynasty by Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure (often given the Greek forms of their names: Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus).
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, the formal name of the Bent Pyramid at Dahshur The Southern Shining Pyramid, and that of Senwosret at el-Lahun was Senwosret is Shining.^ The Bent Pyramid is located in Dahshur, which sits roughly 50 miles south of Cairo, and is believed to have been built by the Pharaoh Sneferu.
  • Egyptian Pyramid to Open to the Public | Gadling.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.gadling.com [Source type: News]

^ His name also occurs at a 5th dynasty pyramid and in tombs by his pyramid at Zawiyet el- Aryan.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

^ An example of this is the famous 'bent' pyramid, which started out with the sides being built at one angle, then suddenly shifts in the middle to a shallower angle.
  • Egyptian Pyramids Alien Gods UFOs Connection 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.netscientia.com [Source type: Original source]

.While it is generally agreed that pyramids were burial monuments, there is continued disagreement on the particular theological principles that might have given rise to them.^ While it is generally agreed that pyramids were burial monuments, there is continued disagreement on the particular theological principles that might have given rise to them.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

^ Pyramids are regarded as being burial monuments.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This structure was the first all stone monument and was, of course, the inspiration for the true pyramids that followed, culminating into the pyramids of Giza, and in particular the great pyramid of Khufu.

.One theory is that they were designed as a type of "resurrection machine."^ One theory is that they were designed as a type of "resurrection machine."
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

^ One theory is that they were designed as a type of "resurrection machine" [6] .
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Resurrection Machine     To understand the origins of the pyramids one must go back to the very beginning, the beginning of the world as the Egyptians saw it.
  • Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.sis.gov.eg [Source type: Original source]

[7]
.The Egyptians believed the dark area of the night sky around which the stars appear to revolve was the physical gateway into the heavens.^ These stars circled an unmoveable area which the Ancient Egyptians believed was heaven.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.king-tut.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Egyptians believed the dark area of the night sky around which the stars appear to revolve was the physical gateway into the heavens.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

^ The Egyptians had long observed a point in the sky around which all the stars appeared to rotate (the north celestial pole, today marked by the close proximity of the Pole Star) and believed the area to be an immortal place.
  • Who built the Egyptian Pyramids? 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thekeyboard.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.One of the narrow shafts that extends from the main burial chamber through the entire body of the Great Pyramid points directly towards the center of this part of the sky.^ Djoser was buried beneath the pyramid in a burial chamber, at the bottom of a 28m shaft.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similar shafts in the upper chamber pierce through the surface of the pyramid.
  • The Great Pyramid of Khufu - Guardian's Egypt - Guardian's AncientEgyptian Pyramid Primer 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.guardians.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pyramids served as burial chambers of the pharaohs.

.This suggests the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to magically launch the deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the gods.^ This suggests the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to magically launch the deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the gods.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian pyramids - Off Topic Chat 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forums.techarena.in [Source type: General]

^ The pyramids served as burial chambers of the pharaohs.

^ This idea gave rise to the Step Pyramid of Djoser, designed for Pharaoh Djoser during the 27th century B.C. It was believed to be a way along which the pharaohs soul would travel towards the heavens.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All Egyptian pyramids were built on the west bank of the Nile, which as the site of the setting sun was associated with the realm of the dead in Egyptian mythology.^ Who built the Egyptian Pyramids?
  • Who built the Egyptian Pyramids? 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thekeyboard.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ All are on the west bank 3 , as the Egyptians associated the Western Desert with the land of the dead.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Egyptian pyramids were first built in 27...
  • Questions about Egyptian Pyramids - Ask.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

[8]

Number and location of pyramids

.In 1842 Karl Richard Lepsius produced the first modern list of pyramids, in which he counted 67. A great many more have since been discovered.^ Lepsius in 1842 made a list of pyramids, which counted the number of pyramids at 67, but since his time more pyramids, has been discovered.

^ The Headless Pyramid, as Karl Richard Lepsius called it in 1842, was rediscovered in 2008.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1842 Karl Richard Lepsius made a list of pyramids , in which he counted 67, but more have been identified and discovered since his time.
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As of November 2008, 118 Egyptian pyramids have been identified.^ October, 2008 08:42:00 Font size: The Pyramids of Egypt which were the largest constructions ever built, represent the symbols of Ancient Egyptian civilization.
  • Egyptian Pyramids of Giza 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC info.newkerala.com [Source type: News]

^ On 16th November 2000, an interesting article on the dating of Egyptian pyramids was published by Nature magazine.
  • Giza PYRAMIDs  4u Egypt Learn Egyptian Arabic 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.4uarabicschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ March 29, 2008 — The Aztecs, Mayans and ancient Egyptians were three very different civilizations with one very large similarity: pyramids.
  • Questions about Egyptian Pyramid - Ask.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

[3]
.The location of Pyramid 29, which Lepsius called the "Headless Pyramid", was lost for a second time when the structure was buried by desert sands subsequent to Lepsius' survey.^ Lepsius in 1842 made a list of pyramids, which counted the number of pyramids at 67, but since his time more pyramids, has been discovered.

^ In 1842, German archaeologist Karl Richard Lepsius mentioned it among his finds at Saqqara, giving it number 29 and calling it the "Headless Pyramid" because its top was missing.
  • 'Missing Pyramid' Found by Egyptian Archaeologists - Science News | Science & Technology | Technology News - FOXNews.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]
  • 'Missing Pyramid' Found by Egyptian Archaeologists - Science News | Science & Technology | Technology News - FOXNews.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

^ In 1842, German archaeologist Karl Richard Lepsius mentioned Menkauhor's pyramid among his finds at Saqqara, calling it the "Headless Pyramid" because its top was missing, Hawass said.
  • Discovery News : Discovery Channel : Egypt Uncovers 'Missing' Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC dsc.discovery.com [Source type: General]

It was only found again during an archaeological dig conducted in 2008.[9]
.Many pyramids are in a poor state of preservation or buried by desert sands.^ The imprecise nature of the count is related to the fact that as many smaller pyramids are in a poor state of preservation and appear as little more than mounds of rubble, they are only now being properly identified and studied by archaeologists.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, many smaller pyramids are in a poor state of preservation and appear as little more than mounds ...
  • Questions about Egyptian Pyramid - Ask.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ A small adjacent satellite pyramid is in a better state of preservation.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If visible at all they may appear as little more than mounds of rubble.^ The imprecise nature of the count is related to the fact that as many smaller pyramids are in a poor state of preservation and appear as little more than mounds of rubble, they are only now being properly identified and studied by archaeologists.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Akhenaten City PLC The remains of the city of Pharoah Akhenaten lie as little more than rubble in an area of Egypt largely inaccessible to visitors.
  • World History Compass, Ancient Egyptian History and Archaeology 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is interesting is that the shape and size of the building are visible, with the walls still standing to a height of more than three feet.
  • San Francisco Sentinel » Blog Archives » HUGE STRUCTURE PRE-DATING EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS DISCOVERED IN SCOTLAND 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.sanfranciscosentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a consequence archaeologists are continuing to identify and study previously unknown pyramid structures.^ The imprecise nature of the count is related to the fact that as many smaller pyramids are in a poor state of preservation and appear as little more than mounds of rubble, they are only now being properly identified and studied by archaeologists.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why ancient Chinese used a hieroglyph Jin for describing a pyramid is continue to be unknown.
  • The Key to Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC world-pyramids.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I Larry Dean Hunter, am ready to reveal the location of a previously unknown and currently unopened chamber in the Great Pyramid of Giza to any responsible Antiquities Authority.
  • larryhunter.com/Egypt/Pyramid/Sphinx/Orion/Osiris/Sirius/Isis/Hall-of-Records 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.larryhunter.com [Source type: News]

.The most recent pyramid to be discovered is that of Queen Sesheshet, mother of 6th Dynasty Pharaoh Teti, located at Saqqara.^ Most pyramid complexes had satellite pyramids and queens pyramids.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

^ Queen's pyramid discovered .
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the recently discovered tombs at Saqqara.
  • Talking Pyramids: Ancient Egyptian Pyramids - News and information about Ancient Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.talkingpyramids.com [Source type: General]
  • Talking Pyramids: Ancient Egyptian Pyramids - News and information about Ancient Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.pyramidofman.com [Source type: General]

The discovery was announced by Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, on 11 November 2008.[4][10]
.All of Egypt's pyramids, except the small Third Dynasty pyramid of Zawyet el-Amwat (or Zawyet el-Mayitin), are sited on the west bank of the Nile, and most are grouped together in a number of pyramid fields.^ Giza: In Giza, the Pyramid of Khufu is found along with a number of small satellite edifices.
  • Egyptian Pyramids, Egyptian Pyramid Information 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.mapsofworld.com [Source type: News]

^ Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx.
  • Egyptian Casino Egyptian Gaming Egypt Egypt Directory Egyptian News and Information Media Man Australia 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.mediaman.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The Sphinx & the Pyramid The Sphinx & the Pyramid owe their association as the sphinx and the Great pyramids were built on the Giza Plateau, bordering the Sahara Desert, on the west bank of the Nile River, near modern-day Cairo.
  • Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.king-tut.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most important of these are listed geographically, from north to south, below.^ Most are grouped in a number of pyramid fields, the most important of which are listed geographically, from north to south, below.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unlike the Queen’s chamber though, these shafts go all the way to the exterior of the pyramid exiting high on the north and south faces.
  • Talking Pyramids: Ancient Egyptian Pyramids News 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.talkingpyramids.com [Source type: General]

^ The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.
  • The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.hunkler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Abu Rawash

The largely destroyed Pyramid of Djedefre
.Abu Rawash is the site of Egypt's most northerly pyramid (other than the ruins of Lepsius pyramid number one)[5]— the mostly ruined Pyramid of Djedefre, son and successor of Khufu.^ Abu Rawash- This is where Egypt’s northern most pyramid lies.
  • Pyramids of Egypt, Ancient Egyptian Pyramids – EncycloMedia.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.encyclomedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chephren is the son and successor of Khufu and Hensuten.
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ The largest pyramid in Egypt is the one built for King Khufu, in Giza.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

.Originally it was thought that this pyramid had never been completed, but the current archaeological consensus is that not only was it completed, but that it was originally about the same size as the Pyramid of Menkaure, which would have placed it among the half-dozen or so largest pyramids in Egypt.^ Originally it was thought that this pyramid had never been completed, but the current archaeological consensus is that not only was it completed, but that it was originally about the same size as the Pyramid of Menkaure , the third largest pyramid in Egypt.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In centuries past there were only legends about the pyramids in Egypt.
  • The Key to Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC world-pyramids.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What is the name of the largest pyramid in Egypt?

.Its location adjacent to a major crossroads made it an easy source of stone.^ Its location adjacent to a major crossroads made it an easy source of stone.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By placing rounded logs under the stone, crude wheels would have made the load easy to pull.
  • The UnMuseum - How to Build a Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.unmuseum.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Kings Park Elementary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Quarrying — which began in Roman times — has left little apart from about 15 courses of stone superimposed upon the natural hillock that formed part of the pyramid's core.^ If the two main pyramids at Dahshur are to be attributed to Snefru, and possibly a third pyramid at Meidum, it means that Snefru, in the course of his reign of 24 years, was responsible for the quarrying, transport, and dressing of several times the quantity of the Great Pyramid.
  • Rediscover Ancient Egypt - The Egyptian Pyramids at Giza, Sakkara, Dahshur, and Meidum 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egypt-tehuti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wooden hoists on notches left in the edge of the pyramid could have been used to turn blocks onto the next part of the internal ramp.
  • How to Build a Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.archaeology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The finding that the core stones of many pyramids become smaller near the top [but not the casing stones] is consistent with this technology.
  • Real life experiments that reveal the ancient art and techniques of building Egyptian pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.catchpenny.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A small adjacent satellite pyramid is in a better state of preservation.^ Giza: In Giza, the Pyramid of Khufu is found along with a number of small satellite edifices.
  • Egyptian Pyramids, Egyptian Pyramid Information 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.mapsofworld.com [Source type: News]

^ Also, many smaller pyramids are in a poor state of preservation and appear as little more than mounds ...
  • Questions about Egyptian Pyramid - Ask.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Another enigma, is the small satellite pyramid located to the south or southeast of the king's pyramid.

Giza

Map of Giza pyramid complex.
.Giza is the location of the Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the "Great Pyramid" and the "Pyramid of Cheops"); the somewhat smaller Pyramid of Khafre (or Kephren); the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinus), along with a number of smaller satellite edifices known as "Queen's pyramids"; and the Great Sphinx.^ Giza: In Giza, the Pyramid of Khufu is found along with a number of small satellite edifices.
  • Egyptian Pyramids, Egyptian Pyramid Information 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.mapsofworld.com [Source type: News]

^ Here is the interior of the Pyramid of Cheops, one of the three Great Pyramids at Giza.

^ Zoom into the Great Pyramids of Giza .
  • Pyramids of Precession 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of the three, only Khafre's pyramid retains part of its original polished limestone casing, near its apex.^ The second of the three pyramids at Giza is the PYRAMID OF KHAFRE .

^ It is the only pyramid at Giza that has any of its limestone casing left.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The top of Khafre's pyramid is the only place where original casing stones remain.
  • Links for 3e. Pyramids [Beyond Books - Ancient Civilizations] 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.beyondbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This pyramid appears larger than the adjacent Khufu pyramid by virtue of its more elevated location, and the steeper angle of inclination of its construction — it is, in fact, smaller in both height and volume.^ Chephren's pyramid is designed more modestly than Khufu's.
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ This pyramid appears larger than the adjacent Khufu pyramid by virtue of its more elevated location, and the steeper angle of inclination of its construction — it is, in fact, smaller in both height and volume.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This pyramid stands on a higher location on the plateau, and as a result it seems to be larger than Khufu’s pyramid.
  • Chapter 6: The Pyramid of Khafre - Answers in Genesis 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.answersingenesis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Giza Necropolis has been a popular tourist destination since antiquity, and was popularized in Hellenistic times when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.^ Khufus pyramid, known as the Great Pyramid, is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World that still exists.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

^ The pyramids of Egypt at Giza are the best preserved of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

^ It is one one of the original Seven Wonders of the World.
  • Who built the Egyptian Pyramids? 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thekeyboard.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Today it is the only one of those wonders still in existence.^ It is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence.
  • The Pyramid - Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.thepyramid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of all of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the only one which remains standing today is the Great Pyramid of Giza.
  • Questions about Egyptian Pyramids - Ask.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ The ancient Greeks named the pyramids one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and today they are the only one of those wonders that still exists.

Zawyet el-Aryan

.This site, halfway between Giza and Abu Sir, is the location for two unfinished Old Kingdom pyramids.^ Two Old Kingdom pyramids can be found here in the desert.
  • Egyptian pyramids - Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.travelblog.org [Source type: General]

^ The Pyramids of Giza are over 4500 years old.
  • The Pyramids of Giza - See the Pyramids and the tourist attractions around Giza. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.kenseamedia.com [Source type: General]
  • The Pyramids of Giza - See the Pyramids and the tourist attractions around Giza. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptpyramidshistory.com [Source type: General]

^ The pyramid age belongs to the Old Kingdom.
  • The Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.varchive.org [Source type: Original source]

.The northern structure's owner is believed to be the Pharaoh Nebka, whilst the southern structure is attributed to the Third Dynasty Pharaoh Khaba, also known as Hudjefa, successor to Sekhemkhet.^ This pyramid is based on the Great Pyramid of Giza, which is believed to be a tomb for the Fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu (aka Cheops).

^ The second pharaoh of dynasty five was Sahure and his deeds are rather well known from his well preserved pyr- amid complex at the new royal burial ground at Abusir.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

^ The names from the Abydos list At the temple of Seti I at Abydos (19th dynasty) five cartouches below hold the names of the pharaohs from the third dynasty.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

.Khaba's four-year tenure as pharaoh more than likely explains the similar premature truncation of his step pyramid.^ Khaba's four-year tenure as pharaoh more than likely explains the similar premature truncation of his step pyramid.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Pyramid may be more than just a passport to heaven for the pharaoh.
  • http://wrt-intertext.syr.edu/I2/graeff.html 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC wrt-intertext.syr.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Djoser was the first pharaoh to build a pyramid for his burial place.  Originally Inhopet, the designer, built a large Mastabas for Djoser.  On the Mastabas he then constructed a four step pyramid.

Today it is approximately twenty meters in height; had it been completed it is likely to have exceeded 40.

Abu Sir

The Pyramid of Sahure at Abu Sir, viewed from the pyramid's causeway.
.There are a total of fourteen pyramids at this site, which served as the main royal necropolis during the Fifth Dynasty.^ There are a total of 57 pyramids at this site, which served as the main royal necropolis during the fifth Dynasty.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Abu Sir: There are around 57 ancient Egyptian pyramids at this site and it is said that in the 5th dynasty, it was considered to be the major royal necropolis.
  • Egyptian Pyramids, Egyptian Pyramid Information 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.mapsofworld.com [Source type: News]

^ The Royal Egyptian Scarab From Halls Catalogue of Egyptian Scarabs, Etc., in the British Museum The flat under side of a scarab usually bears an inscription relating to the dynasty during which it was cut.
  • Egyptian 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.prs.org [Source type: Original source]

.The quality of construction of the Abu Sir pyramids is inferior to those of the Fourth Dynasty — perhaps signaling a decrease in royal power or a less vibrant economy.^ Pyramids of the fourth dynasty / Farid Atiya.

^ The pyramid itself was of inferior quality compared to the Giza constructions.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsequent fourth dynasty Pyramids were smaller, less accurate.
  • The Greatest Mystery of the Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC pymd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are smaller than their predecessors, and are built of low-quality local limestone.^ The pyramids at Giza are built on a limestone plateau, so they were higher than the Nile flood plain.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although slightly smaller than his father's pyramid, it is built on a slightly more elevated position and therefore gives the false impression of being bigger.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The next king was Djedefre’s brother Khafre, who returned to the Giza Plateau, where he built a huge pyramid only slightly smaller than Khufu’s.
  • Chapter 6: The Pyramid of Khafre - Answers in Genesis 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.answersingenesis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The three major pyramids are those of Niuserre (which is also the most intact), Neferirkare Kakai and Sahure.^ It houses 3 major pyramids of Neferirkare Kakai, Niuserre and Sahure.
  • Egyptian Pyramids, Egyptian Pyramid Information 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.mapsofworld.com [Source type: News]

^ The exteriors are badly damaged with pyramid GI-c being the most intact.
  • The Great Pyramid of Khufu - Guardian's Egypt - Guardian's AncientEgyptian Pyramid Primer 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.guardians.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ T he Great Pyramid of Khufu is by far the most famous Pyramid in Egypt, the biggest, tallest, and most intact.
  • Pyramids of Giza, Pyramids facts, The Sphinx, Egypt pyramids, pyramids of Egypt, 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ask-aladdin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The site is also home to the incomplete Pyramid of Neferefre. .All of the major pyramids at Abu Sir were built as step pyramids, although the largest of them — the Pyramid of Neferirkare Kakai — is believed to have originally been built as a step pyramid some 70 metres in height and then later transformed into a "true" pyramid by having its steps filled in with loose masonry.^ It may originally have been built as a step pyramid and later altered to have smooth sides.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The true pyramid evolved from the step pyramid and the step pyramid from the mastaba.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Step Pyramid at Saqqara is believed to be the oldest pyramid.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Saqqara

The Step Pyramid of Djoser
.Major pyramids located here include the Step Pyramid of Djoser — generally identified as the world's oldest substantial monumental structure to be built of finished stone — the Pyramid of Merykare, the Pyramid of Userkaf and the Pyramid of Teti.^ The Step Pyramid at Saqqara is believed to be the oldest pyramid.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Userkaf's tomb was built at Sakkara as a pyramid.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

^ Djoser's Step Pyramid is generally considered the first tomb in Egypt to be built entirely of stone.
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]
  • World History Compass, Ancient Egyptian History and Archaeology 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also at Saqqara is the Pyramid of Unas, which retains a pyramid causeway that is one of the best-preserved in Egypt.^ Saqqara is best known for the Step Pyramid , the oldest of Egypt's pyramids.
  • Egyptian pyramids - Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.travelblog.org [Source type: General]

^ Egyptian hieroglyphics, Saqqara pyramid, Egypt .
  • Egyptian Images and Stock Photos. 10600 Egyptian photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ The following are some people associated with "Pyramid Texts" Unas (king of Egypt) Places .
  • Pyramid Texts (Egyptian religion) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This pyramid was also the subject of one of the earliest known restoration attempts, conducted by a son of Ramesses II.^ The texts, inscribed on the walls of the inner chambers of pyramids, are found at Ṣaqqārah in several 5th- and 6th-dynasty pyramids, of which that of Unas , last king of the 5th dynasty, is the earliest known.
  • Pyramid Texts (Egyptian religion) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus the Great Pyramid may enshrine the earliest known knowledge of man.
  • The book of the dead 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.gizapyramid.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Relationship Between The Great Pyramid and the Book of the Dead 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Khufus pyramid, known as the Great Pyramid, is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World that still exists.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

.Saqqara is also the location of the incomplete step pyramid of Djoser's successor Sekhemkhet, known as the Buried Pyramid.^ The first attempt at a pyramid was the Step Pyramid at Saqqara.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It likely is located not far from Djoser's at Saqqara.
  • The Greatest Mystery of the Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC pymd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only structure known for certain to be built by Imhotep is Djoser's Step Pyramid at Saqqara.
  • The Greatest Mystery of the Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC pymd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Archaeologists believe that had this pyramid been completed it would have been larger than Djoser's.^ Using the technology described above, the larger the stones, the quicker the pyramid will be completed.
  • Real life experiments that reveal the ancient art and techniques of building Egyptian pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.catchpenny.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located between the enclosures of Djoser's pyramid and Sekhemkhet's, King Unas completed "a historical and architectural symmetry" ( Lehner , 1997, p.154).
  • ANCIENT EGYPT : The Pyramid Texts in the tomb of Pharaoh Wenis, Unis or Unas 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.maat.sofiatopia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many researchers today believe the Giza pyramids could be as old as 10,000 to 30,000 years, which would mean pre-Egyptian.
  • The Pyramids: Are They Really Egyptian? - UFO Evidence 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ufoevidence.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.South of the main pyramid field at Saqqara is a second collection of later, smaller pyramids, including those of Pepi I, Isesi, Merenre, Ibi and Pepi II. Most of these are in a poor state of preservation.^ Most are grouped in a number of pyramid fields.
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most pyramids were accompanied by smaller satellite pyramids usually built to the south and east of the main pyramid.
  • The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.hunkler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pyramid of Pepi II will be megalithic, 1668d.

.The Fourth Dynasty pharaoh Shepseskaf either did not share an interest in, or have the capacity to undertake pyramid construction like his predecessors.^ Pyramids of the fourth dynasty / Farid Atiya.

^ Interested in how the pyramids were constructed?
  • Links for 3e. Pyramids [Beyond Books - Ancient Civilizations] 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.beyondbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And most significantly, if the Pyramids are not tombs then where were the fourth dynasty Pharaohs buried?
  • The Greatest Mystery of the Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC pymd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His tomb, which is also sited at south Saqqara was instead built as an unusually large mastaba and offering temple complex.^ The knowledge about Unas comes to a great extant from his pyramid at Sakkara, which he built just outside the south enclosure wall of Djoser's pyramid complex.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

^ That III Dynasty royal tombs are at Saqqara is unquestioned, and it was always thought that the wall around Djoser's pyramid complex was simply the distinctive façade of the I Dynasty tombs made large.
  • The Egyptian Old Kingdom, Sumer and Akkad 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Neuserre built his pyramid complex at Abusir and added a great solar temple 1.500 meters to the north at a place today called Abu Gurab.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

It is commonly known as the Mastaba of Faraoun.[11]
.A previously unknown pyramid was discovered at north Saqqara in late 2008. It is believed to be the tomb of Teti's mother, it currently stands approx 5m high, although the original height was closer to 14m.^ Large new tomb discovered in Saqqara .
  • Egyptian Dreams - Ancient Egyptian Discussion Board :: View Forum - Pyramids, Tombs, & Monuments - Ancient Egypt - Egyptology Forum 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC forum.egyptiandreams.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Step Pyramid at Saqqara is believed to be the oldest pyramid.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the recently discovered tombs at Saqqara.
  • Talking Pyramids: Ancient Egyptian Pyramids - News and information about Ancient Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.talkingpyramids.com [Source type: General]
  • Talking Pyramids: Ancient Egyptian Pyramids - News and information about Ancient Egyptian Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.pyramidofman.com [Source type: General]

The opening of the tomb is scheduled for early December 2008.

Dahshur

Snofru's Red Pyramid
.This area is arguably the most important pyramid field in Egypt outside Giza and Saqqara, although until 1996 the site was inaccessible due to its location within a military base, and was relatively unknown outside archaeological circles.^ The pyramids of Giza were not the first built in Egypt.

^ Most are grouped in a number of pyramid fields.
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Egypt and established the most important sanctuaries.
  • The Origin and Significance of the Great Pyramid: Chapter II. Early Egyptian Civilization 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

.The southern Pyramid of Snofru, commonly known as the Bent Pyramid is believed to be the first Egyptian pyramid intended by its builders to be a "true" smooth-sided pyramid from the outset; the earlier pyramid at Meidum had smooth sides in its finished state - but it was conceived and built as a step pyramid, before having its steps filled in and concealed beneath a smooth outer casing.^ Built by Snofru , the ruins at Meidum are believed to be the first true pyramid, as opposed to a ziggurat.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ KEYWORDS: pyramid, egypt, step pyramid Egyptian Pyramid 2 .

^ The first attempt at a pyramid was the Step Pyramid at Saqqara.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a true smooth-sided structure, the Bent Pyramid was only a partial success — albeit a unique, visually imposing one; it is also the only major Egyptian pyramid to retain a significant proportion of its original smooth outer limestone casing intact.^ Limestone casing is mostly intact.
  • The Greatest Mystery of the Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC pymd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is significant because the pyramid has five sides.
  • http://wrt-intertext.syr.edu/I2/graeff.html 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC wrt-intertext.syr.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is regarded as a 'true pyramid' with smooth sides, the steps having been covered with a limestone casing.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As such it serves as the best contemporary example of how the ancient Egyptians intended their pyramids to look.^ The ancient Egyptian word for the pyramids was "Mer."
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What purposes do the Egyptian pyramids serve?
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ancient Egyptian word for a pyramid was 'mer' 9.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several kilometeres to the north of the Bent Pyramid is the last — and most successful — of the three pyramids constructed during the reign of Snofru; the Red Pyramid is the world's first successfully completed smooth-sided pyramid.^ They were not the first pyramids, but are the most enduring.
  • The Pyramids of Giza - See the Pyramids and the tourist attractions around Giza. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptpyramidshistory.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Pyramid has three smaller so-called satellite pyramids on its north side.
  • The Great Pyramid of Khufu - Guardian's Egypt - Guardian's AncientEgyptian Pyramid Primer 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.guardians.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Placing the pyramid's first side.

.The structure is also the third largest pyramid in Egypt — after the pyramids of Khufu and Khafre at Giza.^ The largest pyramid in Egypt is the one built for King Khufu, in Giza.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

^ The second of the three pyramids at Giza is the PYRAMID OF KHAFRE .

^ The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest in Egypt and one of the largest in the world.
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Home - Copper Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC wss.sedonalights.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also at Dahshur is the pyramid known as the Black Pyramid of Amenemhet III, as well as a number of small, mostly ruined subsidiary pyramids.^ Although it is known that the pyramids were all entered and robbed in the First Intermediate Period this leaves a disturbing number of unexplained features.
  • http://wrt-intertext.syr.edu/I2/graeff.html 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC wrt-intertext.syr.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The largest and most well-known pyramids in Egypt are the Pyramids at Giza, including the Great Pyramid of Giza designed for Pharaoh Khufu.
  • How Were The Egyptian Pyramids Built? - Technology BB 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC technologybb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Copper Pyramids are known for ridding bacteria, assisting with propper cellular growth as well as a whole range of energetic benefits.
  • Home - Copper Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC wss.sedonalights.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mazghuna

.Located to the south of Dahshur, this area was used in the First Intermediate Period by several kings who constructed their pyramids out of mudbrick.This pyramid was 5,ooo ft.^ It has been found that the first location where limestone was used for a pyramid was at Sakkara.
  • Construction of the Egyptian Pyr 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC skywalker.cochise.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who used the pyramid as a symbol?
  • Great Pyramid 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.plim.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also believed to be the world's first successful attempt at constructing a true smooth-sided pyramid.
  • Egyptian pyramids - Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.travelblog.org [Source type: General]

high.

Lisht

The pyramid of Amenemhet I at Lisht.
.Two major pyramids are known to have been built at Lisht — those of Amenemhat I and his son, Senusret I.^ Forty-two pharaohs built pyramids.
  • The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.hunkler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ruined Pyramid of Amenemhet I at Lisht Two major pyramids are known to have been built at Lisht — those of Amenemhat I and his son, Senusret I .
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These pyramids, known as Mycerinus, Khufu and Khafre, were of a true pyramidal form and originally were built with smooth, white, limestone faces.
  • The Egyptian Pyramids - How and Why Were They Build? 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.streetdirectory.com [Source type: News]

.The latter is surrounded by the ruins of ten smaller subsidiary pyramids.^ The latter is surrounded by the ruins of ten smaller subsidiary pyramids.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These three great pyramids, with smaller pyramids and other buildings surrounding them, were built on a high ridge west of the Nile, opposite present-day Cairo.
  • Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC mysite.du.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Reconstructions Giza Reconstruction Each of the three pyramids had a complete monumental complex of mortuary temples, Mastabas tombs, smaller subsidiary pyramids, in which members of the royal family and officials were buried.
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

.One of these subsidiary pyramids is known to be that of Amenemhat's cousin, Khaba II.[12] The site which is in the vicinity of the oasis of Fayyum, midway between Dahshur and Meidum, and about 100 kilometres south of Cairo, is believed to be in the vicinity of the ancient city of Itjtawy (the precise location of which remains unknown), which served as the capital of Egypt during the 12th Dynasty.^ Giza is a district in Cairo, the capital city of Egypt.
  • Tag: Egyptian - Explore content tagged Egyptian on eHow.com 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ One of these subsidiary pyramids is known to be that of Amenemhat's cousin, Khaba II. [4] The site which is in the vicinity of the oasis of Fayyum , midway between Dahshur and Meidum , and about 100 kilometres south of Cairo , is believed to be in the vicinity of the ancient city of Itjtawy (the precise location of which remains unknown), which served as the capital of Egypt during the 12th Dynasty .
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One subsidiary Pyramid.
  • The Greatest Mystery of the Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC pymd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Meidum

The pyramid at Meidum.
.The pyramid at Meidum is one of three constructed during the reign of Sneferu, and is believed by some to have been started by that pharaoh's father and predecessor, Huni.^ The pyramid at Meidum is one of three constructed during the reign of Sneferu , and is believed by some to have been commenced by that pharaoh's father and predecessor, Huni .
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is believed by some that the pyramid may have been started by Sneferu’s predecessor, Huni.
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ One subsidiary and three "Queens'" Pyramids.
  • The Greatest Mystery of the Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC pymd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, that attribution is uncertain, as no record of Huni's name has been found at the site.^ No such tables have been found however.
  • The Mathematical Papyri - EscherMath 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC euler.slu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its name was Akhet-Re (The horizon of Re) but its location is not mentioned and no remains of it has been found to date (year 2008).
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

^ This place has been suggested by Nabil Swelim (1984) to be his tomb, but no names or objects pointing towards the king have been found in the vicinity though.
  • 115 Egyptian gods and pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.nemo.nu [Source type: Original source]

.It was constructed as a step pyramid, and then later converted into the first "true" smooth-sided pyramid when the steps were filled in, and an outer casing added.^ The first attempt at a pyramid was the Step Pyramid at Saqqara.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may originally have been built as a step pyramid and later altered to have smooth sides.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A25159520 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 10-True pyramid in construction .
  • Construction of the Egyptian Pyr 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC skywalker.cochise.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The pyramid suffered several catastrophic collapses in ancient and medieval times; medieval Arab writers described it as having 7 steps - although today only the three uppermost of these remain, giving the structure its odd, tower-like appearance.^ Today these structures are obscure and unimpressive.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pyramid suffered a catastrophic collapse in antiquity, and today only the central parts of its stepped inner core remain standing, giving it an odd tower-like appearance that is unique among Egyptian pyramids.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pyramid is the only remaining structure of the 7 wonders of the ancient world.
  • The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.hunkler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The hill on which the pyramid is situated is not a natural landscape feature — it is the small mountain of debris created when the lower courses and outer casing of the pyramid gave way.^ The hill that the pyramid sits atop is not a natural landscape feature — it is the small mountain of debris created when the lower courses and outer casing of the pyramid gave way.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the Pyramid, most of the outer casing is gone.
  • Pyramids - Education Resource - StudySphere 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

^ Quarrying — which began in Roman times — has left little apart from a few courses of stone superimposed upon the natural hillock that formed part of the pyramid's core.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hawara

{
The Pyramid of Amenemhet III at Hawarra
.Amenemhet III was the last powerful ruler of the 12th Dynasty, and the pyramid he built at Hawarra, near Faiyum, is believed to post-date the so-called "Black Pyramid" built by the same ruler at Dahshur.^ Khufus father, Sneferu, built the first true pyramid at Dahshur.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is strikingly supported by the measurements of a number of the pyramids built during the 4th dynasty.

^ However, they were short lived, being built only through Dynasty III (2668-2613 BC) (17).

.It is the Hawarra pyramid that is believed to have been Amenemhet's final resting place.^ It is the Hawarra pyramid that is believed to have been Amenemhet's final resting place.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Pyramid of Amenemhet III at Hawarra Amenemhet III was the last powerful ruler of the 12th Dynasty, and the pyramid he built at Hawarra, near Faiyum, is believed to post-date the so-called "Black Pyramid" built by the same ruler at Dahshur .
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As divine places, all the pyramids are believed to have had names, even the small ones, and there are over 100 pyramids scattered around Egypt.
  • The Pyramids of Giza - See the Pyramids and the tourist attractions around Giza. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptpyramidshistory.com [Source type: General]

el-Lahun

The Pyramid of Senusret II. The pyramid's natural limestone core is clearly visible as the yellow stratum at its base.
.The pyramid of Senusret II at el-Lahun is the southernmost royal-tomb pyramid structure in Egypt.^ In ancient Egypt, Pharaoh's wives were never buried with them in pyramids or tombs, they were buried separately.
  • The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.hunkler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1979, Royal Jordanian Airlines flew his materials to Egypt and Wyatt demonstrated his machines on an actual pyramid.
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The great pyramids of Giza were built around 2700-2500 BC as tombs for the pharoahs (rulers of ancient Egypt, who held the status of gods on earth).
  • Giza Pyramids 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.kingtutshop.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its builders reduced the amount of work necessary to construct it by ingeniously using as its foundation and core a 12-meter-high natural limestone hill.^ Its builders reduced the amount of work necessary to construct it by ingeniously using as its foundation and core a 12 metre high natural limestone hill.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two types of limestone were used for construction.
  • The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.hunkler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These instruments continued to be used during construction in order to maintain a level surface as the work progressed.
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.fsteiger.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


Construction dates

.The following table lays out the chronology of the construction of most of the major pyramids mentioned here.^ The following picture using the three major Giza pyramids can be constructed.

^ The following table lays out the chronology of the construction of most of the major pyramids mentioned here.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the stone for the interior of the Great Pyramid was quarried immediately to the south of the construction site.
  • Egyptian pyramids facts and information | Ancient Egypt Pyramids | Giza Pramids. 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.egyptgiftshop.com [Source type: General]

.Each pyramid is identified through the pharaoh who ordered it built, their approximate reign and its location.^ Each pyramid is identified through the pharaoh who ordered it built, their approximate reign and its location.
  • Egyptian Pyramids - 2012 Wiki 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Egyptian Pyramid Construction Techniques 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.juliantrubin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pyramid was built for the Pharaoh Djoser.
  • Pyramid facts and figures. Ancient Egypt. Giza. Pharaohs 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.ancientnile.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Forty-two pharaohs built pyramids.
  • The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary 19 January 2010 18:23 UTC www.hunkler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pyramid / Pharaoh Reign Field
Djoser c. 2630 - 2612 BC Saqqara
Sneferu c. 2612 - 2589 BC Dashur
Sneferu c. 2612 - 2589 BC Dashur
Sneferu c. 2612 - 2589 BC Meidum
Khufu c. 2589 - 2566 BC Giza
Djedefre c. 2566 - 2558 BC Abu Rawash
Khafre c. 2558 - 2532 BC Giza
Menkaure c. 2532 - 2504 BC Giza
Sahure c. 2487 - 2477 BC Abu Sir
Neferirkare Kakai c. 2477 - 2467 BC Abu Sir
Nyuserre Ini c. 2416 - 2392 BC Abu Sir
Amenemhat I c. 1991 - 1962 BC Lisht
Senusret I c. 1971 - 1926 BC Lisht
Senusret II c. 1897 - 1878 BC el-Lahun
Amenemhat III c. 1860 - 1814 BC Hawara

See also

List

Notes and references

References

  1. ^ "In the Shadow of a Long Past, Patiently Awaiting the Future". http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/world/middleeast/17cairo.html.  
  2. ^ "Mark Lehner (2008). The Complete Pyramids: Solving the Ancient Mysteries. p. 34.". Thames & Hudson. http://books.google.com/books?id=nNVsHwAACAAJ&dq=.  
  3. ^ a b "Egypt says has found pyramid built for ancient queen". Reuters. http://africa.reuters.com/top/news/usnJOE4AA0H1.html. Retrieved 2008-11-18. "The pyramid, which Hawass said was the 118th found in Egypt, was uncovered near the world's oldest pyramid at Saqqara, a burial ground for the rulers of ancient Egypt."  
  4. ^ a b "In the Shadow of a Long Past, Patiently Awaiting the Future". New York Times. 16 November 2007. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/world/middleeast/17cairo.html. Retrieved 2008-11-17. "Deep below the Egyptian desert, archaeologists have found evidence of yet another pyramid, this one constructed 4,300 years ago to store the remains of a pharaoh’s mother. That makes 138 pyramids discovered here so far, and officials say they expect to find more."  
  5. ^ a b Michael Ritter (2003) [1] Dating the Pyramids. Retrieved 13 April 2005
  6. ^ Watkin, David (4th ed. 2005). A History of Western Architecture. Laurence King Publishing. pp. 14. ISBN 978-1856694599. http://books.google.com/books?id=39T1zElEBrQC&pg=PA14&dq=giza+pyramids+largest+structures&ei=_HVTSNTHHIP6sQPHnNm5Cw&client=firefox-a&sig=m5gbKzP5bc1gh6aiLkgFpIc_KVo.  "The Great Pyramid...is still one of the largest structures ever raised by man, its plan twice the size of St. Peter's in Rome"
  7. ^ [2] The Pyramids: "Resurrection Machines". (Houghton Mifflin College) Retrieved 13 April 2005
  8. ^ [3] Hidden History of Egypt (The Discovery Channel (2002-2004)) Retrieved 13 April 2005
  9. ^ [4]
  10. ^ http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/11/081111-new-pyramid-egypt.html
  11. ^ [5] The Mastaba of Shepseskaf
  12. ^ Allen, James; Manuelian, Peter (2005), The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts (Writings from the Ancient World, No. 23), Brill Academic, ISBN 978-9004137776  

Further reading

  • Edwards, I.E.S., The Pyramids of Egypt Penguin Books Ltd; New Ed edition (5 Dec 1991), ISBN 978-0140136340
  • Lehner, Mark, The Complete Pyramids, Thames & Hudson, 1997, ISBN 978-0500050842
  • Mendelssohn, Kurt, The Riddle of the Pyramids, Thames & Hudson Ltd (6 May 1974), ISBN 978-0500050156

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Noun

  1. Plural form of Egyptian pyramid.

Simple English

File:All Gizah
A view of the pyramids at Giza from the plateau to the south of the complex. From right to left are the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Pyramid of Menkaure. The three smaller pyramids in the foreground are associated with Menkaure's pyramid.
Pyramid
in hieroglyphs
U23-G17:r-O24

The Pyramids of Egypt are among the largest structures ever built and are one of the most important examples of Ancient Egyptian civilization.[1] Most were built during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.[2]

Contents

= Construction dates

= The following table lays out the chronology of the construction of most of the major pyramids. Each pyramid is identified through the pharaoh who ordered it built, their approximate reign and its location.

Pyramid / Pharaoh Reign Field
Djozer c. 2630 - 2612 bc Saqqara
Sneferu (bent) c. 2612 - 2589 bc Dashur
Sneferu (red) c. 2612 - 2589 bc Dashur
Sneferu (ruined) c. 2612 - 2589 bc Meidum
Khufu c. 2589 - 2566 bc Giza
Djedefre c. 2566 - 2558 bc Abu Rawash
Khafre c. 2558 - 2532 bc Giza
Menkaure c. 2532 - 2504 bc Giza
Sahure c. 2487 - 2477 bc Abusir
Neferirkare Kakai c. 24 77 - 2467 bc Abusir
Nyuserre Ini c. 24 16 - 2392 bc Abusir
Amenemhat I c. 1991 - 1962 bc Lisht
Senusret I c. 1971 - 1926 bc Lisht
Senusret II c. 1897 - 1878 bc el-Lahun
Amenemhat III c. 1860 - 1814 bc Hawara

Other pages

References

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  1. The Great Pyramid of Khufu. Retrieved April 12, 2005. "The Great Pyramid of Khufu is the largest pyramid in Egypt and was the tallest man-made structure in the world until 1888."
  2. Michael Ritter (2003) [1] Dating the Pyramids. Retrieved April 13, 2005

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Egyptian pyramids, which are similar to those in the above article.








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