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Eindhoven
—  Municipality  —
Skyline of the city center

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 51°26′N 5°28′E / 51.433°N 5.467°E / 51.433; 5.467
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government
 - Mayor R. van Gijzel (PvdA)
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 88.84 km2 (34.3 sq mi)
 - Land 87.75 km2 (33.9 sq mi)
 - Water 1.09 km2 (0.4 sq mi)
Population (30 November 2008)
 - Municipality 212,141
 - Density 2,377/km2 (6,156.4/sq mi)
 - Urban 440,353
 - Metro 775,345
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website http://www.eindhoven.eu/
People of Eindhoven (during World War II) watching Allied forces entering the city following its liberation from Axis forces on 19 September 1944.
The Evoluon conference center.
The Regent (right) and Admirant (centre) apartment buildings, with the south wing of the Witte Dame multifunctional centre (left).

Eindhoven (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a city located in the province of Noord-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams. The Gender was dammed off in the post-war years, but the Dommel still runs through the city.

Neighbouring cities and towns include Son en Breugel, Nuenen, Geldrop-Mierlo, Heeze-Leende, Waalre, Veldhoven, Eersel, Oirschot and Best. The agglomeration has some 440,000 inhabitants. The metropolitan area (which includes Helmond) has nearly 750,000 inhabitants. Also, Eindhoven is part of Brabant Stad, a combined metropolitan area with more than 2 million inhabitants.

Contents

History

The written history of Eindhoven started in 1232, when Duke Hendrik I of Brabant granted city rights to Endehoven, then a small town right on the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams. The city's name translates literally as "End Yards", reflecting its position at the southern end of Woensel. At the time of granting of its charter, Eindhoven had approximately 170 houses enclosed by a rampart. Just outside of the city walls stood a small castle. The city was also granted the right to organize a weekly market and the farmers in nearby villages were obliged to come to Eindhoven to sell their produce. Another factor in its establishment was its location on the trade route from Holland to Liège.

Around 1388 the city's fortifications were strengthened further. And between 1413 and 1420, a new castle was built within the city walls. In 1486, Eindhoven was plundered and burned by troops from Gelderland. The reconstruction was finished in 1502, with a stronger rampart and a new castle. However, in 1543 Eindhoven fell again: its defense works were neglected due to poverty.

A big fire in 1554 destroyed 75% of the houses but by 1560 these had been rebuilt with the help of William I of Orange. During the Dutch Revolt, Eindhoven changed hands between the Dutch and the Spanish several times during which it was burned down by renegade Spanish soldiers, until finally in 1583 it was captured once more by Spanish troops and its city walls were demolished. Eindhoven did not become part of the Netherlands until 1629. During the French occupation Eindhoven suffered again with many of its houses destroyed by the invading forces. Eindhoven remained a minor city after that until the start of the industrial revolution.

The industrial revolution of the Nineteenth century provided a major growth impulse. Canals, roads and railroads were constructed. Eindhoven was connected to the major Zuid-Willemsvaart canal through the Eindhovens Kanaal branch in 1843 and was connected by rail to Tilburg, 's-Hertogenbosch, Venlo and Belgium between 1866 and 1870. Industrial activities initially centred around tobacco and textile and boomed with the rise of lighting and electronics giant Philips, which was founded as a light bulb manufacturing company in Eindhoven in 1891.

The explosive growth of industry in the region and the subsequent housing needs of workers called for radical changes in administration, as the City of Eindhoven was still confined to its medieval moat city limits. In 1920, the five neighbouring municipalities of Woensel (to the north), Tongelre (northeast and east), Stratum (southeast), Gestel en Blaarthem (southwest) and Strijp (west), which already bore the brunt of the housing needs and related problems, were incorporated into the new Groot-Eindhoven ("Greater Eindhoven") municipality. The prefix "Groot-" was later dropped.

The early twentieth century saw additions in technical industry with the advent of car and truck manufacturing company Van Doorne's Automobiel Fabriek (DAF) and the subsequent shift towards electronics and engineering, with the traditional tobacco and textile industries waning and finally disappearing in the Seventies.

Large-scale air raids in World War II, including the preliminary bombing during Operation Market Garden to aid the US 101st Airborne Division paratroopers in securing the bridges in and around the town on 18 September 1944, destroyed large parts of the city. The reconstruction that followed left very little historical remains and the post-war reconstruction period saw drastic renovation plans in highrise style, some of which were implemented. At the time, there was little regard for historical heritage; in the Sixties, a new city hall was built and its neo-gothic predecessor (1867) demolished to make way for a planned arterial road that never materialised.

The Seventies, Eighties and Nineties saw large-scale housing developments in the districts of Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord, making Eindhoven the fifth-largest city in the Netherlands.

In the past decade, Eindhoven has emerged as the capital of Dutch industrial design. The Design Academy Eindhoven has produced major Dutch designers, such as Maarten Baas, Marcel Wanders, Richard Hutten, Jurgen Bey, and Hella Jongerius. The school also has a strong affiliation with droog design. In 2003, Time Magazine called the Academy, "The School of Cool." Due to the fame of the D.A.E, Eindhoven has been able to grow in the design industry with such events as the Dutch Design Week, taking place every October. Eindhoven is currently one of two finalists for the World Design Capital 2012 award given by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design. As most of Phillips industries have moved out, the Phillips Design Bureau is still in Eindhoven.

Geography

The villages and city that make up modern Eindhoven were originally built on sandy elevations between the Dommel, Gender and Tongelreep streams. Starting from the Nineteenth Century, the basins of the streams themselves have also been used as housing grounds, leading to occasional floodings in the city centre. Partly to reduce flooding, the Gender stream, which flowed straight through the city centre, was dammed off and filled up after the War, and the course of the Dommel was regulated. New ecologial and socio-historical insights have led to parts of the Dommel's course being restored to their original states, and plans to have the Gender flow through the centre once again (link to article in Dutch).

The large-scale housing developments of the Twentieth Century saw residential areas being built on former agricultural lands and woods, former heaths that had been turned into cultivable lands in the Nineteenth Century.

Demographics

As of 2006, the population of Eindhoven consisted of 209,179 persons. Of these, 26.5% or some 55,400 people are of foreign descent.[1] People are classified as being of foreign descent when they were born outside of the Netherlands, or when at least one of their parents was born outside of the Netherlands.

Large minority groups include:

Other large minority groups are Germans and Indonesians.

Economy

Eindhoven has grown from a little village in 1232 to one of the bigger cities in the Netherlands with around 210,000 inhabitants in 2006. Much of its growth is due to Philips and DAF Trucks.

Philips Lighttower seen from Design Academy.

In 1891, brothers Gerard and Anton Philips founded the small light bulb factory that would grow into one of the largest electronics firms in the world. Philips' presence is probably the largest single contributing factor to the major growth of Eindhoven in the 20th century. It attracted and spun off many hi-tech companies, making Eindhoven a major technology and industrial hub. In 2005, a full third of the total amount of money spent on research in the Netherlands was spent in or around Eindhoven. A quarter of the jobs in the region are in technology and ICT, with companies such as FEI Company (once Philips Electron Optics), NXP Semiconductors (formerly Philips Semiconductors), ASML, Toolex, Simac, Neways, Atos Origin and the aforementioned Philips and DAF.

Prime examples of industrial heritage in Eindhoven are the renovated Witte Dame ("White Lady") complex, a former Philips lamp factory; and the Admirant building (informally known as Bruine Heer or "Brown Gentleman" in reference to the Witte Dame across the street), the former Philips main offices. The Witte Dame currently houses the municipal library, the Design Academy and a selection of shops. The Admirant has been renovated into an office building for small companies. Across the street from the Witte Dame and next to the Admirant is Philips' first light bulb factory (nicknamed Roze Baby, or "Pink Baby", in reference to its pink colour and much smaller size when compared to the "White Lady" and "Brown Gentleman"). The small building now houses the[2]"Centrum Kunstlicht in de Kunst" (centre artificial light in art) and the[3]"Philips Incandescent Lamp Factory of 1891" museum.

Knowledge and Innovation Community EIT

Eindhoven is one of co-location centres of Knowledge and Innovation Community (Sustainable Energy) of The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) [4]

Co-location centres - KIC Inno Energy:

CC Germany: Karlsruhe, CC Alps Valleys: Grenoble, CC Benelux: Eindhoven / Leuven, CC Iberia: Barcelona, CC PolandPlus: Krakow, CC Sweden: Stockholm

InnoEnergy is a strongly integrated alliance of reputable players from the education, research and industry sectors. It was created based on long standing links of cooperation as well as the principles of excellence and transformation. The partners have jointly developed a strategy to tackle the weaknesses of the European innovation landscape and aim to be the leading motor for innovation in the field of sustainable energy.The KIC will create economical and societal value by developing ideas from mind to market.[5]

Administration and population

After the incorporation of 1920, the five former municipalities became districts of the Municipality of Eindhoven, with Eindhoven-Centrum (the City proper) forming the sixth. Since then, an additional seventh district has been formed by dividing the largest district, that of Woensel, into Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord.

At the turn of the century, a whole new housing development called Meerhoven was constructed at the site of the old airport of Welschap, west of Eindhoven. The airport itself, now called Eindhoven Airport, had moved earlier to a new location, paving the way for much needed new houses. Meerhoven is part of the Strijp district and partially lies on lands annexed from the municipality of Veldhoven.

Of all Eindhoven districts, the historical centre is by far the smallest in size and population, numbering only 5,419 in 2006.

According to the Eindhoven City Council, the city will reach the maximum population of 230,000 inhabitants around the year 2025.

Population figures for all districts, as of January 1, 2008, ranked by size[6]:

  1. Woensel-Noord (65,429)
  2. Woensel-Zuid (35,789)
  3. Stratum (31,778)
  4. Gestel (26,590)
  5. Strijp (25,402)
  6. Tongelre (19,680)
  7. Centrum (5,757)

Government and politics

After the municipal elections on March 7, 2006, the division of the 45 seats in the Eindhoven city council was as follows:

In April 2006 a coalition was formed between PvdA, SP and CDA. Together they have 27 seats in the city council.

On January 23, 2008, a referendum to elect a mayor was held in Eindhoven. This referendum, the second of its kind in the Netherlands, was attended by 24,6% of the inhabitants. This was less than the required 30% needed to make a referendum binding. Nevertheless, the city council would choose the winner of the referendum as the preferred candidate. The main reason for the low attendance was that the candidates, Leen Verbeek and Rob van Gijzel, were from the same party. Rob van Gijzel won the referendum with 61,8% of the votes and will be the city's new mayor.

In research by the Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad based on the police’s statistical data on crime rates, Eindhoven was found to have the highest crime rate in the Netherlands for 2006.

Culture

The students from the Eindhoven University of Technology and a number of undergraduate schools give Eindhoven a young population.

Eindhoven has a lively cultural scene. For going out, there are numerous bars on the Market square, Stratumseind (Stratum's End), Dommelstraat, Wilhelmina square and throughout the rest of the city.

The biggest festivals in Eindhoven are:

The Van Abbemuseum has a collection of modern and contemporary art, including works by Picasso and Chagall.

The Effenaar music venue.

The Effenaar is a popular music venue and cultural center in Eindhoven, it's located at the Dommelstraat.[11]

Eindhoven was home to the Evoluon science museum, sponsored by Philips. The Evoluon building is used as a conference centre.

In 1992 the Muziekcentrum Frits Philips was opened as a stage for classical and popular music in Eindhoven, reviewed by critics as a concert hall with acoustics that rival the best halls in Europe.

Parktheater Eindhoven is Eindhoven's stage for opera, cabaret, ballet etc. Opened in 1964, it has received over 250,000 visitors every year. With its 1000 m2 it has one of the largest stages in the Netherlands. With a major renovation ending in 2007, the new Parktheater will receive an estimated 300,000 visitors a year.

During Carnival, Eindhoven is rechristened Lampegat (Hole of lamps).

Eindhoven's Plaza Futura is now a cinema featuring cultural movies, lectures and special cultural events.

Transport

Eindhoven Airport serves as a military air base and a civilian commercial airport.

Eindhoven is a rail transport hub. The main station has connections in the directions of:

Eindhoven's central railway station is served by both intercity and local services while the smaller station, Eindhoven Beukenlaan is only served by local trains.

Up until World War II, a train service connected Amsterdam to Liège via Eindhoven and Valkenswaard, but the service was discontinued and the line broken up. Recently, talks have resumed to have a service to Neerpelt, Belgium via Weert.

Located approximately 8 kilometres from the town centre, Eindhoven Airport is the closest airport nearby, and the second busiest in the country (after Schiphol). There are flights with Air France to London City, and Ryanair serves London Stansted airport, Dublin, Rome, Milan, Pisa, Marseille, Glasgow, Madrid, Valencia, Stockholm and Barcelona. In the summerseason, Reykjavík is served with 2 weekly flights operated by Iceland Express.

The A2 / E25 motorway from Amsterdam to Luxemburg passes Eindhoven to the west and south of the city. The A2 connects to the highway A58 to Tilburg and Breda just north of the city. Just south of Eindhoven, the A2 connects to the A67 / E34 between Antwerp and Duisburg. In 2006, the A50 was completed connecting Eindhoven to Nijmegen and Zwolle.

The public transport of Eindhoven consists of almost 25 city bus lines, which also serve neighbouring cities like Veldhoven, Geldrop and Nuenen. Two of these buslines (401 and 402) are high quality public transport and the buses on these lines are so-called Phileas vehicles, a combination of tram and bus. The Phileas does not use the magnetic guidance anymore for some years due to the regional urban transport authority (SRE). Apart from the city lines there are some 30 regional and rush-hour lines.

Sport

  • PSV Eindhoven is the major football (soccer) club in the city. Playing in the Philips Stadion it is one of the dominant clubs in The Netherlands' top-ranked league, Eredivisie. PSV won the national title a total of 21 times. Recent successes include the 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 national titles, finishing second in the league in 2002 and 2004. In international football, PSV were the 1988 winners of the European Cup (Champions League), the highest achievement in European club football.
  • Eindhoven is the place where three-time Olympic swimming champion Pieter van den Hoogenband trains on a daily basis. He does so in the renovated swimming complex De Tongelreep under the guidance of his long-time coach and friend Jacco Verhaeren.
  • Eindhoven houses Europe's largest indoor skateboard park Area 51 (skatepark) and is home of a lively skateboard culture.
  • Eindhoven has two boxing clubs, The Golden Gloves and Muscle Fit.
  • Eindhoven has an Australian Rules Football team, the Eindhoven Eagles, due to play in the inaugural Dutch Australian Football Association competition in 2010.

Notable residents

Statue of Frits Philips in Eindhoven

International relations

Twin towns - sister cities

Eindhoven is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ Eindhoven Population Municipality of Eindhoven. Accessed 26 January 2007 (Dutch)
  2. ^ "Centrum kunstlicht in de kunst te Eindhoven. Museum voor lichtkunst en lichteffecten" (in (Dutch)). Kunstlichtkunst.nl. http://www.kunstlichtkunst.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  3. ^ "Philips gloeilampenfabriekje anno 1891". Philipsfabriek1891.nl. http://www.philipsfabriek1891.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  4. ^ http://eit.europa.eu/home.html
  5. ^ http://eit.europa.eu/fileadmin/Content/Downloads/PDF/news_items/Summary_InnoEnergy.pdf
  6. ^ eindhoven.buurtmonitor.nl bij "bevolking->stand bevolking"
  7. ^ "ABlive gratis festival Eindhoven 23 Augustus 2008". Ablive.nl. http://www.ablive.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  8. ^ "Stichting Virus - Startpagina". Virus.nl. http://www.virus.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  9. ^ "Glow Eindhoven". Glow Eindhoven. http://www.gloweindhoven.nl. Retrieved 2009-12-02.  
  10. ^ "STRP Festival". Strp.nl. http://www.strp.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  11. ^ Evenement. "Effenaar". Effenaar.nl. http://www.effenaar.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  
  12. ^ "Weert, Sittard, Heerlen/Maastricht". Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. http://web.archive.org/web/20080227025738/http://www.ns.nl/www.ns.nl/pdf/vertrekstaten/ehv4.pdf.  
  13. ^ a b "'s-Hertogenbosch, Utrecht Schiphol/Amsterdam, Alkmaar". Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. http://web.archive.org/web/20080227025742/http://www.ns.nl/www.ns.nl/pdf/vertrekstaten/ehv2.pdf.  
  14. ^ "Helmond, Venlo / Eindhoven Beukenlaan / Best en Boxtel". Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. http://web.archive.org/web/20080227025746/http://www.ns.nl/www.ns.nl/pdf/vertrekstaten/ehv1.pdf.  
  15. ^ "Weert, Sittard, Heerlen/Maastricht". Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. http://web.archive.org/web/20080227025749/http://www.ns.nl/www.ns.nl/pdf/vertrekstaten/ehv3.pdf.  
  16. ^ "Twin towns of Minsk". Minsk City Executive Committee. http://minsk.gov.by/cgi-bin/org_ps.pl?k_org=3604&mode=doc&doc=3604_2_a&lang=eng. Retrieved 2008-12-08.  

External links

Images

Coordinates: 51°26′17″N 5°28′31″E / 51.4381°N 5.4752°E / 51.4381; 5.4752


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Eindhoven is a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North-Brabant.

Understand

History

In 1232 the little village of Eindhoven was chartered by Henry I, Duke of Brabant. Eventually it established itself as a trade location enroute from Holland to Liège. Its industrial activities initially centred around tobacco and textiles.

The Netherlands and Spain alternated ownership of Eindhoven during the Dutch Revolt. Spanish troops demolished the city walls and took over in 1583 but in 1629 Eindhoven became part of the Netherlands again and it was there to stay.

Due to the presence of Phillips and other major industry, Eindhoven has developed as a major player in the global industrial design scene. It is considered to be the epicenter of dutch design with such institutions as the Design Academy, the Maarten Baas studio, and the Dutch Design Week that takes place every October. Eindhoven is one of two finalist for the tittle of World Design Capital 2012.

Get in

Eindhoven is a rail transport node with connections in the directions of:

  • Tilburg - Breda - Dordrecht - Rotterdam - Delft - Den Haag
  • 's Hertogenbosch - Utrecht - Amsterdam Zuid / WTC - Schiphol Amsterdam Airport
  • 's Hertogenbosch - Utrecht - Amsterdam - Haarlem
  • Helmond - Venlo
  • Weert - Roermond - Sittard - Maastricht/Heerlen

Eindhoven Airport is an airport with some international destinations, just 5 kilometers outside the city. There are flights with VLM airline to London City, and Ryanair serves London Stansted airport, Dublin, Rome, Milan, Pisa, Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia, Marseille and Stockholm. Wizzair services Budapest. There is an airport shuttle between the trainstation and airport. Tickets can be bought at the airport busstand.

The A2 national highway from Amsterdam to Maastricht passes Eindhoven to the west and south of the city. The A2 connects here with the A58 to Tilburg and Breda and to the A67/E34 from Venlo to Antwerp. In 2004, the A50 was completed connecting Eindhoven to Nijmegen and Zwolle.

Get around

Eindhoven has an extensive bus network. A cheap way to get around is by using the 'Met Elkaartje' bus ticket: unlimited travel within the province Noord-Brabant for € 5 (2 persons) or € 7.50 (3 persons) a day. Of course, like every city in the Netherlands, the best way to get around in the city is by bike.

You can rent a bicycle at the train station and go for a ride, a nice typical dutch way to explore a bit more then just the citycentre. If you have seen enough of Eindhoven and want to explore more of Holland then it is very easy to take the train to other cities. Many places can be reached within an hour, for example Breda (40 min), Tilburg (25 min), Utrecht (50 min), maastricht (60 min), Amsterdam (1.20 hours).

Taxistands can be found on both the north- and south side of the railway station. Eindhoven Airport has got it's taxistand (50 meters from the terminal entrance/exit.

List with taxi services:

PIN Taxi Eindhoven [1]

Do

Shopping

With the covered shopping centre 'De Heuvel Galerie', large department stores including the exclusive 'De Bijenkorf' and an extensive selection of boutiques an specialist shops, the centre of Eindhoven is the most bustling shopping centre in the South of the Netherlands. The following streets form the main, pedestrianised shopping area: 18 septemberplein, Demer, Rechtestraat, de Markt, Nieuwstraat, Hermanus Boexstraat, Vrijstraat and Hooghuisstraat.

Markets:

  • Weekly market

Tuesday 09.00 - 14.00 h. De Markt (city centre)

  • Small art & collectibles

Saturday 10.00 - 17.00 h. De Markt (city centre)

  • Weekly Woenselse market

Saturday 10.00 - 17.00 h. (near city centre to the north) Stalls selling a wide range of goods, fruit and vegetables, fish, clothing and household items.

Museums

The major museums in the city are:

  • Van Abbemuseum, [2]. The Van Abbemuseum is one of the leading museums for modern and contemporary art. The impressive collection includes works of Picasso, Chagall, Kandinsky, El Lissitzky, Theo van Doesburg, Mondriaan and Appel. January 2003 the completely renovated museum opened its doors again.  edit
  • Artificial Light in Art Centre 'Kunstlicht in de kunst, [3]. A unique collection of paintings and sculptures with artificial light as the central theme. You only realise after a visit to this centre what the part of artificial light is in everyday life, now and in the past. 600 works are on permanent exhibition and at the same time, temporary exhibitions are held regularly. The museum is housed in the very first Philips Incandescent Lamp factory.   edit
  • Philips first Incandescent Lamp Factory of 1891, [4]. A unique collection of paintings and sculptures with artificial light as the central theme. You only realise after a visit to this centre what the part of artificial light is in everyday life, now and in the past. 600 works are on permanent exhibition and at the same time, temporary exhibitions are held regularly. The museum is housed in the very first Philips Incandescent Lamp factory.   edit

Others

Eindhoven is also known for its soccerteam PSV Eindhoven. There is a possibility to visit (Guided Tour) the Philips Stadium (Max. Att. 34.600) there is a need to book this several weeks before visiting, as the minimum group requirement (also accumulated) is 20 persons. When there is no tour available, you are able to enter the stadium though restaurant "de Verlenging" which is on the South-East side of the stadium, having a small terrace inside the stadium. As per Januari 2008 they introduced a combined tour; Combining the visit of the Philps stadium and the Bavaria (Beer)-Brewery in Lieshout.

  • Gauchos Steak House, Stationsplein 7, +31 (0)40 245-0298, [5].  edit
  • Soho Kitchen, Jan van Lieshoutstraat 24A, +31 (0)40 236-4228. They serve Sushi and a variety of Asian dishes.  edit
  • Coco Sushi & Noodles (Traditional Japanese Restaurant), Kleine Berg 149, +31 (0)40 244-1927, [6].  edit

There are many more interesting places to eat in Eindhoven than these three, including two one michelin star places. The websites that exist are badly maintained or in Dutch or both.

Nightlife

Bars and eateries's opening times in the city centre are usually until 2AM during the week, and 4AM on a friday and saturday, and student-nights in Eindhoven are thursdays. The most famous 'going out areas' in the city are:

De Markt

In a central position in the heart of the city is the Markt, where in fine weather, the terraces are immediately full. Here, you mainly find "Grand cafés" where you can eat, drink and dance. Also situated in the Markt is the legal Holland Casino.

  • O-Sheas (Irish pub), Jan van Lieshoutstraat 9, +31 (0)40 246-6213. Great atmosphere, great beer, live music at the weekend after 10:30PM. Sports events, especially football shown on two big screens.  edit

Stationsplein

Opposite central station is Stationsplein. With its restaurants, "Grand cafés", trendy dancing bars and terraces, this is an outstanding example of an area that is made for going out. There are more pubs, bars, pleasant eating-places and restaurants in Dommelstraat (side-street off Stationsplein), two of which are particualrly popular:

  • De Effenaar. a young 'underground' venue for gigs and DJ's  edit
  • Liquid. which is for people aged 23 or over, where you can party-on-down to music from the 70's and 80's!  edit
  • Ramblers. more rock metal oriented  edit

Stratumseind

For a pub-crawl, the Stratumseind is extraordinarily suited. This is the street with the most bars in the whole of the Netherlands. There are more than 40 bars and the various eating places are open until after the pubs/clubs shut down, to get that essential kebab afterwards. , and attracting big-name DJ's on a regular basis.

  • De Bier Professor. Specialist of Belgium beers  edit
  • De Rechter. if you're looking for a decent dance-club. Housing different styles of dance under one roof. It is especially worth going here at Carnaval-time; just stand there by the side of the road, with a beer in your hand, watching all the mad, slightly enebriated people file past in the most outrageous costumes... Priceless!  edit

De Bergen

'De Bergen' is a piece of old Eindhoven, which is still in reasonably original condition. The pleasant bars and restaurants on the 'Kleine Berg' are popular with the more artistic members of the public. It is a few minutes' walk through the narrow streets to Wilhelminaplein.

Wilhelminaplein

In this characteristic square there are authentic brown bars, terraces and live-performances. In summer, open-air performances are regularly organized. Every Sunday afternoon and Monday evening stunning live performances are given at café Wilhelmina.

  • De Gaper. bar has some 200 different sorts of whisky  edit
  • Café Wilhelmina, [7]. Every Sunday afternoon and Monday evening stunning live performances are given and once a month there is a bal folk.  edit
This guide uses the following price ranges for a standard double room:
Budget Under €50
Mid-range €50 to €100
Splurge Over €100

There are some large hotels in and just outside Eindhoven. There are also a lot of smaller (cheaper) hotels dotted around, but the best place to start is to get information at the VVV (tourist info) office just outside Eindhoven Central Station.

An alternative might be one of the bed&breakfasts. These are smaller places which are normally much cheaper (around €30) then the hotels (>€50) but most of them don't have a website. You can find some on the tourist information website: [8]

  • StayOkay, Valkenswaard (by bus in 35 minutes (€2)). They are booked full a lot of times. €18.  edit
  • Budget Hotel, (city centre (5 min walk from trainstation), [9]. €26.  edit
  • De Luytelaer, (3 km from centre), +31 (0)40 242-0385, [10]. €30.  edit
  • B&B van der Mijl, (3 km from centre), +31 (0)40 243-7979. €30.  edit
  • A&E Pension, (3 km from centre), +31 (0)6 5201-5946. €25.  edit
  • B&B De Ster, (2 km from centre), +31 (0)40 211-5487. €30.  edit
  • Pension Eindhoven. €22,50pp.  edit
  • The Holiday Inn, city-center.  edit
  • Motel Eindhoven, (just on the outskirts of Eindhoven to the south). don't be fooled by the 'motel'-bit: it's a hotel  edit
  • Dorint Hotel, (3 km from centre).  edit
  • Park Plaza Mandarin Eindhoven, Geldropseweg 17, +31 (0) 40 - 2146500, [11]. Located in the city centre and very near to the train station, has an indoor swimming pool and 3 restaurants From €69.  edit

Get out

The small scale rural countryside around the city is also worth a visit. In the east is the village Nuenen, 11 km from central Eindhoven, where van Gogh was practicing as beginning painter, from 1882-1885. His favorite places are marked there, and his father lies buried in the local cemetery. Beside that, there are many marked bicycle routes. Even to Belgium, which is only a stone's throw away. For maps and/or more information, you can visit the 'VVV' office (tourist information) on the Stationsplein.

If you are going to Amsterdam from Eindhoven Airport there are two options:

  • Airexpressbuses (www.airexpressbus.com) costs ~EUR 20 and leaves approximately four times per day on weekdays (not in sync with flights, note that it does not leave on Sundays).
  • Take regional bus 401 to Eindhoven Central (takes ~20 mins), and taking the regional train to Amsterdam. The bus leaves every half hour on weekends, and more often on weekdays (www.hermes.nl for timetable). The regional train for Amsterdam passes through every 20 minutes and takes between 1,5 hours up to 2,5 hours, and costs approx EUR 17 (www.ns.nl for tickets/timetable).
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

EINDHOVEN, a town in the province of North Brabant, Holland, and a railway junction 8 m. by rail W. by S. of Helmond. Pop. (1900) 4730. Like Tilburg and Helmond it has developed in modern times into a flourishing industrial centre, having linen,, woollen, cotton, tobacco and cigar, matches, &c., factories and several breweries.


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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|250px|Coat of arms of Eindhoven.]] Eindhoven is a city in the south of the Netherlands. It is in the Noord-Brabant province. It has about 210,000 inhabitants and a well-known football team.

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