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Lutherstadt Eisleben Markt.jpg
Coat of arms of Eisleben
Eisleben is located in Germany
Coordinates 51°31′0″N 11°33′0″E / 51.516667°N 11.55°E / 51.516667; 11.55
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Mansfeld-Südharz
Town subdivisions 6
Mayor Jutta Fischer
Basic statistics
Area 143.81 km2 (55.53 sq mi)
Elevation 114 m  (374 ft)
Population 26,190  (31 December 2008)
 - Density 182 /km2 (472 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate MSH
Postal code 06295
Area code 03475
Location of the town of Eisleben within Mansfeld-Südharz district
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party  Germany
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, vi
Reference 783
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1996  (20th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Eisleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is famous as the hometown of Martin Luther, hence its official name is Lutherstadt Eisleben. As of 2005, Eisleben had a population of 24,552. It lies midway along the rail line from Kassel to Halle.

Eisleben is divided into old and new towns (Altstadt and Neustadt); the latter of which was created for Eisleben’s miners in the 14th century.

Eisleben was the capital of the district Mansfelder Land and is the seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("collective municipality") Lutherstadt Eisleben.



Eisleben was first mentioned in 997 as a market called Islebia and in 1180 as a town. It belonged to the counts of Mansfeld until it passed to the Electorate of Saxony in 1780. It was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815 and was administered within the Prussian Province of Saxony. It became part of the new state of Saxony-Anhalt after World War II.

Martin Luther

The Protestant reformer Martin Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483. His father, Hans Luther, was a miner like many of Eisleben’s citizens. Luther’s family moved to Mansfeld when he was only a year old and he lived in Wittenberg most of his life, but by chance he was in Eisleben when he preached his last sermons and died (1546).

Eisleben was a pioneer of "heritage tourism" — it took steps to preserve its Luther memorials as far back as 1689.

Together with the Luther sites in Wittenberg, the "Birth House" and "Death House" of Martin Luther in Eisleben were designated a World Heritage Site in 1997. Also in Eisleben is the St. Peter and Paul Church, where Luther was baptized (the original font survives) and St. Andreas Church, where he preached his last sermons.


External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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