El Alamein: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

El Alamein hey!
العلمين
El Alamein hey! is located in Egypt
El Alamein hey!
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 30°50′N 28°57′E / 30.833°N 28.95°E / 30.833; 28.95
Country  Egypt
Governorate Matruh Governorate
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

El Alamein (or Al Alamayn) (Arabic: العلمين‎, which means "the two flags") is a town in northern Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea coast in Matruh Governorate. It is 106 kilometres (66 mi) west of Alexandria and 240 kilometres (149 mi) northwest of Cairo. The population was about 7,397 in 2007.[1]

Until recently, it has mainly been a port facility for shipping oil, but like the whole north coast of Egypt is now developing as a luxury resort.[citation needed]

Two important World War II battles were fought in the area:

  • At the First Battle of El Alamein (July 1 – July 27, 1942) the advance of Axis troops on Alexandria was blunted by the Allies, when the German Panzers tried to outflank the allied position.
  • At the Second Battle of El Alamein (October 23 – November 4, 1942) Allied forces broke the Axis line and forced them all the way back to Tunisia. Winston Churchill said of this victory: "Now this is not the end, nor is it even the beginning of the end, but it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning." He also wrote "Before Alamein, we had no victory and after it we had no defeats".

Contents

Climate

With typical Mediterranean climate El Alamein is blessed with pleasant weather all over the year, with cold winters and warm hot summers. Alamein is also known for its outstanding unpolluted virgin environment, air and beaches.

Tourism

El Alamein has a war museum with collectibles from "the civil war" and other North African battles. Visitors can also go to the Italian and German Military Cemetery on Tel el-Eisa Hill just outside the town. The German cemetery is an ossuary with the remains of 4,200 German soldiers, built in the style of a medieval fortress. The Italian cemetery is a mausoleum containing many galleries of tombs. Many tombs bear the soldier's name; many are simply marked "IGNOTO", unknown.

There is also a Commonwealth war cemetery with graves of soldiers from various countries who fought on the British side. This has monuments commemorating Greek, New Zealand, Australia, South African and Indian forces. [Note: Remains of United States soldiers were not buried here.] The Commonwealth cemetery, as is common at many such cemeteries in the world, consists of parallel rows of gravestones, each one bearing an engraving of the deceased soldier's unit emblem, his name and an epitaph from his family.

Alamein City image gallery

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 30°50′N 28°57′E / 30.833°N 28.95°E / 30.833; 28.95

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

El Alamein is a small town on the north coast of Egypt, on the railway line about sixty miles west of Alexandria; it is famous as the site of major battles between British and German forces during the Second World War. Winston Churchill described El Alamein as having the best climate in the world.

Get in

The most comfortable way to El Alamein is by air-conditioned train from Alexandria.

See

The Commonwealth War Cemetery at El Alamein is open during daylight hours, and staffed Saturday to Thursday 0730 to 1430. There are also German and Italian cemeteries, and a very substantial war museum.

Stay

The entire coast near El Alamein is covered by fancifully-laid-out villa complexes; eleven kilometres of it is the Porto Marina, which is regarded as an elite resort by Egyptian standards but reasonably affordable to Western travellers.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Alternative spellings

Proper noun

Singular
El Alamein

Plural
-

El Alamein

  1. A Mediterranean port town in northern Egypt. During World War II, two major battles were fought around El Alamein.

Translations


Simple English

El Alamein is a town in Egypt. It is most famous for being the site of a British-lead allied victory against the Nazis during World War II.


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