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Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
and Arab–Israeli conflict series
Israeli–Palestinian
Peace Process
Israel with the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights
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a The Golan Heights are not part of the Israeli-Palestinian process.

The Elections Reform Support Group or ERSG is an organization co-chaired by the United States and the European Union to coordinate the reform of the Palestinian electoral system.[1] ESRG was founded in 2002.[1][2] Members include the states of Denmark, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.[1] Also international organizations such as the European Commission, the office of the European Union Presidency, the United Nations and the United Nations Development Program participate in this program.[1]

The organization is supported by a number of contractors including the International Foundation for Electoral Systems which joined the support of the Group in 2003.[1]

Formation

ERSG was formed as an outgrowth of the UN Task Force on Palestine. The UN task force consists of the Quartet (U.S., EU, Russia and the UN Secretary General), Norway, Japan, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund and first met July 10, 2002.[3] This task force was responsible for forming support groups for several areas of reform including Civil Society, Elections, Financial Accountability, Judicial Reform, Local Government, Market Economics, and Ministerial and Civil Service Reform.[3] These groups were a reaction to the declining humanitarian situation in the Palestinian territories. [3] Once the Elections Reform Support Group was organized, the task force was advised in election activities by Ambassador Jean Breteche of the EU, who would later became the Secretariat of ERSG.[4]

Activities

The program works with the PLC to develop and implement a project to draft election law. This program is in close coordination with USAID.[1]

The ESRG is supported by the entire task force and receives a lot of funding from USAID and the EU. As part of this support the European Union provided five elections experts and 10 million Euros to support the project, UNDP/PAPP provided two experts, Japan contributed 1 million dollars, Canada contributed 1.2 million Canadian dollars and an expert, Norway contributed 1 million dollars and Denmark provided 300,000 dollars.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f http://www.ifes.org/westbankgaza.html?page=past IFES-West Bank/Gaza. Accessed June 30, 2006
  2. ^ a b [1] UNDP/PAPP Support to the Electoral Process in Palestine. Accessed June 30, 2009
  3. ^ a b c Task Force on Palestinian Reform, August 23, 2002. Accessed July 1, 2009.
  4. ^ EU Recommendation for Jean Breteche November 15, 2003. Accessed July 1, 2009
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