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Albania

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Politics and government of
Albania



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Albania holds elections on a national level for a legislature. The Assembly of Albania (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) has 140 members elected for four-year terms. The electoral system is closed list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's 12 administrative regions. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of 3 percent of votes, and pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of 5 percent of votes.[1][2]

This electoral system replaced a mixed-member system in November 2008.[3] Under the old system, 100 members were elected directly in single member constituencies with approximately equal numbers of voters. 40 were elected from multi-name lists of parties or party coalitions according to their ranking. The total number of deputies of a party or a party coalition was to be, to the closest possible extent, proportional to the valid votes won by that party or coalition on the national scale in the first round of elections. Parties that received less than 2.5% and coalitions that received less than 4% of the valid votes on the national scale in the first round of elections did not benefit from the respective multi-name list.

The change was criticised by the smaller parties, but supported by the two main parties. It was considered an important step towards Albania's European integration. Other changes included limiting the prosecutor general's term to five years, forcing an early election in case of a no-confidence vote and reducing the majority required to elect the president from three-fifths to half the MPs.[4]

The president is elected by parliament.

Albania has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and several other parties that are electorally successful.

Contents

Latest election

e • d  Summary of the 28 June 2009 Assembly of Albania election results
Coalitions Votes % Seats
Total "Alliance for Changes" (Aleanca për Ndryshim) 712745 46.92 70
Total "Unification for Changes" (Bashkimi për Ndryshim) 688748 45.34 66
Total "Socialist Alliance" (Aleanca Socialiste për Integrim) 84407 5.56 4
Total "Pole of Freedom" (Poli i Lirisë) 27655 1.82 0
Law and Justice Party (Partia Ligj dhe Drejtësi) PLiDr 4865 0.32 0
Independent (Pavarur) PAVARUR 756 0.05 0
Total (turnout: %) 1519176 100.00 140
Source: CEC

Past elections

The Parliament that emerged from elections on June 29, 1997, was led by the Socialist Party (PS), which took 101 of the 155 seats. The Democratic Party (PD) won 27 seats. The Social Democrats (PSD) won eight seats (including the Speaker's), and the Unity for Human Rights party (PBDNJ) won four. Among the remaining seats, Balli Kombëtar (PBK) won three, the Democratic Alliance (PAD), Republican (PR), and Legality and Unity of the Right (PLL) parties won two each; the Agrarian (PAS), Christian Democrat (PDK), and National Unity Party (PUK) won one each, and independents three. Percent of vote by party - PS 53.36%, PD 25.33%, PSD 2.5%, PBDNJ 2.78%, PBK 2.36%, PAD 2.85%, PR 2.25%, PLL 3.09%, PDK 1.00%.

Results of the election of June 24, 2001: percentage of vote by party - PS 41.5%, PD & coalition allies 36.8%, NDP 5.2%, PSD 3.6%, PBDNJ 2.6%, PASH 2.6%, PAD 2.5%; seats by party - PS 73, PD & coalition allies 46, NDP 6, PSD 4, PBDNJ 3, PAS 3, PAD 3, independents 2.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.electionguide.org/country.php?ID=3
  2. ^ http://www.osce.org/item/37843.html
  3. ^ http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1227096121.33/
  4. ^ Ex-communist Albania changes voting system in constitutional shake up - International Herald Tribune

External links

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