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Estonia elects a legislature on the national level. The Riigikogu has 101 members, elected for a four year term by proportional representation. A head of state - the president - is elected for a five year term by parliament (1st-3rd round) or an electoral college (4th and subsequent rounds). Locally, Estonia elects local government councils, which vary in size, but by the election law there are minimum size of councils depending on the size of municipality. Local government councils are elected by proportional representation too.

  • The minimum number of council members is prescribed to be at least 7 seats
  • Over 2,000 inhabitants: at least 13 seats
  • Over 5,000 inhabitants: at least 17 seats
  • Over 10,000 inhabitants: at least 21 seats
  • Over 50,000 inhabitants: at least 31 seats
  • Over 300,000 inhabitants: at least 63 seats

Estonia has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Elections have taken place in the following years: Past elections:

  • Riigikogu (parliament): 1992, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007
  • Local/municipal: 1996, 1999, 2002, 2005
  • Europarliament: 2004 (6 seats)
  • Referenda: 2003 (EU)
  • President: 1992 (Lennart Meri), 1996 (Lennart Meri), 2001 (Arnold Rüütel), 2006 (Toomas Ilves)

Upcoming elections:

  • 18 October 2009: Local/municipal


Latest national election

e • d  Summary of the 4 March 2007 Parliament of Estonia election results
Party Ideology Votes % Change Seats Change
  Estonian Reform Party (Eesti Reformierakond) Classical liberalism 153,044 27.8% +10.1% 31 +12
  Estonian Centre Party (Eesti Keskerakond) Social liberalism 143,518 26.1% +0.7% 29 +1
  Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica (Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit)1 Conservatism 98,347 17.9% –14.0% 19 –16
  Social Democratic Party (Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond)2 Social democracy 58,363 10.6% +3.6% 10 +4
  Estonian Greens (Erakond Eestimaa Rohelised)3 Green politics 39,279 7.1% +7.1% 6 +6
  People's Union of Estonia (Eestimaa Rahvaliit) Agrarianism 39,215 7.1% –5.9% 6 –7
  Party of Estonian Christian Democrats (Erakond Eesti Kristlikud Demokraadid)4 Christian democracy 9,456 1.7% +0.7% 0
  Constitution Party (Konstitutsioonierakond)5 Russian minority, left-wing 5,464 1.0% –1.2% 0
  Estonian Independence Party (Eesti Iseseisvuspartei) Euroscepticism, Nationalism 1,273 0.2% –0.4% 0
  Russian Party in Estonia (Vene Eesti Erakond) Russian minority 1,084 0.2% ±0.0% 0
  Estonian Left Party (Eesti Vasakpartei)6 Democratic socialism 607 0.1% –0.3% 0
  Independents 563 0.1% –0.3% 0
Total 550,213 100.0% 101

^Note 1  Compared to the sum of the Res Publica Party and the Pro Patria Union, who merged to form the Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica in 2006.
^Note 2  Compared to the Moderate People's Party, which became the Social Democratic Party in 2004.
^Note 3  The Greens did not participate in the previous elections.
^Note 4  Compared to the Estonian Christian People's Union, which became the Party of Estonian Christian Democrats in 2006.
^Note 5  Compared to the Estonian United People's Party, which became the Constitution Party in 2006.
^Note 6  Compared to the Estonian Social Democratic Labour Party, which became the Estonian Left Party in 2004.

European elections

See also

External links



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