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Pakistan

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Pakistan



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At the national level, Pakistan elects a bicameral legislature, the Parliament of Pakistan, which consists of a directly-elected National Assembly of Pakistan and a Senate, whose members are chosen by elected provincial legislators. The Prime Minister of Pakistan is elected by the National Assembly. The President is elected by the Electoral college, which consists of both houses of Parliament together with the provincial assemblies. In addition to the national parliament and the provincial assemblies, Pakistan also has more than five thousand elected local governments.

The country a multi-party system, with numerous parties. Frequently, no single party holds a majority, and therefore parties must form alliances during or after elections, with coalition governments forming out of negotiations between parties.

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Latest elections

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2008 Presidential election

2008 General elections

This election led to strong showings for the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) (PML-N), who signed the Bhurban Accord in response to the election results.

Parties Votes % Elected seats Reserved seats (Women) Reserved seats (Minorities) Total
Pakistan Peoples Party 10,606,486 30.6% 97 23 4 124
Pakistan Muslim League (N) 6,781,445 19.6% 71 17 3 91
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) 7,989,817 23.0% 42 10 2 54
Muttahida Qaumi Movement 2,507,813 7.4% 19 5 1 25
Awami National Party 700,479 2.0% 10 3 0 13
Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal Pakistan

Note: Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan, Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan, Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan and Jamiat Ahle Hadith did not participate.

772,798 2.2% 6 1 0 7
Pakistan Muslim League (F) 4 1 0 5
Pakistan Peoples Party (Sherpao) 140,707 0.4% 1 0 0 1
National Peoples Party 1 0 0 1
Balochistan National Party (Awami) 1 0 0 1
Independents 18 0 0 18
Total 34,665,978 100% 270 60 10 340
Source: Election Commission of Pakistan, Adam Carr's Electoral Archive

2007 Presidential election

Past elections

1947-1958

Between 1947 and 1958, there were no direct elections held in Pakistan at the national level. Provincial elections were held occasionally. The West Pakistan provincial elections were described as "a farce, a mockery and a fraud upon the electorate"[1]

The first direct elections held in the country after independence were for the provincial Assembly of the Punjab between 10-20 March 1951. The elections were held for 197 seats. As many as 939 candidates contested the election for 189 seats, while the remaining seats were filled unopposed. Seven political parties were in the race. The election was held on an adult franchise basis with approximately one-million voters. The turnout remained low. In Lahore, the turnout was 30 per cent of the listed voters and in rural areas of Punjab it was much lower.

On 8 December 1951 the North West Frontier Province held elections for Provincial legislature seats. In a pattern that would be repeated throughout Pakistan's electoral history, many of those who lost accused the winners of cheating and rigging the elections. Similarly, in May, 1953 elections to the Provincial legislature of Sindh were held and they were also marred by accusations of rigging. In April 1954, elections were held for the East Pakistan Legislative Assembly, in which the Pakistan Muslim League lost, and Bengali nationalists won.[2]

References

  1. ^ Report of the Electoral Reforms Commission, Government of Pakistan, 1956
  2. ^ Human Rights Commission of Pakistan Election

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