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Elettaria: Wikis


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True Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Elettaria
Species: E. cardamomum
Binomial name
Elettaria cardamomum
(L.) Maton

Elettaria is a genus of one or two species of cardamoms, native to southeastern Asia from India south to Sri Lanka and east to Malaysia and western Indonesia, where it grows in tropical rainforests.



Some authorities treat the genus as containing only one species Elettaria cardamomum, while others separate Sri Lankan plants out as a separate species Elettaria repens Sonner.

Common names

Common names include Green Cardamom, True Cardamom, and (E. repens) Ceylon Cardamom; in Sanskrit it is Ela or Truti, in Hindi Elachi or Elaichi; in Tamil Ellaykka, in Malayalam Elam.



It is a pungent aromatic herbaceous perennial plant growing to 2–4 m in height. The leaves are alternate in two ranks, linear-lanceolate, 40-60 cm long, with a long pointed tip. The flowers are white to lilac or pale violet, produced in a loose spike 30-60 cm long. The fruit is a three-sided yellow-green pod 1-2 cm long, containing several black seeds.


The green seed pods of the plant are dried and the seeds inside the pod are used in Indian and other Asian cuisines either whole or in a ground form. It is the most widely cultivated species of cardamom; for other types and uses, see cardamom.

Cardamom pods as used as spice

Ground cardamom is an ingredient in many Indian curries, and is a primary contributor to the flavour of masala chai. In the Middle East and Iran, cardamom is used to flavour coffee and tea. In Turkey, it is used to flavor the black Turkish tea (Kakakule in Turkish).

As well as in its native range, it is also grown in Nepal, Vietnam, Thailand, and Central America. In India, the states of Sikkim and Kerala are the main producers of cardamom; they rank highest both in cultivated area and in production. It was first imported into Europe c.1200 CE.

Different views & aspects




Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales
Familia: Zingiberaceae
Subfamilia: Alpinioideae
Tribus: Alpinieae
Genus: Elettaria
Species: Elettaria cardamomum


Elettaria Maton

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Elettaria on Wikimedia Commons.

Vernacular names

Bahasa Indonesia: Kapulaga
Български: Кардамон
Česky: Kardamom
Deutsch: Kardamom
English: Cardamom
Esperanto: Kardamomo
Français: Cardamome
Magyar: Kardamomi mag
Nederlands: Kardemom
日本語: カルダモン
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Kardemomme
Polski: Kardamon
Português: Cardamomo
Русский: Кардамон
Slovenščina: Kardamom
Suomi: Kardemumma
Svenska: Kardemumma
Türkçe: Kakule


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