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Elias Magnus Fries

Born 15 August 1794(1794-08-15)
Died 8 February 1878 (aged 83)
Nationality Swedish
Fields Mycology, Botany
Institutions Lund University
Uppsala University
Alma mater Lund University
Known for Founder of modern fungal taxonomy
Author abbreviation (botany) Fr.

Elias Magnus Fries (15 August 1794 ‚Äď 8 February 1878) was a Swedish mycologist and botanist.


He was born at Femsjö in Småland as the son of a priest. In 1811 he entered Lund University where he took the doctorate in 1814. In the same year he was appointed an associate professorship in botany, and in 1824, became a full professor. In 1834 he became professor borgströmianus of practical economy at Uppsala University. The post was changed to "professor of botany and practical economy" in 1851; he was also the director of the Uppsala University Botanical Garden. In 1821, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

His most important works were the three-volume Systema mycologicum (1821‚Äď1832), Elenchus fungorum (1828), the two-volume Monographia hymenomycetum Sueciae (1857 and 1863) and Hymenomycetes Europaei (1874).[1]

Fries is considered to be, after Christian Hendrik Persoon, founding father of the modern taxonomy of mushrooms. His taxonomy of mushrooms was influenced by Goethe and the German romantics. He utilized spore color and arrangement of the hymenophore (pores, gills, teeth etc.) as major taxonomic characteristics.

When he died, The Times commented: "His very numerous works, especially on fungi and lichens, give him a position as regards those groups of plants only comparable to that of Linnaeus".[2] Fries was succeeded in the borgströmian professorship by Johan Erhard Areschoug, after whom Thore Fries, the son of Elias, held the chair.


  1. ^ Gulden, Gro; Eckblad, Finn-Egil (2007). "Elias Magnus Fries". in Henriksen, Petter (in Norwegian). Store norske leksikon. Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 27 March 2009.  
  2. ^ The Times, Thursday, Feb 21, 1878; pg. 6; Issue 29184; col C
  3. ^ "Author Query". International Plant Names Index.  

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Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

(15.VIII.1794 ‚Äď 8.II.1878)

Swedish mycologist and botanist.


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