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Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick
Holy Roman Empress; German Queen; Queen consort of the Romans, Hungary, Bohemia, Sardinia, Naples, and Sicily; Archduchess consort of Austria
Tenure 1711 - 1740
Consort to Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue
Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress
Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
House House of Habsburg
House of Welf
Father Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
Born 28 August 1691
Brunswick, Germany
Died 21 December 1750
Vienna, Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria

Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (28 August 1691, Brunswick, Germany ; 21 December 1750, Vienna, Austria) was Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; and Archduchess of Austria by her marriage to Emperor Charles VI[1]. She was renowned for her delicate beauty and also for being the mother of Empress Maria Theresa.

Elisabeth Christine was the eldest daughter of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen.

At age 13 Elisabeth Christine became engaged to the future Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor through negotiations between her ambitious grandfather, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Charles' sister-in-law, Empress Wilhelmina Amalia, whose father was John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and thus belonged to another branch of the Guelph dynasty.

However, the Protestant bride opposed the marriage at first, since it involved her switching to Catholicism, but finally she gave in and on 1 May 1707, was converted in Bamberg, Germany.

At the time of the wedding, Charles was fighting for his rights to the Spanish throne against the French-born King Philip V of Spain, so he was living in Barcelona. Elisabeth Christine arrived in Spain on July 1708 and married Charles on 1 August 1708 in the church of Santa Maria del Mar in Barcelona. When her husband left for Vienna to take possession of the imperal crown in 1711, he left Elisabeth Christine behind in Barcelona appointing her as General Governor of Catalonia during his absence. She wisely ruled Catalonia alone until 1713, when she had to leave Barcelona and join her husband in Vienna. Later, they had two children who survived infancy, Empress Maria Theresa and Archduchess Maria Anna. Elisabeth Christine died in Vienna.

Children

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Friedrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg-Norburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg-Norburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleonore of Anhalt-Zerbst
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joachim Ernst, Prince Oettingen-Oettingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert Ernest I, Prince of Oettingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anna Dorothea of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Gleichen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Christine Friederike of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anna Katharina, Wild- and Rheingraefin of Salm-Kyrburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Born: 28 August 1691 Died: 21 December 1750
Italian royalty
Preceded by
Anne Marie d'Orléans
Queen consort of Sicily
1720 – 1734
Succeeded by
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Preceded by
Princess Maria Luisa of Savoy
Queen consort of Naples
1713 – 1735
Queen consort of Sardinia
1713 – 1720
Succeeded by
Anne Marie d'Orléans
German royalty
Preceded by
Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
Holy Roman Empress and German Queen
1711-1740
Succeeded by
Maria Amalia of Austria
Queen consort of Bohemia
1711-1740
Queen consort of Hungary
1711-1740
Succeeded by
Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain
Archduchess consort of Austria
1743–1765
Preceded by
Henrietta Maria of Modena
Duchess consort of Parma and Guastalla

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