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Crown Princess of Prussia
Bavarian Royalty
House of Wittelsbach
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Bayern (Grosses).jpg

Maximilian I
   Ludwig I
   Princess Augusta
   Princess Amalie Marie
   Princess Charlotte
   Prince Karl Theodor
   Prince Karl Friedrich
   Elisabeth Ludovika, Queen of Prussia
   Princess Amalie Auguste
   Archduchess Sophie of Austria
   Princess Maria Anna, Queen of Saxony
   Princess Ludovika
   Princess Maximiliana
Ludwig I
   Maximilian II
   Mathilde, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
   Otto, King of the Hellenes
   Princess Theodelinde
   Prince Regent Luitpold
   Adelgunde, Duchess of Modena
   Archduchess Hildegarde of Austria
   Princess Alexandra
   Prince Adalbert
   Ludwig II
   Ludwig III
   Prince Leopold
   Princess Therese
   Prince Arnulf
   Prince Alfons
Great Grandchildren
   Princess Elisabeth Marie
   Archduchess Auguste of Austria
   Prince Georg
   Prince Konrad
   Prince Heinrich
Maximilian II
   Ludwig II
   Otto I
Ludwig II

Otto I

Ludwig III
   Crown Prince Rupprecht
   Princess Adelgunde
   Maria, Duchess of Calabria
   Prince Karl
   Prince Franz
   Princess Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
   Prince Wolfgang
   Princess Hildegarde
   Princess Notburga
   Wiltrud, Duchess of Urach
   Princess Helmtrud
   Princess Dietlinde
   Princess Gundelinde
Children of Crown Prince Rupprecht
   Prince Luitpold
   Princess Irmingard
   Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
   Prince Rudolf
   Prince Heinrich
   Princess Irmingard
   Princess Editha
   Princess Hilda
   Gabrielle, Duchess of Cr√∂y
   Sophie, Duchess of Arenberg
Children of Duke Albrecht
   Princess Marie Gabrielle
   Princess Marie Charlotte
   Franz, Duke of Bavaria
   Prince Max
Children of Prince Max
   Princess Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
   Princess Marie-Caroline
   Princess H√©l√®ne
   Princess Elizabeth
   Princess Maria Anna

Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria (November 13, 1801 ‚Äď December 14, 1873) was a Princess of Bavaria and later Queen consort of Prussia.



Elisabeth was born in Munich, the daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his Queen Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine Margravine of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Queen Amalie of Saxony, consort of King John I of Saxony, and sister of Archduchess Sophie of Austria, mother of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria and Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico; as well as Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria, mother of Franz Josef's consort, Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Sisi), who was Elisabeth's godchild and namesake. She was known within her family as Elise.

On November 29, 1823, she married the future King Frederick William IV of Prussia and supported his intellectual interests, namely his attempts at artwork, which he held dear to his heart. In 1830, Elisabeth converted to Protestantism.

Becoming Queen consort of Prussia in 1840, she was never without influence in Prussian politics, where she was active in preserving the close friendship between Prussia and the Austrian Empire.

To Frederick William IV, she was an exemplary wife and, during his long illness, a dedicated nurse. After his death on January 2, 1861, Elisabeth lived quietly at her seats at Sanssouci, Charlottenburg, and Stolzenfels and dedicated herself to charity work in memory of her late husband . Her brother-in-law, Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany, held her in high regard as a true friend.

During a visit to her sister, Queen Amalie of Saxony, Elisabeth died in 1873 in Dresden. She was buried next to her husband on December 21 at the Friedenskirche in Potsdam.

Titles, styles, honours and arms


Titles and styles

  • 13 November 1801 ‚Äď 26 December 1805: Her Serene Highness Princess Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria[1]
  • 26 December 1805 - 29 November 1823: Her Royal Highness Princess Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
  • 29 November 1823 ‚Äď 7 June 1840: Her Royal Highness Princess Elisabeth Ludovika of Prussia, Princess of Bavaria
  • 7 June 1840 ‚Äď 2 January 1861: Her Majesty The Queen of Prussia
  • 2 January 1861 ‚Äď 14 December 1873: Her Majesty The Dowager Queen of Prussia


  1. ^ Genealogy of the Royal Family of Bavaria
  • The information in this article is based on that in its German equivalent.
  • Moritz Freiherr von Bissing: Elisabeth K√∂nigin von Preu√üen, Berlin 1974.
  • Ludovika Hesekiel: Elisabeth Luise, K√∂nigin von Preu√üen (Berlin 1881).
  • Dorothea Minkels: "Portr√§ts der preu√üischen K√∂nigin Elisabeth in der Sammlung des Stadtmuseums Berlin." in: Jahrbuch 2004/2005 Stadtmuseum Berlin, pg. 278-304.
  • Alfred v. Reumont: Elisabeth, K√∂nigin von Preu√üen (Berlin 1874)
  • Dorothea Minkels: Elisabeth von Preu√üen. K√∂nigin in der Zeit des AusM√ĄRZens. Norderstedt 2008.
Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
Born: November 13 1801 Died: December 4 1873
Title last held by
Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Queen Consort of Prussia
Succeeded by
Augusta of Saxe-Weimar


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