The Full Wiki

More info on Elizabeth of Pomerania

Elizabeth of Pomerania: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elizabeth of Pomerania
Elisabeth of Pomerania
Queen consort of Germany
Tenure 1363–1376
Queen consort of Bohemia
Tenure 1363–1376
Holy Roman Empress
Tenure 1363–1376
Spouse Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue
Anna, Queen of England
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
Margaret
House Luxembourg dynasty (by marriage)
House of Piast (by birth)
Father Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania
Mother Elizabeth of Poland
Born 1347
Died 15 April 1393 (aged 45-46)

Elizabeth of Pomerania (1347 – 15 April 1393) was the fourth and final wife of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and king of Bohemia. Her parents were Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania and Elizabeth of Poland, (died 1361). Her maternal grandparents were Casimir III, King of Poland and Aldona of Lithuania.

Marriage

The marriage of Charles and Elizabeth was held on 21 May 1363 in Kraków, only one year after the death of Charles' third wife Anne of Schweidnitz. The bride was only 16 years old while the groom was already 47. Charles married Elizabeth mainly for diplomatic reason, as the marriage helped to break the anti-Czech coalition led by Duke Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, with Polish and Hungarian kings as participants. On 18 June 1363 in the Bohemian capital Prague Elizabeth was crowned Queen of Bohemia and 5 years later on 1 November 1368 she was also crowned empress of the Holy Roman Empire in Rome by Pope Urban V.

Elizabeth is reputed to have been a very vigorous, self-confident and physically strong woman. She bore six children to Charles:

Widowhood

After her husband's death at 29 November 1378 in Prague, Elizabeth's stepson Wenceslaus IV, son of Charles's previous wife, ascended the throne. Elizabeth then cared for her own two sons, mainly the older Sigismund, whom she supported in his efforts to become the king of Hungary.

Elizabeth outlived Charles IV by 15 years. She died on 14 February 1393 in Königgrätz Hradec Králové and was buried next to her husband in St. Vitus Cathedral.

References

  • J. Fidler, České královny [Queens of Bohemia] (Havlíčkův Brod, 2004)
Preceded by
Katharine of Bohemia
Margravine of Brandenburg
1373–1378
Succeeded by
Mary of Hungary
Preceded by
Anna von Schweidnitz
Countess consort of Luxembourg
1363–1378
Succeeded by
Johanna of Bavaria
Queen consort of Bohemia
1363–1378
Queen consort of Italy
1363–1378
Queen consort of Burgundy
1363–1378
German Queen
1363–1376
Empress of the Holy Roman Empire
1363–1378
Succeeded by
Barbara of Celje
Advertisements

Elizabeth of Pomerania
File:Elisabeth von
Elisabeth of Pomerania
Queen consort of Germany
Tenure 1363–1376
Queen consort of Bohemia
Tenure 1363–1376
Holy Roman Empress
Tenure 1363–1376
Spouse Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue
Anna, Queen of England
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
Margaret
House Luxembourg dynasty (by marriage)
House of Piast (by birth)
Father Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania
Mother Elizabeth of Poland
Born 1347
Died 15 April 1393 (aged 45-46)

Elizabeth of Pomerania (1347 – 15 April 1393) was the fourth and final wife of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and king of Bohemia. Her parents were Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania and Elizabeth of Poland, (died 1361). Her maternal grandparents were Casimir III, King of Poland and Aldona of Lithuania.

Contents

Marriage

The marriage of Charles and Elizabeth was held on 21 May 1363 in Kraków, only one year after the death of Charles' third wife Anne of Schweidnitz. The bride was 16 years old while the groom was 47. Charles married Elizabeth mainly for diplomatic reason, as the marriage helped to break the anti-Czech coalition led by Duke Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, with Polish and Hungarian kings as participants. On 18 June 1363 in the Bohemian capital Prague Elizabeth was crowned Queen of Bohemia and 5 years later on 1 November 1368 she was also crowned empress of the Holy Roman Empire in Rome by Pope Urban V.

She bore six children :

Queen and Empress

Elizabeth is reputed to have been a very vigorous, self-confident and physically strong person.The relationship between Elizabeth and Charles is described to have been good and harmonius. During the serious illness of Charles in 1371, Elizabeth made a miniature pilgrimage by walking on foot to the cathedral and offering gifts in a prayer to his health. Their good relationship has been portrayed in art, such as in Noc na Karlštejně (A Night at Karlstein). She does not seem to have vieled any influence, however: she was tormented by the fact that Charles preferred his children form his former marriage, but was unable to change his mind.

Widowhood

After her husband's death at 29 November 1378 in Prague, Elizabeth's stepson Wenceslaus IV, son of Charles's previous wife, ascended the throne. Elizabeth then cared for her own two sons, mainly the older Sigismund, whom she supported in his efforts to become the king of Hungary.

Elizabeth outlived Charles IV by 15 years. She died on 14 February 1393 in Königgrätz Hradec Králové and was buried next to her husband in St. Vitus Cathedral.

References

  • J. Fidler, České královny [Queens of Bohemia] (Havlíčkův Brod, 2004)
  • KAVKA, František. Čtyři ženy Karla IV. Královské sňatky. Praha ; Litomyšl : Paseka, 2002. 189 s. ISBN 80-7185-493-X.
  • SPĚVÁČEK, Jiří. Karel IV. Život a dílo (1316–1378). Praha : Nakladatelství Svoboda, 1980. 721 s.
  • SPĚVÁČEK, Jiří. Václav IV. 1361-1419. K předpokladům husitské revoluce. Praha : Nakladatelství Svoboda, 1986. 773 s.
Preceded by
Katharine of Bohemia
Margravine of Brandenburg
1373–1378
Succeeded by
Mary of Hungary
Preceded by
Anna von Schweidnitz
Countess consort of Luxembourg
1363–1378
Succeeded by
Joanna of Bavaria
Queen consort of Bohemia
1363–1378
Queen consort of Italy
1363–1378
Queen consort of Burgundy
1363–1378
German Queen
1363–1376
Holy Roman Empress
1363–1378
Succeeded by
Barbara of Celje

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message