Elliot Lake: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

Advertisements

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Elliot Lake
The city of Elliot Lake; the lake on the right
Coordinates: 46°23′00″N 82°39′00″W / 46.3833333°N 82.65°W / 46.3833333; -82.65
Country Flag of Canada.svg Canada
Province Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario
District Algoma District
Established 1955
Government
 - Mayor Rick Hamilton
 - Governing Body Elliot Lake City Council
 - Federal electoral district Algoma—Manitoulin—Kapuskasing
 - Provincial electoral district Algoma—Manitoulin
Area
 - Total 698.12 km2 (269.5 sq mi)
Population (2006)Statistics Canada
 - Total 11,549
 Density 16.5/km2 (42.7/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern Standard Time (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) (UTC-4)
Postal Code FSA P5A
Area code(s) 705
Website http://www.cityofelliotlake.com/
Municipal rank: 325th in Canada

Elliot Lake (2006 population 11,549) is a city in northern Ontario, Canada, north of Lake Huron in the Algoma District, midway between the cities of Sudbury and Sault Ste. Marie.

Contents

History

Until the 1870s an Ojibwa village existed near the present hospital site on the lake's shoreline.

The city was established as a planned community for the mining industry in 1955 after the discovery of uranium in the area, and named after the small lake on its northern edge. Geologist Franc Joubin and American financier Joseph Hirshhorn were instrumental in its founding. The principal mining companies were Denison Mines and Rio Algom. The population has varied with several boom-and-bust cycles from the 1950s to the 1990s, from a high of over 26,000 to a low of about 6,600.

In 1959, the United States declared that it would buy no more uranium from Canada after 1962. During the 1970s, federal plans for CANDU Reactors and Ontario Hydro's interest in atomic energy led the town, anticipating a population of 30,000, to expand again. However, by the early 1990s depleted reserves and low prices caused the last mines in the area to close.

In the years since, the city looked elsewhere for its survival, finding some success promoting itself as a retirement community and tourist destination. In the late 2000s, mineral exploration has begun taking place in the area, with at least one major new mining facility being developed by Pele Mountain Resources.[1]

Uranium mining

Area uranium mines

  • Stanleigh Mine (1956-1960 and 1982-1996), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 14 million tons of ore.
  • Spanish American Mine (1957-1959), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 79,000 tons of ore.[2]
  • Can-Met Mine (1957-1960), operated by Denison Mines Ltd., produced 2.6 million tons of ore.
  • Milliken Mine (1957-1964), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 6.3 million tons of ore.
  • Panel Mine (1957-1961 and 1978-1990), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 15 million tons of ore.
  • Denison Mine (1957-1992), operated by Denison Mines Ltd., produced 69 million tons of ore.
  • Stanrock Mine (1958-1960 and 1964-1985), operated by Denison Mines Ltd., produced 6.4 million tons of ore.
  • Quirke Mine(s) (1955-1961 and 1965-1990), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 44 million tons of ore.
  • Pronto Mine (1955-1970), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 2.3 million tons of ore.
  • Buckles Mine (1956-1960), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 276,000 tons of ore.
  • Lacnor Mine "Lake Nordic" (1956-1960), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 3.4 million tons of ore.
  • Nordic Mine (1956-1970), operated by Rio Algom Ltd., produced 13 million tons of ore.

Health Concerns

Uranium miners in Elliot Lake became alarmed about the high incidence of lung cancer and silicosis, and they went on strike over health and safety conditions. The government appointed a Royal Commission to investigate health and safety in mines. Chaired by Dr. James Ham, it became known as the Ham Commission.[3]

Geography and environment

Situated on the Canadian Shield, the city is surrounded by dense forest, muskeg swamps, numerous lakes, winding rivers, and hills of Precambrian bedrock. The local forests are mixed deciduous and coniferous, with colourful displays in the autumn.

Local wildlife include moose, white-tailed Deer, American Black Bear, beaver, loon, muskrat, otter, Canada Goose, and lynx, to name but a few. Fish species include lake trout, speckled trout, rainbow trout, smallmouth bass, pickerel (walleye), and sturgeon.

Since December 1990 the town has been home to the Elliot Lake Research Field Station, established by Laurentian University to investigate environmental radioactivity.

Acclaimed Canadian photographer Edward Burtynsky has taken landscape pictures of uranium and nickel tailings during the mid-1990s, providing evidence of the after-effects to the ecosystem.

Climate

  • Average precipitation: 104.2 mm
Average Minimum Temperature
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
°C −17.7 −17.6 −11.1 −2.6 4.0 9.5 12.2 11.4 7.7 2.9 −3.9 −12.3 −0.8
°F 1.4 0.3 12.0 27.3 39.2 49.1 54.0 52.5 45.9 37.2 25.0 9.9 30.6
Average Maximum Temperature
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
°C −6.4 −5.2 0.8 8.2 15.9 21.5 25.0 22.3 17.7 11.9 3.0 −3.7 9.8
°F 20.5 22.6 33.4 46.8 60.6 70.7 74.5 72.1 63.9 53.4 37.4 25.3 49.6

Transportation

Relatively isolated, Elliot Lake is only connected to the south by Highway 108, a 30 km distance to Highway 17, also known as the Trans-Canada Highway. Highway 639 extends for 24 kilometres north of the city to its terminus at Highway 546, although this is an almost entirely unpopulated route used primarily as an access road to Mississagi Provincial Park and a few private wilderness recreation lodges. The Deer Trail Route, a part of the Ontario Tourist Route network, follows a circle consisting of Highways 17, 108, 639 and 546.

Elliot Lake Municipal Airport has no regularly scheduled flights.

Elliot Lake Transit provides daily bus service on an hourly basis, with the exception of Sundays and statutory holidays.

Arts and culture

Local festivals include the Jewel in the Wilderness Festival, Heritage Weekend and the Elliot Lake Arts on the Trail festival.[4]

The city is home to Denison House, a hotel and convention facility located in the former corporate lodge of Denison Mines, and the Elliot Lake Mining and Nuclear Museum. Two community monuments, the Uranium Atom Monument downtown and the Miners Memorial Monument on Horne Lake, are also found in the city, as well as a scenic lookout at the former fire tower.

In 1975, Canadian musician Stompin' Tom Connors recorded "Damn Good Song for a Miner," about the city of Elliot Lake and its mining culture in the 1960s. Elliot Lake is also a prominent setting in Alistair MacLeod's award-winning novel No Great Mischief.

Education

Current Schools

Defunct Schools

  • Elliot Lake Middle School
  • Dieppe Avenue Public School
  • Lakeside Avenue Public School
  • Stanrock Public School
  • Spruce Avenue Public School
  • Westhill Senior Public School
  • Ecole Notre Dame du Bois Joli
  • Holy Family
  • Sault College (Satellite Campus)
  • Collège Boréal (Satellite Campus)
  • Roman Avenue Public School

Sports

  • Elliot Lake ATV Club
  • Stone Ridge Golf & Country Club
  • Mount Dufour Ski Area
  • OK Tire North Shore Challenge Drag Race
  • Mountain Bike Ontario Cup Race
  • The Jewel in the Wilderness Ontario Cup Road Race
  • Tri-it in the Wilderness Triathlon
  • Bell Ididarace Sled Dog Race
  • Deer Trail Scenic Touring Route
  • Voyageur Hiking Trail

Hockey

Fastball

  • Elliot Lake Prestige
  • Elliot Lake Magnums
  • Elliot Lake Minor Fastball Association

Softball

  • Elliot Lake Girls Slow-pitch (Youth)
  • Elliot Lake Mixed Slow-pitch (Adult)
  • Elliot Lake Mixed Slow-pitch (Youth)

Soccer

  • Elliot Lake United

Swimming

  • Elliot Lake Aquatic Club (ELAC)

Media

Television

Radio

Elliot Lake has one commercial radio station, CKNR-FM, which operates two transmitters due to signal deficiencies in parts of the city. All of its other radio services are rebroadcasters of stations from Sudbury or Timmins.

Print and web media

  • The Elliot Lake Standard is the city's main newspaper, owned by Osprey Media.
  • The North Shore Daily is the city's daily advertising flyer, with some current news events.

People from Elliot Lake

Tourist Attractions

References

External links

Coordinates: 46°23′00″N 82°39′00″W / 46.3833333°N 82.65°W / 46.3833333; -82.65


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Elliot Lake is a city in Northern Ontario.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message