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Queens Boulevard in Elmhurst, Queens NY. Macy's and Queens Center can be seen in the background.

Elmhurst is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens. It is bounded by Roosevelt Avenue (Jackson Heights) on the north; Corona to the northeast; Junction Boulevard on the east; Rego Park to the southeast; the Long Island Expressway on the south; Middle Village to the south and southwest; and Maspeth and the New York Connecting Railroad on the west; and Woodside on the northwest. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 4.

The village was established in 1652 by the Dutch as Middenburgh (Middleburgh), and was a suburb of New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam) in New Netherland (Nieuw Nederland). The original settlers of Elmhurst were from the nearby colony of Maspat (now called Maspeth), following threats and attacks by local Indians.

When the British took over New Netherland in 1664, they renamed Middleburgh as New Town (Nieuwe Stad) to maintain the Dutch heritage. This was eventually simplified to Newtown. Among the English settlers in the present Elmhurst section of Newtown was Gershom Moore, in whose orchard a chance seedling produced the Newtown Pippin, Colonial America's most famous apple. Newtown was established as the Town Seat for the Township of the same name when it was established in 1683. The village was renamed Elmhurst (Lep Hurst)[citation needed] in 1896 to identify the area with a new housing development, avoid association with the larger Township, and the Creek, and maintain the Dutch heritage.

Once Queens joined the City of Greater New York in 1898, it developed into a fashionable district due to a housing development that was built in Elmhurst by the Cord Meyer Development Company between 1896 and 1910, north of the Port Washington Branch railroad station. They expanded their holdings between 1905 and 1930, including Elmhurst Square, Elmhurst South, Elmhurst Heights, and New Elmhurst.

Prior to World War II, Elmhurst was an almost exclusively Jewish and Italian neighborhood. Following the war, Elmhurst evolved into what has been considered one of the most ethnically diverse neighborhoods in New York City.[1] By the 1980s, there were persons from 112 nations in residence.

Contents

Demographics

As of the 2000 Census people living the 11373(Elmhurst) zip code were:

Race Number Percent
Hispanic or Latino 45,529 43.1
Asian 41,175 38.9
White 35,598 33.7
Some other race 19,960 18.9
Two or more races 6,096 5.8
African American 2,114 2.0
American Indian and Alaska Native 705 0.7
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 75 0.1

[2]

Historic churches

First Presbyterian
Elmhurst Baptist

Five churches of historic vintage are still extant and in use, two of which have historical graveyards.

  • First Presbyterian Church of Newtown (Queens Boulevard and 54th Avenue) built in 1893, congregation was established in 1652
  • St. James Church, Elmhurst (Originally St. James Episcopal Church, at Broadway and 51st Avenue), built in 1734
  • St. Adalbert Roman Catholic Church (52-29 83rd St.), founded in 1832
  • The Reformed Church of Newtown (85-15 Broadway at Corona Avenue), founded 1731, present structure built in 1834
  • Elmhurst Baptist Church (87-37 Whitney Avenue at the corner of Judge Street and Whitney Avenue), founded in 1900, built in 1902

Shopping

Elmhurst is home to two urban shopping malls. The recently expanded Queens Center, the most profitable mall per square foot in the United States, and the recently renovated and expanded Queens Place Mall, a smaller round shopping center originally built as a Macy's branch. It also has many furniture stores adjacent to Grand Avenue on Queens Boulevard.

Education

Elmhurst is part of New York City's Department of Education Region 4. [3]. Schools in Elmhurst include:

Transportation

Accessible subway stations are Woodhaven Boulevard, Grand Avenue–Newtown and Elmhurst Avenue, all served by the E G R V trains of the IND Queens Boulevard Line. In addition, the IRT Flushing Line, served by the 7 <7> train, runs along Roosevelt Avenue, the north border of Elmhurst, with stations at 74th Street–Broadway, 82nd Street–Jackson Heights and 90th Street–Elmhurst Avenue. Buses include the Q53, Q58, Q59, Q29, and Q60.

Popular culture

McDowell's, the fictional restaurant depicted in the 1988 film Coming to America, is located in Elmhurst. The filmmakers cosmetically altered an existing Wendy's restaurant for the week-long location shoot.

Elmhurst has also produced a number of NBA basketball players, including Smush Parker (Guard for L.A. Clippers) and Charlie Villanueva (Forward for Milwaukee Bucks).

For many years Elmhurst was a familiar name due to the Elmhurst Gas Tanks (officially the Newtown Holder Station), a pair of large natural gas storage structures built in 1910 and 1921. Because the Long Island Expressway (LIE) frequently became congested in that area, "backup at the Elmhurst Gas Tanks" became a familiar phrase heard in radio traffic reports. Being literal rather than legal landmarks, the gas holders were removed in 2001.[4][5]

ECW and other Wrestling groups like Usa Pro Wrestling The Long Island Wrestling Federation and Ulimate Championship Wrestling/Impact Championship Wrestling ran Wrestling Shows at the Elks Lodge on Queens Blvd in Elmhurst from 1997-2003. the Elks Lodge is now a Korean Church

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ Kleinman, Dena. " A HOSPITAL WHERE ETHNIC CHANGE IS CONSTANT", The New York Times, October 6, 1982. Accessed June 4, 2007. "Dr. Stanley Bleich had been an intern less than a month at the municipal hospital in Elmhurst, Queens, when he examined a Korean man who had obvious indications of tuberculosis.... The hospital, one of the city's 16 municipal hospitals, is in what immigration officials have described as the city's most ethnically diverse neighborhood."
  2. ^ Zip Code Tabulation Area 11373http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=11373&_cityTown=11373&_state=04000US36&_zip=11373&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&show_2003_tab=&redirect=Y
  3. ^ Our Schools, New York City Department of Education
  4. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. " Memory-Filled Tanks; Queens Loses 2 Roadside Landmarks", The New York Times, September 20, 1993. Accessed March 24, 2008. "The Elmhurst tanks -- those 200-foot monoliths that stood sentinel to the changing landscape of Queens and as harbingers of hair-tearing delay on the highway to Manhattan -- are down, deflated forever, their skeletal remains waiting to be dismantled."
  5. ^ Elmhurst gas tanks, Queens Tribune. Accessed June 4, 2007. "But when the beloved landmarks weren’t really doing the business anymore they came down in 1996 and by 2001 there was almost no trace of the tanks that once supplied business and homes across the city."
  6. ^ Berkow, Ira. "BASEBALL; Amid Some Uncertainty, The Expos Play to Win", The New York Times, June 18, 2002. Accessed October 22, 2007. "Minaya, born in the Dominican Republic but raised since age 8 in Elmhurst, Queens, was the assistant general manager with the Mets when Selig called last winter and offered him the job with the Expos."
  7. ^ Severo, Richard. "Carroll O'Connor, Embodiment of Social Tumult as Archie Bunker, Dies at 76", The New York Times, June 22, 2001. Accessed November 18, 2007. "The O'Connors lived well, at first in the Bronx, later in a larger apartment in Elmhurst, Queens, and finally in a nice single-family home in Forest Hills, Queens, then an enclave for people of means."
  8. ^ Talbot, Margaret. "Profiles, Supreme Confidence", The New Yorker, March 28, 2005, p. 40. Accessed October 22, 2007. "Tells about Scalia’s childhood in Trenton, New Jersey and Elmhurst Queens. His father, Eugene, was a professor at Brooklyn College and a believer in the principles of the New Criticism."
  9. ^ "A Night Out with Julissa Bermudez". nytimes.com. 2006-08-20. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/20/fashion/20nite.html. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 

Sources

  • AIA Guide to New York City, 3rd Edition (1988) ISBN 0-15-104040-0 (Hardcover); ISBN 0-15-603600-2 (Paperback)
  • The Encyclopedia of New York City (1995) ISBN 0-300-05536-6 .

External links

Coordinates: 40°44′11″N 73°52′40″W / 40.73639°N 73.87778°W / 40.73639; -73.87778

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