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Elseworlds logo.

Elseworlds is the publication imprint for a group of comic books produced by DC Comics that take place outside the company's canon. According to its tagline: "In Elseworlds, heroes are taken from their usual settings and put into strange times and places — some that have existed, and others that can't, couldn't or shouldn't exist. The result is stories that make characters who are as familiar as yesterday seem as fresh as tomorrow." Unlike its Marvel Comics counterpart What If...?, which bases its stories on a single point of divergence from the regular continuity, most Elseworlds stories instead take place in entirely self-contained continuities whose only connection to the canon DC continuity are the presence of familiar DC characters.



"Imaginary Stories"

For several years from 1942 to the mid-1980s, particularly during the 1960s Silver Age of Comic Books era, DC Comics published various stories about their title characters that did not take place in their regular continuity. They were called “Imaginary Stories” and the very first was “Superman, Cartoon Hero!”[1]

The title page even states that this is “Our first imaginary story. In 1942, a series of Superman shorts started showing throughout the U.S.! So, with tongue firmly in cheek, the D.C. team turned out this story of what might have happened if Lois Lane had decided to see… Superman, Cartoon Hero!”

It opens with Lois determined to learn Superman’s secret identity and going to the theater to see the Max Fleisher Superman short "Mad Scientist" in hopes of seeing the animated Man of Steel reveal his true self. In addition to other things, when the opening credits roll and state that the cartoons are based on DC Comics, Lois Lane states that she has never heard of DC Comics. Clark Kent wonders if the people there are clairovoyent.

Craig Shutt, author of the Comic Buyers Guide column, Ask Mr. Silver Age, states that true imaginary stories differed from stories that were dreams and hoaxes. Dreams and hoaxes were “gyps” on account of “not having happened” whilst true Imaginary stories were canonical at least unto themselves. Also notes Shutt, since they were “just” imaginary and thus had no bearing on the characters’ regular stories, they could show things like people dying and the victory of evil. In the much more optimistic and hopeful Silver Age of Comics, such stories usually could never be told; this is hinted with how writers telling such an Imaginary Story often reassured readers that it didn’t really happen.[2]

Most of these "Imaginary Stories" featured alternate histories of characters, such as "The Amazing Story of Superman-Red and Superman Blue!." There we saw possible pasts that could have happened but did not happen such as Superman being raised by apes in imitation of Tarzan[3]—an idea that would be recycled into a later Elseworlds wherein Tarzan and Superman were switched at birth.[4] Possible presents were shown such as one story wherein Ma and Pa Kent, touched by pity, adopted a recently orphaned Bruce Wayne and raised him along their own son, Clark. Thus, the present shows Superman and Batman as brothers, Clark protecting Gotham and working for the Gotham Gazette instead of living in Metropolis, and Batman inviting his parents the Kents to live with him in Wayne Manor. In keeping with the fact that these "Imaginary Stories" allowed for much grimmer stories that usual, it ended with Luthor killing the Kents and Batman trying to murder him in revenge. [5] Possible futures that "could very well happen" (and, in fact, ultimately did) were explored such as Clark Kent revealing to Lois his secret identity and marrying her[6]. Futures that "perhaps never will" happen were also examined such as the permanent death of Superman[7]

A few "Imaginary Stories" appeared in other DC publications. Batman editor Jack Schiff, for example, had stories in which the Dark Knight started a family or lost his identity; though these were revealed at the end of the story to be stories being written by Alfred. Schiff’s stories are notable for the first appearance of the original Bruce Wayne Junior . Writer/editor Robert Kanigher saw that Wonder Woman had her own series of stories called "Impossible Tales" which featured the same principle—there Wonder Woman appeared, along her younger selves, Wonder Girl and Wonder Tot. However, the majority of "Imaginary Stories" were published in various Superman comics under the guidance of Superman editor Mort Weisinger, the “King of Imaginary Stories.” This was in part because, Shutt states that he aimed for younger audiences and went for the heart. Later editors like Julius Schwartz went for the head and rarely used the concept. [8]

Though its status as a truly imaginary story is debatable, the last official "Imaginary Story" ever published—"Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow?"—was written by Alan Moore and appeared in Superman #423 and Action Comics #583 (both September 1986). The Elseworlds series of self-contained stories are essentially Imaginary Stories under a newer label and a wider scope of possibilities. Shutt states, the chance to see anything happen yet at the same time know that those stories are “real” if only for that one issue gives Imaginary Stories and Elsworlds their power. “It all counts, it all matters, it all is deeply fault, at least for that one story. That’s really all a reader could want, isn’t it?” [9]

Elseworlds imprint

The first Elseworlds title was Batman: Gotham by Gaslight (1989), by Brian Augustyn and Mike Mignola and edited by Mark Waid, which featured a Victorian Age version of the superhero Batman hunting Jack the Ripper, who had come to Gotham City. This title was not originally published as an Elseworlds comic, but its success led to the Elseworlds concept and this title was retroactively declared the first Elseworlds.

The first book to feature the Elseworlds logo was Batman: Holy Terror. Even though they do not take place within the continuity, the majority of intercompany crossovers are not considered Elseworlds, but take place in their own, for the most part self-contained, continuity. The 1996 one-shot "Batman/Captain America" was a Marvel/DC crossover book and cited as an "Elseworlds" but that was due to the plot, which imagined the two heroes co-existing in 1945.

DC sporadically published various Elseworlds titles up to 2005. Around the time of the release of Batman Detective No. 27, editor Mike Carlin noted that DC had scaled back the production of Elseworlds books in order to "put the luster back on them."[citation needed] Several titles that were announced as Elseworlds books prior to this have yet to see publication, such as Generations 4 (announced by John Byrne, but possibly back-burnered due to lack of good press for & low fan response to Generations 3),[citation needed] Superboy's Legion 2 (rumored sequel by Alan Davis; presumably planned after he finished JLA: Another Nail)[citation needed] and The Teen Titans Swingin' Elseworlds Special (cancelled, possibly due to controversial material concerning John F. Kennedy).[citation needed]

It was recently announced in an interview at Newsarama that the Teen Titans Swingin' Elseworlds Special will be released in January 2008 as the Teen Titans Lost Annual.[10]

In a September 2009 interview, Dan Didio hinted at a return of Elseworlds books in a series of Prestige Format books. He laments at the stagnation of the Elseworlds concept when he felt it became simply transplanting the characters in different settings. The approach being aimed for is to take the classic origin and mythology of the DC characters and twist in interesting ways.[11]

Noted titles

Other Elseworlds titles include:

  • JLA: The Nail, which theorizes a world without Superman, in which the Justice League of America has still been formed, but chaos reigns without a proper champion of the world's ideals.
  • Superman's Metropolis, a trilogy, based on German Expressionism cinema, written by Jean-Marc Lofficier, Randy Lofficier and illustrated by Ted McKeever.
  • Batman: I, Joker, where a futuristic Gotham City is led by a cult that follows Batman's descendant, a self-proclaimed god known only as "The Bruce".
  • Flashpoint, where Barry (The Flash) Allen takes a bullet meant for John F. Kennedy, paralyzing him from the neck down.
  • In Thrillkiller, Batgirl and Robin fight a female Joker in the 1960s, while detective Bruce Wayne becomes the Batman after Robin's death.
  • Superman: Speeding Bullets re-imagines the story of Kal-El as his ship crashes at Wayne Manor in Gotham City instead of Smallville, thus making him Batman instead of Superman.
  • Batman: In Darkest Knight re-imagines the story of Bruce Wayne as the power ring of Abin Sur selects him to be the next Green Lantern of Sector 2814 instead of Hal Jordan, thus making him Green Lantern instead of Batman.
  • Batman: Gotham by Gaslight Batman, in 1889, fights Jack the Ripper when the serial killer comes to Gotham City.
  • Superman: Red Son ponders Superman growing up in the Soviet Union and later succeeding Stalin as Soviet Premier.
  • "Batman/Captain America," a DC/Marvel crossover shows the two heroes working in 1945 to stop the Joker and the Red Skull.
  • The Batman and Dracula trilogy, written by Doug Moench with Kelley Jones and Malcolm Jones III, in which the infamous vampire lord comes to Gotham City and is confronted by Batman, who subsequently becomes a vampire himself.
  • Kingdom Come, a miniseries in which a new, violent generation of superheroes replaces the aging idealism of DC's classic heroes, and the conflict between the two groups ignites an apocalyptic battle. The Kingdom is the sequel to Kingdom Come.

Titles like Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (1986), Superman: Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow? (1986), The Batman Chronicles #21 (May 2000, solicited as Elseworlds, but has no logo), Bizarro Comics (June 2001, which featured the story "Letitia Lerner, Superman's Babysitter" from the cancelled Elseworlds 80-Page Giant), Batman: The Dark Knight Strikes Again (2001), Batman: Digital Justice (1990), and Superman: Secret Identity (2004) were referred to as Elseworlds in the DC Universe[citation needed] without the name brand logo.

Except when otherwise noted, most of the stories in the monthly series Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight are considered canon,[citation needed] even though some have tales of Batman in the future, which are deemed non-canonical. In 1994, DC Comics Elseworlds collaborated with the DC yearly summer Annual edition comic books. The last Elseworlds series published was Batman: Year 100 in 2006, which did not have the Elseworlds logo printed on it.

Relationship to DC continuity

Although Elseworlds was created to be separate from the "regular continuity", there have been specific examples where Elseworld stories have been placed into continuity.

The series of specials The Kingdom, brought the previously Elseworlds Kingdom Come into DC continuity (as an alternate timeline). However, later editorial edict removed the concept of Hypertime established in the specials and presumably Kingdom Come.

The new Multiverse was introduced at the conclusion of the 52 finite series and expanded on in the pages of the Countdown weekly limited series. Some of the alternate worlds depicted in various Elseworlds titles have been reintroduced as alternate Earths that make up the new Multiverse, however this was not limited to the said series.[12][13] Elseworlds that appear as worlds of the 52 Multiverse include:

See also


  1. ^ ‘’Superman’’ #19 (1942), by Jerry Siegel (Script), Joe Shuster (Layouts), Ed Dobrotk
  2. ^ name=Craig Shutt in the introduction to DC's Greatest Imaginary Stories: 11 Tales you never expected to see!
  3. ^ Superboy vol. 1 #183 and #188 (1972)
  4. ^ Superman/Tarzan: Sons of the Jungle
  5. ^ World's Finest" #172
  6. ^ "Mr. and Mrs. Clark (Superman) Kent," Superman's Girlfriend, Lois Lane, #19, 1960. Please see Relationship of Clark Kent and Lois Lane for information on their marriage
  7. ^ " The Death of Superman," Superman #149, 1961. Please compare the actual storyline The Death of Superman where in Superman did not stay "dead."
  8. ^ Craig Shutt in the introduction to DC's Greatest Imaginary Stories: 11 Tales you never expected to see!
  9. ^ Craig Shutt in the introduction to DC's Greatest Imaginary Stories: 11 Tales you never expected to see!
  10. ^ Teen Titans Swingin' Elseworlds Returns as "Lost Annual" in 2008, Newsarama, October 15, 2007
  11. ^ 20 Answers & 1 Question With Dan Didio - - September 14, 2009
  12. ^ Countdown #51-0 (May 2007 - May 2008)
  13. ^ Countdown: Arena #1 (December 2007)


External links

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