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Elu (also Hela, Helu) is the name given to the ancient form of the Sinhala variant of Apabhramsa (Middle Indic). R.C Childers in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society states that Elu "is the name by which is known an ancient form of the Sinhalese language from which the modern vernacular of Ceylon is immediately received, and to which the latter bears is of the same relation that the English of today bears to Anglo-Saxon...The name Elu is no other than Sinhala much succeeded, standing for an older form, Hĕla or Hĕlu, which occurs in some ancient works, and this again for a still older, Sĕla, which brings us back to the Pali Sîhala." The Pali scholar T.W. Rhys Davids refers to Elu as "the Prakrit of Ceylon"

Elu is considered by some scholars to be a type of Prakrit from India while others contend it is entirely native to Sri Lanka. The Hela Havula are a Sri Lankan literary organization that advocate the use of the Elu terms over the Sanskritic ones. Elu is often referred to by modern Sinhalese as "Hela Sinhala", meaning original Sinhala.

A feature of Elu is its preference for short vowels and the obliteration of double consonants which are found frequently in other Prakrits such as Sanskrit and Pali.

Elu Term Sanskritic Term Pali Term English
äsa akshiya akkhi eye
akura akshara akkhara letter
aruta artha attha meaning
ahasa ākāsha ākāsa sky
asuna āsana āsana seat
bambu Brahma Brahma Brahma
bamburā barbara barbarian
basa bāṣa bhāsā language
bima bhūmi bhūmi land
bubula budbuda bubbula bubble
boduna bhōjana bhojana food
bōsat bōdhisattva bōdhisatta Bodhisattva
dahama, dam dharma dhamma Dharma
dakuna dakshina dakkhina south
devola devāla devālaya temple
diga, digu dhīrga dīgha long
diviya jīvita jīvita life
dudana, dujana durjana wicked, malicious
dujanā durjanayā wicked person
dukata dushkrita wicked deed
dulaba durlabha dullabha rare
duma druma dhūma smoke
gata gātra gatta body
gatakura gātraakshara consonant
kana karna kanna ear
karuvā kāra person
keta kṣetra khetta field
kiḍa krīḍā sport
kila kīlā kīlā sport
kinu kṛṣṇa dark
kilu klishTa dirty
kiluTu klishTa kiliTTha dirty
kumarā kumāraka kumāra son, prince
kumari kumāri kumāri girl, princess
kuriru krūra kurūra cruel
lassana lakṣaṇa beautiful
lova lōka lōka world
maga mārga magga way
magula maṅgala maṅgala marriage
matura mantra manta incancation
mäda madhyama, madhya majjha middle
miturā mitra mitta friend
mudu mṛdu mudu soft
muwa mukha mukha mouth
mädura mandira mandira palace
mula mūla mūla origin
näba nābhi nābhi navel
näva naukā nāvā ship
neta nētra netta eye
nidana nidhāna nidhāna treasure
nimala nirmala nimmala pure
nipana niṣpanna production
nivana nirvāṇa nibbana Nirvana
nuvara nagara nagara city
pabala prabala pabala mighty
pamana pramāna pamāna amount
parapura paramparā generation
pänaya prashna panha problem, question
pava pāpa pāpa sin
pavasa pipāsa pipāsam thirst
parana purāna purāna old
parusa parusha pharusa harsh
pasana prasanna pasanna pleasant
pāsala pāṭhashālā pāṭasālā school
pavaruna prakarana treatise
pätuma prārtanā wish, hope
pedesa pradēsha country
pema prēma pema love
piduma pūjā pūjā offering
pina punya punya merit
pokuna puṣkariṇī pokkhariṇī pond
poson pūrva-śravaṇa pubba-savana (name of a month)
pun pura, pūrna punna full
pupa puṣpa puppha flower
puva pūrva pubba former, prior
puvata pravṛtti pavatti news
rada rājan rājā king
rakusā rākṣasa rakkhasa demon
ratu, rat raktaka ratta red
räsa raśmi rasmi ray
räya rātri ratti night
ruva rūpa rūpa shape, form
sanda candra canda moon
sämuni sākyamuni sakyamuni
sena sena army
sirura sharīra sarīra body
soyurā, sohowurā sahōdara sodariya brother
sonduru sundara sundara beautiful
supina svapna supina dream
supun sampūrna sampunna complete
utura uttara uttarā north
vesak vaiṣākha Visakha Vesak
veses vishesha visesa special
vides videsha foreign

References


http://fsnow.com/text/buddhist-india/chapter9.htm

See also

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ELU or Elu may refer to:

In places:

In fiction and arts:

  • Elu Thingol, a fictional character in J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium

In organizations:

In other:

  • Elu, a language


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to elu article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Estonian

Noun

elu

  1. life

Ido

Pronoun

elu

  1. she
  2. her

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