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Encyclopedia

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Norway and World War II
Key events

Weserübung
Norwegian Campaign
Elverum Authorization
Midtskogen · Vinjesvingen
Occupation · Resistance
Camps · Holocaust · Telavåg
Martial law in Trondheim (1942)
Festung Norwegen
Heavy water sabotage
Post-war purge

People

Haakon VII of Norway
Johan Nygaardsvold
Carl Joachim Hambro
Carl Gustav Fleischer
Otto Ruge
Jens Christian Hauge

Vidkun Quisling · Jonas Lie
Sverre Riisnæs · Josef Terboven
Wilhelm Rediess · Nikolaus von Falkenhorst

Organizations

Milorg · XU · Linge
Osvald Group · Nortraship

Nasjonal Samling

     Supported legitimate exiled
 government.
     Supported German occupants
 and Nasjonal Samling party.

The Elverum Authorization (Norwegian: Elverumsfullmakten) was approved unanimously by the Parliament of Norway on April 9, 1940 in the town of Elverum in Norway after the Norwegian royal family, executive branch, and parliament had evacuated Oslo to evade capture by German troops in the course of Operation Weserübung during World War II.[1]

The authorization reads, in translated form:

The Storting authorizes the Government, until the time comes when the Government and the presidency of the Storting is able to confer and assemble the Storting to its next ordinary session, to maintain the interests of the realm and make those decisions and determinations on behalf of the Storting and Government, that are considered needed to maintain the country's security and future.

The authorization is of historical significance because it allowed the Norwegian executive branch to assert legitimacy even while in exile.

It is also controversial in that it constituted a complete abandonment of the legislative powers in Norway during the war. The issue was brought to the Norwegian Supreme Court, which ruled that the authorization was legitimate and valid.

Some critics have claimed that the authorization was never formally put to a vote, and that it in any case was invalid because there was no constitutional basis for the Storting to hand over its functions to the executive branch. These critics also claim that Section 17 – which was invoked in the authorization – only authorized emergency powers within the areas of "trade", "customs", "economy" and "police" until the Storting could be seated again.

In any event, the legitimacy of the exiled government was to little extent called into question during or after the war, except by the Quisling government and the German occupying power.

References

  1. ^ "Elverum Authorization" (in Norwegian). NorgesLexi.com. http://mediabase1.uib.no/krigslex/e/e2.html#elverumsfullmakten. Retrieved 2008-08-28.  
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