Emden: Wikis

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Emden
Coat of arms of Emden
Emden is located in Germany
Emden
Coordinates 53°22′20″N 7°12′24″E / 53.37222°N 7.20667°E / 53.37222; 7.20667
Administration
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Alwin Brinkmann (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 112.33 km2 (43.37 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m  (3 ft)
Population 51,692  (30 June 2006)
 - Density 460 /km2 (1,192 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate EMD
Postal codes 26721, 26723, 26725
Area codes 04921, 04927 (Knock)
Website www.emden.de

Emden is a city and seaport in the northwest of Germany, on river Ems. It is the main city of the region of East Frisia; in 2006, the city had a total population of 51,692.

Contents

History

The New Church in Emden (1648).

The exact founding date of Emden is unknown, but it has existed at least since the 8th century. Older names for Emden are Amuthon, Embda, Emda, Embden. City rights and the city's coat of arms, the "Engelke up de Muer" was granted by Emperor Maximilian I in 1495.

Emden was a very rich city during the 17th century, due to large numbers of Dutch immigrants such as Diederik Jansz. Graeff. It was a center of reformed Protestantism at that time, producing the first Bible translation in Dutch.

In 1744 Emden was annexed by the Prussia. In 1752 Frederick the Great chartered the Emden Company to trade with Canton, but the company was ruined when Emden was captured by French forces in 1757 during the Seven Years' War. The town was recaptured by Anglo-German forces in 1758 and for the rest of the conflict was used as a major supply base by the British to support the ongoing war in Westphalia.

During the Napoleonic French era, Emden and the surrounding lands of East Frisia were part of the short-lived Kingdom of Holland.

Industrialization started at around 1870, with a paper mill and a somewhat bigger shipyard. At the end of the 19th century, a big canal, the Dortmund-Ems Canal was constructed, which connected Emden with the Ruhr area. This made Emden the "seaport of the Ruhr area" - which lasted until the 1970s. Coal from the south was transported to the North Sea port, and imported iron ore was shipped via the canal towards Rhine and Ruhr. The last iron ore freighter was moored in Emdens port in 1986.

In 1903, a big shipyard (Nordseewerke, "North Sea Works") was founded which still exists.

The main city was almost completely wiped out during allied bombing raids during the Second World War, destroying nearly all historic buildings. The most severe bombing took place on September 6, 1944, when roughly 80 percent of all houses in the inner city were destroyed. In the collective memory of the city, this date still plays an important role. Of note is the fact that the shipyard area was largely untouched: The British targeted the civilian areas, which is believed by the locals to have been revenge for a bombing of an English city by the Luftwaffe. The reconstructed town was opened on 6 September 1962, exactly 18 years after the bombing.

Economy

Retired light vessel Amrumbank in front of Emden town hall.

The main industries in Emden are automobile production and shipbuilding. Volkswagen runs a large production plant which builds the VW Passat car and which employs around 10,000 people. Emden is also one of the three main ports for car shipping in Europe (together with Zeebrugge in Belgium and Bremerhaven in Germany). More than 850,000 cars were imported and exported in 2005. The Nordseewerke shipyard, a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp, employs around 1,400 dockers and specializes in conventional submarines. It also produces different kinds of cargo ships as well as ships for special purposes such as icebreakers, dredgers and similar.

Another important economic sector is tourism, mainly as a day trip destination for tourists staying in the surrounding villages on the North Sea coastline.

A university of applied sciences (Fachhochschule) was opened in 1973. At present, around 3500 students are enrolled, most of them studying for technical degrees.

Sports

Satellite image of the Ems estuary showing Emden (right bank, center right)

The highest playing futbol(soccer) club is BSV Kickers Emden in the Third German League. The club was founded by Gustav Pluennecke & friends. The capacity of the stadium is 7,200, due to safety objections of the German Football Association. In 1994, some 12,000 spectators followed a match against the reserves squad of Hamburger SV, which still is the record. In that season, Kickers Emden became the champion of the 3rd League, but failed to be promoted to the Second League since the team lost the promotion round.

Since Emden is not only located close to the North Sea, but also to the river Ems and various small rivers and canals, boat sports are very popular among inhabitants and tourists.

Famous people from Emden

The Town Hall (Rathaus)

Ships and others named after the city

Emden (upper left) is near the North Sea, west of Hamburg, northwest of Bremen and Hannover.

Three German light cruisers were named after the city, two of which served in World War I and the third in World War II. Today, the fifth Navy ship named after the city is in service.

A deep sea spot in the Pacific Ocean close to the Philippines is named after the "third" Emden ship, and is therefore called Emdentief in German. The spot (10,400 m deep) was sounded in the 1920s (in 1920, 1923 or 1928 - sources vary).

In addition, the village of Emden, Illinois in the United States was named after Emden [1]due to the large number of emigrants from Emden to the village in northwestern Logan County, Illinois.

International relations

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Twin towns — sister cities

Emden is twinned with:

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Emden is a city in Lower Saxony, a state in Germany.

  • The Otto-Museum, showing one of Germany´s biggest comedians.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Emden

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Emden

  1. Emden (independent city in Lower Saxony, Germany)

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Fritz Isidore van Emden article)

From Wikispecies

British entomologist (1898-1958)


Simple English

Emden is a city in the northwest of Germany. It is the main city of the region of East Frisia.

Famous people from Emden

Other websites



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