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Emigration from Europe: Wikis

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Emigration from Europe began on a large scale during the European colonial empires of the 17th to 19th centuries. This concerns especially the Spanish Empire in the 16th to 17th centuries (expansion of the Hispanosphere), the British Empire in the 18th to 19th centuries (expansion of the Anglosphere) and the Russian Empire in the 19th century (expansion to Central Asia and the Russian Far East).

Today, large populations of European descent are found on every continent. European ancestry predominates in North America, and to a lesser degree in South America (particularly in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay). Also, Australia and New Zealand, which are consequently considered part of the Western world, have large European-derived populations.

In Asia, European-derived populations (specifically Russians) predominate in Northern Asia, which is part of the Russian Federation. Israel has a significant minority of Ashkenazi Jews of European extraction. Africa has no countries with European-derived majorities, but there are significant minorities, such as the White South Africans.

Contents

Early emigration

Colonial period

By region

Nations and regions outside of Europe with significant populations of European ancestry [11 ]:

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Africa

About 1-4 percent of the populations in Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone, usually are in the professional business elites. Not limited to Europeans, the "white" population includes Arab peoples: Lebanese and Syrians.

Asia

Small communities of European and American expatriates live in East Asia, such as China, Japan, Korea and Thailand.

Small communities of European and American expatriates in the Persian Gulf countries like Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and the UAE; and in Aramco compounds in Saudi Arabia. Historically before 1970, small ethnic European (esp. Greek, Italian and Armenian) enclaves were found in Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria.

Americas

European colonization
of the Americas
History of the Americas
British colonization
Courland colonization
Danish colonization
Dutch colonization
French colonization
German colonization
Norse colonization
Portuguese colonization
Russian colonization
Scottish colonization
Spanish colonization
Swedish colonization
Decolonization
  • Central America, the Caribbean and South America (see White Latin American)
    • Argentina Argentina (White Argentine) - 97% of the population, may include mestizos and mulattos. Miscegenation occurred with the local Indian populations, and 56% of Arghentines have some degree of Amerindian ancestry.[49]
    • The Bahamas Bahamas - 12% of the population, the majority are black African or other races. [50]
    • Barbados Barbados (White Barbadian) - 4% of the population, it's thought to be the highest of all British West Indies islands. [51]
    • Bermuda Bermuda - 34.1% of the population, with a black or part-white/black majority. [52]
    • Bolivia Bolivia - 15% of the population, the country except for Paraguay have the lowest white populations of South America. [53]
    • Brazil Brazil (White Brazilian) - 49.7% of the population, but 42.6% are mullatos of mixed White, African and Amerindian descent. [54]
    • Chile Chile - 52.7% - 95% ( including castizos) of the population, the issue of racial identity of Chile remains controversial. [55][56]
    • Colombia Colombia - 20% of the population, 40 to 60% are part white (mestizo or mulatto). [57]
    • Costa Rica Costa Rica - up to 90% white and/or mestizo (white-Indian). [58]
    • Cuba Cuba - (White Cuban) 65% of the population, the definition of white in the Caribbean is different from the US Census' own definitions. [59]
    • Dominican Republic Dominican Republic - 16% of the population, with 50-60% are mulatto or white-African. [60]
    • Ecuador Ecuador - 7-16% of the population, while 40% are mestizos.[61]
    • El Salvador El Salvador - 9% of the population, but the remainder 90% have some white ancestry. [62]
    • France French Guiana - 12% of the population, but the French government insists all citizens of France are ethnic "French". [63]
    • Haiti Haiti - 5% of the population in Haiti are white and mulatto (both black and white ancestry). White Haitians (not counting Middle Eastern descendants into the category) are chiefly of French, Italian, or German origin. This figure excludes the percentage of Haitians with less than noticeable European admixture.
    • Jamaica Jamaica - Approximately 40,000 people or 2% of the population are White, mainly British, American and Portuguese (This number increases to 60,000 people and 3% of the total population when Arabs and Lebanese are included). However, the vast majority of the population in Jamaica have some degree of White Ancestry. [64]
    • France Martinique - 5% of the population- but over half are mulatto or white-African descent mixture. [65]
    • Nicaragua Nicaragua - 17% of the population, and 70% mestizo. [66]
    • Panama Panama 10% of the population, 40% mestizo and 20%mulatto (both are part-white). [67]
    • Puerto Rico Puerto Rico approx. 80% of the population, but over half of Puerto Ricans has any black African ancestry, and the small genetic evidence from extinct indigenous Carib Indians. [68]
    • Peru Peru - 15 % of the population, about 40% mestizo or part European descent. [69]
    • Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago - 1 to 10% of white European descent, although 30-40% have East Indian or 5% are Lebanese/Syrian Arab backgrounds. [70]
    • Venezuela Venezuela - 20 % of the population, although the government under Hugo Chavez promotes national idealism of white-African-Amerindian heritage or nearly all Venezuelans have white ancestors.
    • Uruguay Uruguay - 88% of the population, the rest have any level of white-European descent. [71]
    • France Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.[72]
    • Falkland Islands Falkland Islands, exclusively white and of British descent.

The Virgin Islands divided between United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands each have a small white European minority.

Oceania

Contemporary European diasporas

National diasporas:

See also

References

  1. ^ Western North Africa, 1–500 A.D., The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  2. ^ Archaeologists Find Celts In Unlikely Spot: Turkey, New York Times
  3. ^ The Mummies of Xinjiang, DISCOVER Magazine
  4. ^ A meeting of civilisations: The mystery of China's celtic mummies, The Independent
  5. ^ Diversity in the Desert: Daily Life in Greek and Roman Egypt, 332 B.C.E. - 641 C.E.
  6. ^ Alexander the Great and precious stones in Afghanistan, The Toronto Times
  7. ^ Cyril and Methodius of Thessalonica: The Acculturation of the Slavs
  8. ^ The Fate of Greenland's Vikings
  9. ^ Benjamin Z. Kedar, "The Subjected Muslims of the Frankish Levant", in The Crusades: The Essential Readings, ed. Thomas F. Madden, Blackwell, 2002, pg. 244. Originally published in Muslims Under Latin Rule, 1100-1300, ed. James M. Powell, Princeton University Press, 1990. Kedar quotes his numbers from Joshua Prawer, Histoire du royaume latin de Jérusalem, tr. G. Nahon, Paris, 1969, vol. 1, pp. 498, 568-72.
  10. ^ Crusaders 'left genetic legacy', BBC News
  11. ^ Ethnic groups by country. Statistics (where available) from CIA Factbook.
  12. ^ South Africa: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  13. ^ Namibia: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ La Reunion's population
  16. ^ Botswana: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  17. ^ Senegal, About 50,000 Europeans (mostly French) and Lebanese reside in Senegal, mainly in the cities.
  18. ^ Swaziland: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  19. ^ Morocco: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  20. ^ Tunisia: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  21. ^ [2]
  22. ^ [3]
  23. ^ [4]
  24. ^ [5]
  25. ^ [6]
  26. ^ Fiona Hill, Russia — Coming In From the Cold?, The Globalist, 23 February 2004
  27. ^ Robert Greenall, Russians left behind in Central Asia, BBC News, 23 November 2005.
  28. ^ Kyrgyzstan: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  29. ^ Turkmenistan: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  30. ^ Southern Caucasus: Facing Integration Problems, Ethnic Russians Long For Better Life
  31. ^ Georgia: Ethnic Russians Feel Insulated From Tensions, Radio Free Europe
  32. ^ [7]
  33. ^ [8]
  34. ^ HK Census. "HK Census." Statistical Table. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
  35. ^ [9]
  36. ^ [10]
  37. ^ [11]
  38. ^ [12]
  39. ^ [13]
  40. ^ [14]
  41. ^ [15]
  42. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html
  43. ^ Greenland
  44. ^ Canadian Census 2006
  45. ^ North America - Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
  46. ^ Mexico :: Ethnic groups - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  47. ^ Mexico: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  48. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/379167/Mexico
  49. ^ Argentina: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  50. ^ Bahamas: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  51. ^ Barbados: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  52. ^ Bermuda: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  53. ^ Bolivia: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  54. ^ http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/condicaodevida/indicadoresminimos/sinteseindicsociais2006/indic_sociais2006.pdf Tabela 9.1, Accessed: 18/08/2009
  55. ^ "Composición Étnica de las Tres Áreas Culturales del Continente Americano al Comienzo del Siglo XXI" (PDF). http://books.google.cl/books?id=LcabJ98-t1wC&pg=PA93&lpg=PA93&dq=chile+60%25+blancos+Esteva-Fabregat&source=bl&ots=AMUjY09aVi&sig=3PCwfKDokrZYem3dcZ2gkToFIoE&hl=es&ei=k8WjSYT3HJaitgfGncnOBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=9&ct=result#PPA110,M1.  
  56. ^ "5.2.6. Estructura racial". La Universidad de Chile. http://mazinger.sisib.uchile.cl/repositorio/lb/ciencias_quimicas_y_farmaceuticas/medinae/cap2/5b6.html. Retrieved 2007-08-26.  
  57. ^ Colombia: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  58. ^ "Costa Rica; People; Ethnic groups". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cs.html#People. Retrieved 2007-11-21. "white (including mestizo) 94%"   = 3.9 million whites and mestizos.
  59. ^ "Tabla II.3 Población por color de la piel y grupos de edades, según zona de residencia y sexo" (in Spanish). Censo de Población y Viviendas. Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. 2002. http://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/censo/tablas_html/ii_3.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-13.  
  60. ^ Dominican Republic: People: Ethnic groups. World Factbook of CIA
  61. ^ "Ecuador: People; Ethnic groups". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html#People. Retrieved 2007-11-26.  
  62. ^ El Salvador: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  63. ^ French Guiana: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  64. ^ [16]
  65. ^ Martinique: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  66. ^ "Nicaragua: People; Ethnic groups". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nu.html#People. Retrieved 2007-11-15.  
  67. ^ "Panama; People; Ethnic groups". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pm.html#People. Retrieved 2007-11-21.  
  68. ^ Puerto Rico: People: Ethnic Groups World Factbook of CIA
  69. ^ Peru: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  70. ^ Trinidad French Creole
  71. ^ Uruguay: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  72. ^ Fact Sheet on St. Barthélemy
  73. ^ French Polynesia: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA
  74. ^ Brazil: People: Ethnic Groups. World Factbook of CIA

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