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Emotion is associated with mood, temperament, personality, and disposition. The English word 'emotion' is derived from the French word émouvoir. This is based on the Latin emovere, where e- (variant of ex-) means 'out' and movere means 'move'.[1] The related term "motivation" is also derived from movere.
.No definitive taxonomy of emotions exists, though numerous taxonomies have been proposed.^ Anyway, there is definite mention in there of "real" music, famous tunes (though no leak on what they heard).
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

Some categorizations include:
.
  • 'Cognitive' versus 'non-cognitive' emotions
  • Instinctual emotions (from the amygdala), versus cognitive emotions (from the prefrontal cortex).
  • Basic versus complex: where base emotions lead to more complex ones.
  • Categorization based on duration: Some emotions occur over a period of seconds (e.g.^ I've seen one or more of these distinctions on some Shovelhead FLH Harley Davidsons.
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    ^ Turn strongly right to go around the 1st shack, with a roof, and get one, going right some more to continue to one by a 2nd shack, without a roof.
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    ^ No inferiority complex in the study of emotion complexity: A cognitive neuroscience computational architecture of emotion.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    surprise), whereas others can last years (e.g. love).
.A related distinction is between the emotion and the results of the emotion, principally behaviors and emotional expressions.^ Power and status relations between addressers and addressees are of paramount importance, as are settings in which emotional display takes place.
  • Emotion and Sincerity in Persian Discourse 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.brown.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The expression of emotion as mentioned above, requires interaction between one or more individuals.
  • Emotion and Sincerity in Persian Discourse 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.brown.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bateson 1955, 1956), although the concept was clearly the result of a developing dialogue between a number of scientists concerned with cognitive aspects of animal behavior.
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.People often behave in certain ways as a direct result of their emotional state, such as crying, fighting or fleeing.^ Such intimate events constitute high points in the life of the individual, and are often accompanied by an overwhelming wave of emotional feeling.
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^ It may not be something it otherwise would occur to you to do, but punching pedestrians, leading to fights with the same certain ones, is a way to get to know the identities of the ones who fight.
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^ I often get a street of elderly and handicapped people going by at such times.
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.If one can have the emotion without the corresponding behavior, then we may consider the behavior not to be essential to the emotion.^ They may not be able to talk about them, but if you watch their behavior and get to know them, you will soon be able to recognize their subtle changes of emotion.
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

^ So the old User File may serve the new install and not be replaced by a new one--I'm not sure, considering the glitches that can happen.
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.Neuroscientific research suggests there is a "magic quarter second" during which it's possible to catch a thought before it becomes an emotional reaction.^ The emotion had become trapped in her body during the earthquake, and was never released.
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

^ And second, might it also -- I mean, there are now some Israelis and Palestinians who are saying that toward the elections some thought was given to postponing the election again.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In that instant, one can catch a feeling before allowing it to take hold.^ According to one eyewitness, Clarke, 70, complained of feeling unwell minutes before collapsing on stage just before 11 p.m.

[2]
.The James-Lange theory posits that emotional experience is largely due to the experience of bodily changes.^ The releasing of emotions was powerful – I thank you for a life changing experience!
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

^ Emotion: Theory, research, and experience.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

The functionalist approach to emotions (e.g. Nico Frijda and Freitas-Magalhaes) holds that emotions have evolved for a particular function, such as to keep the subject safe.

Contents

Classification

.There exist basic and complex categories, where some basic emotions can be modified in some way to form complex emotions (e.g.^ With some modifi- cations, the same basic design continues to this day, and has been copied by others.
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^ Some of the variations to try: Initially, you can have Tommy shoot from the safe--there seem to be more to shoot that way, though.
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^ There are basically three ways to see it: - a lot of the city from below ground/water level as a graphics glitch, - less of the city from above ground/water level as a graphics/audio glitch, - and little sections from above ground/water level as a graphics glitch.
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Paul Ekman). .In one model, the complex emotions could arise from cultural conditioning or association combined with the basic emotions.^ Furthermore, it seems to be a feature of human nature that one's true emotions be concealed from others from time to time for personal or for cultural reasons.
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^ Emotion as a multicomponent process: A model and some cross-cultural data.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ I asked his owner if I could muscle test him to see if this was a physical lameness or an emotional one.
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

.Alternatively, analogous to the way primary colors combine, primary emotions could blend to form the full spectrum of human emotional experience.^ If the sum total of all your experiences makes up the tapestry of your life, it is the emotions you have experienced that give that tapestry its color.
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

For example interpersonal anger and disgust could blend to form contempt.[citation needed]
Robert Plutchik proposed a three-dimensional "circumplex model" which describes the relations among emotions. This model is similar to a color wheel. The vertical dimension represents intensity, and the circle represents degrees of similarity among the emotions. He posited eight primary emotion dimensions arranged as four pairs of opposites. Some have also argued for the existence of meta-emotions which are emotions about emotions.[citation needed]
Another important means of distinguishing emotions concerns their occurrence in time. Some emotions occur over a period of seconds (e.g. surprise), whereas others can last years (e.g. love). .The latter could be regarded as a long term tendency to have an emotion regarding a certain object rather than an emotion proper (though this is disputed).^ In these circumstances, it is small wonder that the behaviorists feel that emotions cannot be the objects of a science, or that Freud preferred to base his metapsychology on the concept of drive, rather than on a theory of emotions (Jacobsen 1979: 2l8).
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^ If you fail, the skull pickup appears again, but I would save near- by so I could reload the game and be conveniently nearby rather than save a mis- sion failure.
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^ If you fail, the skull icon appears again, but I would save nearby so I could reload the game and be conveniently nearby rather than save a mission failure.
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A distinction is then made between emotion episodes and emotional dispositions. .Dispositions are also comparable to character traits, where someone may be said to be generally disposed to experience certain emotions, though about different objects.^ They may not be able to talk about them, but if you watch their behavior and get to know them, you will soon be able to recognize their subtle changes of emotion.
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

^ That said, remember that Velleman is generally Kantian, and so am I. On a Kantian framework, objects have price, whereas persons have dignity.
  • Doing Things With Words: April 2005 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC dtww.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ I recall reading in a Ripley's about Atilla or someone that killed hundreds of captives because they thought he said "kill them" (in native tounge) when he sneezed, and had planned to release them.
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.For example an irritable person is generally disposed to feel irritation more easily or quickly than others do.^ Feel more emotionally connected with others than ever before .
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

^ Otherwise, go after the targets doggedly, since some rampages are more gener- ous about providing targets than others.
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^ Ray Liotta is the only confirmed cast member, the rest are guesses, some more likely than others.
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Finally, some theorists (e.g. .Klaus Scherer, 2005) place emotions within a more general category of 'affective states' where affective states can also include emotion-related phenomena such as pleasure and pain, motivational states (e.g.^ Since one of the missions for it (actually, a related Vercetti mission: I.97) involves stopping Sonny's henchmen from taking money from Tommy's asset properties, you have more time to stop them if you have more such places for them to go.
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^ Relating situation evaluation to emotion differentiation: Nonmetric analysis of cross- cultural questionnaire data.In K. R. Scherer (Ed.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ They have a beginning and an ending, and, more importantly, they impose a unique logic upon everything that takes place within their purview.
  • Emotion and Sincerity in Persian Discourse 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.brown.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

hunger or curiosity), moods, dispositions and traits.[citation needed]
The neural correlates of hate have been investigated with an fMRI procedure. .In this experiment, people had their brains scanned while viewing pictures of people they hated.^ He hated his life, hated his job, and hated people, because they had mistreated him so much.
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

The results showed increased activity in the medial frontal gyrus, right putamen, bilaterally in the premotor cortex, in the frontal pole, and bilaterally in the medial insula of the human brain. The researchers concluded that there is a distinct pattern of brain activity that occurs when people are experiencing hatred.
Emotions

Theories

.Theories about emotions stretch back at least as far as the Ancient Greek Stoics, as well as Plato and Aristotle.^ On PC, you only need to drive the Admiral about a block way, not far away, and ditch it to make the Stretch appear at the mansion.
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We also see sophisticated theories in the works of philosophers such as René Descartes[3], Baruch Spinoza[4] and David Hume. .Later theories of emotions tend to be informed by advances in empirical research.^ Music and emotion: Theory and research (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Psychological theories of emotion and neuropsychological research.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Studying emotions empirically: Issues and a paradigm for research.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.Often theories are not mutually exclusive and many researchers incorporate multiple perspectives in their work.^ Friedrich's work, inspired by the now classic research by Brown and Gillman (l960) on pronoun usage points out that pronoun usage in Russian incorporates ten dimensions: .
  • Emotion and Sincerity in Persian Discourse 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.brown.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Somatic theories

Somatic theories of emotion claim that bodily responses rather than judgements are essential to emotions. The first modern version of such theories comes from William James in the 1880s. .The theory lost favour in the 20th century, but has regained popularity more recently due largely to theorists such as John Cacioppo, António Damásio, Joseph E. LeDoux and Robert Zajonc who are able to appeal to neurological evidence.^ John Williams - 20th Century Fox Fanfare (0:22) 2173.
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^ Who else could make songs by Radiohead (both early and more recent stuff) even more haunting?
  • The Torontoist Cover Song Catalogue - Torontoist: Toronto News, Culture, Events, Photos, and Everything Else 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.torontoist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ John Williams - 20th Century Fox Fanfare (0:22) 2149.
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James-Lange theory

William James, in the article 'What is an Emotion?' .(Mind, 9, 1884: 188-205), argued that emotional experience is largely due to the experience of bodily changes.^ The releasing of emotions was powerful – I thank you for a life changing experience!
  • :: The Emotion Code :: The Book That Makes YOU a Healer! :: 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC theemotioncode.com [Source type: General]

.The Danish psychologist Carl Lange also proposed a similar theory at around the same time, so this position is known as the James-Lange theory.^ I think another is of Frank Sinatra, who was a fan of Chicago Mafia leader Sam "Momo" Giancana, etc., from around the same time.
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]

^ Another is of Frank Sinatra, who was a fan of Chicago Mafia leader Sam "Momo" Giancana, etc., from around the same time.
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^ A-HA MADE "CRYING IN THE RAIN" (CAROLE KING) AT THE SAME TIME IT WAS SUNG BY JAMES TAYLOR/ART GANFUNKEL.PERSONNALLY I PREFER THE ONE BY AHA .
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This theory and its derivatives state that a changed situation leads to a changed bodily state. .As James says "the perception of bodily changes as they occur is the emotion."^ I'm just saying to you that this is a situation in which I think people wanted a change and, in effect, they had two options and they took the option for change.
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^ Improved targeting system, but Rockstar won't say whats been changed, they said that you should think of Manhunt's gunplay.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

James further claims that "we feel sad because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble, and neither we cry, strike, nor tremble because we are sorry, angry, or fearful, as the case may be."[5]
.This theory is supported by experiments in which by manipulating the bodily state, a desired emotion is induced.^ Toward a dynamic theory of emotion: The component process model of affective states.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Emotion: Theory, research, and experience.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

[6] Such experiments also have therapeutic implications (e.g. in laughter therapy, dance therapy). The James-Lange theory is often misunderstood because it seems counter-intuitive. Most people believe that emotions give rise to emotion-specific actions: i.e. "I'm crying because I'm sad", or "I ran away because I was scared". .The James-Lange theory, conversely, asserts that first we react to a situation (running away and crying happen before the emotion), and then we interpret our actions into an emotional response.^ On foot or in a vehicle, it only takes one or a few bullets into a vehicle to make most drivers stop and run away.
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^ They won't react until you drop the 1st bomb, so use the 1st plane to run over all of them before you drop it.
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^ If you let the target run through the metal detector, he tries to get into a car and drive away.
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.In this way, emotions serve to explain and organize our own actions to us.^ Love disarms our emotional defenses; it makes us vulnerable to the other.
  • Doing Things With Words: April 2005 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC dtww.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Now this same issue -- the USA's anti-terrorism activities, and the ways our allies help us to pursue them -- rears its head again.
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Neurobiological theories

.Based on discoveries made through neural mapping of the limbic system, the neurobiological explanation of human emotion is that emotion is a pleasant or unpleasant mental state organized in the limbic system of the mammalian brain.^ Richardson of Microsoft said Zhao's site was taken down after the Chinese authorities made a request through a Shanghai-based affiliate of the company.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emotion, development, and self-organization:Dynamic systems approaches to emotional development (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.If distinguished from reactive responses of reptiles, emotions would then be mammalian elaborations of general vertebrate arousal patterns, in which neurochemicals (e.g., dopamine, noradrenaline, and serotonin) step-up or step-down the brain's activity level, as visible in body movements, gestures, and postures.^ Evidence for universality and cultural variation of differential emotion response patterning.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Tommy's media attention level if he has at least two wanted stars, then it goes up or down depending on the frequency of his destruction.
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ The move by Microsoft came at a time when the Chinese government is stepping up its own efforts to crack down on press freedom.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In mammals, primates, and human beings, feelings are displayed as emotion cues.^ Emotional episodes, facial expression, and reported feelings in human-computer interactions.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

For example, the human emotion of love is proposed to have evolved from paleocircuits of the mammalian brain (specifically, modules of the cingulate gyrus) which facilitate the care, feeding, and grooming of offspring. Paleocircuits are neural platforms for bodily expression configured millions of years before the advent of cortical circuits for speech. They consist of pre-configured pathways or networks of nerve cells in the forebrain, brain stem and spinal cord. .They evolved prior to the earliest mammalian ancestors, as far back as the jawless fish, to control motor function.^ V....View change not available on foot; pressing these buttons on foot in the Classic Controls adjusts how far back from Tommy the camera is.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

Presumably, before the mammalian brain, life in the non-verbal world was automatic, preconscious, and predictable. The motor centers of reptiles react to sensory cues of vision, sound, touch, chemical, gravity, and motion with pre-set body movements and programmed postures. .With the arrival of night-active mammals, circa 180 million years ago, smell replaced vision as the dominant sense, and a different way of responding arose from the olfactory sense, which is proposed to have developed into mammalian emotion and emotional memory.^ A night of emotionally-involving erotic passion between or among n entities, The Kind Men Like, this is not so easy to squeeze out of 2.2 million lines of C++ code.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In "Keep Your Friends Close" (I.99), we'll learn Tommy has long suspected that Sonny was behind the ambush Tommy ran into 15 years ago.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Clarke retired as secretary of the Central Bank of Barbados almost seven years ago, but remained active on stage, performing at numerous events across Barbados.

In the Jurassic Period, the mammalian brain invested heavily in olfaction to succeed at night as reptiles slept—one explanation for why olfactory lobes in mammalian brains are proportionally larger than in the reptiles. These odor pathways gradually formed the neural blueprint for what was later to become our limbic brain.
.Emotions are thought to be related to activity in brain areas that direct our attention, motivate our behavior, and determine the significance of what is going on around us.^ Go clockwise around to the curved area.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ In the final stretch, I've only needed to go N to the S Downtown area at most and around Cherry Poppers at the least before the bomb was diffused.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ When you've had him clear enough of an area around it so he can get it going fast enough to knock down any bikers he passes without getting knocked down himself, have him jump on it and get going.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

.Pioneering work by Broca (1878), Papez (1937), and MacLean (1952) suggested that emotion is related to a group of structures in the center of the brain called the limbic system, which includes the hypothalamus, cingulate cortex, hippocampi, and other structures.^ In a call to action the center calls on Utah gays to "make a concerted effort to put your money to work."
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More recent research has shown that some of these limbic structures are not as directly related to emotion as others are, while some non-limbic structures have been found to be of greater emotional relevance.^ After some quick research, I found two things: First, we don't get Discovery HD Theater in our area by default.
  • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Otherwise, go after the targets doggedly, since some rampages are more gener- ous about providing targets than others.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ I've seen one or more of these distinctions on some Shovelhead FLH Harley Davidsons.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

Prefrontal Cortex

.There is ample evidence that the left prefrontal cortex is activated by stimuli that cause positive approach.^ Stripa, stripb, and stripc can be found in the 1st room on the left during the Pole Position mis- sion (I.94); but only stripb is seen there afterwards.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

[7] .If attractive stimuli can selectively activate a region of the brain, then logically the converse should hold, that selective activation of that region of the brain should cause a stimulus to be judged more positively.^ An easy way to extract more than one file is to click Edit > Select All, or hold down Ctrl and click on all the files, to highlight all of them then extract them all at once.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

This was demonstrated for moderately attractive visual stimuli[8] and replicated and extended to include negative stimuli.[9]
Two neurobiological models of emotion in the prefrontal cortex made opposing predictions. The Valence Model predicted that anger, a negative emotion, would activate the right prefrontal cortex. The Direction Model predicted that anger, an approach emotion, would activate the left prefrontal cortex. The second model was supported.[10]
.This still left open the question of whether the opposite of approach in the prefrontal cortex is better described as moving away (Direction Model), as unmoving but with strength and resistance (Movement Model), or as unmoving with passive yielding (Action Tendency Model).^ The basic directions are: right around the corner you start from, right, left, right, and look for the open garage to the right to drive the tank into.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Leave the door of it open when you have Tommy exit it by having him imme- diately move away from it to give it a better chance to stay in the memory of the game.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

Support for the Action Tendency Model (passivity related to right prefrontal activity) comes from research on shyness[11] and research on behavioral inhibition.[12] Research that tested the competing hypotheses generated by all four models also supported the Action Tendency Model.[13][14]

Homeostatic Emotion

Another neurological approach, described by Bud Craig in 2003, distinguishes between two classes of emotion. ."Classical emotions" include lust, anger and fear, and they are feelings evoked by environmental stimuli, which motivate us (in these examples, respectively, to copulate/fight/flee).^ However, I fear that in an attempt to make it more serious and epic, they will remove some of the "cartoony" feeling that make the games so much fun.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

^ They tell about our fears and give us a snapshot into life in past times.

"Homeostatic emotions" are feelings evoked by internal body states, which modulate our behavior. .Thirst, hunger, feeling hot or cold (core temperature), feeling sleep deprived, salt hunger and air hunger are all examples of homeostatic emotion; each is a signal from a body system saying "Things aren't right down here.^ And haven't seen this brought up here, but this is the article from a couple weeks ago that put this thing right off the meter for me.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

^ That a guy needs to do something so he drives down a normal subur- ban street in his tank, or drives from here to there as fast as he can to get the game mission done, then the guy going by says, "Unnecessary!"
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Please let me know if it ain't kosher to post the links to the page scans here, and I'll take em right down.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

Drink/eat/move into the shade/put on something warm/sleep/lick salty rocks/breathe." .We begin to feel a homeostatic emotion when one of these systems drifts out of balance, and the feeling prompts us to do what is necessary to restore that system to balance.^ Only the passage of 194 years has bleached out one dimension, the emotional.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One gimmick I use to slow down without spinning out is the poor man's anti- lock brake system--pump the brake repeatedly.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

.Pain is a homeostatic emotion telling us "Things aren't right here.^ And haven't seen this brought up here, but this is the article from a couple weeks ago that put this thing right off the meter for me.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

Withdraw and protect."[15][16]

Cognitive theories

.There are some theories on emotions arguing that cognitive activity in the form of judgements, evaluations, or thoughts is necessary in order for an emotion to occur.^ Double planet Pluto is thought by some to form a "double planet" with its companion Charon .
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And second, might it also -- I mean, there are now some Israelis and Palestinians who are saying that toward the elections some thought was given to postponing the election again.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "There will be those in every country who are unhappy if they find themselves in some way complicit in these activities and if they can't use the normal system in order to stop them, they will use systems like leaking.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This, argued by Richard Lazarus, is necessary to capture the fact that emotions are about something or have intentionality. Such cognitive activity may be conscious or unconscious and may or may not take the form of conceptual processing. An influential theory here is that of Lazarus. A prominent philosophical exponent is Robert C. Solomon (e.g. The Passions, Emotions and the Meaning of Life, 1993). The theory proposed by Nico Frijda where appraisal leads to action tendencies is another example. It has also been suggested that emotions (affect heuristics, feelings and gut-feeling reactions) are often used as shortcuts to process information and influence behaviour.[17]

Perceptual theory

A recent hybrid of the somatic and cognitive theories of emotion is the perceptual theory. .This theory is neo-Jamesian in arguing that bodily responses are central to emotions, yet it emphasises the meaningfulness of emotions or the idea that emotions are about something, as is recognised by cognitive theories.^ Feelings integrate the central representation of appraisal-driven response organization in emotion.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

The novel claim of this theory is that conceptually based cognition is unnecessary for such meaning. Rather the bodily changes themselves perceive the meaningful content of the emotion because of being causally triggered by certain situations. .In this respect, emotions are held to be analogous to faculties such as vision or touch, which provide information about the relation between the subject and the world in various ways.^ You can fly through it, and it provides another way to leave this Ghost World--if you go low enough into it, you appear nearby on land.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ The group's leaders said that the release of the data is clearly in the public interest as it will provide greater information to lawmakers about how the law is affecting their constituents.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A sophisticated defense of this view is found in philosopher Jesse Prinz's book Gut Reactions and psychologist James Laird's book Feelings.

Affective Events Theory

.This a communication-based theory developed by Howard M. Weiss and Russell Cropanzano (1996), that looks at the causes, structures, and consequences of emotional experience (especially in work contexts).^ Party President Portia Simpson Miller has said, "Dr McPherson-Russell was a pioneer in advancing the causes and promoting the development of women.

This theory suggests that emotions are influenced and caused by events which in turn influence attitudes and behaviors. This theoretical frame also emphasizes time in that human beings experience what they call emotion episodes—a "series of emotional states extended over time and organized around an underlying theme". This theory has been utilized by numerous researchers to better understand emotion from a communicative lens, and was reviewed further by Howard M. Weiss and Daniel J. Beal in their article, Reflections on Affective Events Theory published in Research on Emotion in Organizations in 2005.

Cannon-Bard theory

In the Cannon-Bard theory, Walter Bradford Cannon argued against the dominance of the James-Lange theory regarding the physiological aspects of emotions in the second edition of Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage. Where James argued that emotional behaviour often precedes or defines the emotion, Cannon and Bard argued that the emotion arises first and then stimulates typical behaviour.

Two-factor theory

Another cognitive theory is the Singer-Schachter theory. .This is based on experiments purportedly showing that subjects can have different emotional reactions despite being placed into the same physiological state with an injection of adrenaline.^ Many of them viewed the difference above, with the Cuban-Americans being more successfully accepted and integrated into Miami, as having the added factor of racism.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
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^ I.1 Prelude to a prequel The intro, showing a command being typed into a computer to start the game, looks like the start of an old Commodore 64 game.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
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^ (If you have Tommy prepare by going into the adrenaline pill icon behind Gon- zales' place, it becomes ineffectual after the cutscene.
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]

Subjects were observed to express either anger or amusement depending on whether another person in the situation displayed that emotion. Hence, the combination of the appraisal of the situation (cognitive) and the participants' reception of adrenaline or a placebo together determined the response. This experiment has been criticized in Jesse Prinz's (2004) Gut Reactions.

Component process model

.A recent version of the cognitive theory regards emotions more broadly as the synchronization of many different bodily and cognitive components.^ Many of them viewed the difference above, with the Cuban-Americans being more successfully accepted and integrated into Miami, as having the added factor of racism.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
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.Emotions are identified with the overall process whereby low-level cognitive appraisals, in particular the processing of relevance, trigger bodily reactions, behaviors, feelings, and actions.^ Levels of processing for emotion-antecedent appraisal.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Appraisal processes in emotion.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Appraisal considered as a process of multi-level sequential checking.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

Disciplinary approaches

Many different disciplines have produced work on the emotions. .Human sciences study the role of emotions in mental processes, disorders, and neural mechanisms.^ Control of human behavior, mental processes, and consciousness (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Studying the emotion-antecedent appraisal process: An expert system approach, Cognition and Emotion,7, 325-355.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

In psychiatry, emotions are examined as part of the discipline's study and treatment of mental disorders in humans. .Psychology examines emotions from a scientific perspective by treating them as mental processes and behavior and they explore the underlying physiological and neurological processes.^ Control of human behavior, mental processes, and consciousness (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Emotionsprozesse im Medienkontext: Forschungsillustrationen und Zukunftsperspektiven [Emotion processes in media contexts: Research illustrations and perspectives for the future].
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.In neuroscience sub-fields such as social neuroscience and affective neuroscience, scientists study the neural mechanisms of emotion by combining neuroscience with the psychological study of personality, emotion, and mood.^ Theory of emotion (including appraisal theory and the component process model) Affective Neuroscience Empirical studies of appraisal theory predictions Field and laboratory studies on emotion antecedents and reactions Vocal expression of emotion and stress Facial expression of emotion Nonverbal communication of affect and personality Cross-cultural studies on emotion Development of emotion Affective disturbance Stress and coping Emotion and music Methods of emotion research Applied emotion research Theory of emotion (including appraisal theory and the component process model) .
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Lost luggage emotion: A field study of emotion-antecedent appraisal.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ No inferiority complex in the study of emotion complexity: A cognitive neuroscience computational architecture of emotion.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.In linguistics, the expression of emotion may change to the meaning of sounds.^ Emotional expression is subject to social and technological change: Extrapolating to the future.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ This may sound kinda bad, but I don't mean any disrespect but maybe it is just the clothes and backwards hats and goldchains and cars with hydraulics.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

^ I also changed IGCandy (I think "IG" may mean "in game") and CSCandy ("CS" means "cut scene") with Gunslinger files for Candy.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

.In education, the role of emotions in relation to learning are examined.^ The role of the emotional climate in learning organisations.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.Social sciences often examine emotion for the role that it plays in human culture and social interactions.^ The role of culture in emotion-antecedent appraisal.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Emotional episodes, facial expression, and reported feelings in human-computer interactions.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ The role and functions of facial behavior in social interactions (invited review article on Russell, J. A., & Fernndez-Dols, J. M..
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.In sociology, emotions are examined for the role they play in human society, social patterns and interactions, and culture.^ The role of culture in emotion-antecedent appraisal.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Evidence for universality and cultural variation of differential emotion response patterning.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ The role and functions of facial behavior in social interactions (invited review article on Russell, J. A., & Fernndez-Dols, J. M..
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.In anthropology, the study of humanity, scholars use ethnography to undertake contextual analyses and cross-cultural comparisons of a range of human activities; some anthropology studies examine the role of emotions in human activities.^ Experiencing emotion: A cross-cultural study (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Cross-cultural studies on emotion .
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Experiencing emotion: A cross- cultural study (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.In the field of communication sciences, critical organizational scholars have examined the role of emotions in organizations, from the perspectives of managers, employees, and even customers.^ Cognitive Science Perspectives on Personality and Emotion (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

A focus on emotions in organizations can be credited to Arlie Russell Hochschild's concept of emotional labor. The University of Queensland hosts EmoNet,[18] an email distribution list representing a network of academics that facilitates scholarly discussion of all matters relating to the study of emotion in organizational settings. The list was established in January, 1997 and has over 700 members from across the globe.
.In economics, the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, emotions are analyzed in some sub-fields of microeconomics, in order to assess the role of emotions on purchase decision-making and risk perception.^ Maybe this New Scientist article -- from a Lancet study (an extremely prestigious medical science journal from UK) -- will make its way into the Alito questioning.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You'll have a decision to make about how much you want to change the game to show some of his skins off as he intended.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ California also made some progress on the provision of needle-exchange services to injection drug users at risk of HIV infection from the sharing of syringes.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In criminology, a social science approach to the study of crime, scholars often draw on behavioral sciences, sociology, and psychology; emotions are examined in criminology issues such as anomie theory and studies of "toughness", aggressive behavior, and hooliganism.^ Scherer, K.R. (1995) In defense of a nomothetic approach to studying emotion-antecedent appraisal.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Emotional expression: A royal road for the study of behavior control.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Theorien und aktuelle Probleme der Emotionspsychologie [Theories and current issues in the psychology of emotion].
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.In law, which underpins civil obedience, politics, economics and society, evidence about people's emotions is often raised in tort law claims for compensation and in criminal law prosecutions against alleged lawbreakers (as evidence of the defendant's state of mind during trials, sentencing, and parole hearings).^ International Treaty Obligations The United States submitted two human rights reports this year, one to the Committee against Torture (CAT) on its compliance with the Convention against Torture and one (eight years overdue) to the Human Rights Committee on its compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If he gets in trouble with the law during the probation period, the same wanted level is rein- stated.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ The lawsuit alleged that the companies violated state law by failing to disclose the presence of the sexual content.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In political science, emotions are examined in a number of sub-fields, such as the analysis of voter decision-making.
In philosophy, emotions are studied in sub-fields such as ethics, the philosophy of art (e.g., sensory-emotional values, and matters of taste and sentiment), and the philosophy of music. In history, scholars examine documents and other sources to interpret and analyze past activities; speculation on the emotional state of the authors of historical documents is one of the tools of interpretation. In literature and film-making, the expression of emotion is the cornerstone of genres such as drama, melodrama, and romance. .In communication studies, scholars study the role that emotion plays in the dissemination of ideas and messages.^ Geneva Studies in Emotion and Communication, 12(5).
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Geneva Studies in Emotion and Communication, 12(1).
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Geneva Studies in Emotion and Communication, 12(2).
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

Emotion is also studied in non-human animals in ethology, a branch of zoology which focuses on the scientific study of animal behavior. Ethology is a combination of laboratory and field science, with strong ties to ecology and evolution. Ethologists often study one type of behavior (e.g. aggression) in a number of unrelated animals.

Evolutionary biology

Perspectives on emotions from evolution theory were initiated in the late 19th century with Charles Darwin's book The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals.[19] .Darwin's original thesis was that emotions evolved via natural selection and therefore have cross-culturally universal counterparts.^ Cross-cultural studies on emotion .
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Experiencing emotion: A cross-cultural study (pp.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Evidence for universality and cultural variation of differential emotion response patterning.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

Furthermore, animals undergo emotions comparable to our own (see emotion in animals). Evidence of universality in the human case has been provided by Paul Ekman's seminal research on facial expression. .Other research in this area focuses on physical displays of emotion including body language of animals and humans (see affect display).^ From this angle you can see that the only other thing stick- ing up from the airport area is the tall radar tower.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ From this angle you can see that the only other thing sticking up from the airport area is the tall radar tower.
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]

.The increased potential in neuroimaging has also allowed investigation into evolutionarily ancient parts of the brain.^ The lawsuit was part of an ongoing investigation into the marketing of video games, authorities said.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Important neurological advances were made from these perspectives in the 1990s by, for example, Joseph E. LeDoux and António Damásio.
American evolutionary biologist Robert Trivers argues that moral emotions are based on the principle of reciprocal altruism. The notion of group selection is of particular relevance. This theory posits the different emotions have different reciprocal effects. .Sympathy prompts a person to offer the first favor, particularly to someone in need for whom the help would go the furthest.^ Weapon advice You only need to shoot some part of someone for them to go down.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Phil Cassidy calls to offer any help Tommy needs.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Collins said she is particularly concerned by the fact that the offer of help was from the federal government.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anger protects a person against cheaters who accept a favor without reciprocating, by making him want to punish the ingrate or sever the relationship.^ I bought the game for a couple of friends of mine who are new to games, and wanted to make sure they had fun and got a lot of the inside references.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Anyway, Jump Ball -- anybody who wants to sing this song can, but if you make money off it, I want The Lyricist's Share.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time, a majority of parents are feeling increasingly victimized by a culture of violence that makes it difficult to protect their children against influences they find to be inappropriate.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gratitude impels a beneficiary to reward those who helped him in the past.^ Get the vehicles 1st, which also helps you get those people who get out and run against a vehicle or in the path of the water.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ They're supposed to attack those he attacks, or who attack him, but they don't always do it.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

.Finally, guilt prompts a cheater who is in danger of being found out, by making them want to repair the relationship by redressing the misdeed.^ I was already going to have to add some drives, and found so many people out there who noted that a RAM upgrade was a massive improvement, I decided to do both - add RAM and drives.
  • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Tommy makes $100, when he doesn't have a wanted rating or need repairs, he can still use one for complimentary sprays to give his vehicle the color you like.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ I bought the game for a couple of friends of mine who are new to games, and wanted to make sure they had fun and got a lot of the inside references.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

.As well, guilty feelings encourage a cheater who has been caught to advertise or promise that he will behave better in the future.^ SECRETARY RICE: Well, I don't know anyone who wasn't caught off guard by Hamas' strong showing.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "But for every guilty plea or conviction there are ten botnet operators who don't get caught."
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sociology

.We try to regulate our emotions to fit in with the norms of the situation, based on many—sometimes conflicting—demands upon us which originate from various entities studied by sociology on a micro level—such as social roles and 'feeling rules' the everyday social interactions and situations are shaped by—and, on a macro level, by social institutions, discourses, ideologies etc.^ Such things can be eliminated with a super car to the extent you may feel it's unrealistic and boring, so you might like to try it his way.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

.For example, (post-)modern marriage is, on one hand, based on the emotion of love and on the other hand the very emotion is to be worked on and regulated by it.^ I'm not very social at work or anything, but being in a place designated particularly for work is much better for focus, and hearing the other guys in the department doing their thing...
  • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Los Santos, on the other hand is, to all intents and purposes, LA. The game's two other cities, San Fierro and Las Venturra are based on San Francisco and Las Vegas respectively.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

^ And the implications of supporting a peace process on the one hand, and which we are all parts of the Quartet, and on the other hand supporting the activities of a partner in that set of negotiations that doesn't even recognize the existence of the other partner, it just doesn't work.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The sociology of emotions also focuses on general attitude changes in a population. Emotional appeals are commonly found in advertising, health campaigns and political messages. Recent examples include no-smoking health campaigns and political campaign advertising emphasizing the fear of terrorism.

Psychotherapy

Depending on the particular school's general emphasis either on cognitive components of emotion, physical energy discharging, or on symbolic movement and facial expression components of emotion,[20] different schools of psychotherapy approach human emotions differently. .While, for example, the school of Re-evaluation Counseling proposes that distressing emotions are to be relieved by "discharging" them—hence crying, laughing, sweating, shaking, and trembling;[21] other more cognitively oriented schools approach them via their cognitive components, such as rational emotive behavior therapy.^ Introduction: Cognitive components of emotion.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ On the nature and function of emotion: A component process approach.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ The relationship of emotion to cognition: A functional approach to a semantic controversy.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

.Yet others approach emotions via symbolic movement and facial expression components (like in contemporary Gestalt therapy.^ Emotion and facial expression.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Facial expression of emotion .
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ On the nature and function of emotion: A component process approach.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

[22])

Computer science

In the 2000s, research in computer science, engineering, psychology and neuroscience has been aimed at developing devices that recognize human affect display and model emotions.[23] .In computer science, affective computing is a branch of the study and development of artificial intelligence that deals with the design of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, and process human emotions.^ Toward a dynamic theory of emotion: The component process model of affective states.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ No inferiority complex in the study of emotion complexity: A cognitive neuroscience computational architecture of emotion.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Emotional episodes, facial expression, and reported feelings in human-computer interactions.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

It is an interdisciplinary field spanning computer sciences, psychology, and cognitive science.[24] .While the origins of the field may be traced as far back as to early philosophical enquiries into emotion,[25] the more modern branch of computer science originated with Rosalind Picard's 1995 paper[26] on affective computing.^ Vleeptron wishes to point out that on 26 September 2005 , Lenny and Spike, the irresponsible teenagers from Planet Yobbo , hacked into the Vleeptron computer and clued everybody in .
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And have Tommy exit the limo and detonate the bomb immediately when it's time to kill the psycho, or the psycho may back away from the Coach and get away before you can get Tommy back into the limo to catch him.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ As Rusk notes, if you manage to stop far enough back from the car, the three guys may not get out.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

[27][28] Detecting emotional information begins with passive sensors which capture data about the user's physical state or behavior without interpreting the input. .The data gathered is analogous to the cues humans use to perceive emotions in others.^ Gather a couple of PCJ 600's by the pole without using any other vehicles so the two bikes stay in the memory of the game.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

Another area within affective computing is the design of computational devices proposed to exhibit either innate emotional capabilities or that are capable of convincingly simulating emotions. Emotional speech processing recognizes the user's emotional state by analyzing speech patterns. .The detection and processing of facial expression or body gestures is achieved through detectors and sensors.^ Facial expressions as indicator of appraisal processes.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Facial expressions as indicators of appraisal processes.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Facial expressions as indicators of "functional" and "dysfunctional" emotional processes.
  • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

Notable theorists

In the late nineteenth century, the most influential theorists were William James (1842 – 1910) and Carl Lange (1834 - 1900). James was an American psychologist and philosopher who wrote about educational psychology, psychology of religious experience/mysticism, and the philosophy of pragmatism. Lange was a Danish physician and psychologist. .Working independently, they developed the James-Lange theory, a hypothesis on the origin and nature of emotions.^ The iTunes COM for Windows SDK seems to have been moved from the location they originally had it - http://developer.apple.com/sdk/itunescomsdk.html.
  • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The theory states that within human beings, as a response to experiences in the world, the autonomic nervous system creates physiological events such as muscular tension, a rise in heart rate, perspiration, and dryness of the mouth.^ "The United States," Mr. McClellan added, "does more than any country in the world to advance freedom and promote human rights."
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their founders tried to evolve a corporate community that was cautious and responsible about the company's effects on society, on human beings, on the planet.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Emotions, then, are feelings which come about as a result of these physiological changes, rather than being their cause.
Some of the most influential theorists on emotion from the twentieth century have died in the last decade. .They include Magda B. Arnold (1903-2002), an American psychologist who developed the appraisal theory of emotions; Richard Lazarus (1922-2002), an American psychologist who specialized in emotion and stress, especially in relation to cognition; Herbert Simon (1916-2001), who included emotions into decision making and artificial intelligence; Robert Plutchik (1928-2006), an American psychologist who developed a psychoevolutionary theory of emotion; Robert Zajonc (1923-2008) a Polish-American social psychologist who specialized in social and cognitive processes such as social facilitation.^ The Minigun usually makes anything (but a Rhino) that drives into the alley blow up before anyone can get out, and they don't last long if they do.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ And who will have helped repressive American administrations and organs of state security morph American Cyberspace into the Chinese Cyberspace model?
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American Heritage Girls: A growing option "When developing American Heritage Girls, we wanted to make sure that Christian values would remain at the core," Garibay said.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In addition, an American philosopher, Robert C. Solomon (1942 – 2007), contributed to the theories on the philosophy of emotions with books such as What Is An Emotion?: Classic and Contemporary Readings (Oxford, 2003).
Influential theorists who are still active include psychologists, neurologists, and philosophers including:
  • Lisa Feldman Barrett - Social philosopher and psychologist specializing in affective science and human emotion.
  • John Cacioppo - from the University of Chicago, founding father with Gary Berntson of social neuroscience.
  • António Damásio (1944- ) - Portuguese behavioral neurologist and neuroscientist who works in the US
  • Richard Davidson (1951- ) - American psychologist and neuroscientist; pioneer in affective neuroscience.
  • Paul Ekman (1934- ) - Psychologist specializing in study of emotions and their relation to facial expressions
  • Barbara Fredrickson - Social psychologist who specializes in emotions and positive psychology.
  • Nico Frijda (1927- ) - Dutch psychologist who specializes in human emotions, especially facial expressions
  • Peter Goldie - British philosopher who specializes in ethics, aesthetics, emotion, mood and character
  • Arlie Russell Hochschild (1940- ) - American sociologist whose central contribution was in forging a link between the subcutaneous flow of emotion in social life and the larger trends set loose by modern capitalism within organizations.
  • Joseph E. LeDoux (1949- ) - American neuroscientist who studies the biological underpinnings of memory and emotion, especially the mechanisms of fear
  • Jaak Panksepp 1943- ) - Estonian-born American psychologist, psychobiologist and neuroscientist; pioneer in affective neuroscience.
  • Jesse Prinz - American philosopher who specializes in emotion, moral psychology, aesthetics and consciousness
  • Klaus Scherer (1943- ) - Swiss psychologist and director of the Swiss Center for Affective Sciences in Geneva; he specializes in the psychology of emotion
  • Ronald de Sousa (1940- ) - English-Canadian philosopher who specializes in the philosophy of emotions, philosophy of mind and philosophy of biology.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Emotional Competency discussion of emotion
  2. ^ "Emotional Alchemy: How the Mind Can Heal the Heart by Tara-Bennett Goleman"
  3. ^ See Philip Fisher (1999) Wonder, The Rainbow and the Aesthetics of Rare Experiences for an introduction
  4. ^ See for instance Antonio Damasio (2005) Looking for Spinoza.
  5. ^ James, William, 1884. “What is an Emotion?” Mind, 9: 188–205.
  6. ^ Laird, James, Feelings: the Perception of Self, Oxford University Press
  7. ^ Kringelbach, M. L., O’Doherty, J. O., Rolls, E. T., & Andrews, C. (2003). Activation of the human orbitofrontal cortex to a liquid food stimulus is correlated with its subjective pleasantness. Cerebral Cortex, 13, 1064-1071.
  8. ^ Drake, R. A. (1987). Effects of gaze manipulation on aesthetic judgments: Hemisphere priming of affect. Acta Psychologica, 65, 91-99.
  9. ^ Merckelbach, H., & van Oppen, P. (1989). Effects of gaze manipulation on subjective evaluation of neutral and phobia-relevant stimuli: A comment on Drake's (1987) 'Effects of gaze manipulation on aesthetic judgments: Hemisphere priming of affect.' Acta Psychologica, 70, 147-151.
  10. ^ Harmon-Jones, E., Vaughn-Scott, K., Mohr, S., Sigelman, J., & Harmon-Jones, C. (2004). The effect of manipulated sympathy and anger on left and right frontal cortical activity. Emotion, 4, 95-101.
  11. ^ Schmidt, L. A. (1999). Frontal brain electrical activity in shyness and sociability. Psychological Science, 10, 316-320.
  12. ^ Garavan, H., Ross, T. J., & Stein, E. A. (1999). Right hemispheric dominance of inhibitory control: An event-related functional MRI study. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96, 8301-8306.
  13. ^ Drake, R. A., & Myers, L. R. (2006). Visual attention, emotion, and action tendency: Feeling active or passive. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 608-622.
  14. ^ Wacker, J., Chavanon, M.-L., Leue, A., & Stemmler, G. (2008). Is running away right? The behavioral activation–behavioral inhibition model of anterior asymmetry. Emotion, 8, 232-249.
  15. ^ Craig, A. D. (Bud) (2008). "Interoception and emotion: A neuroanatomical perspective". in Lewis, M.; Haviland-Jones, J. M.; Feldman Barrett, L.. Handbook of Emotion (3 ed.). New York: The Guildford Press. pp. 272-288. ISBN 978-1-59385-650-2. http://books.google.com.au/books?id=DFK1QwlrOUAC&pg=PA272&lpg=PA272&dq=%22bud+craig%22+handbook+of+emotion&source=bl&ots=3ljxPnCCaC&sig=zUq3VSW-JgnOPN_684nDvTOLQBI&hl=en&ei=hGSjSu_2CceCkQX7pdiBBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 6 September 2009. 
  16. ^ Craig, A. D. (Bud) (2003). "Interoception: The sense of the physiological condition of the body". Current Opinion in Neurobiology 13: 500-505. doi:10.1016/S0959-4388(03)00090-4. PMID 12965300. http://www.jsmf.org/meetings/2007/oct-nov/CONB%20Craig%202003.pdf. 
  17. ^ see the Heuristic-Systematic Model, or HSM, (Chaiken, Liberman, & Eagly, 1989) under attitude change. Also see the index entry for "Emotion" in "Beyond Rationality: The Search for Wisdom in a Troubled Time" by Kenneth R. Hammond and in "Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets" by Nassim Nicholas Taleb.
  18. ^ EmoNet
  19. ^ Darwin, Charles (1872). The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals. Note: This book was originally published in 1872, but has been reprinted many times thereafter by different publishers
  20. ^ Freitas-Magalhães, A., & Castro, E. (2009). Facial Expression: The effect of the smile in the Treatment of Depression. Empirical Study with Portuguese Subjects. In A. Freitas-Magalhães (Ed.), Emotional Expression: The Brain and The Face (pp. 127-140). Porto: University Fernando Pessoa Press. ISBN 978-989-643-034-4
  21. ^ Counseling recovery processes - RC website
  22. ^ On Emotion - an article from Manchester Gestalt Centre website
  23. ^ Fellous, Armony & LeDoux, 2002
  24. ^ Tao, Jianhua; Tieniu Tan (2005). "LNCS volume = 3784". Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction. Springer. pp. 981–995. doi:10.1007/11573548. 
  25. ^ James, William (1884). "What is Emotion". Mind 9: 188–205.  Cited by Tao and Tan.
  26. ^ "Affective Computing" MIT Technical Report #321 (Abstract), 1995
  27. ^ Kleine-Cosack, Christian (October 2006). "Recognition and Simulation of Emotions" (PDF). http://ls12-www.cs.tu-dortmund.de//~fink/lectures/SS06/human-robot-interaction/Emotion-RecognitionAndSimulation.pdf. Retrieved May 13, 2008. "The introduction of emotion to computer science was done by Pickard (sic) who created the field of affective computing." 
  28. ^ Diamond, David (December 2003). "The Love Machine; Building computers that care.". Wired. http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.12/love.html. Retrieved May 13, 2008. "Rosalind Picard, a genial MIT professor, is the field's godmother; her 1997 book, Affective Computing, triggered an explosion of interest in the emotional side of computers and their users." 

Further reading

  • Cornelius, R. (1996). The science of emotion. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
  • Freitas-Magalhães, A. (Ed.). (2009). .Emotional Expression: The Brain and The Face.^ Studying dynamic models of facial expression of emotion using synthetic animated faces.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    Porto: University Fernando Pessoa Press. ISBN 978-989-643-034-4.
  • Freitas-Magalhães, A. (2007).The Psychology of Emotions: The Allure of Human Face. Oporto: University Fernando Pessoa Press.
  • Ekman, P. (1999). ."Basic Emotions". In: T. Dalgleish and M. Power (Eds.^ In T. Dalgleish, & M. Power (Eds.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ). .Handbook of Cognition and Emotion.^ Handbook of Cognition and Emotion (pp.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Sussex, UK:.
  • Frijda, N. H. (1986). The Emotions. .Maison des Sciences de l'Homme and Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    [1]
  • Hochschild, A. R. (1983). The managed heart: Commercialization of human feelings. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • LeDoux, J. E. (1986). The neurobiology of emotion. Chap. 15 in J E. LeDoux & W. Hirst (Eds.) Mind and Brain: dialogues in cognitive neuroscience. .New York: Cambridge.
  • Plutchik, R. (1980).^ Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ New York/Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    A general psychoevolutionary theory of emotion. .In R. Plutchik & H. Kellerman (Eds.^ In R. Plutchik, & H. Kellerman (Eds.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ), .Emotion: Theory, research, and experience: Vol.^ Psychological theories of emotion and neuropsychological research.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ In K. R. Scherer, A. Schorr, & T. Johnstone Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, methods, research (pp.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Music and emotion: Theory and research (pp.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    .1. Theories of emotion
    (pp. 3–33).^ In K. R. Scherer, A. Schorr, & T. Johnstone Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, methods, research (pp.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Appraisal processes in emotion: Theory, methods, research (pp.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Music and emotion: Theory and research (pp.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    .New York: Academic.
  • Scherer, K. (2005).^ New York: Academic Press.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    .What are emotions and how can they be measured? Social Science Information Vol.^ Social Science Information , 24 , 331-335.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Social Science Information , 24 , 763-795.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Social Science Information , 24, 331-335.
    • Geneva Emotion Research Group - publications 19 January 2010 18:018 UTC www.unige.ch [Source type: Academic]

    44, No. 4: 695-729.
  • Solomon, R. (1993). The Passions: Emotions and the Meaning of Life. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.
  • Wikibook Cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Emotions, in its most general definition, is a complex psychophysical process that arises spontaneously, rather than through conscious effort, and evokes either a positive or negative psychological response and physical expressions, often involuntary, related to feelings, perceptions or beliefs about elements, objects or relations between them, in reality or in the imagination.^ I really need to get past the fact that the Bourne movies have no relation whatsoever to the books with the exception of general character naming.
  • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Auntie Poulet, to hazard a translation, heard from her dead grandfather and his friends that they'd rather be dead than in Tommy's position.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Have Tommy shoot from a spot a bit towards the center of the mall rather than directly between stores.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

An emotion is often differentiated from a feeling.
.
  • "It is complicated, stunning, it turns you upside down, but to find the person who completes you is the best sensation that someone may feel one day.^ You might find one in Viceport.
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

    ^ Always camp in the woods with someone who runs more slowly than you.
    • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The best bike for racing is an Angel you can have Tommy jack from one of the Bikers before the race in "Alloy Wheels of Steel" (I.69) (see the "'Alloy Wheels of Steel' Angel" above).
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

    .It is like it was an encounter with your own, and as such, of course, it scares, it makes you think all your life over again; and you find out, at the end, that you were nothing before knowing the true love, and that, after it, you are past, you are annihilated if you don't have, even if it is for one single day, your special soul by your side."^ If you liked the first one, you'll like...
    • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You don't get anything like an "EP" Admiral out of it.
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

    ^ You might find one in Viceport.
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
    • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

    • Patricky Field

Sourced

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:
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Look up emotion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

What are emotions

.Imagine entering a room full of people but you don't know a soul.^ And you know, people say, "Will you deal with them?"
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You don't know .
  • http://www.grimstveit.no/jakob/files/text/mp3list.html 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.grimstveit.no [Source type: General]

^ You might make a note of any store that reacts differently so you know which store(s) to try again if you don't get credit for a robbery or two.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

People are talking in a relaxed atmosphere. .Look at their faces; some are down; some are happy.^ Look for some familiar faces making a surprise return.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

^ Another exception to the Freeway look is that the Freeway headlight has a blurry happy face on it but the three Angel headlights have sad faces.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ I like the brown ones better; the white ones look more like monkeys or some kind of hentai lady-faced mutants.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

Some are blank in another planet. .While you don't know these people — in fact, you've never met them before.^ And you know, people say, "Will you deal with them?"
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't always follow these things, as I told you before.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ You can get away with blowing up a vehicle oc- casionally, but you never know when a policeman may be out of your view nearby and you won't.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

Still, their emotions are easy to tell.
Emotions are part of our mental perception. .Something triggers the mental reaction like: fear, curiosity, anger, lust, and showing affections toward the one you love.^ Like the pizza mission, you have to get to the top level in one effort--it can't be done in segments.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ (Nobody gets a Quadruple Insane in this or "III" though it's listed in TEXTamerican.gxt; see the next section if you'd like to be able to get one).
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]

^ One shows a beach party at night with people dancing, another has you racing from a cop who's on a motorbike.
  • Grand Theft Auto : San Andreas, The Hype Begins [Archive] - CHUD Forums 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC chud.com [Source type: General]

Emotions are how brain reacts and are accompanied by the bodily changes. We have to be very thankful that most of us do posses emotions otherwise life would have been meaningless.
When a woman gives birth to a baby, hormonal changes (see oxytocin) sometimes block the normal emotional responses in the mother toward her newborn. She may hug and kiss her baby but she does not receive any pleasure out of it. .Everybody would say to her oh my, what a beautiful handsome baby you have?^ My 1st choice for them would be the PCJ 600, but you can get good results with a sports car like the Cheetah.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ If you fail, the skull pickup appears again, but I would save near- by so I could reload the game and be conveniently nearby rather than save a mis- sion failure.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ QUESTION: Many of my questions have been asked, but would you have a specific strategy for this Quartet meeting and will you be trying to create some kind of a political quarantine of the Hamas government?
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But she would not see it. Life without emotions is not only unimaginable; it is unbearable.
.Now that we know how important emotions are?^ But at least now you know how easy it is.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
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  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Now we know how Phil lost his arm for "GTA III," and what Auntie Poulet has been spiking the gumbo with--or is it why Phil lives in Little Haiti to get the in- gredients for his Boomshine?
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

.Lets’ see how does it work?^ Mitch wants to see how Tommy rides a bike before he'll consider letting him join the gang.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ You can have Tommy look down to see where his shadow cuts off at the S edge of the plate or shoot at it to let the ricochets show you how big it is.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

^ Work had a little outing and rented out the theater down the street, so I figured it'd be as good a time as any to see how they finished off the series.
  • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

What kind of relationship has with the brain? The four important parts involves are: limbic, hypothalamus, theamygdala, and hippocampuses. Let us begin with looking at the Limbic.
Limbic
the role of limbic system is very important; it is a set of structures in the brain and it covers hypothalamus/hippocampus, as well as amygdale. Actions such as hunger, thirst, and responses to pain are being controlled by the hypothalamus. It also oversees the bodily changes like breathing, blood pressure as well as arousal in response to emotional changed.
Hypothalamus
Data input receives and instructions are being sent out for the rest of the body through hypothalamus. It carries its’ change of body function through the blood stream; a goose bump is one of the examples of hypothalamus being at work.
Amygdala
Is a mass of neurons in either half of the brain in the shape of an almond. When the animals' amygdala is stimulated electronically they get very aggressive. .When on the other hand the amygdala is removed, animals becomes very tame and no longer respond to things that would caused anger in him before.^ It's no longer just something to sit down and play; it's a common reference point that we can share and see what's going on with the other person's game.
  • Paraesthesia - Media 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC paraesthesia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But it would be interesting to hear what made him decide that "Brokeback Mountain" was worse than all these other shows.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And when you get the idea of where some targets are, you can have Tom- my emerge from behind things, used as shields, to get them before they get him much.
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City: FAQ/Walkthrough - GamersHell.com 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamershell.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto GTA - Vice City (walkthrough) - PC Igre - vesti, opisi, Å¡ifre, screenshots, wallpapers 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.pcigre.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City - Glensters Guide to Some of Vice City 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.gamerevolution.com [Source type: General]
  • Grand Theft Auto - Vice City Walkthrough, FAQ, Hints, Cheats - Cheatbook 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC www.cheatbook.de [Source type: General]

Hyppocampus
It resembles two horns that curve back from the amygdala. .The hippocampus is very important for making, maintaining, and storing your memories.^ You are on the Vleeptron Honor System: You must make your List of Adjectives from Memory.
  • News, Weather, Mozart, Sports, Eurovision Love Ænema & Perverted Videogames from Vleeptron: January 2006 23 September 2009 6:35 UTC vleeptron.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It does send the information from the senses.
Emotions are the product of millions of years of evolution. They are important part of our lives. Emotions help us in decision- making as well as survival and reproduction. Emotions made us survive for the tens of thousands of years.

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