Emperor's Cup: Wikis

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Emperor's Cup
Emperor's Cup logo
Founded 1921
Region  Japan
Number of teams 88
Current champions Gamba Osaka
Website JFA
Emperor's Cup 2009
Urawa Red Diamonds vs. Gamba Osaka, January 1, 2007

The Emperor's Cup All-Japan Soccer Championship Tournament (天皇杯全日本サッカー選手権大会 Tennōhai Zen Nippon Sakkā Senshuken Taikai?), commonly known as The Emperor's Cup (天皇杯 Tennōhai?) or The Emperor's Cup Soccer (サッカー天皇杯 Sakkā Tennōhai?), is a Japanese football competition. It has the longest tradition of any football tournament in Japan, dating back to 1921, before the formation of the J. League, Japan Football League and their predecessor, Japan Soccer League. Before World War II, teams could qualify not only from Japan proper but also from Korea, Taiwan, and sometimes Manchuria.

Contents

Format

As it is a competition to decide the "best football team in Japan," the cup is now open to every member club of the Japan Football Association, from J1 and J2 (J. League Divisions 1 and 2) down to teams from the JFL, regional leagues, and top college and high school teams from around the country. The Emperor's Cup is one of two well-known national football tournaments named after a monarch (the other is Spain's Copa del Rey).

The holder can wear a Yatagarasu emblem (the ordinary winner wears one, the E letter and the purple line above the bird, the league-cup double winner can wear the gold star and line above the Yatagarasu) and obtains an AFC Champions League spot for the next season.

Since the creation of the J. League in 1992, the professional teams have dominated the competition, although doubles, once common in the JSL, have become very rare. However, because the Emperor's Cup is contested in a knockout tournament format, the opportunity for "giant-killers" from the amateur ranks upsetting a top J. League squad is a very real possibility. A major upset almost occurred in the 2003/04 competition, when Funabashi Municipal High School took the 2003 J. League champion Yokohama F. Marinos to a penalty shootout. [1] Waseda University was the last non-league winner of the Emperor's Cup, in 1966.

The knockout phase of the competition begins towards the end of the year. In 2006, 48 teams took part in the first two rounds - the winner from each of the 47 prefectural championships and the collegiate champion. The top team in the JFL standings and all thirteen J2 teams joined in the 3rd round. Finally, the eighteen J1 teams joined in the 4th round, making a total of 80 participating teams.

Since 1969, the Emperor's Cup final has been played on New Year's Day of the following year at the National Olympic Stadium in Tokyo and is regarded as the traditional closing match of the season. However, for the purposes of qualification to the AFC Champions League, the competition is considered the beginning of the season. For example, the Emperor's Cup winner for the 2005 season was crowned on January 1, 2006, and the winner participates in the 2007 tournament.

In November 2007, the JFA announced that the ACL 2009 spot would be given to the 2008 season's winner (crowned on January 1, 2009), not to the 2007 winner. In any case, the 2007 winner, Kashima Antlers, had already completed a double, thus the runner-ups Sanfrecce Hiroshima would have qualified, but they were relegated to J2 in the same season.

Past Emperor's Cup winners

Teams in italics indicate non-top flight clubs after 1965.

Year Winner Score Runner-up Finals Venue Entrants
1921 Tokyo Shukyu-dan 1 - 0 Mikage Shukyu-dan (Kobe) Hibiya Ground 4
1922 Nagoya Shukyu-dan 1 - 0 Hiroshima Koto-shihan Toshima-shihan Ground 4
1923 Astra Club (Tokyo) 2 - 1 Nagoya Shukyu-dan Tokyo Koto-shihan Ground 4
1924 Ri-jo Club (Hiroshima) 1 - 0 All Mikage Shihan Club (Kobe) Meiji-Jingu Stadium 4
1925 Ri-jo Shukyu-dan (Hiroshima) 3 - 0 Imperial University of Tokyo Meiji-Jingu Stadium 6
1926 Cancelled due to death of Emperor Taishō
1927 Kobe-Ichi Junior High School Club 2 - 0 Ri-jo Club (Hiroshima) Meiji-Jingu Stadium 8
1928 Waseda University WMW 6 - 1 Imperial University of Kyoto Meiji-Jingu Stadium 7
1929 Kwangaku Club 3 - 0 Hosei University Meiji-Jingu Stadium 8
1930 Kwangaku Club 3 - 0 Keio BRB Koshien-minami Ground 4
1931 Imperial Univ. of Tokyo LB 3 - 0 Kobun Jr. Highschool (Taiwan) Meiji-Jingu Stadium 7
1932 Keio Club 5 - 1 Yoshino Club (Aichi) Koshien-minami Ground 3
1933 Tokyo Old Boys Club 4 - 1 Sendai Soccer Club Meiji-Jingu Stadium 8
1934 Cancelled due to East Asian Games in Manila
1935 Seoul Shukyu-dan 6 - 1 Tokyo Bunri University Meiji-Jingu Stadium 6
1936 Keio BRB 3 - 2 Poseung College (Seoul) Army Toyama Ground 5
1937 Keio University 3 - 0 Kobe University of Commerce Meiji-Jingu Stadium 4
1938 Waseda University 4 - 1 Keio University Meiji-Jingu Stadium 5
1939 Keio BRB 3 - 2 Waseda University Meiji-Jingu Stadium 8
1940 Keio BRB 1 - 0 Waseda University WMW Meiji-Jingu Stadium 8
1941 ~ 45 Suspended for World War II
1946 University of Tokyo LB 3 - 2 Kobe University of Economics Tokyo Imperial Univ. Gotenshita Stadium 12
1947 ~ 48 Cancelled due to post-World War II unrest
1949 University of Tokyo LB 3 - 2 Kwangaku Club Waseda Univ. Higashifushimi Ground 5
1950 All Kwangaku 6 - 1 Keio University Kariya City Stadium 16
1951 Keio BRB 3 - 2 Osaka Club Miyagino Soccer Stadium (Sendai) 14
1952 All Keio 6 - 2 Osaka Club Fujieda Higashi High School 16
1953 All Kwangaku 5 - 4 (ET) Osaka Club Nishikyogoku Ground 16
1954 Keio BRB 5 - 3 Toyo Industries Yamanashi prefectual Stadium (Kofu) 16
1955 All Kwangaku 4 - 2 Chuo University Club Nishinomiya Stadium 16
1956 Keio BRB 4 - 2 Yawata Steel Omiya Athletic Stadium 16
1957 Chuo University Club 1 - 0 Toyo Industries Kokutaiji High School (Hiroshima) 16
1958 Kwangaku Club 1 - 0 Yawata Steel Fujieda Higashi High School 16
1959 Kwangaku Club 1 - 0 Chuo University Koishikawa Soccer Stadium 16
1960 Furukawa Electric FC 4 - 0 Keio BRB Osaka Utsubo Soccer Stadium 16
1961 Furukawa Electric FC 3 - 2 Chuo University Fujieda Higashi High School 16
1962 Chuo University 2 - 1 Furukawa Electric FC Kyoto Nishikyogoku Stadium 16
1963 Waseda University 2 - 1 Hitachi Ltd. Kobe Oji Stadium 7
1964 Yawata Steel & Furukawa Electric FC 0 - 0 (ET) none (shared title) Kobe Oji Stadium 10
1965 Toyo Industries 3 - 2 Yawata Steel Tokyo Komazawa Stadium 8
1966 Waseda University 3 - 2 (ET) Toyo Industries Tokyo Komazawa Stadium 8
1967 Toyo Industries 1 - 0 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Tokyo National Stadium 8
1968 Yanmar Diesel 1 - 0 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Tokyo National Stadium 8
1969 Toyo Industries 4 - 1 Rikkyo University Tokyo National Stadium 8
1970 Yanmar Diesel 2 - 1 (ET) Toyo Industries Tokyo National Stadium 8
1971 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 3 - 1 Yanmar Diesel Tokyo National Stadium 8
1972 Hitachi Ltd. 2 - 1 Yanmar Diesel Tokyo National Stadium 75
1973 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 2 - 1 Hitachi Ltd. Tokyo National Stadium 807
1974 Yanmar Diesel 2 - 1 Eidai Industries Tokyo National Stadium 1,105
1975 Hitachi Ltd. 2 - 0 Fujita Industries Tokyo National Stadium 1,298
1976 Furukawa Electric FC 4 - 1 Yanmar Diesel Tokyo National Stadium 1,358
1977 Fujita Industries 4 - 1 Yanmar Diesel Tokyo National Stadium 1,421
1978 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 1 - 0 Toyo Industries Tokyo National Stadium 1,481
1979 Fujita Industries 2 - 1 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Tokyo National Stadium 1,494
1980 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 1 - 0 Tanabe Pharmaceuticals Tokyo National Stadium 1,474
1981 NKK 2 - 0 Yomiuri FC Tokyo National Stadium 1,569
1982 Yamaha Motor Company 0 - 0 (1-0) Fujita Industries Tokyo National Stadium 1,567
1983 Nissan Motor Company 2 - 0 Yanmar Diesel Tokyo National Stadium 1,565
1984 Yomiuri FC 2 - 0 Furukawa Electric FC Tokyo National Stadium 1,476
1985 Nissan Motor Company 2 - 0 Fujita Industries Tokyo National Stadium 1,498
1986 Yomiuri FC 2 - 1 NKK Tokyo National Stadium 1,612
1987 Yomiuri FC 2 - 0 Mazda Soccer Club Tokyo National Stadium 1,690
1988 Nissan Motor Company 3 - 2 (ET) Fujita Industries Tokyo National Stadium 1,786
1989 Nissan Motor Company 3 - 2 Yamaha Motor Company Tokyo National Stadium 1,737
1990 Matsushita Electric Industrial 0 - 0
(PSO 4 - 3)
Nissan Motor Company Tokyo National Stadium 1,776
1991 Nissan Motor Company 4 - 2 (ET) Yomiuri FC Tokyo National Stadium 1,872
1992 Yokohama Marinos 2 - 1 (ET) Verdy Kawasaki Tokyo National Stadium 2,452
1993 Yokohama Flügels 6 - 2 Kashima Antlers Tokyo National Stadium 2,511
1994 Bellmare Hiratsuka 2 - 0 Cerezo Osaka Tokyo National Stadium 2,792
1995 Nagoya Grampus Eight 3 - 0 Sanfrecce Hiroshima Tokyo National Stadium 2,800
1996 Verdy Kawasaki 3 - 0 Sanfrecce Hiroshima Tokyo National Stadium (unknown)
1997 Kashima Antlers 3 - 0 Yokohama Flügels Tokyo National Stadium 6,107
1998 Yokohama Flügels 2 - 1 Shimizu S-Pulse Tokyo National Stadium 6,317
1999 Nagoya Grampus Eight 2 - 0 Sanfrecce Hiroshima Tokyo National Stadium 6,516
2000 Kashima Antlers 3 - 2 (ET) Shimizu S-Pulse Tokyo National Stadium 6,578
2001 Shimizu S-Pulse 3 - 2 Cerezo Osaka Tokyo National Stadium 6,306
2002 Kyoto Purple Sanga 2 - 1 Kashima Antlers Tokyo National Stadium 6,418
2003 Júbilo Iwata 1 - 0 Cerezo Osaka Tokyo National Stadium 6,849
2004 Tokyo Verdy 1969 2 - 1 Júbilo Iwata Tokyo National Stadium 6,685
2005 Urawa Red Diamonds 2 - 1 Shimizu S-Pulse Tokyo National Stadium 5,918
2006 Urawa Red Diamonds 1 - 0 Gamba Osaka Tokyo National Stadium 6,390
2007 Kashima Antlers 2 - 0 Sanfrecce Hiroshima Tokyo National Stadium 6,161
2008 Gamba Osaka 1 - 0 (ET) Kashiwa Reysol Tokyo National Stadium 5,948
2009 Gamba Osaka 4 - 1 Nagoya Grampus Tokyo National Stadium

Top-performing clubs

Club Champions Runners'up Former names included in total
Keio University 9 4 All Keio, Keio BRB, Keio Club
Yokohama Marinos 8 2 Nissan Motor Company, Yokohama Flügels
Kwansei Gakuin University 7 1 All Kwangaku, Kwangaku Club
Urawa Red Diamonds 6 3 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Tokyo Verdy 5 3 Yomiuri FC, Verdy Kawasaki, Tokyo Verdy 1969
JEF United Ichihara Chiba 4 2 Furukawa Electric FC
Waseda University 4 2 Waseda University WMW
Sanfrecce Hiroshima 3 9 Toyo Industries
University of Tokyo 3 1 Imperial Univ. of Tokyo LB, University of Tokyo LB
Cerezo Osaka 3 8 Yanmar Diesel
Shonan Bellmare 3 4 Bellmare Hiratsuka, Fujita Industries
Kashima Antlers 3 2
Gamba Osaka 3 1 Matsushita Electric Industrial
Chuo University 2 3 Chuo University Club
Júbilo Iwata 2 2 Yamaha Motor Company
Kashiwa Reysol 2 3 Hitachi Ltd.
Nagoya Grampus 2 1 Nagoya Grampus Eight
Ri-jo Shukyu-dan (Hiroshima) 2 1 Ri-jo Club (Hiroshima)
Astra Club (Tokyo) 1 0
NKK F.C. 1 1
Kobe-Ichi Junior High School Club 1 0
Kyoto Sanga F.C. 1 0 Kyoto Purple Sanga
Nagoya Shukyu-dan 1 1
Seoul Shukyu-dan 1 0
Shimizu S-Pulse 1 3
Tokyo Shukyu-dan 1 0
Tokyo Old Boys Club 1 0
Yawata Steel 1 3
Eidai Industries 0 1
Hiroshima University 0 1
Hosei University 0 1
Kobe University 0 2
Kobun Jr. Highschool 0 1
Korea University 0 1
Kyoto University 0 1
Mikage Shukudan 0 2
Osaka Club 0 3
Rikkyo University 0 1
Sendai Soccer Club 0 1
Seoul Shukyu-dan 0 1
Tanabe Pharmaceuticals 0 1
Tokyo Bunri University 0 1
Tokyo Shukudan 0 1
Yoshino Club 0 1

Other Emperor's Cups

The Emperor's Cup term is used for many national championships in other sports. Like the football prize, most of them are knockout tournaments, except for professional sumo where the trophy is awarded for winning a round-robin Grand Sumo Tournament.

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Simple English

Emperor's Cup
Country Japan
Founded 1921
Number of teams 88
Current champions Gamba Osaka (2008)
Most successful club Keio University (9)

Emperor's Cup is a Japanese football competition.

Champions

SeasonChampionsRunner-up
2001Shimizu S-PulseCerezo Osaka
2002Kyoto Purple SangaKashima Antlers
2003Júbilo IwataCerezo Osaka
2004Tokyo VerdyJúbilo Iwata
2005Urawa Red DiamondsShimizu S-Pulse
2006Urawa Red DiamondsGamba Osaka
2007Kashima AntlersSanfrecce Hiroshima
2008Gamba OsakaKashiwa Reysol

Former champions

References


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