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Emperor Go-Momozono
118th Emperor of Japan
Emperor Go-Momozono.jpg
Emperor Go-Momozono
Reign 1771 – 1779
Born August 5,1758
Died December 16,1779[aged 21]
Buried Tsukinowa no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Empress Go-Sakuramachi
Successor Emperor Kōkaku

Emperor Go-Momozono (後桃園天皇 Go-Momozono-tennō) (August 5, 1758 - December 16, 1779) was the 118th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from May 23, 1771 until his death on December 16, 1779. He was succeeded by his second cousin, Emperor Kōkaku. His personal name was Hidehito (英仁).

This 18th century sovereign was named after his father Emperor Momozono and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he could be called the "Later Emperor Momozono". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor might be identified as "Momozono, the second," or as "Momozono II".

Contents

Genealogy

He was the firstborn son of Emperor Momozono.

  • Court Lady: Konoe Koreko (近衛維子)
    • First daughter: Imperial Princess Yoshiko (欣子内親王) - later Emperor Kōkaku's chief wife (chūgū), Yoshiko (后妃, 欣子内親王), then also known as Shin-Seiwa-In (?, 新清和院)
  • Adopted son

Events of Go-Momozono's life

He became Crown Prince in 1768. Two years later, in 1771, his aunt, Empress Go-Sakuramachi, ceded the throne to him. The Emperor was sickly, and in 1779, he died at the age of just 22.

Because his only child was a daughter, Princess Yoshiko (欣子), he hurriedly adopted a son from the Kan'in branch of the Imperial Family who became Emperor Kōkaku. His daughter was married to Emperor Kōkaku - Imperial Princess Yoshiko (?, 欣子内親王), also known as Shinkiyowa-in (?, 新清和院).

Go-Momozono is enshrined in the Imperial mausoleum, Tsukinowa no misasagi, at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. Also enshrined in this location are this emperor's immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-Mizunoo -- Meishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, Higashiyama, Nakamikado, Sakuramachi, Momozono and Go-Sakuramachi.[1]

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Momozono's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Momozono's reign

The years of Go-Momozono's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.

Notes

  1. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.

References

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Empress Go-Sakuramachi
Emperor of Japan:
Go-Momozono

1771-1779
Succeeded by
Emperor Kōkaku
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