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Emperor Keikō
12th Emperor of Japan
Reign legendary
Born legendary
Died legendary
Buried Yamanobe no michi no e no Misasagi (Nara)
Predecessor Emperor Suinin
Successor Emperor Seimu

Emperor Keikō (景行天皇, Keikō-tennō ?); also known as Ootarashihikooshirowake no Sumeramikoto; was the 12th emperor of Japan to appear on the traditional list of emperors.[1] Emperor Keikō is considered by most historians to be a legendary figure, and the name Keikō Tennō was assigned to him posthumously by later generations.

Contents

Legendary narrative

No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign. Keikō is regarded by historians as a "legendary emperor" because of the paucity of information about him, which does not necessarily imply that no such person ever existed. There is insufficient material available for further verification and study. If Keikō did exist, there is no evidence to suggest that the title tennō was used during the time period to which his reign has been assigned. It is much more likely that he was a chieftain, or local clan leader, and the polity he ruled would have only encompassed a small portion of modern day Japan.

His legend was recorded in Kojiki and Nihonshoki, but the accounts of him are different in these two sources. In Kojiki he sent his son Yamatotakeru to Kyūshū to conquer local tribes. In Nihonshoki Keikō himself went there and won battles against local tribes. According to both sources, he sent Yamatotakeru to Izumo province and eastern provinces to conquer the area and spread his territory.[2]

Although the final resting place of this legendary sovereign remains unknown, Keikō's officially designated Imperial misasagi or tomb can be visited today in Shibutani-cho, Tenri City near Nara City.[3]

The kami of Emperor Keikō is venerated at Anaho jinja in Anaho, Ōmi province.[4]

Consorts and Children

Empress(first): Harima no Inabi no Ooiratsume (播磨稲日大郎姫), daughter of Wakatakehiko (若建吉備津日子)

  • Prince Kushitsunowake (櫛角別王)
  • Prince Oousu (大碓皇子), ancestor of Mugetsu no kimi (身毛津君)

Empress(second): Yasakairihime (八坂入媛命), daughter of Yasakairihiko (八坂入彦命)

  • Prince Wakatarashihiko (稚足彦尊) Emperor_Seimu
  • Prince Iokiirihiko (五百城入彦皇子)
  • Prince Oshinowake (忍之別皇子)
  • Prince Wakayamatoneko (稚倭根子皇子)
  • Prince Oosuwake (大酢別皇子)
  • Princess Nunoshinohime (渟熨斗皇女)
  • Princess Iokiirihime (五百城入姫皇女)
  • Princess Kagoyorihime (麛依姫皇女)
  • Prince Isakiirihiko (五十狭城入彦皇子), ancestor of Mitsukai no Muraji (御使連)
  • Prince Kibinoehiko (吉備兄彦皇子)
  • Princess Takagiirihime (高城入姫皇女)
  • Princess Otohime (弟姫皇女)

Mizuhanoiratume (水歯郎媛), daughter of iwatsukuwake (磐衝別命), younger sister of Iwakiwake (石城別王)

  • Princess Ionono (五百野皇女) Saiō

Ikawahime (五十河媛)

  • Prince Kamukushi (神櫛皇子), ancestor of Sanuki no Kimi (讃岐公), Sakabe no Kimi (酒部公)
  • Prince Inaseirihiko (稲背入彦皇子), ancestor of Saeki no Atai (讃岐公), Harima no Atai (播磨直)

Abe no Takadahime (阿倍高田媛), daughter of Abe no Kogoto (阿倍木事)

  • Prince Takekunikoriwake (武国凝別皇子)

Himuka no Kaminagaootane (日向髪長大田根)

  • Prince Himuka no Sotsuhiko (日向襲津彦皇子)

Sonotakehime (襲武媛)

  • Prince Kunichiwake (国乳別皇子)
  • Prince Kunisewake (国背別皇子)
  • Prince Toyotowake (豊戸別皇子)

Himuka no Mihakashihime (日向御刀媛)

  • Prince Toyokuniwake (豊国別皇子), ancestor of Himuka no kuni no Miyatsuko (日向国造)

Inabinowakairatsume (伊那毘若郎女), daughter of Wakatakehiko, younger sister of Harima no Inabi no Ooiratsume

  • Prince Mawaka (真若王)
  • Prince Hikohitoooe (彦人大兄命)

Igotohime (五十琴姫命), daughter of Mononobe no Igui (物部胆咋宿禰)

  • Prince Igotohiko (五十功彦命)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 11-14; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 96-99.
  2. ^ Aston, William. (1998). Nihongi, Vol. 1, pp. 188-214.
  3. ^ Keikō's misasagi -- map
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 127.

References

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Suinin
Legendary Emperor of Japan
71 AD-130 AD
(traditional dates)
Succeeded by
Emperor Seimu
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Simple English

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