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Emperor Momozono
116th Emperor of Japan
Reign 1747 – 1762
Born 14 April 1741(1741-04-14)
Died 31 August 1762 (aged 21)
Buried Tsukinowa no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Emperor Sakuramachi
Successor Empress Go-Sakuramachi
Father Emperor Sakuramachi

Emperor Momozono (桃園天皇 Momozono-tennō) (April 14, 1741 - August 31, 1762) was the 116th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He ruled from June 9, 1747 until his death in 1762.[1] His personal name was Toohito (遐仁); and his pre-accession title was initially Yaho-no-miya (八穂宮) and later Sachi-no-miya (茶地宮).



Momozono was the firstborn son of Emperor Sakuramachi. His mother was Lady-in-waiting Sadako (定子) (Empress Dowager Kaimei, 開明門院)

  • Court lady Ichijō Tomiko (一条富子):

Events of Momozono's life

In 1747, he was invested as Crown Prince. Later the same year, he became emperor upon his father Emperor Sakuramachi's abdication.

During his reign, in 1758, the Hōreki Scandal occurred when a large number of the young court nobility were punished by the Bakufu for advocating the restoration of direct Imperial rule.

In 1762, he died at the age of 21.

Momozono is enshrined in an Imperial mausoleum (misasagi), Tsukinowa no misasagi, at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. Also enshrined here are Momozono's immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-Mizunoo -- Meishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, Higashiyama, Nakamikado and Sakuramachi; and several of his immediate Imperial successors, including Go-Sakuramachi and Go-Momozono, are enshrined here as well.[2]


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Momozono's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Momozono's reign

The years of Momozono's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[3]


  1. ^ Titsingh, Issac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 418-419.
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 418.


See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Sakuramachi
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Empress Go-Sakuramachi


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