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Emperor Nakamikado
114th Emperor of Japan
Reign 1709 – 1735
Born January 14,1702
Died May 10,1737[aged 35]
Buried Tsukinowa no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Emperor Higashiyama
Successor Emperor Sakuramachi
Father Emperor Higashiyama

Emperor Nakamikado (中御門天皇 Nakamikado-tennō) (January 14, 1702 - May 10, 1737) was the 114th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from July 27, 1709 to April 13, 1735.[1] His personal name was Yasuhito (慶仁) and his pre-accession title was Masu-no-miya (長宮).


Events of Nakamikado's life

In 1708, Nakamikado became Crown Prince. In 1709, upon the abdication of Emperor Higashiyama, he became Emperor. Because of his youth, first his father, the retired Emperor Higashiyama, and then his grandfather, the retired Emperor Reigen ruled in his name.

Nakamikado reign corresponded to the period from the sixth shōgun, Tokugawa Ienobu, to the eighth shōgun, Tokugawa Yoshimune. During this period, relations with the Bakufu were fairly good. Talk of a marriage between Imperial Princess Yaso-no-miya Yoshiko (八十宮吉子内親王), daughter of Retired Emperor Reigen and the seventh shōgun, Tokugawa Ietsugu were halted by the sudden death of the shogun in Edo.[2]

Nakamikado abdicated in favor of Emperor Sakuramachi in 1735.[3]

In 1737, Nakamikado died.[3]

Emperor Nakamikado is enshrined in an Imperial mausoleum (misasagi), Tsukinowa no misasagi, at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. Also enshrined in this location are his immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-Mizunoo -- Meishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, and Higashiyama. Nakamikado's immediate Imperial successors, including Sakuramachi, Momozono, Go-Sakuramachi and Go-Momozono, are enshrined here as well.[4]


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Nakamikado's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Nakamikado's reign

The years of Nakamikado's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[3]


He was the fifth son of Emperor Higashiyama. He is known to have had at least 16 children:

  • Court lady: Konoe Hisako (近衛尚子)
  • Lady in waiting: Shimizutani Iwako (清水谷石子)
    • Second son: Prince Kōjyun (公遵法親王) (Buddhist priest)
    • Fourth daughter: Princess Risyū (理秀女王)
    • Sixth daughter: Princess Sonjō (尊乗女王)
    • Eighth daughter: Chika-no-miya (周宮)
  • Lady in waiting: Sono Tsuneko (園常子)
    • Third son: Prince Cyūyo (忠與法親王) (Buddhist priest)
  • Handmaid?: Kuze Natsuko (久世夏子)
    • Second daughter: San-no-miya (三宮)
    • Third daughter: Go-no-miya (五宮)
    • Fifth daughter: Imperial Princess Fusako (成子内親王))
    • Seventh daughter: Princess Eikō (永皎女王)
    • Fifth son: Nobu-no-miya (信宮)
  • Handmaid?: Gojō Hiroko (五条寛子)
    • Sixth son: Prince Jyun'nin (遵仁法親王) (Buddhist priest)
  • Consort: Komori Yorisue's daughter
    • First daughter: Princess Syōsan (聖珊女王)
    • Fifth son: Prince Ji'nin (慈仁法親王) (Buddhist priest)
  • Adopted sons
    • Prince ?? (叡仁法親王) (Son of Imperial Prince Arisugawa-no-miya Yorihito (有栖川宮職仁親王)) (Priest)
    • Prince ?? (公啓法親王) (Son of Imperial Prince Kan'in-no-miya Naohito (閑院宮直仁親王))


  1. ^ Titsingh, Issac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 416-417.
  2. ^ Titsingh, p. 415.
  3. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 417.
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.


See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Higashiyama
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Sakuramachi


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