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Emperor Ninkō
120th Emperor of Japan
Emperor Ninkō.jpg
Emperor Ninkō
Reign 31 October 1817 - 21 February 1846 (&0000000000000028.00000028 years, &0000000000000113.000000113 days)
Born 16 March 1800(1800-03-16)
Died 21 February 1846 (aged 45)
Buried Nochi no Taukinowa no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Emperor Kōkaku
Successor Emperor Kōmei
Consort Fujiwara no Tsunako
Royal House Imperial House of Japan
Father Emperor Kōkaku
Mother Kajyūji Tadako

Emperor Ninkō (仁孝天皇 Ninkō-tennō) (March 16, 1800 – February 21, 1846) was the 120th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years 1817 through 1846.[1]



Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina) was Ayahito-shinnō (恵仁親王).[1]

Ninkō was the fourth son of Emperor Kōkaku. He had 7 sons and 8 daughters from various concubines, but only the future Emperor Komei (Komei-tennō), Princess Sumiko (Sumiko-hime) and Princess Chikako (Chikako-hime) survived to adulthood.

Events of Ninkō's life

He reigned from October 31, 1817 to February 21, 1846.

Ninkō was named as crown prince in 1809, being adopted by the chief wife (chūgū), of his father, the Emperor, Imperial Princess Yoshiko (?, 欣子内親王), also known as Shin-Seiwa-in (?, 新清和院). Ninkō was enthroned as Emperor in 1817 after his father retired from the throne. Following his father the Retired Emperor's wishes, he attempted to revive certain court rituals and practices. For example, Ninkō and all other emperors after his father have been identified as tennō.

His reign saw some deterioration of bakufu power. The bakufu encountered yet more problems during the reign of his son, Emperor Kōmei (Komei-tennō). The bakufu collapsed in the beginning of the reign of his grandson, Emperor Meiji (Meiji-tennō).

Among Ninkō's innovations was the establishment of the Gakushūsho (the predecessor of the Gakushūin for the Court Nobility just outside of the Imperial Palace.

After Ninkō's death in 1846, he was enshrined in the Imperial mausoleum, Nochi no Tsukinowa no Higashiyama no misasagi ( 後月輪東山陵?), which is at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto.[2]


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Ninkō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Ninkō's reign

The years of Ninkō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 421.
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.


See also

External links

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Kōkaku
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Kōmei


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