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Emperor Sakuramachi
115th Emperor of Japan
Emperor Sakuramachi.jpg
Emperor Sakuramachi
Reign 1735 – 1747
Born February 8,1720
Died May 28,1750 (aged 30)
Buried Tsukinowa no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Emperor Nakamikado
Successor Emperor Momozono

Emperor Sakuramachi (桜町天皇 Sakuramachi-tennō) (February 8, 1720 – May 28, 1750) was the 115th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from April 13, 1735 to June 9, 1747.[1] His personal name was Teruhito (昭仁) and his pre-accession title was Waka-no-miya (若宮).

Contents

Genealogy

He was the firstborn son of Emperor Nakamikado. He had three children by two women:

  • Court lady Nijō Ieko (二条舎子)
    • First daughter: Princess Sakariko (盛子内親王)
    • Second daughter: Princess Toshiko (智子内親王) (Empress Go-Sakuramachi)
  • Lady-in-waiting Anekōji Sadako (姉小路定子)

Events of Sakuramachi's life

In 1728, Sakuramachi became Crown Prince. In 1735, he became emperor upon the abdication of his father, Emperor Nakamikado. In 1747, he abdicated in favor of Emperor Momozono. In 1750, Sakuramachi died at the age of 30.[2]

He was said to be the reincarnation of Prince Shōtoku. With the support of Tokugawa Yoshimune, he worked for the restoration of Imperial rites, bringing back the Daijōsai (大嘗祭, the first ceremonial rice-offering by a newly-enthroned emperor) and the Shinjōsai (新嘗祭, a ceremonial rice-offering by the emperor) among others, and concentrated on restoring other courtesies. It is also said that he was a capable author of tanka.

Sakuramachi's is enshrined in an Imperial mausoleum (misasagi), Tsukinowa no misasagi, at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. Sakuramachi's immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-Mizunoo -- Meishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, Higashiyama and Nakamikado, are also enshrined along with his immediate Imperial successors, including Momozono, Go-Sakuramachi and Go-Momozono.[3]

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Sakuramachi's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Sakuramachi's reign

The years of Sakuramachi's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ Titsingh, Issac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 417-418.
  2. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 417.
  3. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.

References

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Nakamikado
Emperor of Japan:
Sakuramachi

1735-1747
Succeeded by
Emperor Momozono
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