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Empire of Haiti



Capital Port-au-Prince
Government Monarchy
 - 1804-1806 Jacques I
 - Haitian Independence January 1, 1804
 - Established September 22, 1804
 - Disestablished October 17, 1806

The Empire of Haiti was an elective monarchy in North America. Haiti had previously been the French colony of Saint-Domingue but on January 1, 1804 independence was declared. The Governor-General of Haiti, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, created the Empire on September 22, 1804 when he proclaimed himself Emperor Jacques I. On 6 October Emperor Jacques' coronation ceremony was held. The constitution of May 20, 1805 set out the way the Empire was to be governed with the country split into six military divisions with each general of the division to correspond directly with the Emperor or the general in chief who would be appointed by the Emperor. The constitution also set out the succession to the throne with the crown being elective with the reigning Emperor having the power to appoint his successor. The constitution also banned white people from owning property in the Empire.

Emperor Jacques I was assassinated on October 17, 1806 with two members of his administration Alexandre Pétion and Henri Christophe assuming power which led to a split in the country with Pétion leading the southern Republic of Haiti and Christophe leading the northern State of Haiti. Many years later, on August 26, 1849, President Faustin Soulouque re-established an Empire in Haiti which would last until January 15, 1859.




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