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City of Encinitas
—  City  —
Location of Encinitas within San Diego County, California
City of Encinitas is located in the USA
City of Encinitas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°2′40″N 117°16′18″W / 33.04444°N 117.27167°W / 33.04444; -117.27167
Country United States
State California
County San Diego
Government
 - Mayor Maggie Houlihan[1]
Area
 - Total 20.1 sq mi (52.1 km2)
 - Land 19.1 sq mi (49.5 km2)
 - Water 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
Elevation 82 ft (25 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total approx. 62,000
 Density 3,035.7/sq mi (1,172.1/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92023-92024
Area code(s) 760,442
FIPS code 06-22678
GNIS feature ID 1652705
Website www.cityofencinitas.org

Encinitas is a coastal beach city in northern San Diego County, California. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 58,014. It is located about 25 miles (40 km) north of San Diego, and about 95 miles (153 km) south of Los Angeles.

The city was incorporated in 1986 from the communities of historic Encinitas, new Encinitas (Village Park, etc.), Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea and Olivenhain, California. These communities retain their identities, and their distinctive flavors.

The largest single industry is the growing of ornamental flowers, particularly poinsettias.

Contents

Districts

Encinitas can be divided into five areas:

  • Old Encinitas: a small beachside area featuring a mix of businesses and housing styles.
  • New Encinitas: a newer region which features a golf course, larger tract homes and many shopping centers.
  • Olivenhain: a semi-rural region in eastern Encinitas with mostly single family homes and an active 4-H Club.
  • Leucadia: which has an older tree lined area featuring art galleries, unique stores and restaurants along with single family homes.
  • Cardiff-by-the-Sea: Encinitas' southernmost oceanfront community which features streets named after Classical composers, the * Lux Art Institute and the San Elijo Campus of Mira Costa College.

Geography

Aerial view showing Moonlight Beach on the left

Encinitas is located at 33°2′40″N 117°16′18″W / 33.04444°N 117.27167°W / 33.04444; -117.27167 (33.044442, -117.271694).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.1 km² (20.1 mi²). 49.5 km² (19.1 mi²) of it is land and 2.6 km² (1.0 mi²) of it (5.07%) is water.

The city's elevation ranges between sea level (0 MSL) and 180 meters above sea level.

²The maximum elevation was extracted from a 1:24000 scale USGS topographic map, based upon coordinates supplied by the County of San Diego.

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Climate

The climate is very mild. Average daily high temperature is 72°F (22°C). Temperatures below 40°F and above 85°F (outside the 5°C to 30°C range) are rare. Average rainfall is about 250 mm (10 in) per year.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 58,014 people, 22,830 households, and 14,291 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,172.1/km² (3,035.6/mi²). There were 23,843 housing units at an average density of 481.7/km² (1,247.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.60% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.10% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 6.28% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 14.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,830 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,954, and the median income for a family was $78,104 (these figures had risen to $79,714 and $104,775 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[4]). Males had a median income of $51,132 versus $38,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,336. About 3.8% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Current estimates

According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Encinitas in 2005 was $86,520 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $70,257.

Arts and Culture

Annual events

The Annual Fall Festival, formerly known as the Poinsettia Festival, is held each November in downtown Encinitas.

The Wavecrest Woodie Meet takes place once a year on the third Saturday of September at Moonlight State Beach. It is the largest rally of wooden bodied vehicles in the world and it is free to the public and to participants.

The Annual OktoberFest is held the third Sunday in September to coincide with the start of the Oktoberfest celebrations in Germany. This is the only community event in Encinitas that takes place in "new Encinitas."

Museums and other points of interest

The Lux Art Instituteand San Dieguito Heritage Museum are located in Encinitas. Other points of interest include the San Diego Botanic Garden, Self-Realization Fellowship temple and Hermitage, historic La Paloma Theater, Moonlight Beach, and one of California's classic downtowns along historic Coast Highway 101. Surfing is a popular activity in Encinitas, particularly at Swami's, which is rated in the top 5 surf locations in the world and was featured in The Beach Boys' song Surfin' USA.

Government

The city is governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals.

In the state legislature Encinitas is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Martin Garrick. Encinitas is located in California's 50th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +5[5] and is represented by Republican Brian Bilbray.

Education

School districts

Visual Art schools

Colleges

High schools

Middle schools

Elementary schools

Notable natives and residents

Current residents

Former residents

References

External links

Government

Schools / school districts

Maps

Related

Coordinates: 33°02′40″N 117°16′18″W / 33.044442°N 117.271694°W / 33.044442; -117.271694


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