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Endeavour River
Endeavour River 2004.jpg
Endeavour River, 2004, taken from Starcke St., Marton
Origin Henderson Range, Audaer Range, Hopevale
Mouth Coral Sea at Cooktown, Queensland
Basin countries Australia
Avg. discharge 1193 GL
Basin area 2,054 km²
Endeavour River locator map
"Natives of Endeavour River in a canoe, fishing." From Phillip Parker King's Survey. 1818.

The Endeavour River (Guugu Yimithirr: Wabalumbaal) Coordinates: 15°27′30″S 145°14′00″E / 15.45833°S 145.2333333°E / -15.45833; 145.2333333 on Cape York Peninsula in Far North Queensland, Australia, was named in 1770 by Lt. James Cook, R.N., after he was forced to beach his ship, HM Bark Endeavour,[1] for repairs in the river mouth, after damaging it on a reef. Joseph Banks named it the "Endeavours River,"[2] but the form Cook used, Endeavour River, has stuck.

Cook and his crew remained for almost 7 weeks and made contact with the local Guugu Yimithirr Aborigines, while the naturalists Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander made extensive collections of native flora, while Sydney Parkinson illustrated much of the flora and fauna of the region.

Modern Cooktown (population circa 2000) is located at the mouth of the Endeavour River. It is the northernmost town on the East coast of Australia, and was founded in 1873, around the site of Cook's landing, as a port to service the newly discovered Palmer River Goldfields. Some of the relatively undisturbed natural features near the mouth of the river have been reserved as a Queensland National Park, the Endeavour River National Park.

In recent years, tilapia fish, which are considered a "noxious species" in Australia, have infested the river, causing concern that the stocks of native fish will suffer. See: Tilapia as exotic species.

Electro-fishing survey for Tilapia in the Endeavour River near Cooktown, Australia
Immature Mozambique Tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, caught in the Endeavour River, near Cooktown, Australia. Dec. 2007.

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Endeavour at the Endeavour: Cook's and Bank's journals from 11 June to 4 August 1770. (Undated) Compiled by John & Bev Shay. Cooktown and District Historical Society.
  2. ^ http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks05/0501141h.html#jun1770

References

See also


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