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Coordinates: 51°39′06″N 0°05′01″W / 51.6516°N 0.0837°W / 51.6516; -0.0837

Enfield Town
Enfield Town is located in Greater London
Enfield Town

 Enfield Town shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ325965
London borough Enfield
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ENFIELD
Postcode district EN1, EN2
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Enfield North
Enfield Southgate
Edmonton
London Assembly Enfield and Haringey
List of places: UK • England • London

Enfield Town is a location in North London in the London Borough of Enfield. It is 10.1 miles (16.3 km) north north-east of Charing Cross. Although the area now has none of the official attributes of a town, 'Town' remains the name of one of the wards of the borough. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.[1]

Contents

History

This was a place were the domesday book didn't like Enfield. People where to have said that it was a horrible place but Historically, Enfield was a collection of small communities spread around the royal hunting grounds of Enfield Chase. At the time of the Domesday Book the area was spelt 'Enefelde', and had a priest who almost certainly resided in St. Andrews Church. By 1572 most of the basic street layout had been completed. The village green later became the historic marketplace between the church and where the fountain now stands. A market is still operated in this area, which is owned by the parish charity. Its name likeliest came from Anglo-Saxon Ēanafeld or similar, meaning "open land belonging to a man called Ēana" or "open land for lambs".

During the Elizabethan period the royal Palace of Enfield stood on the site of the present-day Palace Gardens Shopping Centre; nothing of this now remains, except for a carved stone fireplace presently located in one of the houses of Gentleman's Row, a street of fine sixteenth to eighteenth century houses adjacent to Enfield Town centre.

The New River, built to supply water to London from Hertfordshire, runs immediately behind the town centre through the Town Park, which is the last remaining public open space of Enfield Old Park.

The poet John Keats went to school where Enfield Town railway station now stands. In 1840 the first section of the Northern and Eastern Railway was opened from Stratford to Broxbourne. The branch line from Water Lane to Enfield Town station was opened in 1849.

Enfield Town is famous for having the world's first ever cash machine or ATM, which was installed at the branch of Barclays Bank on June 27, 1967 by Ron Bates and opened by Reg Varney.[2]

The Town also houses the borough's Civic Centre, the headquarters of the borough administration at which Council and committee meetings are also held.

Map of Enfield Town (labelled "Enfield")

Recent developments

Recent boundary changes in 2004 mean that the Enfield Town area will be split between three Parliamentary constituencies (see panel) as from the next General Election.

Enfield Town centre has recently undergone major redevelopment work, completed in Autumn 2006. A large extension to the existing shopping centre was built, under the name Palace Exchange.[3] Many branches of chain stores already existing in Enfield Town centre were relocated to the new extension, and there are some completely new stores.

A disused section of the New River runs through the centre of Enfield Town, where it is called the New River Loop. Water levels are still maintained in it, and it survives as an important local amenity.

Enfield Town Football Club

Enfield Town F.C. is (as of May 2007) in Division 1 (North) of the Isthmian League. The club plays at Goldsdown Road, Enfield.[4]

Nearby places

References


Enfield may refer to:

Contents

Places

In Australia:

In Canada:

In England:

In Ireland:

In the United States:

Schools

People

Other uses

See also


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Enfield article)

From Wikitravel

There is more than one place called Enfield:

Australia

  • Enfield (New South Wales)
  • Enfield (South Australia)

Canada

  • Enfield (Canada)

Ireland

  • Enfield (Ireland)

United Kingdom

  • Enfield (Greater London) - A London borough

United States of America

This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.







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