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Engineering Management is the field concerned with the application of engineering principles to the planning and operational management of industrial and manufacturing operations. Engineering Managers are prepared to plan and manage such operations. Engineering Management programs typically include instruction in accounting, engineering economy, financial management, industrial and human resources management, industrial psychology, management information systems, mathematical modeling and optimization, quality control, operations research, safety and health issues, and environmental program management.[1][2]

Engineering Management is a term that is used to describe a specialized form of management that is required to successfully lead engineering personnel and projects. The term can be used to describe either functional management or project management- leading technical professionals who are working in the fields of product development, manufacturing, construction, design engineering, industrial engineering, technology, production, or any other field that employs personnel who perform an engineering function.

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Required Skills and Disciplines

Successful engineering managers typically require training and experience in both general management (which may include business administration) and the specific engineering disciplines that will be used by the engineering team to be managed. But additionally, the successful engineering manager must understand that the factors that cause certain individuals to pursue careers in engineering are often quite different than those for individuals who are driven by purely entrepreneurial thinking. Consequently, the skills necessary to coach, mentor and motivate technical professionals are often very different from those that are required for individuals in other fields.

Education

There are many education and certification programs available that provide Bachelor's, Master's and Ph.D. degrees. Undergraduate programs provide generalist degrees that enable engineers to better deal in the business environment. Master of Engineering Management (MEM) provide a technical-based alternative to traditional MBA programs. Industrial and professional associations such as engineers' societies also offer certification programs that validate engineering management knowledge and skills. Specialization areas in both degree and certification programs may include industrial engineering, management of technology, systems engineering, product and process, quality, organizational management, operations management, program management, marketing and finance. The first university department titled "Engineering Management" was founded at the Missouri University of Science and Technology (formerly the University of Missouri-Rolla) in 1967. Missouri S&T also awarded the first Ph.D. in Engineering Management in 1984.

Formal Engineering Management education is generally imparted at the graduate level and is an up and coming academic field. Candidates are required to possess an academic undergraduate degree with a major in engineering, computer science, mathematics or the sciences.[3] The length of study for such a degree is usually between a year and two and the completed degree may be designated as a Master of Engineering Management, MS in Engineering Management, MS in Technology or Innovation Management, Master of Business and Engineering or MS in Management Science & Engineering, depending upon the university. Engineering Management students possess a wide variety in the amount of work experience they will have before enrolling, mostly dictated by program requirements. The degree generally includes units covering Management, Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Finance, Optimization, Innovation, Operations and Project Management, among many others. Students often choose to specialize in one or more sub-disciplines such as Marketing, Finance, Healthcare and Energy.

Engineering Management Organizations

There are a number of societies and organizations dedicated to the field of engineering management. One of the largest societies is a division of IEEE, the Engineering Management Society, which regularly publishes a trade magazine. Another prominent professional organization in the field is the American Society of Engineering Management, which was founded in 1979 by a group of 20 engineering managers from industry.[4] The Master of Engineering Management Programs Consortium is a newly formed consortium of prominent universities intended to raise the value and visibility of the MEM degree. [5] The Engineering Management Certification International, is a part of American Society of Mechanical Engineers, provides a very comprehensive guide on Engineering Management, known as EMC-BOK Guide. EMCI also provides two levels of Engineering Management Certification; EMCF & EMCP.[6] Also, engineering management university programs have the possibility of being accredited by ABET.

See also

References

External links and further reading

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