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Coat of Arms of the UK Government.

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England's (in red) location within the United Kingdom along with Republic of Ireland and Isle of Man

English independence is a political ambition for England to secede from the United Kingdom.

Those who oppose English independence and endorse the continuation of a form of Union believe that being part of the United Kingdom is in the English national interest, whereas supporters of English independence claim that the loss of independently English representation, both at national and international level, is detrimental to English interests, and that as the British government acts primarily in the interest of the entire United Kingdom, they claim it can be, in specific instances, to the inadvertent or perceived detriment of specifically English interests.


Arguments for English independence/sovereignty

Advocates of English sovereignty state that a sovereign England would possess one of the world's largest Gross Domestic Products, have London (as arguably the major world city) as its capital, possess world class educational instiutions that are among the world's most prestigious universities (such as Oxbridge, the London School of Economics, University College London, etc.), be among the world's most visited countries (in terms of tourist numbers), and thus still be a country of some influence in the world.


The Kingdom of England was, from 927 to 1707, a state in North-West Europe. The Kingdom of England spanned the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and a number of smaller outlying islands—what is today the legal unit of England and Wales. England as a unified state traces its origins to the 9th or 10th century. The Norman conquest of Wales from 1067-1283 (formalized with the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284) put Wales in England's control, and Wales came under English law with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. England was united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain under the terms of the Acts of Union 1707.

At the time of the union of the parliaments, the measure was deeply unpopular in both Scotland and England. The Scottish signatories to the treaty were forced to sign the documents in secrecy because of mass rioting and unrest in the Scottish capital, Edinburgh.

Opinion polls

The English nationalist movement has its roots in a perception amongst many people in England that they are primarily or exclusively English rather than British. The perceived rise in English identity in recent years, as evidenced by the increased display of the English flag (particularly during international sporting competitions), is sometimes attributed in the media to the increased devolution of political power to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. One possible incentive for supporting the establishment of self-governing English political institutions is the West Lothian question: the constitutional inconsistency whereby Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish MPs in the UK Parliament are able to cast votes on bills which will apply only to England while English MPs have fewer such rights in relation to Scottish, Welsh or Northern Irish legislation, which is in many cases handled by the devolved legislatures. Contemporary English nationalist movements differ significantly from mainstream Scottish, Welsh and Cornish nationalist movements (whilst similar to some strands of Irish nationalism) insofar as they are often associated with support for right-of-centre economic and social policies. Nationalists elsewhere in the UK tend towards a social democratic political stance. English nationalism is also often associated with Euroscepticism, one reason for opposition to the EU being the belief that England is being subdivided into regions at the behest of the European Union.

A MORI opinion poll commissioned jointly by the Campaign for an English Parliament under the English Constitutional Convention Banner indicated that support for the creation of an English Parliament with the same powers as the existing Scottish Parliament had risen, with 41% of those questioned favouring such a move. In the same month an ICM Omnibus poll commissioned by the Progressive Partnership (a Scottish research organisation) showed that support for full English Independence had reached 31% of those questioned. In November 2006, another ICM poll commissioned by the Sunday Telegraph, showed that support for an English Parliament had reached 68% and support for full English Independence had reached 48% of those questioned.

Present day

The main party which calls for English Independence is the English Radical Alliance, established in 2009.



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