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Enid
—  City  —

Flag
Location in Garfield County and the state of Oklahoma.
Coordinates: 36°24′2″N 97°52′51″W / 36.40056°N 97.88083°W / 36.40056; -97.88083Coordinates: 36°24′2″N 97°52′51″W / 36.40056°N 97.88083°W / 36.40056; -97.88083
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Garfield
Government
 - Mayor John Criner
Area
 - City 74.1 sq mi (191.8 km2)
 - Land 74.0 sq mi (191.6 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 1,240 ft (378 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 47,045
 Density 635.8/sq mi (245.5/km2)
 Metro 57,613
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-23950[1]
GNIS feature ID 1092626[2]
Website http://www.enid.org/

Enid is a city in Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 47,045 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Garfield County[3].

Contents

Geography

Located in Northwestern Oklahoma, Enid sits at the eastern edge of the Great Plains. It is located at 36°24′2″N 97°52′51″W / 36.40056°N 97.88083°W / 36.40056; -97.88083 (36.400583, -97.880784)[4], 70 miles North of Oklahoma City. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 74.1 square miles (191.8 km²), of which, 74.0 square miles (191.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.12%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 47,045 people, 18,955 households, and 12,567 families residing in the city. The population density was 636.0 people per square mile (245.6/km²). There were 21,255 housing units at an average density of 287.3/sq mi (110.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.18% White, 3.91% African American, 2.12% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.58% Pacific Islander, 2.36% from other races, and 2.84% from two or more races. 4.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 215,000,974,955 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,227, and the median income for a family was $39,113. Males had a median income of $29,841 versus $20,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,471. 14.8% of the population and 11.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.1% of those under the age of 18 and 10.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

History

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Founding

Enid was founded during the opening of the Cherokee Outlet in the Land Run of 1893, by Hobart Johnstone Whitley,[citation needed] a land developer, banker, farmer and Rock Island Railroad executive. Today, the history of this era is preserved at the Cherokee Strip Regional Heritage Center, located in Enid. The town's early history was captured in Cherokee Strip: A Tale of an Oklahoma Boyhood by Pulitzer-winning author Marquis James, who recounts his boyhood in Enid.

Naming

The origin of the name Enid is something of a mystery, although it is considered likely to be a reference to a character in Alfred Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King. However, a more fanciful story is much more popular. According to that tale, in the days following the land run, some enterprising settlers decided to set up a chuckwagon and cook for their fellow pioneers, hanging a sign that read "DINE". Some other, more free-spirited settlers, turned that sign upside down, to read, of course, "ENID". The name, as they say, stuck.

Photos

A panorama of Enid shot from the top of the Court House in 1908

Education

Enid has several institutions of education and is served by two school districts: Enid Public Schools and Chisholm Public Schools. Enid High School, Chisholm High School, and Oklahoma Bible Academy are the city's largest secondary education schools. Autry Technology Center serves as the city's only vocational education institution, Northern Oklahoma College as its community college, and Northwestern Oklahoma State University (NWOSU) provides bachelor and graduate level education. Enid was formerly home to Phillips University, which closed in 1998.

Notable residents

Sports

Baseball

The Enid Harvesters (active from 1920–1924) were named as the 20th-best minor league farm team ever by Minor League Baseball. They had a 104-27 record in the 1922 season.[6]

The Enid Majors youth baseball team won the American Legion Baseball World Series in 2005.[7]

Phillips University baseball teams, coached by Enid native Joe Record, went to the NAIA World Series three times during his tenure as head coach (1952–1981). Record was the NAIA Coach of the Year in 1973 and was inducted into the NAIA Hall of Fame in 1975.[8]

Basketball

The Oklahoma Storm USBL franchise called Enid home. Through their eight years in Enid (2000-2007 seasons) they were very successful, winning their division several times and the USBL Championship in 2002[2]. The Storm played their games at Mark Price Arena and the Chisholm Trail Expo Center.

Football

The Enid High School Plainsmen have won 6 state football championships (1919, 1942, 1964, 1965, 1966, and 1983). They went to the Oklahoma State Championship football game in 2006 and lost to the Jenks Trojans.

The Phillips University football teams, coached by John Maulbetsch, beat the University of Oklahoma and Texas University football teams and lost only one game in the 1918 and 1919 seasons.[9] [10] When Phillips defeated Texas 10-0 in Austin, Texas in October 1919, the Longhorns had not lost a game since 1917.[11]

Recreation

Enid is home to over 30 parks, including Government Springs Park and Meadowlake Park.[12]

Enid's entertainment venues include:

Museums

Enid is home to the following museums:

  • The Midgley Museum
  • Cherokee Strip Regional Heritage Center
  • Humphrey Heritage Village
  • Railroad Museum of Oklahoma
  • Leonardo’s Discovery Warehouse
  • Simpson's Old Time Museum

NRHP sites

The following Enid locations are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Broadway Tower
  • H. H. Champlin House
  • T. T. Eason Mansion
  • Enid Armory
  • Enid Cemetery and Calvary Catholic Cemetery
  • Garfield County Courthouse

Airports

Enid Woodring Regional Airport

Enid Woodring Regional Airport (KWDG) (1167 feet above Mean Sea Level) is located four miles southeast of Enid at 36 degrees 22.75 north latitude and 97 degrees 47.47 west longitude. This Class D facility has a 6,249 foot primary runway and a 3149 secondary runway. There is no scheduled air service.

Vance Air Force Base

Vance Air Force Base (KEND) (1,307 feet above Mean Sea Level) is located four miles south of the city at 36 degrees 20.21 north latitude and 97 degrees 54.59 west longitude. It was founded in 1941 on land leased by the city of Enid to the United States Army Air Forces, now the United States Air Force. Vance also uses the KWDG facility for military training flights.

Industry

Companies with corporate headquarters in Enid, Oklahoma:

  • Continental Resources Inc. (oil and natural gas exploration and production) The company's oil and gas revenues for 2008 neared $1B.[13]
  • Advance Food Company (prepared food products, primarily for institutional customers). Company revenues for 2008 neared $600M.[14]
  • Johnston Enterprises Inc. (grain processing, storage, and transportation; founded 1893)
  • GEFCO, George E. Failing Company (manufacter of portable drilling rigs for oil, gas, water wells and other applications; founded 1931)
  • STECO (manufacturer of transfer and dump trailers)
  • Pumpstar (manufacturer of concrete pumping equipment)
  • Groendyke Transport (tank truck fleet operator; bulk liquid transport)

Companies with operations in Enid, Oklahoma:


Enid was once home to Champlin Petroleum. The H.H. Champlin Mansion is one of many Enid sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

In popular culture

  • Various references to Enid, Oklahoma are made in Jurassic Park III. (ex. "I dare 'em to nest in Enid, Oklahoma!" was the penultimate line of the movie)
  • Some scenes from the movie, Dillinger, were filmed in front of the Mark Price Arena and the Grand Saloon
  • Enid was featured on A Current Affair for a story on religious exorcisms which were being performed for large amounts of money.
  • Comedian Bill Hicks used to make fun of this town in his act. Most notable is his bit on a man named Elmer Dinkley, most likely fictional.
  • Ranked the 28th best place in the nation to raise a family in a 1998 Reader's Digest poll.[15]
  • Enid was listed in the March 2004 issue of Inc. as one of the top 25 small cities in the USA for doing business[3].
  • Portions of the film The Killer Inside Me were filmed in Enid's downtown square.[16]
  • The movie Twister references the city just before the chasers leave Aunt Meg's House to chase the "Hailstorm Hill" Tornado. The storm warning being broadcast over the television says that the latest warning has been issued "for Garfield County, including the city of Enid." (Subtitles may be needed to find this out.)
  • Episode 6 of the series Ghost Lab features Enid as part of an investigation of sites claimed to be haunted by John Wilkes Booth.
  • In the CBS Series The Big Bang Theory (Season 3, Episode 13), character Sheldon Cooper contemplates moving to Enid because of its "low crime rate" and "high speed internet" service, but decides against it because the city lacks a model railroad store.
  • Hank Williams, Jr. talks about how he met a woman in Enid, in a song called "Greeted in Enid" from the 1995 album Hog Wild.
  • In the movie Crazy Heart Maggie Gyllenhaal's character, journalist Jean Craddock, is originally from Enid.

Local media

Newspaper

The Enid News & Eagle is the city's daily newspaper.

Television

Enid has two local television stations:

  • Public-access television station, PEGASYS, which broadcasts locally produced programming on cable channels 11 and 12, and a community bulletin board on channel 19.[17]
  • UHF channel 32, KXOK-LP, which currently broadcasts America One and The Pursuit Channel.

Radio

Radio stations in Enid, Oklahoma[18]:

  • KAMG 92.1 FM - Religious
  • KBVV 91.1 FM - Religious
  • KCRC 1390 AM - Sports
  • KEIF 104.7 FM - Classic Rock
  • KFXY 1640 AM - Sports
  • KGWA 960 AM - Talk
  • KLGB 94.3 FM - Religious
  • KNID 107.1 FM - Country
  • KOFM 103.1 FM - Country
  • KQOB 96.9 FM - Classic Rock
  • KXLS 95.7 FM - Various Genres

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "The Yaweh ben Yahweh Cult". http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/notorious_murders/classics/yahweh_cult/2.html. Retrieved 03-14-2010. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ American Legion Baseball official site. Retrieved on 2009-05-15. http://www.baseball.legion.org/forms/national_champions_1926_to_present.pdf
  8. ^ Enid News & Eagle, July 31, 2001, page 27
  9. ^ "A New Force in Football: Texas University Will Meet Phillips University in Austin". Corsicana Daily. 1919-10-10. 
  10. ^ "Longhorns to Play Phillips Uni. October 11th". San Antonio Evening News. 1919-09-13. 
  11. ^ "Texas, Unable to Score, Bows to Haymakers, Phillips University Blanks Longhorns on Muddy Field 10 to 0". San Antonio Light. 1919-10-12. 
  12. ^ http://www.enid.org/Visitors/v_index.cfm?parks
  13. ^ Continental Resources Inc. official website. Retrieved 2009-05-13. http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=197380&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1260276&highlight=
  14. ^ Advance Food Company official website. Retrieved 2009-05-13. http://www.advf.com/AdvanceWebPage/CompanyOverview.aspx
  15. ^ "The Best Places to Raise a Family", Reader Digest, April 1998
  16. ^ http://www.enidnews.com/archivesearch/local_story_183000951.html
  17. ^ http://www.pegasys.org
  18. ^ http://www.ontheradio.net/cities/enid_ok.aspx

External links


Simple English

Enid
—  City  —
Coordinates: 36°24′2″N 97°52′51″W / 36.40056°N 97.88083°W / 36.40056; -97.88083
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Garfield
Government
 - Mayor John Criner
Area
 - City 74.1 sq mi (191.8 km2)
 - Land 75.43 sq mi (191.6 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 1,240 ft (378 m)
Population (2004)
 - City 46,436
 Density 635.8/sq mi (245.5/km2)
 Metro 57,613
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-23950[1]
GNIS feature ID 1092626[2]
Website http://www.enid.org/

Enid is a city in Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 47,045 at the 2000 census.

References


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