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Enterococcus faecium: Wikis

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Enterococcus faecium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Lactobacillales
Family: Enterococcaceae
Genus: Enterococcus
Species: E. faecium
Binomial name
Enterococcus faecium
(Orla-Jensen 1919)
Schleifer & Kilpper-Bälz 1984

Enterococcus faecium is a gram-positive bacterium group D, alpha hemolitic or nonhemolitic in the genus Enterococcus.[1] It can be a commensal (a non-harmful coexistence), in the human intestine, but it may also be a pathogen-causing diseases like neonatal meningitis.

Antibiotic-resistant E. faecium is often referred to as VRE (vancomycin-resistant enterococcus).[2]

It is used as a probiotic in animals. [3]

Treatment

Linezolid is used to treat Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus. The streptogramins, such as quinupristin/dalfopristin, may also be used for vancomycin-resistant E. faecium, but not E. faecalis.

References

  1. ^ Ryan KJ, Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed. ed.). McGraw Hill. pp. p. 294–5. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9.  
  2. ^ Mascini EM, Troelstra A, Beitsma M, et al. (March 2006). "Genotyping and preemptive isolation to control an outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium". Clin. Infect. Dis. 42 (6): 739–46. doi:10.1086/500322. PMID 16477546. http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/500322?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dncbi.nlm.nih.gov.  
  3. ^ http://www.vetscriptions.co.uk/PROTEXINBIO2.html
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