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Episcopal Conference: Wikis

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In the Roman Catholic Church, an Episcopal Conference, Conference of Bishops, or National Conference of Bishops is an official assembly of all the bishops of a given territory. Episcopal conferences have long existed as informal entities, but were first established as formal bodies by the Second Vatican Council (Christus Dominus, 38), and implemented by Pope Paul VI's 1966 motu proprio Ecclesiae sanctae.[1] The operation, authority, and responsibilities of episcopal conferences are currently governed by the 1983 Code of Canon Law (see especially canons 447-459).[2]

The nature of episcopal conferences, and their magisterial authority in particular, was subsequently clarified by Pope John Paul II's 1998 motu proprio Apostolos suos which stated that conferences of bishops do not participate in the teaching authority of the college of bishops although individuals bishops do as they are members of the college of bishops which maintains unity with and under the Bishop of Rome, that is, the Pope. Consequently, a conference of bishops cannot make doctrinal declarations unless it receives two-thirds approval of the individual bishops of the conference and receives the subsequent recognitio, that is, recognition of approval, of the Holy See. Thus, while a conference of bishops can assist the individual bishops of the conference it cannot substitute for the authority which they individually possess.

Episcopal conferences are generally defined by geographic borders, with all the bishops in a given country belonging to the same conference — which might also include neighboring countries. Certain tasks and authority are assigned to episcopal conferences, particularly with regard to setting the liturgical norms for the Mass. Episcopal conferences receive their authority under universal law or particular mandates. In certain circumstances, as defined by canon law, the decisions of an episcopal conference are subject to ratification from the Holy See. Individual bishops do not relinquish their authority to the conference, and remain responsible for the governance of their respective diocese.

Contents

Episcopal Conferences

Note: This is a partial list of episcopal conferences.

Africa

  • Conférence Episcopale Nationale du Congo
  • Kenya Episcopal Conference
  • Namibian Catholic Bishops' Conference
  • Regional Episcopal Conference of North Africa (CERNA)
  • Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference (South Africa, Botswana, & Swaziland)
  • Sudan Catholic Bishops' Conference

Asia

Europe

See: Council of European Bishops' Conferences official website[3]

North America

Oceania

  • Australian Catholic Bishops Conference
  • New Zealand Catholic Bishops' Conference
  • Catholic Bishops' Conference of Papua New Guinea & Solomon Islands
  • Episcopal Conference of the Pacific (including the Independent State of Samoa, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, and three U.S. dependencies — U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, U.S. Territory of American Samoa, and U.S. Territory of Guam)

South America

  • Conferencia Episcopal Argentina
  • Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil (Brazil)
  • Conferencia Episcopal de Chile
  • Conferencia Episcopal de Colombia (Columbia)
  • Conferencia Episcopal Ecuatoriana (Ecuador)
  • Conferencia Episcopal Peruana (Peru)
  • Conferencia Episcopal del Uruguay
  • Conferencia Episcopal Venezolana (Venezuela)

Latin America

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Limits of the Papacy, p. 97, by Patrick Granfield, Crossroad, New York, 1987. ISBN 0-8245-0839-4
  2. ^ Pope John Paul II, Apostolos Suos, 5.
  3. ^ Council of European Bishops' Conferences official website. Consilium Conferentiarum Episcoporum Europae (CCEE). Retrieved 2009-09-02.
  4. ^ Cheney, David M.. "Catholic Church in Puerto Rico". http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/country/pr.html. Retrieved 27 July 2009.  

Further reading

  • Sullivan, Francis. "The Teaching Authority of Episcopal Conferences", Theological Studies, v. 63, 2002, pp. 472-493.

External links


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