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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 51°42′01″N 0°06′31″E / 51.7004°N 0.1087°E / 51.7004; 0.1087

Epping
UK Epping highstreet.jpg
Part of Epping high street, and church of Saint John the Baptist.
Epping is located in Essex
Epping

 Epping shown within Essex
Population 11,047 [1]
OS grid reference TL455025
District Epping Forest
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EPPING
Postcode district CM16
Dialling code 01992
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Epping Forest
Website www.eppingtowncouncil.gov.uk
List of places: UK • England • Essex

Epping is a small market town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the County of Essex, England. It is located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) north-east of Loughton, 4.6 miles (7.4 km) south of Harlow and 10.9 miles (17.5 km) north-west of Brentwood.

The town retains a rural appearance being surrounded by Epping Forest and working farmland, and has many very old buildings, many of which are Grade I and II listed buildings. The town also retains its weekly market which is held every Monday and dates back to 1253.[2] In 2001 the parish had a population of 11,047[1] although this has increased marginally since then.

Epping has been twinned with the German town of Eppingen in north-west Baden-Württemberg since 1981.[3] Although the once-famous Epping Butter, which was highly sought after in the 18th and 19th centuries, is no longer made, the equally well-known Epping sausages are still manufactured by Church's Butchers who have been trading on the same site since 1888.

Contents

History

"Epinga", a small community of a few scattered farms and a chapel on the edge of the forest, is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. However, the settlement referred to is known today as Epping Upland. It is not known for certain when the present day Epping was first settled. By the mid 12th century a settlement known as Epping Heath (later named Epping Street), had developed south of Epping Upland as a result of vigorous clearing of the forest for cultivation. In 1253 King Henry III conveyed the right to hold a weekly market in Epping Street[citation needed] which helped to establish the town as a centre of trade and has continued to the present day.

The linear village of Epping Heath developed slowly into a small main-road town and by the early 19th century considerable development had taken place along what is now High Street and Hemnall Street. Up to 25 stagecoaches and mailcoaches a day passed through the town from London en route to Norwich[citation needed] Cambridge and Bury St. Edmunds. By the end of the 19th century 26 coaching inns lined the High Street[citation needed] A couple survive today as public houses, e.g. The George and Dragon and The Black Lion. The advent of the railways put an end to this traffic and the town declined, but it revived after the extension of a branch line from London in 1865 and the coming of the motor car.

A number of listed buildings, most dating from the 18th century, line both sides of the High Street although many were substantially altered internally during the 19th century. Some of the oldest buildings in the town can be found at each end of the Conservation Area, e.g. Beulah Lodge in Lindsey Street (17th century), and the attractive group of 17th and early 18th century cottages numbered 98-110 (even) High Street.[4]

Today

Epping, as it stands today, has grown as a favoured town of residence for those who work in London. Particularly sought after is the hamlet of Coopersale St where house prices have bucked the national trend and held their values. Its market still brings shoppers in from surrounding villages and towns every Monday. Perhaps the most prominent building in Epping these days is the District Council's office with its clock tower, designed to bring balance to the High Street with the old Gothic water tower at the southern end, built in 1872, and St John's Church tower in the centre. The centre of Epping on and around the High Street is a designated conservation area.[5]

Epping's increasing popularity with young professionals and families, along with the Government's East of England Plan has led to the current situation, were Epping is experiencing the biggest threat to-date to its rural status, with a number of sites (the largest being St. Margaret’s Hospital) being proposed for redevelopment into new housing estates.

The various developments would see Epping’s housing stock rise by around 20% and has caused strong opposition from residents who wish to retain Epping’s rural ‘charm’, they state the town does not have the infrastructure to cope with a large influx of new residents and vehicles. Residents point to the regular traffic congestion, lack of parking spaces, low water pressure and total lack of an NHS dentist as examples. This opinion has been echoed by Epping Town Council, who have stated that Epping will not be able to cope with any new housing estates for at least 10 years.[6]

Further to the threat that new housing developments bring to the town, a new threat has arisen recently. Local government plans have been announced to locate a large number of gypsy camp sites in and around Epping.[7][8]

Governance

Epping is part of the Epping Forest parliamentary constituency, represented by Conservative Shadow Minister for Justice Eleanor Laing. From 1924 to 1945, the old Epping division of Essex (which included Woodford, Chingford, Harlow and Loughton as well as Epping) was represented by Winston Churchill. It now sits in the Epping and Theydon Bois division of Essex County Council. The town is divided into two district council wards. Epping Hemnall encompasses most of the town south-east of Epping High Street (B1393) including Ivy Chimneys, Fiddlers Hamlet and Coopersale. The rest of Epping lies in Epping Lindsey and Thornwood ward, as does Thornwood in the adjacent parish of North Weald Bassett. Both wards elect three councillors each.

As well as the County and District Councils, Epping has a Town council consisting of 12 councillors, six each elected from Epping Hemnall and Epping Lindsey wards, one of which is elected Mayor of Epping and acts as Chairman of Council, as well as a civic and ceremonial head of the local community. The current Mayor of Epping, Councillor Ben Murphy, is thought to be the youngest Mayor-elect in the UK at just 24 years old.[9]

Epping Forest District Council’s headquarters are located in Epping High Street.[10]

Geography

Epping lies 17 miles (27.4 km) north-east of the centre of London towards the northern end of Epping Forest on a ridge of land between the River Roding and River Lea valleys. Epping is north of the small village of Theydon Bois.

Most of the population live in the built up area centred on and around the High Street (B1393) and Station Road. About a thousand people live in the small village of Coopersale which, while physically separated from Epping by forest land, is still part of the civil parish. A few dozen households make up the hamlets of Coopersale Street and Fiddlers Hamlet. Much of the eastern part of the present parish was until 1895 in the parish of Theydon Garnon.

The Town lies north-east of junction 26 (Waltham Abbey, Loughton A121) of the M25 motorway and south-west of junction 7 (Harlow) of the M11 motorway.

Transport

Bus route 541 at Epping Tube Station

Epping is served by a number of bus routes, serving many surrounding towns and villages including Harlow, Thornwood Common, Abridge, Waltham Abbey, and Brentwood. The number 620 bus, operated by First Group, travels daily from Epping to the Anglo European School, Ingatestone.

Epping is served by London Transport rail services, and is the eastern terminus of the Central Line of the London Underground. The Central Line now terminates at Epping. However prior to 1994, it used to serve stations at North Weald, Blake Hall and Ongar where services terminated. The station has a car park with 508 spaces and is the second largest car park on the London Underground network,[11] a toilet, a ticket machine, a pay phone as well as seats for sitting outside of the station.

Main Line train services are available from a number of neighbouring towns, with the closest stations to Epping being Roydon, Harlow and Chingford, these are served by the West Anglia Main Line and are operated by National Express East Anglia. However there is no direct public transport to Roydon and Chingford stations from Epping, making Harlow station the most accessible.

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Bus

Route Number Route Operator Notes
7/7A/7B Ivy Chimneys Spotted Dog / Epping Station London Underground to Chelmsford Bus Station National Rail via Ongar Regal Busways
19 Ongar Two Brewers to Harlow Bus Station via North Weald, Potter Street SM Coaches
55 Loughton Station London Underground to Harlow Bus Station / Ongar Two Brewers via North Weald TWH Bus & Coach
213 Epping St Margarets Hospital to Waltham Cross via Upshire Regal Busways
7A
381 Handicapped/disabled access
382 Handicapped/disabled access
Toot Hill / Coopersale to Harlow Bus Station via Epping Green Regal Busways
Arriva Shires & Essex
500
501
Harlow Bus Station to Ongar Two Brewers / Brentwood Warley Old Ford via North Weald, Ongar Arriva Shires & Essex
541 Handicapped/disabled access Loughton Station London Underground to Epping Hospital (Daily) / Harlow Bus Station (Evenings and Sundays only) via Abridge Arriva Shires & Essex
575 Epping High Street to Lakeside Shopping Centre via Debden and Romford Blue Triangle
H1 Handicapped/disabled access Loughton Station London Underground to Harlow Bus Station via North Weald Regal Busways
X55 Loughton Station London Underground / Debden Broadway London Underground to Harlow Bus Station via Epping TWH Bus & Coach

Also see List of bus routes in Essex

Train

Service Route
Central Line Epping to West Ruislip via Central London
Central Line Epping to Ealing Broadway via Central London

Education

  • St John's CE Secondary School, the only secondary school in Epping, is now designated as a specialist Engineering College. The school has an active charity fundraising group led by a Student Executive team. In 2006 two students were awarded the Rotary Prize for 'Service to School' by the local Epping Rotary Club.
  • Coopersale Hall School, a private primary school at the end of Flux's Lane, Epping.
  • Ivy Chimneys Primary School, a primary school located in Ivy Chimneys, Epping.
  • Epping Junior School, a primary school located in the heart of Epping's town centre in St John's Road.

Notable residents

Trivia

  • Epping's famous weekly market changed form being held every Monday to every Friday from 1575 up until just after the First World War, at which point it returned back to being held on Monday.[12]
  • Epping is the starting point for the Essex Way, which is a long distance path between Epping and Harwich.[13]
  • Epping is home to the annual 'Epping Family Fun Run', which is held to raise money for the Rhys Daniels Trust charity.

Twin town

Sign showing twin towns of Epping

Epping is twinned with:

Location grid

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Parish Profile : Epping
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Epping Town Guide
  4. ^ EPPING
  5. ^ http://www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk/Library/files/planning/Conservation/Epping.pdf
  6. ^ "EPPING: ‘Decade until town is ready for development' (From East London and West Essex Guardian Series)". Guardian-series.co.uk. 2008-08-04. http://www.guardian-series.co.uk/news/3569991.EPPING_____Decade_until_town_is_ready_for_development_/. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  7. ^ information@eppingforestdc.gov.uk. "Traveller and Gypsy Consultation Starts 4 November". Eppingforestdc.gov.uk. http://www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk/news/2008/traveller_and_gypsy_consultation.asp. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  8. ^ "EPPING FOREST: Twenty-seven sites earmarked for travellers (From East London and West Essex Guardian Series)". Guardian-series.co.uk. 2008-10-06. http://www.guardian-series.co.uk/news/3731210.EPPING_FOREST__Twenty_seven_sites_earmarked_for_travellers/. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ information@eppingforestdc.gov.uk. "Epping Forest District Council Home Page". Eppingforestdc.gov.uk. http://www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  11. ^ Epping station to be refurbished and improved | Transport for London
  12. ^ Epping - Economic history and local government | British History Online
  13. ^ BBC - Essex - Places - Where the town gives way to ancient wood
  14. ^ "About". Clinton Cards. http://www.clintoncards.co.uk/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  15. ^ "Epping Eppingen Twinning Association - Homepage". Eppingeppingentwinning.co.uk. http://www.eppingeppingentwinning.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

There's more than one place called Epping or Epping Forest:

United Kingdom

United States of America

This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

EPPING, a market town in the Epping parliamentary division of Essex, England, 17 m. N.N.E. from London by a branch of the Great Eastern railway. Pop. of urban district (1901), 3789. The town lies high and picturesquely, at the northern outskirts of Epping Forest. The modern church of St John the Baptist replaces the old parish church of All Saints in the village of Epping Upland 2 m. N.W. This is in part Norman. There is considerable trade in butter, cheese and sausages.

Epping Forest forms part of the ancient Waltham Forest, which covered the greater part of the county. All the "London Basin," within which the Forest lies, was densely wooded. The Forest became one of the commonable lands of Royal Chases or hunting-grounds. It was threatened with total disafforestation, when under the Epping Forest Act of 1871 a board of commissioners was appointed for the better management of the lands. The corporation of the city of London then acquired the freehold interest of waste land belonging to the lords of the manor, and finally secured 5559b acres, magnificently timbered, to the use of the public for ever, the tract being declared open by Queen Victoria in 1882. The Ancient Court of Verderers was also revived, consisting of an hereditary lord warden together with four verderers elected by freeholders of the county. The present forest lies between the valleys of the Roding and the Lea, and extends southward from Epping to the vicinity of Woodford and Walthamstow, a distance of about 7 m. It is readily accessible from the villages on its outskirts, such as Woodford, Chingford and Loughton, which are served by branches of the Great Eastern railway. These are centres of residential districts, and, especially on public holidays in the summer, receive large numbers of visitors.


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Simple English

Epping

File:UK Epping
Part of Epping high street, and church of Saint John the Baptist.



Epping shown within Essex
Population 11,047
OS grid reference TL455025
District Epping Forest
Shire county Essex
Region East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EPPING
Postcode district CM16
Dialling code 01992
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament Epping Forest
European Parliament East of England
Website: www.eppingtowncouncil.gov.uk
List of places: UKEngland • Essex
Coordinates: 51°42′01″N 0°06′31″E / 51.7004°N 0.1087°E / 51.7004; 0.1087

Epping is a small market town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the County of Essex, England.

References

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