Equipment of the United States Army: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Equipment of the United States Army can be subdivided into: ammunition, weapons, vehicles and clothing.

Contents

Ammuniton

9x19mm NATO:

5.56x45mm NATO:

7.62x51mm NATO:

12.7x99mm NATO:

12 gauge:

25x137mm NATO:

30x113mm NATO:

Hand grenades:

Weapons

The Weapons of the United States Army can be sorted into three categories: Personal weapons carried and used by one soldier, Support weapons used by teams of soldiers in support roles, and Vehicle-Mounted weapons mounted on Army vehicles. Some support weapons can be mounted on vehicles in addition to their primary ground roles.

Personal Weapons:

  • The M9 pistol, a semi-automatic handgun with a 15-round detachable magazine[1][2]
  • The M16 rifle, an assault rifle using STANAG magazines from 20 to 100 round capacities and firing at a maximum rate of 825 rounds per minute.[3][4]
  • The M4 carbine, a carbine in the same family as the M16 and using identical magazines and with an identical rate of fire.[5][6]
  • The M231 FPW, a modified M16 for use in the firing ports of the M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle. It uses STANAG magazines and can fire at a rates over 1000 rounds per minute.
  • The M249 Squad Automatic Weapon, a belt-fed light machine gun which can also be used with STANAG magazines, though with a significant rate of malfunction. Rate of fire ranges from 750 to 1000 rounds per minute.[7][8]
  • The M9 Bayonet, which can be attached to the M16 assault rifle or M4 carbine and also be used as a knife.[9]
  • The M203 grenade launcher, a 40mm grenade launcher that can be attached under the barrel of a variety of rifles, including the M16 and M4. It cannot be used as a stand-alone weapon.[10][11]
  • The FN SCAR was just uilt and was gave to the 75th Ranger Regiment.

Support Weapons:

  • Machine guns:
    • The M240 Medium Machine Gun, a belt-fed machine gun that fires 7.62x51mm ammunition. It has three rate-of-fire settings: 750, 850, and 950 rounds per minute.[12][13]
    • The M2 Heavy Machine Gun, a belt-fed machine gun that fires 12.7x99mm ammunition. Its rate of fire maximizes at 575 rounds per minute, though aircraft-mounted versions can achieve over 1200 rounds per minute.[14]
    • The MK 19 grenade machine gun, a belt-fed grenade-launching machine gun that fires 40mm grenades. Its cyclic rate of fire averages 400 rounds per minute, though its effective rate of fire is between 40 and 60 rounds per minute.[15][16]
  • Mortars:
    • The M224 mortar fires 60mm shells up to 3460 meters. It is typically distributed at the company level.[17][18]
    • The M252 mortar fires 81mm shells up to 5935 meters. It is typically distributed at the battalion level.[19][20]
    • The M120 mortar fires 120mm shells up to 7240 meters. It is primarily used by mechanized battalions, though it can be used to support light infantry operations.[21][22]

Vehicle-Mounted Weapons:

Fire support can be provided by 105mm or 155mm towed howitzers (see Vehicles section).

Vehicles

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Land vehicles

Name Type Quantity Notes Picture
Land vehicles
HMMWV Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle 150,000
Humv in difficult terrain.jpg
M939 Truck Truck 32,000
M939A2.jpg
FMTV Truck 85,000
LMTV.jpg
HEMTT Truck 10,000
Hemtt iraq.jpg
HETS Truck 1,500
HET tractor.jpg
M113 Armored personnel carrier 6,300
M113A3 side.gif
M1 Abrams Main battle tank 7,800
Abrams-transparent.png
M2/M3 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle 6,700
1BFV01.jpg
M109 Self-propelled artillery 950
Spanish M109A5 howitzer Bright Star 2001.jpg
M119 Howitzer
M119A1-howitzer-afghanistan-20041023.jpg
M198 Howitzer
M198 howitzer.jpg
M777 Howitzer 360
M777 howitzer rear.jpg
HIMARS Multiple rocket launcher 40
HIMARS.jpg
M270 Multiple rocket launcher 990
MLRS 05.jpg
Stryker Armored personnel carrier 1,497 + 1,078 on order
Stryker ICV front q.jpg
Avenger Air defense 1,004
Avenger missile.jpg
Patriot Surface-to-air missile
Patriot missile launch b.jpg

Aircraft

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.

Aircraft Origin Type Versions Quantity[25] Notes
Fixed-wing Aircraft
C-12 Huron  United States Cargo/Transport Aircraft C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
17
14
17
C-23 Sherpa  United States Cargo/Transport Aircraft C-23 43 To be replaced be Alenia C-27J
C-26 Metroliner  United States Cargo/Transport Aircraft C-26B 11
RC-12 Huron  United States Reconnaissance Aircraft RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
12
6
18
Cessna UC-35  United States Utility Aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird  United States Attack Helicopter AH-6A 20
AH-64 Apache  United States Attack Helicopter AH-64A
AH-64D
241
500
CH-47 Chinook  United States Cargo Helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
191 new CH-47F to be delivered, plus 24 options
EH-60 Black Hawk  United States Electronic-Warfare Helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook  United States Multi-Mission Helicopter MH-47D
MH-47E
MH-47G
11
23
27
MH-60 Black Hawk  United States Multi-Mission Helicopter MH-60K
MH-60L
23
35
OH-58 Kiowa  United States Observation Helicopter OH-58A
OH-58C
OH-58D
150
210
368
Under replacement by UH-72 and XM157 Class IV UAV
TH-67 Creek  United States Training Helicopter TH-67 172
UH-1 Iroquois  United States Utility Helicopter UH-1H 700 To be replaced by UH-72
UH-60 Black Hawk  United States Utility Helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
593
100[26]
UH-72 Lakota  United States Utility Helicopter UH-72A 25 345 Planned

Attire

Current attire
Type Name Pattern Full pattern Notes
Universal Camouflage Pattern Army Combat Uniform (ACU) ACU Universal Camouflage Pattern.jpg Army Combat Uniform.jpg The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.
Physical Fitness Uniform APFT-JH-12-19 jpg.jpg

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As".The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009, it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The beret will continue to be worn with the new ACU for garrison duty and with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest, which is now being supplemented with a lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest.

See also

References

  1. ^ M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m9.htm
  3. ^ M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  8. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m249.htm
  9. ^ M9 Bayonet, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  10. ^ M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  11. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m203.htm
  12. ^ M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  13. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m240g.htm
  14. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m2-50cal.htm
  15. ^ Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  16. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/mk19.htm
  17. ^ M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  18. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m224.htm
  19. ^ M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  20. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m252.htm
  21. ^ M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  22. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m120.htm
  23. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/aircraft/systems/m230.htm
  24. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/aircraft/systems/m242.htm
  25. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States>.
  26. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS182954+25-Mar-2009+PRN20090325

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