Erebus: Wikis

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Greek deities
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Primordial deities

In Greek mythology, Erebus (pronounced /ˈɛrəbəs/), also Erebos or Erebes (Ancient Greek: Ἔρεβος, "deep darkness or shadow"), was the son of a primordial god, Chaos, and represented the personification of darkness and shadow, which filled in all the corners and crannies of the world. His name is used interchangeably with Tartarus and Hades since Erebus is often thought of as part of the underworld. Erebus married his sister Nyx (goddess of the night) and their children included Aether, Hemera, Nemesis, and Charon.

Contents

Etymology

The perceived meaning of Erebus is "darkness", but the first recorded instance of it was "place of darkness between earth and Hades". Erebh means sunset, or evening.[1]

Family

Erebus's father is Chaos; mother is Gaia, goddess of the earth.

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Chaos

Erebus's father, Chaos, was said to be the entity from which all the gods were born. Gaia was the first being to exist, goddess of the earth. Chaos is described as a huge mass of nothing which separates the earth (Gaia) from the sky (Ouranos). His sisters were Nyx and Nemesis and his brothers were Thanatos, Momus, and Cheron. His offspring were Aether, Hemera, Cer, Onerous, and Hypnos.

Offspring

According to Hesiod's Theogony, Erebus was born the son of Chaos and darkness itself, without intercourse,[2] and brother to Nyx. Chaos' other children were Eros, Tartarus, and Gaia.[3] Eventually Nyx and Erebus courted and gave birth to Hemera (goddess of day), Aether (god of sky), Cer (goddess of death), Oneiroi (god of dreams), as well as Hypnos (god of sleep), his twin brother Thanatos (death), Momus (god of satire and the like), Nemesis ( goddess of revenge), and Charon, the ferryman.[4] He was also the father of Geras according to Hyginus (c. AD 1). Some accounts attest that Erebus is the father of the Fates with Nyx as well.[5]

As a mythological place

Erebus was later depicted as a material region, the lower half of Hades, the underworld.[4] It was where the dead had to pass immediately after dying. Charon ferried the souls of the dead across the river Styx, upon which they entered the land of the dead.

Place names

Mount Erebus is a volcano on Ross Island, Antarctica, which is the southernmost historically active volcano.[6]

Mt. Erberus is also the name of level E3M6 in the 1993 computer game Doom.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001). "Online Etymology Dictionary: Erebus". http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=erebus&searchmode=none. 
  2. ^ Hansen, p. 164.
  3. ^ Morford, and Lenardon, p. 36.
  4. ^ a b Turner and Coulter, p. 170.
  5. ^ Randall, p. 55.
  6. ^ "Erebus". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1900-02=. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 

Sources

  • William F. Hansen (2004). Handbook of Classical Mythology. ABC-CLIO. 
  • Geoffrey H. Hartman (1987). The Unremarkable Wordsworth. University of Minnesota Press. 
  • Mark P. O. Morford; Robert J. Lenardon (1999). Classical Mythology. Oxford University Press. 
  • Alice Elizabeth Sawtelle Randall (1896 (digitized 2006)). The Sources of Spenser's Classical Mythology. Harvard University. 
  • Patricia Turner; Charles Russell Coulter (2001). Dictionary of Ancient Deities. Oxford University Press. 

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

EREBUS, in Greek mythology, son (according to Hesiod, Theog. 123) of Chaos, and father of Aether (upper air) and Hemera (day) by his sister Nyx (night). The word, which signifies darkness, is in Homer the gloomy subterranean region through which the departed shades pass into Hades. The entrance to it was in the extreme west, on the borders of Ocean, in the mythical land of the Cimmerians. It is to be distinguished from Tartarus, the place of punishment for the wicked.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Alternative forms

  • Erebos

Etymology

From Ancient Greek Ἔρεβος.

Proper noun

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Singular
Erebus

Plural
-

Erebus

  1. (Greek mythology) The personification of darkness and shadow.
  2. A volcano in Antarctica, named after HMS Erebus.

Simple English

Redirecting to Erebos


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